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RM Ordinance on BSE "Official Gazette of the Republic of Montenegro", No. 23/2005 By virtue of Article 28, paragraph 1, of the Veterinary Law ("Official Gazette of the Republic of Montenegro" No. 11/04), The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Water Management enacts this ORDINANCE ON UNDERTAKING THE MEASURES TO PREVENT INTRODUCTION OF THE ANIMAL INFECTIOUS DISEASE BOVINE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHY (BSE) IN THE REPUBLIC OF MONTENEGRO Article 1 With the aim of preventing the introduction and appearance of the infectious animal disease Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (hereinafter: BSE) and Other Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies in animals (hereinafter TSEs) in the Republic of Montenegro, the following measures are being undertaken: The following shipments are not allowed: 1) Live bovine animals; 2) Products, raw materials and wastes of bovine origin; 3) Embryos and fertilized ova for fertilization of bovine animals; 4) Animal feed containing ingredients of animal origin (meat meal, meat and bone meal, bone and meat meal, bone meal, blood meal, liver meal, and other animal feed additives originating from ruminants), and animal feed containing ingredients originating from ruminants; 5) Medicaments and vitamins for veterinary purposes, containing the ingredients originating from ruminants; 6) Raw materials and products used for consumption or in cosmetics containing the ingredients originating from ruminants, or other material by way of which BSE is transmittable; 7) Humanitarian aid and donations in the shipments referred to in items 1-6 of this Article. (...) Article 5 Importation of shipments referred to in Article 4 items 3), 4), 5), 6), and 7) of this Ordinance may be allowed provided the raw materials and products in the shipment originate from the animals which were assessed, after the inspection before slaughter and after testing for BSE, as healthy and the meat and organs of which were assessed, after the inspection, as safe for human consumption, and if the raw materials and products in the shipment were subjected to a suitable technological procedure of production, specifically: a) Bovine hide treated according to the following procedure: - Alkali treatment in a solution of calcium base at pH 12 to 13 during at least eight hours with sodium sulfide or diluted sodium hydroxide, followed by treatment in the acid pH 1 to 3 during at least six to ten hours; - Brined for at least seven days in sea salt to which 2% sodium carbonate was added; - Dried for 42 days at the temperature of 20 °C; b) Parts of bovine hide treated according to the following procedure: - Alkali treatment in a solution of calcium base at pH 12 to 13, for at least eight hours with sodium sulfide or diluted sodium hydroxide; v) Collagen and collagen products made from bovine hide and in the procedure that includes the following phases: - Alkali treatment in a solution of calcium base at pH 12-13, for at least 8 hours with sodium sulfide or diluted sodium hydroxide; - Neutralization; - Extraction with the acid at pH 0.8 for at least 6 hours at room temperature, or other appropriate treatment in the interval of up to pH of maximum 3.3 at least 48 hours at room temperature; - Drying at the temperature of at least 80 °C; g) Tallow produced by hot process at the temperature of 130 °C to 140 °C at least 30 minutes under the pressure of 3 bars. Products from tallow must be hydrolyzed at the temperature of at least 250 °C; - Tallow fat and fat products must be filtrated in production; d) Food for pets, if containing proteins originating from ruminants, must be treated and produced in the facilities other than those intended for wastes production, unless containing bovine tissue originating from the countries listed under the Category 4, in the table constituting an integral part of this Ordinance. Raw materials originating from bovine animals more than 24 months old, used for production of hide, parts of hide, collagen and tallow, must be from animals that were, after being tested on BSE, assessed as healthy and safe for human consumption.
Language:English
Score: 1517647.3 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...cc_e/cgr_e/WTACCCGR9_LEG_9.pdf
Data Source: un
Microsoft Word - 02 Compensation for Veterinary Control "Official Gazette of RM", No. 50/2005 By virtue of paragraph 3 Article 60 of the Veterinary Law ("Official Gazette of RM" No. 11/04), the Government of the Republic of Montenegro, at its session held on the 7th of July 2003, passed this D E C I S I O N ON THE LEVEL OF COMPENSATION FOR VETERINARY-SANITARY CONTROL IN THE TRADE ACROSS THE BORDER OF THE REPUBLIC OF MONTENGRO Article 1 This decision regulates the level of the compensation for mandatory veterinary- sanitary control at the border crossings of the Republic of Montenegro, in export, import, and transit of the consignments of animals, foodstuffs, raw materials, products, animal foodstuffs, and wastes of animal origin. 1. Level of the compensation for consignments by truck, railway wagon, ship, container, or by air is as follows: a) for consignments of equine and cloven-hoofed animals in the transport unit, in the case of: - export of up to 10 tons net mass – EUR 5.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 1.00; - import of up to 10 tons net mass – EUR 20.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 3.00; - transit of up to 10 tons net mass – EUR 15.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 2.00; b) for consignments of poultry, birds, rabbits, hares, and game, and apes for laboratory examinations, in the transport unit, in the case of: - export of up to 5 tons net mass – EUR 5.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 1.00; - import of up to 5 tons net mass – EUR 20.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 3.00; - transit of up to 5 tons net mass – EUR 15.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 2.00; c) for consignments of one day old poultry (chicken, turkey, geese, ducks, etc.) in the transport unit, in the case of: - export of up to 10,000 chicks – EUR 5.00 and thereafter for each following 1000 chicks or any part of such quantity – EUR 1.00; - import of up to 10,000 chicks – EUR 20.00 and thereafter for each following 1000 chicks or any part of such quantity – EUR 3.00; - transit of up to 10,000 chicks – EUR 15.00 and thereafter for each following 1000 chicks or any part of such quantity – EUR 2.00; d) for consignments of meat in the transport unit, in the case of: - export of up to 6 tons net mass – EUR 5.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 1.00; - import of up to 6 tons net mass – EUR 20.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 3.00; - transit of up to 6 tons net mass – EUR 15.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 2.00; e) for consignments of meat products, fat, milk and dairy products; eggs and egg products; seed for artificial insemination and fertilized ova; consignments of fish and fish products; bees and apiary products; silk worms; frogs, snails, shellfish, turtles and other lizards and mollusks and their products; consignment of suet, technical fat of animal origin; meals of animal origin (meat meal, meat-bone meal, blood meal, fish meal, feather meal, etc); consignments of animal feed, consignment of animal feed containing products of animal origin; consignments of hide, bone, wool, hair, bristles, mane, tails, horns, hooves, animal innards and animal bodily fluids, in the transport unit, in the case of: - export of up to 6 tons net mass – EUR 5.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 1.00; - import of up to 6 tons net mass – EUR 20.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 3.00; - transit of up to 6 tons net mass – EUR 15.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 2.00; 2. (...) Article 9 On the day of coming into force of this Decision, provisions of Article 4, paragraph 2, 3 and 5, and Articles 8 and 9 of the Decision on the Level of Compensation for Veterinary-Sanitary Control of Animals, and Products, Raw Materials and Wastes of Animal Origin in the Production and on the Market ("Official Gazette of RM" No. 51/2003).
Language:English
Score: 1419870.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...c_e/cgr_e/WTACCCGR11_LEG_2.pdf
Data Source: un
Microsoft Word - Decision on the level of compensation Vet Sanitary Control 1 "Official Gazette of RM", No. 50/2005 By virtue of paragraph 3 Article 60 of the Veterinary Law ("Official Gazette of RM" No. 11/04), the Government of the Republic of Montenegro, at its session held on the 7th of July 2003, passed this D E C I S I O N ON THE LEVEL OF COMPENSATION FOR VETERINARY-SANITARY CONTROL IN THE TRADE ACROSS THE BORDER OF THE REPUBLIC OF MONTENGRO Article 1 This decision regulates the level of the compensation for mandatory veterinary-sanitary control at the border crossings of the Republic of Montenegro, in export, import, and transit of the consignments of animals, foodstuffs, raw materials, products, animal foodstuffs, and wastes of animal origin. 1. Level of the compensation for consignments by truck, railway wagon, ship, container, or by air is as follows: a) for consignments of equine and cloven-hoofed animals in the transport unit, in the case of: - export of up to 10 tons net mass – EUR 5.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 1.00; - import of up to 10 tons net mass – EUR 20.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 3.00; - transit of up to 10 tons net mass – EUR 15.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 2.00; b) for consignments of poultry, birds, rabbits, hares, and game, and apes for laboratory examinations, in the transport unit, in the case of: - export of up to 5 tons net mass – EUR 5.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 1.00; - import of up to 5 tons net mass – EUR 20.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 3.00; - transit of up to 5 tons net mass – EUR 15.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 2.00; 2 c) for consignments of one day old poultry (chicken, turkey, geese, ducks, etc.) in the transport unit, in the case of: - export of up to 10,000 chicks – EUR 5.00 and thereafter for each following 1000 chicks or any part of such quantity – EUR 1.00; - import of up to 10,000 chicks – EUR 20.00 and thereafter for each following 1000 chicks or any part of such quantity – EUR 3.00; - transit of up to 10,000 chicks – EUR 15.00 and thereafter for each following 1000 chicks or any part of such quantity – EUR 2.00; d) for consignments of meat in the transport unit, in the case of: - export of up to 6 tons net mass – EUR 5.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 1.00; - import of up to 6 tons net mass – EUR 20.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 3.00; - transit of up to 6 tons net mass – EUR 15.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 2.00; e) for consignments of meat products, fat, milk and dairy products; eggs and egg products; seed for artificial insemination and fertilized ova; consignments of fish and fish products; bees and apiary products; silk worms; frogs, snails, shellfish, turtles and other lizards and mollusks and their products; consignment of suet, technical fat of animal origin; meals of animal origin (meat meal, meat-bone meal, blood meal, fish meal, feather meal, etc); consignments of animal feed, consignment of animal feed containing products of animal origin; consignments of hide, bone, wool, hair, bristles, mane, tails, horns, hooves, animal innards and animal bodily fluids, in the transport unit, in the case of: - export of up to 6 tons net mass – EUR 5.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 1.00; - import of up to 6 tons net mass – EUR 20.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 3.00; - transit of up to 6 tons net mass – EUR 15.00 and thereafter for each following ton or any part of such quantity – EUR 2.00; 2. (...) Article 9 On the day of coming into force of this Decision, provisions of Article 4, paragraph 2, 3 and 5, and Articles 8 and 9 of the Decision on the Level of Compensation for Veterinary-Sanitary Control of Animals, and Products, Raw Materials and Wastes of Animal Origin in the Production and on the Market ("Official Gazette of RM" No. 51/2003).
Language:English
Score: 1419870.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...e/cgr_e/WTACCCGR23A1_LEG_1.pdf
Data Source: un
Indeed the EU bears a huge responsibility in its increasing dependency on imported oilseeds and meals, which would continue to grow with capping coupled supports to EU oilseeds because of the alleged BHA constraints. (...) We see that: - imports of raw oilseeds accounted for 55.6% of EU28 production on average from 2014/5 to 2018/19; - imports of oilseed meals accounted for 76.2% of EU production on average; - soybean imports accounted for 77.6% of all oilseed imports on average; - EU soybean meals production, including meal equivalent of raw soybean, accounted for only 6.2% on average of imports. - imports of palm and soy oil (with that included in raw soybean imports) accounted for 9.758 Mt on average of which 6.984 Mt of palm oil Table 1 – EU increasing dependency on oilseeds imports, particularly of soybean in meal equivalent 1000 t 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17 2017/18 2018/19 Average 18-19/14-15 EU oilseeds (soybean, rapeseed, sunflower seed) production and imports Production 35377 32067 31322 35126 31996 33178 -9.6% Imports 15760 18742 19054 18600 20136 18458 +27.8% Import/prod. 44.5% 58.4% 60.8% 53% 62.9% 55.6% +41.3% EU oilseeds meals (of soybean, rapeseed, sunflower) production and imports Production 28767 29579 29270 30819 30350 29757 +5.5% Imports 22283 23810 22179 22680 22427 22676 +0.6% Import/prod. 77.5% 80.5% 75.8% 73.6% 73.9% 76.2% -4.6% EU production and imports of soybean meals and soybeans in meal equivalent (79.2%) Production 1835 2371 2477 2671 2584 2388 +40.8% " in meal equivalent 1453 1878 1962 2115 2047 1891 +40.9% Imports 13190 14784 14051 14100 15500 14325 +17.5% " in meal equivalent 10446 11709 11128 11167 12276 11345 +17.5% Direct import of meal 18601 20185 18305 18800 18700 18918 +0.5% Total meal import eq 29047 31894 29433 29967 30976 30263 +6.6% Prod/imports meal eq 5% 5,9% 6,7% 7,1% 6,6% 6,2% +32% Imports of palm oil and soybean oil including oil equivalent of raw soybean (17,8%) Palm oil 6943 7121 6774 7100 6980 6984 +0.5% Soybean oil 276 322 287 295 301 296 +9.1% " in soybean imports 2334 2532 2615 2432 2478 2478 +6.2% Total soybean oil 2610 2854 2902 2727 2779 2774 +6.5% Total palm+soy oil 9553 9975 9676 9827 9759 9758 +2.2% Share of pure protein in feed use of EU and total origins in oilseeds and pulses (field pea, broad bean, lupin) EU oilseeds 6.48 6.04 5.80 Total oilseeds 20.53 21.59 21.17 EU/total oilseeds 31.6% 28% 27.4% EU pulses (1000 t) 0.52 0.73 0.71 EU pulses/EUoilseed 8% 12.1% 12.2% EU pulses/all oilseed 2.53% 3.38% 3.35% Source: https://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/market-observatory/crops/oilseeds-protein-crops/balance-sheets_en This EU increasing dependency on imports of the oilseeds chain (seeds, meals, vegetable oil) has large detrimental impacts on the environment (large scale land degradation, deforestation and loss of biodiversity), eviction of farmers (land grabbing) for these large farms and exploitation of manpower of the exporting countries – mainly of South America for soybean and South East Asia (Indonesia and Malaysia for palm oil, but also from Colombia, without forgetting new plantations in Subsaharan Africa) – as well as in the EU given the overall positive impact of oilseeds on the EU environment, even if the production of pulses and other legumes (not concerned by the BHA) would be better but it is still very low. 4 Let us just quote extensively two remarquable reports on the impact of EU soybean imports and palm oil imports on the destruction of the environment in the exporting countries of Argentina and Brazil for soybean imports and mainly of Indonesia and Malaysia for palm oil. (...) For Europe, the cost for soybean import from Brazil and Argentina is about 10 billion $/y (34 million ton in 2008 and a market price for soybean meal in 2008 of about 300 $/metric ton). The benefit for Europe could be represented by the value of the European livestock sector fed with soybean; 145 billion $ in 2008.
Language:English
Score: 1418827.5 - https://www.wto.org/english/fo...e__blair_house_agreement_e.pdf
Data Source: un
Unfortunately, many ready-to-eat meals and convenience foods such as pot noodles, pizzas, burgers and fries fall into the category of unhealthy foods. (...) Where possible, try to order healthier options by checking the label, reduce the number of ready-to-eat meals that your family eat a week, take care to control portion sizes and where possible cook or prepare meals using fresh ingredients. (...) Rather than giving children sweet or salty snacks, try out some healthier options like chopped fruit or vegetables that can be eaten raw.     5. Start cooking and have fun! Not everyone has the luxury of being able to cook at home.
Language:English
Score: 1369886.5 - https://www.unicef.org/eap/how-eat-well-while-staying-home
Data Source: un
On the supply ... Prices of raw tuna firmed up in April 16-07-2021 International trade for canned and processed tuna posted positive results during the first quarter of 2021. However, the weak market trend continues for fresh and frozen tuna for direct consumption, which command higher prices than canning raw material. Supply According ... Strong global trade for canned tuna persisted throughout 2020 07-04-2021 Consumption of inexpensive and shelve-stable canned tuna increased worldwide in 2020 and generated brisk international trade. Demand for frozen raw materials also increased from the large production bases in Asia and Europe to meet growing demand.
Language:English
Score: 1364079.9 - https://www.fao.org/in-action/...befish/market-reports/tuna/en/
Data Source: un
Unfortunately, many ready-to-eat meals and convenience foods such as pot noodles, pizzas, burgers and fries fall into the category of unhealthy foods. (...) Where possible, try to order healthier options by checking the label, reduce the number of ready-to-eat meals that your family eat a week, take care to control portion sizes and where possible cook or prepare meals using fresh ingredients. (...) Rather than giving children sweet or salty snacks, try out some healthier options like chopped fruit or vegetables that can be eaten raw.     5. Start cooking and have fun! Not everyone has the luxury of being able to cook at home.
Language:English
Score: 1362173.2 - https://www.unicef.org/laos/st...ow-eat-well-while-staying-home
Data Source: un
FISHERIES INDUSTRIES: PAPER VI
Unliks othsr industries, it is neoessary to condu~t a hunting opsration in ordsr to produoe the raw material. Also, in most fiSheriss, a major proportion of ths total capital investment in the industry is required for ths equipment and facilities for produoing the raw material. (...) Other canning in quantity has been based on pilohard, whioh is also a principal raw matsrial for the manufacture of fish meal and fish oil and available in quantity along the south-west ooast. (...) A primary requirement for developing an induetrial operation based on the manufaoture of fieh meal and fish oil is to have a plentiful and very low cost source of raw material.
Language:English
Score: 1361941.2 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...?open&DS=E/CN.14/III/21&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
VEGETABLE OILS AND FATS AND ANIMAL FEED INDUSTRIES IN LEBANON BY RAJA TANNOUS
id,75-323 - 2 - TABLE OF CONTENTS I. Introduction II Raw I.'Iaterials A. B. c. D. Availability Suitability Prices Imports and Exports III Production and Processing (Description of existing plants) Ao B. (...) Thee suitability of the raw materials greatly depends on the sources of the oil seeds and oils. (...) Although the capacity of the plant is 70 tons/day 1 chis capacity is not ordinarily reached due to raw material unavailability and product marketing difficulties.
Language:English
Score: 1359812.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...get?open&DS=ID/WG.201/2&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
The data set contains the factors for calculating retention of 25 components including vitamins, minerals and alcohol during food preparation.15 When nutrient data for prepared or cooked products were unavailable or incomplete in the database, nutrient values were calculated from comparable raw items or by recipe. When values are calculated in a recipe or from the raw item, appropriate nutrient retention (U.S. (...) Proximate Contents, Losses and Gains of Fat, Pro- tein and Water comparing Raw, Hospital- and Household-Cooked Pork Cuts. Jour- nal of Food Composition and Analysis, 14, p. 491-503. 6 Comments about recipe calculation procedures provided by Porto, A. A. and Oliveira, L., NHI (INSA) (2005). 7 Comments about the Swedish Food Composition Table provided by Becker, W., NFA (2005). 8 Composition of Foods (2005). Raw, Processed, Prepared. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 18.
Language:English
Score: 1352420.2 - https://www.fao.org/uploads/me...d_gains_EroFIR_2006_D1.5.5.pdf
Data Source: un