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., bednets) • Adolescent sensitive periods in brain Design of incentives • Size • Frequency • Certainty vs lottery • Unit incentivized: person, family, group • Unit receiving income: father, mother, teen • Means testing Domain: health care utilization • Family planning • Prenatal care • Facility-based childbirth • Vaccination • Screening such as HIV testing • Adherence such as TB meds Lim (Lancet 2010): Facility-based delivery CCT in India National-level mean Estimated treatment effect DLHS-2 (2002–04) DLHS-3 (2007–09) Exact matching With versus without Differences in differences Antenatal care, three visits 45·7% (45·1 to 46·3) 53·6% (53·0 to 54·3) 10·7% (9·1 to 12·3) 11·1% (10·1 to 12·1) 10·9% (4·6 to 17·2) In-facility births 41·0% (40·5 to 41·6) 54·1% (53·5 to 54·8) 43·5% (42·5 to 44·6) 43·9% (43·3 to 44·6) 49·2% (43·2 to 55·1) Skilled birth attendance* 48·7% (48·1 to 49·2) 59·3% (58·7 to 60·0) 36·6% (35·6 to 37·7) 36·2% (35·7 to 36·8) 39·3% (33·7 to 45·0) Perinatal deaths (per 1000 pregnancies) 42·0 (40·6 to 43·4) 37·3 (35·6 to 39·0) −3·7 (−5·2 to −2·2) −4·1 (−5·7 to −2·5) −14·2 (−31·0 to 2·7) Neonatal deaths (per 1000 livebirths) 33·6 (32·1 to 35·1) 30·3 (28·8 to 31·9) −2·3 (−3·7 to −0·9) −2·4 (−4·1 to −0·7) −6·2 (−20·4 to 8·1) Maternal deaths (per 100 000 livebirths) 294·0 (267·1 to 322·1) 618·0 (576·2 to 660·4) .. .. −100·5 (−582·2 to 381·2) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673610607441#tbl2fn1 Banerjee et al. (BMJ, 2010) Domain: non-medical health behaviors • Contingency management for substance abuse • Smoking: cash for quitting • Physical activity Domain: health outcomes • Weight loss • Workplace wellness (blood pressure, cholesterol tobacco, BMI) • Sexually transmitted infections Conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs • Acceptable and scalable • Effects for prenatal care, well-child care, vaccination, health education, child anthropometrics • Long-run affects via poverty alleviation and increased education of next generation’s mothers • Interpretation: – Price incentives are strong – Price vs Income pathway • Unconditional cash transfers (UCT) – Mixed results, likely fade-out?
Language:English
Score: 1232149.5 - https://www.un.org/en/developm.../20/2013-EGM_William%20Dow.pdf
Data Source: un
Munda’s story is an example of the health challenges faced by tea workers, most of whom have more than three children, partly because of difficulties in receiving family planning services. However thanks to the programme, couples can improve their knowledge and take advantage of their right to access family planning methods. (...) The tea industry is dominated by female workers who, despite long hours and labour-intensive work, receive very little pay and face harsh conditions. (...) The aim is that women and their families, as well as trade unions, will be more empowered to claim their rights to social protection and development, information and participation. line   ♦ Receive daily updates directly in your inbox - Subscribe here to a topic. ♦ Download the UN News app for your iOS or Android devices.  
Language:English
Score: 1231664.8 - https://news.un.org/en/story/2021/03/1087622
Data Source: un
In this reporting period results achieved by UNICEF and partners include: • City water distribution restored in Berberati and Bossangoa covering more than 52,000 people; • 206 handwashing facilities set up in Bangui, Kemo and Ouham Pende prefectures and along the main road to Cameroon for an estimated 52,300 users per day; • 44,505 additional children following lessons on the radio; • 4,043 patients, including 2,025 children under 5 received free essential care; • 2,016 caregivers sensitized on infant and young child feeding practices; • 22 children survivors of gender-based violence (GVB) have been identified and assisted; • 3,085 children and 1,203 community members received psychological support. (...) Funding Overview & Partnerships Despite generous support received from donors to support the COVID-19 response plan, critical funding gaps remain. (...) Out of the 2,018 pregnant women who received at least one prenatal consultation, 95% accepted to be tested for HIV, 2% tested positive and were put on antiretroviral treatment.
Language:English
Score: 1227178.4 - https://www.unicef.org/media/7...VID-19-SitRep-30-June-2020.pdf
Data Source: un
Please provide information on the legislative and policy framework in place in your country in relation to: a. Prenatal diagnosis b. Disability-related abortion c. (...) The availability, accessibility and use of prenatal diagnosis b. The availability, accessibility and use of disability-related abortion c. (...) The availability, accessibility and use of prenatal diagnosis b. The availability, accessibility and use of disability - related abortion c.
Language:English
Score: 1225769.7 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...ties/QuestionnaireEnglish.docx
Data Source: un
Between 2009 and 2013, the proportion of pregnant women living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries receiving effective antiretroviral medicines to prevent transmission of the virus to their children doubled. This means that globally, 7 out of 10 pregnant women living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries receive effective antiretroviral medicines to prevent transmission of the virus to their children. (...) Note to editors: Required validation indicators include: HIV Impact Indicators – must be met for at least 1 year New paediatric HIV infections due MTCT of HIV are less than 50 cases per 100 000 live births; and MTCT rate of HIV to less than 5% in breastfeeding populations or less than 2% in non-breastfeeding populations Process Indicators – must be met for at least 2 years • More than 95% of pregnant women, both who know and do not know their HIV status, received at least one antenatal visit • More than 95% of pregnant women know their HIV status • More than 95% of HIV-positive pregnant women receive antiretroviral drugs Syphilis Impact Indicators – must be met for at least 1 year Rate of MTCT syphilis are less than 50 cases per 100 000 live births Process Indicators – must be met for at least 2 years More than 95% of pregnant women received at least one antenatal visit More than 95% of pregnant women are tested for syphilis More than 95% of pregnant women with syphilis receive treatment.
Language:English
Score: 1224311.1 - https://www.who.int/mediacentr...eleases/2015/mtct-hiv-cuba/en/
Data Source: un
Between 2009 and 2013, the proportion of pregnant women living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries receiving effective antiretroviral medicines to prevent transmission of the virus to their children doubled. This means that globally, 7 out of 10 pregnant women living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries receive effective antiretroviral medicines to prevent transmission of the virus to their children. (...) Note to editors: Required validation indicators include: HIV Impact Indicators – must be met for at least 1 year New paediatric HIV infections due MTCT of HIV are less than 50 cases per 100 000 live births; and MTCT rate of HIV to less than 5% in breastfeeding populations or less than 2% in non-breastfeeding populations Process Indicators – must be met for at least 2 years • More than 95% of pregnant women, both who know and do not know their HIV status, received at least one antenatal visit • More than 95% of pregnant women know their HIV status • More than 95% of HIV-positive pregnant women receive antiretroviral drugs Syphilis Impact Indicators – must be met for at least 1 year Rate of MTCT syphilis are less than 50 cases per 100 000 live births Process Indicators – must be met for at least 2 years More than 95% of pregnant women received at least one antenatal visit More than 95% of pregnant women are tested for syphilis More than 95% of pregnant women with syphilis receive treatment.
Language:English
Score: 1224311.1 - https://www.who.int/news/item/...on-of-hiv-and-syphilis-in-cuba
Data Source: un
Key findings in this study include: Around half of all women do not receive the recommended minimum of four antenatal care visits during their pregnancy. (...) A UNICEF analysis of 10 high mortality countries indicates that less than 10 percent of babies delivered by a skilled birth attendant went on to receive the seven required post-natal interventions, including early initiation of breastfeeding. Similarly, less than 10 per cent of mothers who saw a health worker during pregnancy received a core set of eight prenatal interventions.
Language:English
Score: 1220109.4 - https://www.who.int/pmnch/medi.../news/2014/promise_renewed/en/
Data Source: un
In Venezuela, UNICEF works in coordination with the Pan American Health Organization and the national government to ensure that children receive the vaccines provided in the routine immunization schedule established by the authorities and to strengthen the cold chain to preserve the vaccines. (...) More than 283 thousand pregnant women and their newborns received maternal and childcare through services supported by UNICEF. 67,000 HIV/syphilis diagnostic tests were distributed for prenatal consultations to strengthen the prevention of mother-to-child transmission. 1,022 children under 15 living with HIV received their antiretroviral treatment.
Language:English
Score: 1217968.6 - https://www.unicef.org/venezuela/en/health
Data Source: un
A similar unit-level decision is who receives the incentive payment: in some cases providing the payment to mothers or teens may have different effects from payments to fathers (Thomas, 1991; Thomas, 1994). (...) Often multi-sectoral in nature, these programmes have commonly included health care conditionality incentives, so that in order to receive recurring cash payments the individuals must have documentation of targeted health care use such as prenatal care, vaccination, and other well child care. (...) In Chile, where participating households received an unconditional cash transfer and advice from a social worker, Galasso (2011) reported no change in the share that received regular prenatal visits.
Language:English
Score: 1213872.6 - https://www.un.org/en/developm...Dow-and-White_Expert-paper.pdf
Data Source: un
Midwife Jasmine Edaño provides prenatal check-up to pregnant women at the birthing facility in their remote community. (...) "In 2016, the quality prenatal care in Anitapan was very low at eighteen percent," explains Arvin Ablin, the DOH representative assigned in the municipality. (...) Aside from the prenatal care, facility-based deliveries in Anitapan have also jumped from 39 percent in 2016 to 83 percent in 2017.
Language:English
Score: 1212606.7 - https://www.who.int/philippine...n-a-remote-community-in-mabini
Data Source: un