LETTER DATED 18 DECEMBER 2020 FROM THE PRESIDENT OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARY-GENERAL AND THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVES OF THE MEMBERS OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL
Demands that all armed groups cease immediately all forms of violence
and other destabilising activities, the illegal exploitation and trafficking of natural
resources, and further demands that their members immediately and permanently
disband, lay down their arms, reject violence, end and prevent violations perpetrated
against children and release children from their ranks, recalls in this regard that
recruitment and use of children in armed conflict in the DRC may lead to sanctions
under paragraph 7(d) of resolution 2293 (2016);
14. Notes that the elimination of the threat posed by armed groups requires an
integrated regional approach and strong political engagement by the governments of
DRC, SADC and the Great Lakes region to further seize on the positive regional
momentum, in close coordination with MONUSCO and the Special Envoy for the
Great Lakes, underscores that there can be no purely military solutions to these
problems, welcomes the renewed commitments of the DRC and its neighbours to work
together to tackle insecurity in Eastern DRC and to promote long lasting regional
development expressed during the recent Quadripartite meetings and Goma Summit,
bearing in mind the need to address the root causes of conflict, including the illicit
exploitation and trafficking of natural resources and put an end to recurring cycles of
violence, as outlined in the PSC Framework, reaffirms that the PSC Framework
remains an essential mechanism to achieve durable peace and stability in the DRC
and the Region recalls the commitments undertaken by the region under the PSC
Framework not to tolerate nor provide assistance or support of any kind to armed
groups, urges the signatory States, with the support of the PSC Framework Guarantors,
to strengthen their collaboration in addressing appropriately and holistically the threat
of all remaining foreign armed groups in the DRC and the illicit flow of weapons in
the region, fully supports the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for the Great
Lakes in fulfilling his mandate to address the remaining challenges in implementation
of the PSC Framework and to promote peace and stability in the region, including
through good offices, coordinated strategies and shared information with MONUSCO,
UNOCA and other UN entities, and stresses the need for coordination and cooperation
between the Government of the DRC and other national authorities, United Nations
entities, civil society organisations and development actors to build and sustain peace,
stabilise, improve the security situation and assist in restoration of State authority;
15. (...) Expresses concern at the illegal exploitation and trafficking of natural
resources, particularly timber, so-called “conflict minerals” like tin, tantalum,
tungsten and gold, as well as diamonds, cobalt, charcoal and wildlife, by armed
groups and criminal networks supporting them, the negative impact of armed conflict
on protected natural areas, which undermines lasting peace and development for the
DRC, and encourages the Government of the DRC to strengthen efforts to safeguard
those areas, calls on member States of ICGLR and regional economic communities
to jointly fight illegal exploitation and trade of natural resources, and encourages
them to promote the transparent and lawful management of natural resources,
including the adoption of government revenue targets to finance development,
sustainable regulatory and customs frameworks, and responsible mineral sourcing
supply chain due diligence, and recalls in this regard its resolutions 2457 (2019) and
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ON THE ISSUE OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS AND OTHER BUSINESS ENTERPRISES : ADDENDUM
Another participant argued that administrative law and regulation has a critical yet
underappreciated part to play, giving law an instrumental rather than a purely standard-setting
role in this area.
(...) As an alternative to a purely legal approach to corporate responsibility, a moral or ethical
framework was also proposed. (...) Some participants were unconcerned about the type of
liability, or whether the liability attaches to a natural or legal person, provided some person or
entity is held responsible.
LETTER DATED 2010/09/13 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF AZERBAIJAN TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL
In this regard, it is pertinent to point out that the national report submitted by the
Republic of Armenia under the UPR was not in conformity with the review exercise, since
it was purely political in nature, factually incorrect and did not comply with the basis of the
review as reflected in the Human Rights Council resolution 5/1, which stipulates the review
to be conducted in an objective, transparent, non-selective, constructive,
non-confrontational and non-politicized manner.
3. (...) It is necessary to point out that the purely “political and legal arguments” presented
by Armenia in its report are totally biased as they do not reflect historical realities and
violate existing principles and norms of the international law. (...) Today the refugees and internally displaced persons, who constitute the one ninth of
the population of Azerbaijan, continue to suffer from the consequences of aggression and
ethnic cleansing, which deprived them not only of their homelands, but also natural rights
and freedoms. The issue of return of all displaced persons expelled from the conflict-
affected territories and their descendants to their original places of residence is of utmost
importance for the settlement of the conflict and it is the key element for the establishment
of peace and security in the region.
LETTER DATED 21 DECEMBER 2012 FROM THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF KAZAKHSTAN TO THE UNITED NATIONS ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
Sixth challenge is the exhaustion of natural resources.
Combined with unprecedented population and consumption growth and the finite level
of natural resources this will fuel both positive and negative outcomes.
(...) It is critical that we reconsider our attitude to our natural wealth. We need to learn how
to properly manage it, saving our export revenues and, most importantly, transforming
our natural resources into sustainable economic growth that delivers maximum
(...) Adopting all economic and managerial decisions based purely on economic
feasibility and long term interests.
INDIGENOUS PEOPLES' PERMANENT SOVEREIGNTY OVER NATURAL RESOURCES : PRELIMINARY REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR, ERICA-IRENE A. DAES, SUBMITTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUB-COMMISSION RESOLUTION 2002/15
INDIGENOUS PEOPLES' PERMANENT SOVEREIGNTY OVER NATURAL RESOURCES : PRELIMINARY REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR, ERICA-IRENE A.
CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS, INCLUDING THE QUESTION OF RELIGIOUS INTOLERANCE : REPORT : ADDENDUM / BY ABDELFATTAH AMOR, SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON FREEDOM OF RELIGION OR BELIEF
Article 49 of the Constitution sets out the restrictions that may be applied to the rights
recognized by the Constitution, as follows：
“(1) The exercise of certain rights or certain freedoms may be restricted only by law
and only where necessary in particular cases to defend national security, public order,
public health or morals, or the rights and freedoms of citizens, to allow a criminal
investigation to be carried out or to avoid the consequences of a natural calamity or
extremely serious disaster.
(2) Any restriction must be proportional to the situation requiring it and may not
infringe upon the existence of the right or freedom.”
25. (...) These different forms of discrimination can be committed by natural or legal, public or
private persons, and the alleged victims of such discrimination can take their case to the judicial
authorities without having to pay stamp duty.
38. (...) These
observers believe that the Orthodox Church influences government policy in areas which go well
beyond purely religious matters and that the authorities in turn use their assistance to the Church
for their own ends.
HUMAN RIGHTS AND WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION, OR WITH INDISCRIMINATE EFFECT, OR OF A NATURE TO CAUSE SUPERFLUOUS INJURY OR UNNECESSARY SUFFERING : WORKING PAPER / SUBMITTED BY Y.K.J. YEUNG SIK YUEN IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUB-COMMISSION RESOLUTION 2001/36
The protection of the natural environment during warfare is covered by article 35 (3) and
article 55 of Protocol I. (...) At paragraph 31 of its Advisory
Opinion, the ICJ finds that article 35 (3) of Protocol I also prohibits attacks against the natural
environment by way of reprisals. The gist of the two above-mentioned articles is restated in
article 1 of the Environmental Modification Convention of 1977:20 “each State party to this
Convention undertakes not to engage in military or any other hostile use of environmental
modification techniques having widespread, long-lasting or severe effects as the means of
destruction, damage or injury to any other State party.”
37. (...) His views are that:
“Everything from purely mathematical models to forest fire studies shows that even a small
nuclear war would devastate the earth.”32
REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON THE USE OF MERCENARIES AS A MEANS OF VIOLATING HUMAN RIGHTS AND IMPEDING THE EXERCISE OF THE RIGHT OF PEOPLES TO SELF-DETERMINATION ON ITS MISSION TO THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The exploitation and trafficking of rich natural resources in the country had also
attracted mercenaries and foreign fighters. Natural resources included diamonds, timber,
gold, uranium and oil. (...) LRA had exploited the rich natural
resources in the eastern part of the country, including gold, wood and diamonds.
VISIT TO MONGOLIA : REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE EFFECTS OF FOREIGN DEBT AND OTHER RELATED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS OF STATES ON THE FULL ENJOYMENT OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, PARTICULARLY ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS
Constitution defines the status of the State’s natural resources, including land and subsoil
(art. 6 (1)), a provision of particular relevance given the nomadic heritage, traditional
pastoral practices and mineral rich subsoil in Mongolia.
6. (...) Mongolia is extremely rich in natural resources, with significant deposits of gold,
copper, coal, silver and other minerals. (...) For many States, overreliance on natural resource extraction has proved to be both
an economic opportunity and a challenge.
LETTER DATED 13 DECEMBER 2021 FROM THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF TURKEY TO THE UNITED NATIONS ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
The truth of the matter is that the Cyprus problem commenced in 1963 when the
Greek Cypriot partner of the 1960 Republic of Cyprus, established under international
treaties, tried to impose its political will on Turkish Cypriot people by force of arms
and converted the binational Republic into a purely Greek Cypriot entity. This deep-
rooted Greek Cypriot policy in Cyprus was also confessed by the then -Greek Cypriot
leader, Glafcos Clerides, in volume 3, page 105, of his memoir, entitled Cyprus: My
Deposition, in the following words: “the Greek Cypriot preoccupation was that
Cyprus should be a Greek Cypriot state, with a protected Turkish Cypriot minority”.
(...) Unfortunately, the Greek Cypriot
administration to this day refuses the peaceful path of dialogue and cooperating with
the Turkish Cypriot side regarding all aspects of exploration and exploitation of the
natural gas around the island.
In the face of the persistent unilateral acts of the Greek Cypriot side, the Turkish
Cypriot side is left with no option but to take equivalent and reciprocal steps to protect
the inherent and inalienable rights of the Turkish Cypriot people over the hydrocarbon
resources around the island.