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Self-administration studies indicate that the abuse liability of pure nicotine is weaker than the addictive potential of tobacco products in humans. 2. (...) Dose-dependency of development of nicotine addictiveness In humans, there are little data available on pure nicotine use. (...) BACKGROUND Some 72-92% of adult cigarette smokers meet the criteria for dependence1. While nicotine is recognised as an addictive substance in the tobacco leaf, the risk of addiction to pure nicotine products is very low compared to cigarettes1.
Language:English
Score: 1885050.6 - https://www.who.int/fctc/treaty_instruments/SCENIHR.pdf
Data Source: un
Available at: http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/24/6/1601.full 7) Connolly GN (1995), “The marketing of nicotine addiction by one oral snuff manufacturer,” Tobacco Control, 4(1): 73-79. (...) Available at: http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/11/suppl_1/i32.full.pdf 14) Ferris Wayne G, Connolly GN. (2004), “Application, function, and effects of menthol in cigarettes: A survey of tobacco industry documents,” Nicotine & Tobacco Research, (1):S43 - S54 15) Gray NJ and Henningfield JE (2004), “A long-term view of harm reduction,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 6:759-764. 16) Henningfield JE and Djordjevic M (2004), “Menthol cigarettes, research needs and challenges,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 6 (Supplement 1): S11-S16. (...) “Risks associated with smoking cigarettes with low- machine measured yields of tar and nicotine.” Smoking and Tobacco Control Monograph No. 13. 2001.
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Score: 1689141.8 - https://www.who.int/fctc/treat...nstruments/selectedcources.pdf
Data Source: un
According to the terminology used in reports submitted to the COP, the leading novel and emerging nicotine and tobacco products can be classified in three broad categories: electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) [1] , electronic non-nicotine delivery systems (ENNDS) and heated tobacco products (HTPs). (...) FCTC/COP6(9), Electronic nicotine delivery systems and electronic non-nicotine delivery systems, 2014 3. FCTC/COP/7/11, Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems and Electronic Non-Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS/ENNDS).
Language:English
Score: 1550938.7 - https://www.who.int/fctc/media...-nicotine-tobacco-products/en/
Data Source: un
Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems and Electronic Non-Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS/ENNDS) Global Regions WHO Regional websites Africa Americas South-East Asia Europe Eastern Mediterranean Western Pacific When autocomplete results are available use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. (...) All ENDS (but not ENNDS) contain nicotine. Electronic cigarettes, the most common prototype, are devices that do not burn or use tobacco leaves but instead vaporise a solution the user then inhales. The main constituents of the solution, in addition to nicotine when nicotine is present, are propylene glycol, with or without glycerol and flavouring agents.
Language:English
Score: 1525629.3 - https://www.who.int/news/item/...-delivery-systems-(ends-ennds)
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Celebrities and social influencers – Reject offers of “brand ambassadorship” and refuse any form of sponsorship by nicotine and tobacco industries.  Social media companies – Ban advertising, promotion and sponsorship by the nicotine and tobacco industries and prohibit influencer marketing of tobacco or nicotine products. (...) Parents and relatives – Educate children and adolescents on the harms of nicotine and tobacco product use and empower them to reject industry manipulation. (...) Schools – Raise awareness of the dangers of initiating nicotine and tobacco product use, adopt tobacco and e-cigarette free campuses, refuse any form of sponsorship by the nicotine and tobacco industries, and prohibit representatives from nicotine and tobacco companies from speaking at school events, school camps, etc.
Language:English
Score: 1521309.3 - https://www.who.int/campaigns/...obacco-day-2020/call-to-action
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Some products claiming to be nicotine-free (ENNDS) have been found to contain nicotine. (...) Where economically feasible, governments should also consider promoting nicotine replacement therapies and non-nicotine pharmacotherapies for cessation.   (...) Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems and Electronic Non-Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS/ENNDS).
Language:English
Score: 1518554.8 - https://www.who.int/news-room/...wers/item/tobacco-e-cigarettes
Data Source: un
Media Briefer Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems and Electronic Non-Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS/ENNDS) Report by WHO This report is produced by experts from the World Health Organization (WHO) for COP7, the governing body of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC). (...) The scope of the research It includes updates on scientific and research data on evidence of the health impacts on Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems and Electronic Non-Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS/ENNDS). (...) All ENDS (but not ENNDS) contain nicotine. Although generally considered a single product class, these products constitute a diverse group with potentially significant differences in the production of toxicants and delivery of nicotine.
Language:English
Score: 1517459.4 - https://www.who.int/fctc/media...a-briefings/m-b-ENDS-ENNDS.pdf
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Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) or electronic nicotine delivery systems Global Regions WHO Regional websites Africa Americas South-East Asia Europe Eastern Mediterranean Western Pacific When autocomplete results are available use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. (...) The main constituents of the solution, in addition to nicotine when nicotine is present, are propylene glycol, with or without glycerol and flavouring agents. (...) Subscribe to our newsletters → Related Related links Electronic nicotine delivery systems Decision Eletronic nicotine delivery systems and eletronic non-nicotine delivery systems   Regions Africa Americas Eastern Mediterranean Europe South-East Asia Western Pacific Policies Cyber security Ethics Permissions and licensing Preventing sexual exploitation Terms of use About us Careers Library Procurement Publications Frequently asked questions Contact us Subscribe to our newsletters Privacy Legal Notice © 2022 WHO
Language:English
Score: 1515274.9 - https://www.who.int/news/item/...onic-nicotine-delivery-systems
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“Measurements of tar and nicotine yields using the FTC method do not offer smokers meaningful information on the amount of tar and nicotine they will receive from a cigarette. (...) Cigarette yields of tar and nicotine and markers of exposure to tobacco smoke. (...) NCI, October 2001. (16) Jarvis MJ, Boreham R, Primatesta P, Feyerebend C, Byrant A. Nicotine yield from machine-smoked cigarettes and nicotine intakes in smokers: evidence from a representative population study.
Language:English
Score: 1514883 - https://www.who.int/fctc/treat...nstruments/ArtElevenSACSix.pdf
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Total nicotine measures the entire amount of nicotine in a product regardless of its ionic form. The un-ionized form of nicotine is more readily absorbed in the body. With the total levels of nicotine and pH, the levels of un-ionized nicotine can be determined. (...) "Surveillance of smokeless tobacco nicotine, pH, moisture, and unprotonated nicotine content."
Language:English
Score: 1510869.9 - https://www.who.int/fctc/cop/cop7/FCTC_COP_7_9_EN.pdf
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