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What were the Impacts 2009-2-10 5 Effects: Intended Effects: Unintended 2009-2-10 6 Impacts: Water Intended •Water in to the people, required quantity and in time •Saving of water wastage •Change in attitudes •Revenue to the Water Board Unintended •Employment for Women •Social Capital: Tackling Issues Impact: Energy Intended • Power supply for the poor • Boost in productive activity Unintended • Organization of the people • A system of planning • Social Development • CSR Impact: Health Intended • Access to ARV • Psycho-social counseling Unintended • Social Rehabilitation of PLWHAs • Increasing income Impact: Bio-diversity Intended • Probably increasing in Bio-diversity • In-situ conservation: probably • Ex-situ conservation: probably Unintended • Income generation • Asset re-valuation • Social Fencing for bio-diversity • Hit for the poor 2009-2-10 10 Thank you
Language:English
Score: 697152.64 - https://www.un.org/esa/dsd/dsd...tings/ws0109/3_2_Mukherjee.pdf
Data Source: un
(partial resistant; different) − Soil fumigation: maximum 80% − Solanum sisymbrijfolium: 50 tot 90% Increase and decrease of an infection • Soil from machines • Transported by wind • Unqualified ‘seed’ potatoes Infection possibility • Sampling (and testing) by NAK • Testing (carrousel): - about 100,000 samples a year - 700 samples a day General information • Mandatory Voluntary • extensive sampling: •Detection probability of an infection with 100 cysts per kg soil Name Detection probability AMEX 200 cc per 1/3 ha 29.5 % AMEX 600 cc per 1 ha 29.5 % sampling Grids and methods AMEX - Core number: 150 -180 - Core size: 3 – 4 cc - Grid with: 11 meter - Grid length: 5 meter - Sample size per ha.: 600 cc Grids and methods 5 m 5 m 5 m 300 m Method 200 cc per 1/3 ha. Method 600 cc per 1 ha. 11 m Sampling • Voluntary – Intensive (90% detection probability) • AM-I 100 cysts : 600 cc per 900 m2 12 samples/ ha • AM-I 150 cysts: 600 cc per 1200 m2 9 samples/ha • AM-I 225 cysts: 600 cc per 1800 m2 6 samples/ha Sampling by hand Sampling by hand Sampling by quad Sampling by quad Current: • Minimum 600 cc soil sample per ha. • Restrictions on infected fields • Resampling after control measures - soil fumigation - resistent varieties (G. (...) Pal) - Solanum sisymbrijfolium • Additional soil test during grading Policy • 1500 cc soil/ha (as from 2010) (about 56% detection probability) • Buffer zones (increase as from 2009) • Re sampling possible after 6 years, or 3 years after control measures New policy (EU) Programme General information Potato cyst nematode (round) Beet cyst nematode (lemon schaped) Grass cyst (oval) PCN – life cycle Difference General information Grids and methods Sampling Sampling by hand Sampling by hand Sampling by quad Sampling by quad
Language:English
Score: 696816.55 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trade/agr/info/PCN.pdf
Data Source: un
  –  The top 10 causes of death fact sheet Life expectancy 73.4 years was the average life expectancy at birth globally in 2019 GHE: Life expectancy and healthy life expectancy (HALE) Mortality 8.9 million deaths are attributed to ischaemic heart disease (IHD), the world's leading cause of death, in 2019 GHE: Leading causes of death DALYs 50% drop in DALYS since 2000 due to communicable, maternal, perinatal and nutritional conditions GHE: Leading causes of DALYs Key figures, data, and technical documents Life expectancy and HALE Leading causes of death Leading causes of DALYs Related indicators Adult mortality Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1000 population) Causes of child death Number of deaths in children aged <5 years, by cause Deaths per 1 000 live births Distribution of causes of death among children aged < 5 years (%) Child mortality levels: Number of deaths Number of under-five deaths Number of infant deaths Number of neonatal deaths Child mortality levels: Probability of dying per 1000 live births Under-five mortality rate (probability of dying by age 5 per 1000 live births) Infant mortality rate (probability of dying between birth and age 1 per 1000 live births) Neonatal mortality rate (per 1000 live births) Child mortality levels - Probability of dying per 1000 children, aged 5 to 14 Mortality rate for 5-14 year-olds (probability of dying per 1000 children aged 5-14 years) SDG Target 16.1| Violence Estimates of rates of homicides per 100 000 population Estimates of number of homicides Life expectancy and Healthy life expectancy Life expectancy at birth (years) Life expectancy at age 60 (years) Healthy life expectancy (HALE) at birth (years) Healthy life expectancy (HALE) at age 60 (years) Life tables Life tables (nMx, nqx, lx, ndx, nLx, Tx) by country Life tables (nMx, nqx, lx, ndx, nLx, Tx) by WHO region nMx - age-specific death rate between ages x and x+n nqx - probability of dying between ages x and x+n lx - number of people left alive at age x ndx - number of people dying between ages x and x+n nLx - person-years lived between ages x and x+n Tx - person-years lived above age x Maternal mortality Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) Number of maternal deaths Noncommunicable diseases: mortality Probability of dying between the exact ages 30 and 70 years from cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, or chronic respiratory diseases (SDG 3.4.1) Crude suicide rates (per 100 000 population) (SDG 3.4.2) Total NCD deaths (in thousands) Total NCD mortality rate NCD Deaths by cause and sex Premature NCD deaths (under age 70) Burden of disease: Unintentional poisoning Mortality rate attributed to unintentional poisoning (per 100 000 population) Road traffic deaths Estimated number of road traffic deaths Estimated road traffic death rate (per 100 000 population) Suicide rate estimates Crude suicide rates (per 100 000 population) (SDG 3.4.2) Age-standardized suicide rates (per 100 000 population) Contact us Please send us your comment or question by e-mail.
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Score: 696313 - https://www.who.int/data/gho/d...ty-and-global-health-estimates
Data Source: un
A, B, and C are parameters to be estimated from the equation for each sex by each level of life expectancy at birth from 20 to 100. A constraint of probability of death was imposed to ensure that the fitted 4 1̂q (=1- 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 4ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ(1 )* (1 ) * (1 )* (1 )q q q q− − − − ) equals the original 4 1q or the difference between fitted and the original probabilities is smaller than the specified tolerance (10E-6). (...) The procedure to apply the pchip method is as follows. (1) we first took (1- 5 51 xq− ) as the average probability of death for a given age group( 2.5x + ) and the interpolated probabilities of death for each single year of age 1 ˆ xq using the pchip method. A constraint of probability of death was imposed during the interpolation to ensure that the differences between the estimated probability of death for a given five-year group and the original probability would be smaller than the specified tolerance (10E-6). (2) A simple seven-term moving average was performed after the application of the pchip method to smooth the estimated probabilities of death 1 ˆ xq .
Language:English
Score: 695640.87 - https://www.un.org/development.../files/unpd_2011_mlt_notes.pdf
Data Source: un
South model values for male probabilities of dying, q(x) . East model values for male probabilities of dying, q(x) . West model values for male probabilities of dying, q(x) . North model values for female probabilities of dying, q(x) . South model values for female probabilities of dying, q(x) . East model values for female probabilities of dying, q(x) .
Language:English
Score: 694969.3 - https://www.un.org/en/developm...estimate/childmort/annexes.pdf
Data Source: un
An outbreak is defined as a cluster of at least 2 or more suspect / probable / lab-confirmed[footnoteRef:2] COVID-19 cases linked in place and time . (...) Note that an outbreak is defined cluster of at least 2 or more suspect / probable / lab-confirmed[footnoteRef:4] cases linked in place and time. (...) · Share bathroom facilities with any suspect/probable/confirmed COVID-19 cases? · Share dining facilities with any suspect/probable/confirmed COVID-19 cases?
Language:English
Score: 694934.67 - https://www.un.org/sites/un2.u...rus_outbreakreportingform.docx
Data Source: un
A selection error occurs when the actual selection probabilities deviate from the selection probabilities as specified in the sample design. (...) It appeared that only four of them use some sort of probability techniques for outlet selection, and only one uses probability sampling for item selection. (...) Unequal probability designs can lead to a substantial variance reduction in comparison with equal probability designs.
Language:English
Score: 694777.15 - https://www.ilo.org/public/eng.../cpi/corrections/chapter11.pdf
Data Source: un
A selection error occurs when the actual selection probabilities deviate from the selection probabilities as specified in the sample design. (...) It appeared that only four of them use some sort of probability techniques for outlet selection, and only one uses probability sampling for item selection. (...) Unequal probability designs can lead to a substantial variance reduction in comparison with equal probability designs.
Language:English
Score: 694777.15 - https://www.ilo.org/public/eng...eau/stat/download/cpi/ch11.pdf
Data Source: un
A, B, and C are parameters to be estimated from the equation for each sex by each level of life expectancy at birth from 20 to 100. A constraint of probability of death was imposed to ensure that the fitted 4 1̂q (=1- 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 4ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ(1 )* (1 ) * (1 )* (1 )q q q q− − − − ) equals the original 4 1q or the difference between fitted and the original probabilities is smaller than the specified tolerance (10E-6). (...) The procedure to apply the pchip method is as follows. (1) we first took (1- 5 51 xq− ) as the average probability of death for a given age group( 2.5x + ) and the interpolated probabilities of death for each single year of age 1 ˆ xq using the pchip method. A constraint of probability of death was imposed during the interpolation to ensure that the differences between the estimated probability of death for a given five-year group and the original probability would be smaller than the specified tolerance (10E-6). (2) A simple seven-term moving average was performed after the application of the pchip method to smooth the estimated probabilities of death 1 ˆ xq .
Language:English
Score: 694565.04 - https://www.un.org/en/developm...f/mortality/EMLT/MLT_Notes.pdf
Data Source: un
H.264 | ISO/IEC 14496-10. 1 Introduction In this section we explain a method to estimate the probabilities of binary events, after which they are encoded with those probabilities. (...) A state is characterized by the value of the Least Probable Symbol (LPS), and the probability of the LPS. (...) We use 24 predefined codes, sorted in decreasing LPS probability, and they are assigned in order, that is, for sources j and k, where j < k, j is assigned a code with strictly higher LPS probability than that of k.
Language:English
Score: 694431.54 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/av-a..._07_B_Geneva/JCTVC-B034_r1.doc
Data Source: un