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Digital economy taxation entails multiple issues • Should governments tax mobile and broadband devices and  services? • What is the appropriate level of taxation imposed on capital  equipment purchased by telecommunications operators? (...) • Broadband penetration faces an affordability barrier • In general, it is considered that a broadband consumption tax  increases the cost of ownership, thereby reducing adoption • Lower subscription prices triggered by tax reduction, imply higher  demand Region 2013 Household Penetration 5% Price Reduction 10% Price Reduction Sub ‐ Saharan Africa 3.12% 3.62% 4.11% Americas 54.87% 57.79% 60.70% Arab States 27.93% 30.10% 32.28% Asia & Pacific 31.05% 33.35% 35.65% Europe 72.02% 75.13% 78.24% CIS 36.94% 39.44% 41.94% IMPACT ON FIXED BROADBAND PENETRATION OF PRICE REDUCTION  Source: Estimates by the author based on ITU 2013 data Lowering taxes on broadband triggers spillovers  that are larger than the foregone taxes Source: Telecom Advisory Services analysis VIRTUOUS CIRCLE OF TAX REDUCTION ON BROADBAND SERVICES AND DEVICES 4 Should governments collect taxes on equipment  purchased by broadband providers be? • Broadband service providers are imposed a range of taxes - Conventional corporate taxes (approximately 35% on gross profits) - Sales tax (up to 10%) and customs duty (up to 15%) on purchased  equipment - Indirect taxes on CPE - Property taxes for physical assets (1.6% of assessment value) • Sales taxes on purchased equipment have a negative impact on network  deployment and, therefore, on broadband economic impact • Accordingly, some governments have exempted ISPs from paying taxes on  purchased equipment - Malaysia approved 100% tax allowances on  “last mile” broadband  equipment - 20 states in the US exempted sales tax from broadband equipment  purchasing Should production and consumption of digital  goods be taxed?
Language:English
Score: 967344.1 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/C...ations/GSR15_session4_Katz.pdf
Data Source: un
Consumption expenditure includes: • Foods produced for own final consumption; • Other goods produced for own final consumption; • Services produced for own final consumption; • Food consumed away from home; • Income in-kind receipts of goods; • Income in-kind receipts of services; • In-kind goods received as gifts; • In-kind services received as gifts; • Purchase of owner-occupied housing; • Housing maintenance, minor repairs; • Major repairs, conversions and extensions to owner occupied housing; • Purchase of gifts of goods and services given to others outside the household; • Interest payments (excluding mortgage interest payments); • Occupational expenditures; • Other business-related expenditures; • Social transfers in-kind of goods and services from government and No-profit institutions serving households Consumption expenditure excludes: • Mortgage repayments; • Mortgage interest; • Luxury goods; • Financial services (including fees for financial advice, brokerage fees); • Non-life insurance premiums (e.g. vehicle, housing, other property, medical), gross of claims; • Life insurance premiums; • Licences and fees (e.g. driver’s licence, hunting licence, vehicle registration); • Gambling expenditure, gross of winnings; • Investment-related expenditures (e.g. purchase of shares/stocks); • Second hand goods purchased; • Expenditures abroad C: Concepts, definitions, classifications and weights Definition of the CPI and its objectives: Consumer Price Index is defined as a measure of the weighted aggregated change in retail prices paid by consumers for a given basket of goods and services. (...) CPI is a proxy indicator of living cost and it uses a sample of a fixed basket of goods and services. It is not designed to measure what consumers actually purchase; rather it measures the cost of purchasing a basket of the same goods and services as in the previous time period. The CPI is designed to cover expenditures of consumption goods and services purchased for household use, but not for business purposes or investment.
Language:English
Score: 966228.7 - www.ilo.org/ilostat-fil...H_CPI_Descriptions%20-2013.pdf
Data Source: un
Information regarding centralized purchasing of PCs can be found at: Centralized purchasing of computers. 20. (...) Requests for non-ILO standard software at headquarters must be sent to the INFOTEC Service Desk (servicedesk@ilo.org) for technical assessment and approval prior to purchase. (...) For all items that are physically purchased by INFOTEC, a record of installed licences will be maintained to ensure compliance with license purchase use.
Language:English
Score: 965271 - https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/gro...enericdocument/wcms_765823.pdf
Data Source: un
WTO ANALYTICAL INDEX Agreement on Government Procurement (1994) – Preamble (Jurisprudence) 2 services and construction services and further improvements of the text of the Agreement."2 2. (...) The Panel concluded that transactions properly characterized as purchases of services are excluded from the scope of Article 1 of the SCM Agreement, which expressly refers to purchases of "goods" but omits any reference to purchases of services (on appeal, the finding was declared moot and of no legal effect). In the course of its analysis, the Panel observed that "while the SCM Agreement was being negotiated, the parties to the plurilateral Tokyo Round Procurement Code were in the process of extending the scope and coverage of that agreement to cover purchases of services" and referred to the sixth recital of the Preamble (and also to Article I) of the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement.3 ___ Current as of: June 2022 2 Panel Report, Korea – Procurement, para. 2.2. 3 Panel Report, US – Large Civil Aircraft (2nd Complaint), para. 7.967.
Language:English
Score: 964381.4 - https://www.wto.org/english/re..._e/ai17_e/gpa_preamble_jur.pdf
Data Source: un
General Terms and Conditions for Goods 1. ACCEPTANCE OF THE PURCHASE ORDER This Purchase Order may only be accepted by the Supplier's signing and returning an acknowledgement copy of it or by timely delivery of the goods in accordance with the terms of this Purchase Order, as herein specified. Acceptance of this Purchase Order shall effect a contract between the Parties under which the rights and obligations of the Parties shall be governed solely by the terms and conditions of this Purchase Order, including these General Conditions. (...) PAYMENT 2.1.1 UNDP shall, on fulfillment of the Delivery Terms, unless otherwise provided in this Purchase Order, make payment within 30 days of receipt of the Supplier's invoice for the goods and copies of the shipping documents specified in this Purchase Order. 2.1.2 Payment against the invoice referred to above will reflect any discount shown under the payment terms of this Purchase Order, provided payment is made within the period required by such payment terms. 2.1.3 Unless authorized by UNDP, the Supplier shall submit one invoice in respect of this Purchase Order, and such invoice must indicate the Purchase Order's identification number. 2.1.4 The prices shown in this Purchase Order may not be increased except by express written agreement of UNDP. 3.
Language:English
Score: 964134 - https://www.unv.org/sites/defa...al_terms_conditions_goods_.pdf
Data Source: un
“Contractor”: The Supplier of goods and/or services as identified in the Purchase Order. “End user”: The Entity for which ICAO acts as a mandatary. (...) ACKNOWLEDGMENT FORM Acceptance of this Purchase Order shall form a binding contract (hereinafter referred to as “the Contract”) with the Contractor returning the Purchase Order with the acknowledgement section signed, or the timely delivery of the goods and/or services as herein specified. (...) Payment for any goods and/or services pursuant to this Contract shall not be deemed an acceptance of the goods and/or services.
Language:English
Score: 964044.5 - https://www.icao.int/secretari...s%20%28PO%29%20-%20English.pdf
Data Source: un
“Contractor”: The Supplier of goods and/or services as identified in the Purchase Order. “End user”: The Entity for which ICAO acts as a mandatary. (...) ACKNOWLEDGMENT FORM Acceptance of this Purchase Order shall form a binding contract (hereinafter referred to as “the Contract”) with the Contractor returning the Purchase Order with the acknowledgement section signed, or the timely delivery of the goods and/or services as herein specified. (...) Payment for any goods and/or services pursuant to this Contract shall not be deemed an acceptance of the goods and/or services.
Language:English
Score: 964044.5 - https://www.icao.int/secretari...tions%20(PO)%20-%20English.pdf
Data Source: un
The UN Secretariat Procurement generally conducts purchases beyond these limits and for global acquisition projects. 3. (...) As an inter-governmental organization, the UN Secretariat is exempt from the payment of taxes and duties for its purchases. 8. AS A US FIRM, SHOULD MY COMPANY QUOTE BASED ON A GENERAL SERVICE ADMINISTRATION (GSA) CONTRACT? (...) Delivery requirements for purchases are usually specified in the tender documents (ITB, RFP).
Language:English
Score: 963354.8 - https://www.un.org/Depts/ptd/node/19579
Data Source: un
Provider network: In theory, State Fundholders of SP are free to purchase services from public or private providers. (...) Provider payment: Seguro Popular State Fundholders pay service providers via a global budget and not on a fee-for-service payment. (...) Tenders of multi- source products at state level using generic reference prices fixed at national level. No Bulk purchasing Yes States purchase multi-source products and free to coordinate purchases.
Language:English
Score: 962966.2 - https://www.who.int/alliance-h...sr/resources/FR_Ch3_Annex4.pdf
Data Source: un
PO TRACKING TABLE in Contract Currency in Euros DANOFFICE APS Denmark Purchase of laptops Oct-20 19,380.00$ 16,356.72€ Intra Bilişim Sanayi ve Tic. A.ş Turkey Purchase of IT equipment Dec-20 302,165.00 ₺ 32,504.11€ Mas Mobilya Sanayi ve Ticaret Ltd. Şti. Turkey Purchase of Office Furniture Jan-21 281,562.50 ₺ 32,353.81€ Iris Iletisim Cozumleri Ltd.
Language:English
Score: 962923.3 - https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/gro...tdocumentation/wcms_822586.pdf
Data Source: un