What were the Impacts
2009210 5
Effects: Intended
Effects: Unintended
2009210 6
Impacts: Water
Intended
•Water in to the people, required quantity and in time •Saving of water wastage
•Change in attitudes
•Revenue to the Water Board
Unintended
•Employment for Women
•Social Capital: Tackling Issues
Impact: Energy
Intended
• Power supply for the poor
• Boost in productive activity
Unintended
• Organization of the people
• A system of planning
• Social Development
• CSR
Impact: Health
Intended
• Access to ARV
• Psychosocial counseling
Unintended
• Social Rehabilitation of PLWHAs
• Increasing income
Impact: Biodiversity
Intended
• Probably increasing in Biodiversity
• Insitu conservation: probably
• Exsitu conservation: probably
Unintended
• Income generation
• Asset revaluation
• Social Fencing for biodiversity
• Hit for the poor
2009210 10
Thank you
Language:English
Score: 697152.64

https://www.un.org/esa/dsd/dsd...tings/ws0109/3_2_Mukherjee.pdf
Data Source: un
(partial resistant; different)
− Soil fumigation: maximum 80% − Solanum sisymbrijfolium: 50 tot 90%
Increase and decrease of an infection
• Soil from machines
• Transported by wind
• Unqualified ‘seed’ potatoes
Infection possibility
• Sampling (and testing) by NAK
• Testing (carrousel):
 about 100,000 samples a year
 700 samples a day
General information
• Mandatory Voluntary
• extensive sampling:
•Detection probability of an infection with 100 cysts per kg soil
Name Detection probability
AMEX 200 cc per 1/3 ha 29.5 % AMEX 600 cc per 1 ha 29.5 %
sampling
Grids and methods
AMEX
 Core number: 150 180
 Core size: 3 – 4 cc
 Grid with: 11 meter
 Grid length: 5 meter
 Sample size per ha.: 600 cc
Grids and methods
5 m 5 m 5 m
300 m
Method 200 cc per 1/3 ha.
Method 600 cc per 1 ha.
11 m
Sampling
• Voluntary
– Intensive (90% detection probability) • AMI 100 cysts : 600 cc per 900 m2 12 samples/ ha • AMI 150 cysts: 600 cc per 1200 m2 9 samples/ha • AMI 225 cysts: 600 cc per 1800 m2 6 samples/ha
Sampling by hand
Sampling by hand
Sampling by quad
Sampling by quad
Current:
• Minimum 600 cc soil sample per ha. • Restrictions on infected fields • Resampling after control measures
 soil fumigation  resistent varieties (G. (...) Pal)  Solanum sisymbrijfolium
• Additional soil test during grading
Policy
• 1500 cc soil/ha (as from 2010) (about 56% detection probability)
• Buffer zones (increase as from 2009)
• Re sampling possible after 6 years, or 3 years after control measures
New policy (EU)
Programme
General information
Potato cyst nematode (round)
Beet cyst nematode (lemon schaped)
Grass cyst (oval)
PCN – life cycle
Difference
General information
Grids and methods
Sampling
Sampling by hand
Sampling by hand
Sampling by quad
Sampling by quad
Language:English
Score: 696816.55

https://unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trade/agr/info/PCN.pdf
Data Source: un
– The top 10 causes of death fact sheet
Life expectancy
73.4 years
was the average life expectancy at birth globally in 2019
GHE: Life expectancy and healthy life expectancy (HALE)
Mortality
8.9 million
deaths are attributed to ischaemic heart disease (IHD), the world's leading cause of death, in 2019
GHE: Leading causes of death
DALYs
50%
drop in DALYS since 2000 due to communicable, maternal, perinatal and nutritional conditions
GHE: Leading causes of DALYs
Key figures, data, and technical documents
Life expectancy and HALE
Leading causes of death
Leading causes of DALYs
Related indicators
Adult mortality
Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15 and 60 years per 1000 population)
Causes of child death
Number of deaths in children aged <5 years, by cause
Deaths per 1 000 live births
Distribution of causes of death among children aged < 5 years (%)
Child mortality levels: Number of deaths
Number of underfive deaths
Number of infant deaths
Number of neonatal deaths
Child mortality levels: Probability of dying per 1000 live births
Underfive mortality rate (probability of dying by age 5 per 1000 live births)
Infant mortality rate (probability of dying between birth and age 1 per 1000 live births)
Neonatal mortality rate (per 1000 live births)
Child mortality levels  Probability of dying per 1000 children, aged 5 to 14
Mortality rate for 514 yearolds (probability of dying per 1000 children aged 514 years)
SDG Target 16.1 Violence
Estimates of rates of homicides per 100 000 population
Estimates of number of homicides
Life expectancy and Healthy life expectancy
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Life expectancy at age 60 (years)
Healthy life expectancy (HALE) at birth (years)
Healthy life expectancy (HALE) at age 60 (years)
Life tables
Life tables (nMx, nqx, lx, ndx, nLx, Tx) by country
Life tables (nMx, nqx, lx, ndx, nLx, Tx) by WHO region
nMx  agespecific death rate between ages x and x+n
nqx  probability of dying between ages x and x+n
lx  number of people left alive at age x
ndx  number of people dying between ages x and x+n
nLx  personyears lived between ages x and x+n
Tx  personyears lived above age x
Maternal mortality
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births)
Number of maternal deaths
Noncommunicable diseases: mortality
Probability of dying between the exact ages 30 and 70 years from cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, or chronic respiratory diseases (SDG 3.4.1)
Crude suicide rates (per 100 000 population) (SDG 3.4.2)
Total NCD deaths (in thousands)
Total NCD mortality rate
NCD Deaths by cause and sex
Premature NCD deaths (under age 70)
Burden of disease: Unintentional poisoning
Mortality rate attributed to unintentional poisoning (per 100 000 population)
Road traffic deaths
Estimated number of road traffic deaths
Estimated road traffic death rate (per 100 000 population)
Suicide rate estimates
Crude suicide rates (per 100 000 population) (SDG 3.4.2)
Agestandardized suicide rates (per 100 000 population)
Contact us
Please send us your comment or question by email.
Language:English
Score: 696313

https://www.who.int/data/gho/d...tyandglobalhealthestimates
Data Source: un
A, B, and C are parameters to be
estimated from the equation for each sex by each level of life expectancy at birth
from 20 to 100. A constraint of probability of death was imposed to ensure that the
fitted 4 1̂q (=1 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 4ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ(1 )* (1 ) * (1 )* (1 )q q q q− − − − ) equals the original 4 1q or the
difference between fitted and the original probabilities is smaller than the specified
tolerance (10E6). (...) The procedure to apply the pchip method is as follows. (1) we first took (1 5 51 xq− )
as the average probability of death for a given age group( 2.5x + ) and the
interpolated probabilities of death for each single year of age 1 ˆ
xq using the pchip
method. A constraint of probability of death was imposed during the interpolation to
ensure that the differences between the estimated probability of death for a given
fiveyear group and the original probability would be smaller than the specified
tolerance (10E6). (2) A simple seventerm moving average was performed after the
application of the pchip method to smooth the estimated probabilities of death 1 ˆ
xq .
Language:English
Score: 695640.87

https://www.un.org/development.../files/unpd_2011_mlt_notes.pdf
Data Source: un
South model values for male probabilities of dying, q(x) .
East model values for male probabilities of dying, q(x) . West model values for male probabilities of dying, q(x) . North model values for female probabilities of dying, q(x) . South model values for female probabilities of dying, q(x) . East model values for female probabilities of dying, q(x) .
Language:English
Score: 694969.3

https://www.un.org/en/developm...estimate/childmort/annexes.pdf
Data Source: un
An outbreak is defined as a cluster of at least 2 or more suspect / probable / labconfirmed[footnoteRef:2] COVID19 cases linked in place and time . (...) Note that an outbreak is defined cluster of at least 2 or more suspect / probable / labconfirmed[footnoteRef:4] cases linked in place and time. (...) · Share bathroom facilities with any suspect/probable/confirmed COVID19 cases?
· Share dining facilities with any suspect/probable/confirmed COVID19 cases?
Language:English
Score: 694934.67

https://www.un.org/sites/un2.u...rus_outbreakreportingform.docx
Data Source: un
A selection error occurs when the actual selection probabilities deviate from the selection probabilities as specified in the sample design. (...) It appeared that only four of them use some sort of probability techniques for outlet selection, and only one uses probability sampling for item selection. (...) Unequal probability designs can lead to a substantial variance reduction in comparison with equal probability designs.
Language:English
Score: 694777.15

https://www.ilo.org/public/eng.../cpi/corrections/chapter11.pdf
Data Source: un
A selection error occurs when the actual selection probabilities deviate from the selection probabilities as specified in the sample design. (...) It appeared that only four of them use some sort of probability techniques for outlet selection, and only one uses probability sampling for item selection. (...) Unequal probability designs can lead to a substantial variance reduction in comparison with equal probability designs.
Language:English
Score: 694777.15

https://www.ilo.org/public/eng...eau/stat/download/cpi/ch11.pdf
Data Source: un
A, B, and C are parameters to be
estimated from the equation for each sex by each level of life expectancy at birth
from 20 to 100. A constraint of probability of death was imposed to ensure that the
fitted 4 1̂q (=1 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 4ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ(1 )* (1 ) * (1 )* (1 )q q q q− − − − ) equals the original 4 1q or the
difference between fitted and the original probabilities is smaller than the specified
tolerance (10E6). (...) The procedure to apply the pchip method is as follows. (1) we first took (1 5 51 xq− )
as the average probability of death for a given age group( 2.5x + ) and the
interpolated probabilities of death for each single year of age 1 ˆ
xq using the pchip
method. A constraint of probability of death was imposed during the interpolation to
ensure that the differences between the estimated probability of death for a given
fiveyear group and the original probability would be smaller than the specified
tolerance (10E6). (2) A simple seventerm moving average was performed after the
application of the pchip method to smooth the estimated probabilities of death 1 ˆ
xq .
Language:English
Score: 694565.04

https://www.un.org/en/developm...f/mortality/EMLT/MLT_Notes.pdf
Data Source: un
H.264  ISO/IEC 1449610.
1 Introduction
In this section we explain a method to estimate the probabilities of binary events, after which they are encoded with those probabilities. (...) A state is characterized by the value of the Least Probable Symbol (LPS), and the probability of the LPS. (...) We use 24 predefined codes, sorted in decreasing LPS probability, and they are assigned in order, that is, for sources j and k, where j < k, j is assigned a code with strictly higher LPS probability than that of k.
Language:English
Score: 694431.54

https://www.itu.int/wftp3/ava..._07_B_Geneva/JCTVCB034_r1.doc
Data Source: un