REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT OF EVERYONE TO THE ENJOYMENT OF THE HIGHEST ATTAINABLE STANDARD OF PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH ON HIS VISIT TO CROATIA :NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Specific areas are regulated in other acts, including the Patients’ Rights Protection
Act, the Medical Practice Act, the Pharmacy Act, the Nursing Act and the Dental Care Act;
the Midwifery Act; the Physical Therapy Activities Act, and the Act on the Health Care
Technical Services. (...) This shows the lack of an
effective “gatekeeping” policy in the health-care sector and, above all, the urgent need for
coordination between the social welfare and health sectors.
54. The capacity in psychiatric institutions continues to escalate, as shown by the
increasing number of psychiatric beds32 and the increasing amount of financial resources
directed at enhancing hospital infrastructure, a situation that was observed by the Special
Rapporteur in his visit to a psychiatric hospital in Zagreb which was in the process of
expanding, with the construction of a new building for forensic patients.
55. (...) European Union structural funds should be directed at building up a modern rights-
compliant system throughout Croatia, with services that prevent referrals both to
psychiatric hospitals and to large residential institutions.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT OF EVERYONE TO THE ENJOYMENT OF THE HIGHEST ATTAINABLE STANDARD OF PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH ON HIS VISIT TO ARMENIA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Mental health in Armenia is regulated by the Law on Psychiatric Assistance, which
was adopted in 2004 and last amended in 2013. (...) The types of medical enforcement measures
allowed in the above-mentioned cases are outpatient supervision by psychiatrists and forced
treatment; forced treatment in general psychiatric hospitals; and forced treatment in
specialized psychiatric hospitals (art. 98).
57. (...) The Special Rapporteur visited a number of psychiatric institutions and was able to
interview staff working there at different levels, as well as a number of service users.
VISIT TO NORWAY : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
She visited the regional section for mental health, intellectual
disabilities and autism of Dikemark Psychiatric Hospital in Asker, the Åsgård Psychiatric
Hospital in Tromsø, the basalt exposure therapy department of Vestre Viken Hospital Trust
in Blakstad, the residential facilities for persons with intellectual disabilities Emma Hjorth
in Sandvika and Borgenbråten in Borgen, the Haug special school and resource centre in
Bekkestua, the Manglerud school in Oslo and the sheltered workshop Fossheim in Oslo.
ELECTION OF 5 MEMBERS OF THE INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL BOARD FROM AMONG CANDIDATES NOMINATED BY THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION :NOTE / BY THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
和 Abou-Saleh M.T., “The State of Psychiatry in the Arab
Middle East”, 载于 Psychiatric Times(2015)；Bener A., Abou-Saleh M. T., Dafeeah E.
E., Bhugra D.(2015)；”The prevalence and burden of psychiatric disorders in primary
health care visits in Qatar: too little time?” (...) “The impact of opioid substitution therapy on mortality post-release
from prison: Retrospective data linkage study”, Addiction, 109, 1306-1317; Mattick,
R.P., Kimber, J., Breen, C. and Davoli, M.(2014).
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES ON HER VISIT TO PARAGUAY : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
During the visit to the psychiatric hospital in Asunción, the Special Rapporteur
noted that the majority of patients had been placed there forcibly and were being medicated
without their consent. She also noted that electroconvulsive therapy is still a common
practice and is performed without the free and informed consent of the person concerned. (...) Despite the fact that in 2015 the psychiatric hospital in Asunción
released 50 individuals following the lifting of protective measures, 17 individuals
remained in detention by court order.
ELECTION OF 1 MEMBER OF THE INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL BOARD FROM AMONG CANDIDATES NOMINATED BY THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION :NOTE / BY THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
在 Baba Koumaré指导下发表“Santé Mentale au Mali” (Mental Health in Mali),
under the guidance of Baba Koumaré; Avenues of theoretical exploration and research
undertaken since 1982 by the psychiatric team at Bamako in collaboration with
14-63844 (C) 8/11
Canadian and Italian research scientists (McGill University, Montreal, and CNR,
Pérouse) in various fields of clinical, therapeutic, epidemiological and anthropological
research, Psychopathologie Africaine, 1992, Vol. (...) 部分出版物
Padaiga Ž., Subata E., Vanagas G., “Outpatient methadone maintenance treatment
programme: Quality of life and health of opioid-dependent persons in Lithuania”,
Medicina, 2007; 43(3). — 235-241; Subata E., “Methadone maintenance treatment of
opioid dependence in Lithuania: Challenges, solutions and integration with HIV/AIDS
treatment and care”, Chinese Journal of Drug Dependence, 2007/16/3, 174-178;
Subata E., Evaluation of methadone maintenance therapy programmes in Estonia,
2007; Peter Lawrinson, Robert Ali, Aumphornpun Buavirat, Sithisat Chiamwongpaet,
Sergey Dvoryak, Boguslaw Habrat, Shi Jie, Ratna Mardiati, Azaraksh Mokri, Jacek
Moskalewicz, David Newcombe, Vladimir Poznyak, Emilis Subata, Ambrose
14-63844 (C) 10/11
Uchtenhagen, Diah S.Utami, Robyn Vial and Chengzheng Zhao, “Key findings from
the WHO collaborative study on substitution therapy for opioid dependence and
HIV/AIDS”, Addiction, 2008, 103, 1484-1492; Subata E., Pincevičiute E., “Opioid
dependence treatment with naltrexone, national clinical protocol (in Lithuanian)”, 立
陶宛精神病学协会 , 2008 年 , p. 12; Michael Schaub, Emilis Subata, Victor
Chtengelov, Gundo Weiler, Ambros Uchtenhagen, “Feasibility of Buprenorphine
maintenance therapy programmes in Ukraine”, European Addiction Research, 2009,15:
157-162; Subata E., Karymbaeva S., Moller L., “Evaluation of opioid maintenance
treatment in the Kyrgyz Republic”, 世卫组织欧洲区域办事处, p.16; Moller L.,
Karymbaeva S., Subata E., Kiaer T. (2009), “Evaluation of patients in opioid
substitution therapy in the Kyrgyz Republic,” 世卫组织欧洲区域办事处; M. (...) Moller L., “Evaluation of opioid substitution therapy in prisons”,
吉尔吉斯斯坦试验研究，世卫组织欧洲区域办事处，2011年; Subata E., Gilman M.,
Alho H., Maremmani I.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON TORTURE AND OTHER CRUEL, INHUMAN OR DEGRADING TREATMENT OR PUNISHMENT, MANFRED NOWAK
He thanks the Government for the
additional information received and welcomes that the Ministry of Health recognized that the
treatment, which consists almost exclusively of the use of strong neuroleptics (developed long
time ago), was inadequate and indicated that psychiatric care would be individualized, new
treatments developed (ergo therapy, psychotherapy, music therapy, occupational therapy), and
modern drugs purchased once the necessary funds were made available.
44. (...) Whereas the Special Rapporteur was unable to visit a psychiatric facility in the
Transnistrian region of the Republic of Moldova, he has received allegations of detention in
psychiatric clinics as a means to pressurize persons to comply. He also received credible
allegations that conditions in Cocieri psychiatric clinic are not in compliance with international
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT OF EVERYONE TO THE ENJOYMENT OF THE HIGHEST ATTAINABLE STANDARD OF PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH ON HIS VISIT TO ALGERIA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Reportedly, about 90 per cent of persons living with HIV (7,915) received
antiretroviral therapy; around 500 women living with HIV were in need of antiretrovirals to
prevent mother-to-child transmission; and about 112 pregnant women (about 25 per cent)
actually received antiretrovirals in 2015.29
VISIT TO FIJI :REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT OF EVERYONE TO THE ENJOYMENT OF THE HIGHEST ATTAINABLE STANDARD OF PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH, DAINIUS PŪRAS
The issue of mental health has in Fiji historically relied on a traditional model of care
based on psychiatric hospitalization and the idea that persons with mental health conditions
could not be managed within the community. (...) Giles Hospital, the country’s
only psychiatric hospital, located in Suva. Established in 1884 as the “Public Lunatic
Asylum”, it was renamed the “Suva Mental Asylum” in 1935, and again in 1960, as the St.
(...) The Act also allows for the use of electroconvulsive therapy (sect. 72–76), with either
the patient’s free, voluntary and written consent or by decision of a tribunal, when the patient
does not consent or is considered “incapable of giving [it]”.
WRITTEN SUBMISSION BY THE UKRAINIAN PARLIAMENT COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
In pursuance of its NPM function, the Ukrainian Ombudsman monitors the observance
of the rights of persons held at mental/psychiatric and neurological hospitals.
65. In 2012–2015, 40 monitoring visits to psychiatric hospitals were made, including 5
66. There were systemic problems identified in the course of the visits, in particular:
Absence of regulation of forced isolation and physical restraint measures to persons with
mental disorders during treatment at psychiatric hospitals, which results in violation of their
Violation of children’s rights during treatment at a Ukrainian intense-supervision psychiatric
hospital: children staying in the same hospital room with adults, and absence of specialists in
treatment and rehabilitation of children with mental disorders at the hospital