EXTRAJUDICIAL, SUMMARY OR ARBITRARY EXECUTIONS : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR, PHILIP ALSTON : ADDENDUM
These are thresholds not triggers: that a trial implicates a national security
interest does not automatically justify a wholly secret trial; instead, the courts may exclude the
public “from all or part of a trial” as required by the particular rationale by which publicity
would imperil national security in the case at hand.
9. (...) The purpose underpinning article 14, paragraph 1 explains why publicity must be more
than formal. In order for every organ of government and every member of the public to have at
least the opportunity to consider whether punishment is being imposed in a fair and
non-discriminatory manner, the administration of justice must be transparent. It defeats the
purpose of the publicity element of due process for judgements to be “made public” by
filing them away in courthouses where they can, in theory, be paged through by citizens.
UNFORESEEN AND EXTRAORDINARY EXPENSES FOR THE FINANCIAL YEAR 1972
Invites the specialized agencies to give full
publicity, through all media, to the question of Nami-
bia and to the conditions prevailing in the Territory to
which their respective spheres of competence are
11. (...) Requests the Secretary-General to take the
necessary steps to intensify publicity relating to Nami-
bia, and to issue a series of United Nations commemo-
rative postage stamps to publicize the direct respon-
sibility of the United Nations for Namibia;
GE.10-62230 (C) 1
Reporting, intelligence and information release systems for public health
emergencies are in place. The competent health administrative departments at or above
provincial level are responsible for releasing information on public health emergencies
to the public.
(...) Related handbooks and
teaching materials, such as The Handbook for Citizen Safety, have been issued, and the
knowledge on the protection against bioterrorist attacks has been included in school
education and publicity plans. Training programmes on preventing nuclear, biological
and chemical terrorism and contingency drills in response to bioterrorist attacks and
public health emergencies for professionals have been organized to enhance their
awareness and capability.
(...) Strengthened Measures on Big International Events
To ensure the health safety and security of the participants of the Beijing 2008
Olympic and Paralympic Games, and the Shanghai 2010 World Expo, China further
strengthened measures on prevention of and emergency response to bio-terrorism and
public health emergencies.
(A) Prevention and Control Measures
Reinforced infectious diseases surveillance and preparedness for medical care and
Strengthened health surveillance in public areas, and monitoring and supervision
of food, cosmetics and water supplies for special events;
Intensified prevention efforts and security inspections at key facilities in the
specific time period;
Improved biosafety and biosecurity of laboratories handling pathogenic
Enhanced inspection and quarantine of inbound personnel, materials and mails;
Information release and publicity of health security;
Issued The Handbook for Citizens on Protection against terrorist attacks.
NATIONAL IMPLEMENTATION AND REGIONAL COOPERATION ON IMPLEMENTATION OF THE BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION : WORKING PAPER / SUBMITTED BY THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
National Preparedness of Response to Public Health Emergencies and National
Preparedness of Response to Medical Rescue on Public Emergencies were promulgated
in 2005, which stipulates the functions and responsibilities of relevant competent
authorities responding to public health emergencies, and the classification, surveillance,
reporting, emergency response, and damage control of such emergencies.
(...) The Chinese Government made unremitting efforts in improving law enforcement
capacity through adopting best practices for law enforcement and educating and training
law enforcement personnel. The publicity of relevant laws and regulations has been
enhanced through organizing regular training courses and lectures and distributing
pamphlets, with a view to helping the enterprises rigorously implement relevant laws
and regulations and run their business accordingly.
(...) Thirdly, a national implementation mechanism with clear division of responsibility and
effective coordination should be enhanced and the law enforcement capacity improved.
Fourthly, the publicity of relevant policies and laws should be enhanced with a view to
raising the awareness and self-discipline of relevant enterprises, research and education
institutions and personnel.
OFFERS BY MEMBER STATES OF STUDY AND TRAINING FACILITIES FOR INHABITANTS OF NON-SELF-GOVERNING TERRITORIES
Requests all Administering Members which have
not done so to give the fullest publicity in the Non-Self-
Governing Territories under their administration to all
offers of study and training facilities made by Member
NOTE VERBALE DATED 2005/03/18 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF PERU TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
The Director of the Executive Office for Transparency and Protection of Health Rights
believes publicity should be given to the risks and consequences of trafficking in persons and the
damage it can cause to physical and mental health, thereby preventing the attainment of the
highest levels of physical, mental and social well-being. (...) The representative of the Public Prosecutor’s Office notes that, as part of her Office’s
policy, the Public Prosecutor’s Office Strategic Plan on Children and Young Persons 2004-2010
was approved by decision of the Office of the Attorney-General (No. 1419-2004-MP-FN
of 15 October 2004).
(...) In such circumstances it is impossible to use
the main refectory and restrictions have had to be placed on the use of public telephones so as to
allow as many prisoners as possible to use the service.
RPT WG TRANSN'L CORPORATIONS / TORONTO WORKSHOP
had all belonged to, utilized or interacted with a variety of grievance mechanisms, including
operational-level (company and site-level) grievance mechanisms, domestic State-level
dispute resolution mechanisms, National Contact Points established under the Organisation
for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Guidelines for Multinational
Enterprises, international-level grievance mechanisms linked to public financial institutions,
or multi-stakeholder/multi-industry mechanisms.
4. (...) Participants identified the following incentives for business enterprises to establish
or participate in non-judicial grievance mechanisms:
(a) Threat of judicial action: the threat of judicial action and the desire to avoid
costly and lengthy litigation would be a major incentive for companies to establish and
participate in operational-level grievance mechanisms;
(b) Risk of negative publicity: past experience shows that some companies will
only engage with non-judicial grievance mechanisms in order to avoid possible negative
publicity. Avoiding negative publicity could be an incentive for companies to establish
operational-level grievance mechanisms;
(c) Evidence that such mechanisms resolve problems: evidence of how
operational-level grievance mechanisms work to reduce project delays and disruptions
caused by conflicts with communities or workers and greater access to case studies and
evidence would help to engage business enterprises in that process;
7 See India Infrastructure Report 2009: Land—A Critical Resource for Infrastructure, 3iNetwork and
IDFC, p. 1.
POST-SESSIONAL DOCUMENT, 103RD SESSION, 7-16 MAY 2014 : HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL, WORKING GROUP ON ENFORCED OR INVOLUNTARY DISAPPEARANCES
(c) Para 5: Inadequate public information campaign resulting in many people not
hearing about the Commission or being provided information on where, when and
how to submit complaints:
The Commission had, and continues to provide wide publicity on how a person or an
organization can submit their complaints to the Commission. (...) The Secretary to the Commission also held comprehensive briefings with key personnel in
the district and divisional administration in Northern and Eastern Provinces, including all
District Secretaries, Divisional Secretaries and Grama Niladharis, on the procedures for
submission of complaints and public hearings.
It is testimony to the effectiveness of the publicity campaign conducted by the Commission
that a considerable number of persons who had not submitted their complaints on time
came before the public hearings in Jaffna and Kilinochchi districts to make representations.
(...) However, the Commission will be
providing each newly registered complainant a form in Tamil language to fill and return
prior to being invited for public hearings.
(n) Para 9: There should be a comprehensive publicity campaign in advance of scheduled
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE INDEPENDENCE OF JUDGES AND LAWYERS, LEANDRO DESPOUY : ADDENDUM
As a result, civil trials are often held in judges’ private offices instead
of courtrooms, a practice which has a negative impact on the publicity of trials.
65. (...) E/CN.4/2006/52/Add.3
Public and media access to judicial proceedings
71. (...) In practice however, the
publicity of trials is not always guaranteed. This is partly due to the lack of courtrooms, and that
many civil cases are therefore heard in the judge’s office.
LETTER DATED 3 APRIL 2019 FROM THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF TURKEY TO THE UNITED NATIONS ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
Article 14(1) of the
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights acknowledges that a court has the power to
exclude all or part of the public for reasons of morals, public order (ordre public) or national security
in a democratic society, or when the interest of the private lives of the parties so requires, or to the
extent strictly necessary in the opinion of the court in special circumstances where publicity would be
prejudicial to the interests of justice. (...) The International
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, while reaffirming the right to a fair and public
hearing, recognizes that the press and public may be excluded from all or part of a
trial for reasons of morals, public order (ordre public) or national security in a
democratic state, or when the interests of the private lives of the parties so require, or
to the extent strictly necessary in the opinion of the court in special circumstances
where publicity would prejudice the interests of justice. (...) The
Conference of Presidents of European Supreme Courts meeting in Slovenia under the
auspices of the Council of Europe formulated a statement on “The Supreme Court:
Publicity, Visibility and Transparency”. That statement recognized “the necessity to
satisfy the expectations of contemporary society with regard to justice” and stressed
the importance of courts “demonstrating their openness and sensitivity”.