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PowerPoint Presentation Sustainability Criteria for CORSIA Thomas Roetger, IATA Pedro Piris Cabezas, ICSA Committee on Aviation Environment Protection Sustainability Task Group Co-Leads Alternative Fuels in the CORSIA Context • Sustainable alternative fuels (SAF) contribute to CO2 emissions reduction • CAEP is developing recommendations for the recognition of SAF under CORSIA • This includes – Determine CO2 emissions reduction of different SAF types (lifecycle analysis) – Sustainability criteria other than GHG emissions General aspects • Global nature of the ICAO CORSIA  requires a globally harmonized view of sustainability criteria • Excellent opportunity for international aviation to define a globally recognized framework for sustainability of alternative fuels • Build as much as possible upon existing sustainability standards and frameworks – Sustainability criteria (environmental, social, economic) – Compliance mechanism Existing standards and frameworks US RFS2 EU RED* ISPO etc. *recognizes 19 voluntary standards for compliance ISCC RSB RSPO etc. (...) Global frameworks Existing sustainability standards use well-proven compliance mechanisms A suggested approach for building upon existing standards Standard exceeding ICAO level Partially meeting ICAO level Standard tailored to ICAO level ICAO “umbrella standard” ”Umbrella standard” level Incremental certification A framework (“umbrella”) standard would allow recognizing existing (current or future) regulatory or voluntary standards as suitable to demonstrate sustainability under CORSIA Way forward • Selection of relevant environmental sustainability principles and criteria • Processes for recognition of sustainable alternative fuels under CORSIA – Requirements for compliance – Way to incorporate existing regulatory and/or voluntary standards
Language:English
Score: 1032602 - https://www.icao.int/Meetings/...0Roetger%20-%20CAEP%20AFTF.pdf
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Recognized SOOs will have  to annually  demonstrate their competence to  ICAO.  (...) Initial Recognition of an SOO    6.1    Assessment and  recognition of SOOs will be based on  the USOAP CMA methodology.  Assessment criteria will be posted online.    ‐ Includes a set of generic criteria applicable to each applicant  ‐ Includes specific criteria dependent on the functions, level of recognition being    applied for:     Phase 1: Application and pre‐assessment  ‐ SOO voluntarily applies for recognition online  ‐ ICAO pre‐assesses the application package to ensure the SOO is eligible    for a full GASOS assessment     Phase 2: Self‐assessment and preparation of the on‐site assessment  ‐ SOO will  provide  a  self‐assessment  against  the  applicable  assessment  criteria which will be reviewed by ICAO  ‐ ICAO will establish an assessment team and plan an on‐site assessment   Phase 3: On‐site assessment  ‐ Methodology will follow principles of USOAP CMA  ‐ Conduct the on‐site assessment,  identify Level 1 (need to be corrected  before  recognition  can  be  granted)  and  Level  2  (recommendations)  findings   Phase 4: Final phase/Recognition  ‐ Corrective Action Plan will be initiated in the case of Level 1 findings  ‐ Assessment team will provide a report which will include any remaining  open  findings  and  a  recommendation  to  issue  a  recognition,  if  appropriate  ‐ If  appropriate,  a GASOS  recognition  certificate will  be  issued  and  the  GASOS Directory will be updated    7. Continuous monitoring of a recognized SOO    ‐ The SOO will have to provide updated information on its activities yearly  ‐ ICAO may send a Mandatory Information Request to respond to feedback from    States or after a change in assessment criteria  ‐ SOOs  can  apply  for  updates  to  the  scope  of  their  recognition which will  be    handled using a streamlined version of the above process  ‐ ICAO can revoke, suspend or limit an SOO recognition if necessary  — END — 
Language:English
Score: 1015076.6 - https://www.icao.int/NACC/Docu...tings/2018/NCM3/NCMC3-IP02.pdf
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Regional Fishery Management Organizations (Species ‐ specific) General considerations  COFI - XXVI Session (2005) - recognized importance of independent assessments of RFMOs’ performance  UNGA stressed the importance of PRs as independent evaluations for RFMOs/As and recommended: - transparent criteria based on international instruments - consider best practices for RFMOs - elements of independent evaluation  The FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1072 (2012) and the FAO Circular No. 1108 (2015) provided a list of criteria for PRs and also showed that: - Panels rely primarily on official documents and interviews with official RFMO staff, and that; - Analysis of RFMO foundational texts are examined vis-à-vis the international conventions and soft-law fishery instruments Commonly recognized criteria to PRs FAO Circular No. 1108 Conservation and management of fish stocks Compliance with and enforcement of international obligations Legal framework, financial affairs, organization Cooperation with other international organizations and non-member States Socio-economic aspects of fishing Duties of RFMOs towards developing countries Suggested elements and criteria to be considered when conducting PRs Outcomes of the resumed Review Conference on the UNFSA (23-29 May 2016) Enhancing PR consistency Making PR of RFMOs mandatory Adaptive, independent and regular review exercise Ensuring the principle of accountability, transparency and participation from civil society Time-bound implementation of recommendations  Follow-up mechanism for implementing PR recommendations Additional remarks  The introduction of the practice of Performance Review is a milestone in the history of RFMOs (and RFABs)  Difficulties in finding criteria that can be accepted by all regions and that reflect particular circumstances Each RFMO operates in a specific geo-political and socio- economical environment  Related factors to each regional context should be taken into consideration and reflected in the criteria applied  Strong degree of commonality in the factors affecting RFMOs performance Outcome of the Resumed Review Conference on the UNFSA:  There is a need to adjust/include new elements and criteria so as to ensure a complete and clear picture of how the RFMOs are performing Future of Performance Reviews Performance review as an increasingly common practice for both RFMOs and RFABs Common key criteria need to be identified and established  Independency and transparency must be ensured as well as inclusivity Performance reviews should be institutionalized and regularly carried out on periodic basis.
Language:English
Score: 992853.2 - https://www.un.org/Depts/los/c...el%202%20May%202019)%20PMi.pdf
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Microsoft PowerPoint - LDC-briefing-all.pptx Briefing on CDP work on LDCs 15 March 2019 Matthias Bruckner Debapriya Bhattacharya Taffere Tesfachew José Antonio Ocampo LDC Criteria review First steps at Plenary No work at Plenary due to triennial review EGM of LDC Subgroup in October Stocktaking and agreement on way forward at Plenary Finalization of LDC criteria at Plenary Application at the triennial review 2017 20212018 In 2017, CDP decided to embark on multi-year (2017-2020) work plan for the criteria review Specific mandate by Member States in 2016 “recognize the importance of the reviews by the CDP of the graduation criteria for the LDCs, and recommend the reviews be comprehensive, taking into account all aspects of the evolving international development context, including relevant agendas” Standing CDP decision to keep criteria under review to reflect changes in development thinking and indicator availability 2019 2020 LDC criteria and indicators Human assets index (HAI) • Percentage of population undernourished • Under-five mortality rate • Maternal mortality ratio • Gross secondary school enrolment ratio • Adult literacy rate Economic vulnerability index (EVI) • Population • Remoteness • Merchandise export concentration • Share of agriculture, forestry and fisheries in GDP • Share of population in low elevated coastal zones • Victims of natural disasters • Instability of agricultural production • Instability of exports of goods and services GNI per capita LDCs are low-income countries suffering from the most severe structural impediments to sustainable development. Useful links CDP website https://cdp.un.org LDC website http://bit.ly/CDP-LDCs 2018 LDC Handbook (English and French) http://bit.ly/2018-LDC-handbook Outcome and discussions Key points LDC category and criteria remain relevant in SDG era Graduation as milestone towards achieving the SDGs Integrity of LDC category Strengthen application procedures and process Emphasize building resilience for vulnerable countries Basic structure of LDC criteria and graduation rule remain valid Identify and validate suitable indicators for refining LDC criteria Robust methodologies and data availability Support for graduating countries Currently: 47 countries are LDCs • Angola, Bhutan, Sao Tome and Principe, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu are graduating • ECOSOC will make decision on Kiribati and Tuvalu no later than 2021 • CDP will consider Bangladesh, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Nepal and Timor-Leste for graduation in 2021 Graduation implications • Possible reductions in official development aid from bilateral donors and from multilateral institutions • Loss of markets access preferences • Loss of LDC-specific Special and Differential Treatment in the WTO • Other LDC specific support (UN budget, travel benefits, etc) One early consolidated UN graduation assessment Includes list of possible mitigating actions for review at the CDP UN UNRC to organize a country-level Meeting on Graduation Support to feed into CDP Recently graduated countries to present their experiences and needs for support, and for development and trading partners to highlight efforts at UN Development Cooperation Forum Graduating country Identify type of support needed to address potential loss of LDC-specific support Trading and development partners OECD review consequences of graduation on access to development finance, and develop a policy toolkit Consultation and participation process to involve non-OECD donors in preparation of policy toolkit Capacity development Explore graduation support facility to operationalize the requested support by graduating countries and to provide countries with specific capacity development/policy advice. (...) Graduation - meeting the IPoA target and, if possible, going beyond; Additional measures for graduating countries – ‘graduation with momentum’; Recognizing changes in the composition of the LDC category and implications for policies and ISMs; Aligning the PoA with SDGs – identifying policies for their implementation; Reducing vulnerability and building resilience – the economic, social and environmental dimensions; Addressing youth unemployment – creating decent jobs in the productive sectors; Technological learning and upgrading – and creating innovative and competitive enterprises; Identifying policies that promote growth and structural transformation; “Expanding Productive Capacity for Sustainable Development”: A Framework for Organizing the Programme of Action for LDCs for the period 2021-2030 The root cause of LDCs’ structural impediments is the limited development of their productive capacity; Recognized by LDCs – IPoA – listed as one of eight “priority areas for action”; The CDP carried out further studies on ‘productive capacity’ – First, in the context of SDGs (2016), highlighting the intrinsic link between productive capacity and SDGs; Then in 2017, assessing the link between productive capacity and progress towards graduation; The CDP believes that “Expanding productive capacity for sustainable development” will be a useful framework for organizing the next PoA; “Expanding Productive Capacity for Sustainable Development”: A Framework for Organizing the Programme of Action for LDCs for the period 2021-2030 • What are the advantages: – The next programme will focus on expanding productive capacity to achieve structural transformation and sustainable development; – It will create ‘coherence’ between macro and sectoral policies and between policies and the goals and targets to be achieved; – It will make it relatively easier to identify gaps in productive capacity development and tailor policies and ISMs accordingly; – It will become easier to monitor progress in the implementation of the PoA and countries’ performance over time - because of the Productive Capacity Index (PCI) that UNCTAD has developed, covering over 50 indicators of productive capacity.
Language:English
Score: 985068.1 - https://www.un.org/development.../sites/45/LDC-briefing-all.pdf
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Subsequently, in the second ICAO Conference on Aviation and Alternative Fuels (CAAF/2) recognized that the sustainability of alternative aviation fuels is of essential importance to the efforts of international civil aviation to reduce its CO2 emissions, and that this is ensured by application of sustainability criteria to SAF as is currently under consideration by ICAO.   (...) These Criteria are registered in the ICAO document "CORSIA sustainability criteria for CORSIA eligible fuels",  available in the CORSIA eligible fuels website. Compliance with the Sustainability Criteria will be granted on the basis of independent attestation by CORSIA approved Sustainability Certification Schemes (SCSs). 
Language:English
Score: 970587.7 - https://www.icao.int/environme.../pages/SAF_Sustainability.aspx
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Subsequently, in the second ICAO Conference on Aviation and Alternative Fuels (CAAF/2) recognized that the sustainability of alternative aviation fuels is of essential importance to the efforts of international civil aviation to reduce its CO2 emissions, and that this is ensured by application of sustainability criteria to SAF as is currently under consideration by ICAO.   (...) These Criteria are registered in the ICAO document "CORSIA sustainability criteria for CORSIA eligible fuels",  available in the CORSIA eligible fuels website. Compliance with the Sustainability Criteria will be granted on the basis of independent attestation by CORSIA approved Sustainability Certification Schemes (SCSs). 
Language:English
Score: 970587.7 - https://www.icao.int/environme.../Pages/SAF_Sustainability.aspx
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If the submission pool does not meet the criteria standards, the award(s) will not be given in that cycle, and nominations will again be taken in two years' time. Criteria for Nominators To submit a nomination for any of these awards, nominating individuals need to be members of HSG (except for the Award for the promotion of HPSR). (...) Nominees need not excel across all of these criteria but need to demonstrate excellence in at least one of these capacities.
Language:English
Score: 970251.8 - https://www.who.int/alliance-h..._callfornominationsSep2016.pdf
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The Global Aviation Training (GAT) Office will conduct an assessment of the applicant against the RTCE criteria and, once the results of the assessment confirms that all criteria are met, the GAT Office will invoice the initial annual RTCE membership fee. (...) This certificate will be valid for three years, conditional to the maintenance of compliance by the RTCE Member to the RTCE criteria, as set and detailed in this framework. - 2 - 3. (...) Transition 9.1 All current RTCEs shall meet all updated criteria and requirements described in this document.
Language:English
Score: 969733.5 - https://www.icao.int/training/...nition%20and%20Maintenance.pdf
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Brazil has expressed its concerns in relation to key aspects, in particular the provisions for Emissions Unit Criteria suggested to be implemented within the GMBM Scheme. Brazil also offers a possible approach for the "phase in" differentiation criteria in manner that is coherent with both ICAO and the Paris Agreement. (...) In relation to the emission unit criteria, all clauses of article 17 must be developed in a 2.2 manner that is consistent with Article 6 of the Paris Agreement.
Language:English
Score: 968322.5 - https://www.icao.int/Meetings/...ts/HLM_GMBM_Brazil_WP13_en.pdf
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The MAB Council will determine at its session in PRR-Y3, at the latest, whether the biosphere reserve meets the criteria. e. Should the MAB Council find that the biosphere reserve meets the criteria in PRR-Y3, the MAB Council will formally recognize this in accordance with paragraph 6 above. f. (...) Should the MAB Council, at its session in PRR-Y2, find that the biosphere reserve now meets the criteria, it will formally recognize this (in accordance with paragraph 6 above). d. Should the MAB Council, at its session in PRR-Y2, find that the biosphere reserve does not meet the criteria, the Council will formally recognize this and decide that, unless a successful nomination form is submitted and approved, the biosphere reserve will no longer be referred to as a biosphere reserve that is part of the WNBR, as of the closure of the MAB Council session in PRR-Y4.
Language:English
Score: 966240.8 - https://en.unesco.org/sites/de...9_process_of_excellence_en.pdf
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