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STUDY OF THE SITUATION OF THE RAILWAYS IN THE MEMBER COUNTRIES / TRANSMITTED BY THE GOVERNMENTS OF PORTUGAL AND SWITZERLAND
The study group specifically recommends that: The CFF should be transformed, as a first step, into a more streamlined and efficient federal company, enjoying more extensive freedom of commercial action; As a second step, preparations could be made to set up a private law holding company; For accounting purposes, a separation should be established between railway infrastructure and operations and a charge introduced for the use of infrastructures, the costs of which are partially covered by the Confederation; A single refinancing of the CFF should be undertaken by the Confederation along with a new form of infrastructure financing. (...) These proposals will be submitted to the Swiss Parliament. The options selected will provide a basis for the preparation of new guidelines for the relations between the Confederation and the CFF.
Language:English
Score: 1113970 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...=TRANS/SC.2/R.185/ADD.1&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
EXTERNAL DEBT SUSTAINABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT : REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
As a further advantage, catastrophe bonds also alleviate counter -party credit risk as they are collateralized. 44. Another option is to use contingent capital as a risk transfer instrument. (...) With contingent capital, no risk is actually transferred from one party to the other, and the underlying option is exercisable if both counterparties agree that a pre-defined trigger has occurred. 45. (...) The catastrophe deferred drawdown option provides a committed line of credit that can be drawn upon if a major natural disaster occurs. 46.
Language:English
Score: 1102135.5 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...sf/get?open&DS=A/70/278&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
While most developed countries have been able to secure funds throughout the pandemic at a fraction of a percentage point—below their average cost by more than 1 per cent—some developing economies have faced much higher refinancing costs in 2021 (figure 3). A few, such as Brazil and India, managed to obtain lower-than-average refinancing costs in exchange for selling bonds with shorter maturities than in the past, making its finances less sustainable. (...) Egypt, Ghana and South Africa are particularly at risk from rate rises due to high cost of debt and large refinancing needs (figure 4). Compared to the debt crises of the late 20th century though, larger reliance on domestic instead of foreign lending mitigates some of the vulnerability to capital outflows in Brazil, India and South Africa. (...) Figure 3 Government refinancing costs Figure 4 Government refinancing needs Source: S&P Global Ratings.
Language:English
Score: 1098850.2 - https://www.un.org/development...ation/Monthly_Briefing_152.pdf
Data Source: un
Credit Support Facility World Bank, government Refinancing facility for long‐term private  lenders to rural electrification projects; partial risk guarantees.
Language:English
Score: 1086173.2 - https://www.cepal.org/sites/de...fondos_especiales_rev.15.1.pdf
Data Source: un
EXPERIENCE WITH AND COOPERATION ON LAND REGISTRATION AND CADASTRAL PROJECTS : DISCUSSION PAPER / PREPARED BY THE SECRETARIAT
There is a need to prepare guidelines on assessing the cost- effectiveness of proposed land administration/land registration projects, especially dealing with the role of private/public sectors; refinancing options; advantages/disadvantages of “contracting out” operations. 34. (...) It may not be possible to find solutions acceptable by all parties, but it could be possible to make one model acceptable by a majority of countries and to provide other options.
Language:English
Score: 1078996.2 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...t?open&DS=HBP/AC.12/R.1&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
THE EVOLUTION OF THE LATIN AMERICAN ECONOMY IN 1986
C U A D E R N O S D E LA CEP AL THE EVOLUTION OF THE UTIN AMERICAN ECONOMY IN 1986 ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR LATIN AMERICAN AND THE CARIBBEAN UNITED NATIONS Santiago, Chile. 1988
Language:English
Score: 1076995.8 - HTTP://DACCESS-ODS.UN.ORG/ACCE...GET?OPEN&DS=LC/G.1501-P&LANG=E
Data Source: ods
Banks with specialized telecom units can tailor-make financings to: Source: Loan Pricing Corp Fund aggressive network rollouts Asian TMT industry financing by loan purpose Lower financing costs Return capital to shareholders via recaps Refinancing 50% General Corp/w orking cap 13% Others 2%Capex 3% Acquisition/LBO 32% Refinancing 52% General corp/w orking cap 43% Acquisition 2% Capex 1% Others 2% Country No. of Deals Total Volume (US$million) 2005 Refinancing 19 9,578 Acquisition 2 283 General corp/working cap 23 7,873 Capex 2 260 Others 2 290 Total 48 18,285 2006 Refinancing 18 23,261 Acquisition/LBO 9 15,322 General Corp/working cap 25 6,385 Capex 4 1,350 Others 4 1072 Total 60 47,390 11 Amit Sinha, Senior Vice President +65-6878 1865 / amitsinha@dbs.com Asian TMT markets - Most markets are liberalized and fairly developed, with 3/3.5G either already launched or about to be launched Country Japan China Hong Kong Taiwan South Korea Liberalization 2G Growth 2G Mature 3G/3.5G Launch Malaysia Indonesia Philippines Singapore Thailand India Pakistan Bangladesh North Asia Southeast Asia South Asia Middle East Qatar Oman Saudi Arabia Kuwait Bahrain 12 Amit Sinha, Senior Vice President +65-6878 1865 / amitsinha@dbs.com 0 100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 500,000 600,000 700,000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Pak istan Bangladesh India 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Overview of mobile services markets in the Asia Pacific Mobile Subscribers 2006 Statistics (million) Population: 407 Mobile Subscribers: 155.5 (2000: 35.7) Penetration (%): 38.2% (2001: 9.4%) North Asia mobile subscribers 2006 Statistics (million) Population 1,410 Mobile Subscribers 502 (2000: 201) Penetration (%) 38.6% (2001: 18.0%) South Asia mobile subscribers Southeast Asia mobile subscribers Thailand Singapore Philippines Malaysia Indonesia CAGR 11.6% CAGR 34.2% (‘000) CAGR 108.6% CAGR 31.9% Population :1,411 Mobile Subscribers :198.6 (2002:12.5 ) Penetration (%): 14.1% (2001: 1.2%) (‘000) 2006 Statistics (million) (‘000) CAGR 17.2% CAGR 8.7% 0 100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 500,000 600,000 700,000 800,000 900,000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Japan Taiwan Korea HongKong China Source: 2006 Gartner, Inc. 13 Amit Sinha, Senior Vice President +65-6878 1865 / amitsinha@dbs.com 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Taiwan South Korea Hong Kong China Japan 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Overview of mobile services markets in the Asia Pacific - Mobile Revenues North Asia mobile revenueNorth Asian operators gear up for industry restructuring whilst continuing to push for 3G and other new technologies South Asia: India operators expand into suburban and rural areas. (...) Long tenor of up to 7 years • Further expansion of TM’s regional footprint, currently in 13 Asian countries • Further solidify TM’s position as the largest integrated telecom solutions provider and one of the top 3 public listed companies in Malaysia • Further contribution to TM’s strong operating and financial performance • Enormous market growth potential with Indian mobile penetration at 11.5% as at Dec 06 Source: LPC, Basis Points, various news report 28 Amit Sinha, Senior Vice President +65-6878 1865 / amitsinha@dbs.com Financing the life cycle of TMT Asian Companies Maxis CommunicationsMaxis Communications Early to Growth Stage Early to Growth Stage Refinancing and expansion Refinancing and expansion Telco LifeCycle Telco LifeCycle Growth stage - Expansion via IPO proceeds Growth stage - Expansion via IPO proceeds Mature Stage - Strategic initiatives Mature Stage - Strategic initiatives Facility size : US$435 million loan in 2 tranches (US$200m and US$235m) (2002) Tenor : 5 and 4.5 years Purpose : (a) Pre-IPO financing (b) Refinancing of US$735m bridge loan Key covenants : Net Debt/EBITDA; DSCR; ISCR Other covenants : Restrictions on investments, dividends, shareholder payments and inter-company transactions Security : Yes. Shares of Maxis Mobile and Maxis Communications Facility size : US$735 million loan (2001) Tenor : : 1 year Purpose : (a) Acquisition of Maxis Communications by Maxis Holdings (b) Refinancing Key covenants : Net Debt/EBITDA; DSCR; ISCR Security : Yes.
Language:English
Score: 1061412.5 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/fina...7/presentations/Amit_Sinha.pdf
Data Source: un
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN THE DEBT SITUATION OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES : REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
For bank debt, the refinancing of interbank credit into new loans with maturity from one to four years would benefit from a full dollar 11. (...) A special feature of the agreement for Indonesia was the “new money option” offered by one creditor, providing a substantial new financing package on the same terms as the rescheduling undertaken by other creditors. (...) Recently, debt-for- development options enabling the participation of NGOs have also been included in the programme. 33.
Language:English
Score: 1058040.4 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...sf/get?open&DS=A/54/370&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
Fiscal adjustment supported by growth friendly reforms; asset and liability management operations to smooth refinancing risks; greater transparency about and management of off-balance sheet risks; stronger domestic resource mobilization; stronger debt management capacity and project appraisal. 6. (...) Rising non-resident holdings of domestic debt adds to risks in some EMs. 6 Source: Sovereign Investor Base Dataset for Emerging Markets. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 As of end 2016 As of end 2017 EMs: Share of Local Currency Government Debt Held by Foreign Investors External debt carrying variable interest rates has risen markedly in recent years, adding to debt portfolio risks 7 Source: International Debt Statistics. - 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 External Variable Rate Debt (USD billions) LIC Variable rate BRIC Variable rate Other EM Variable rate LIC Fixed rate BRIC Fixed rate Other EM Fixed rate EMs face a high volume of international bond redemptions in 2019-20 raising refinancing risks when average credit quality has deteriorated. 8 Note: Aggregate includes 68 emerging & developing economies. (...) Changes in the composition of debt (with increased reliance on costlier and riskier sources of finance) and large international bond redemptions coming due increase refinancing risks. 12 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0 1 2 3 4 5 2 0 1 6 2 0 1 7 2 0 1 8 2 0 1 9 2 0 2 0 2 0 2 1 2 0 2 2 2 0 2 3 In p er ce n t o f G D P In b ill io n s o f U SD LIDCs: International Bonds (USD billions & percent of GDP) Total maturing bond amount Percent of GDP (RHS) Source: Dealogic and World Bank staff calculations.
Language:English
Score: 1056052.2 - https://www.un.org/en/ga/secon...debt-vulnerabilities-event.pdf
Data Source: un
DRAFT CONVENTION ON ASSIGNMENT OF RECEIVABLES IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE : COMPILATION OF COMMENTS BY GOVERNMENTS : ADDENDUM
In view of the differences between the criteria adopted in the Rome Convention and in the UNCITRAL draft, any provision on this subject must be dealt with directly in chapter V, whose optional character would permit future signatory States to avoid a conflict of private international law rules that could impair the aim of foreseeablility desired by the parties and by third parties. (...) This proposal, which would mean introducing a provision of an optional nature into the body of the Convention, is not acceptable, because the suggested text would overlap (and might even conflict) with the provisions of the Rome Convention on the Law Applicable to Contractual Obligations. (...) For these A/CN.9/490/Add.1 5 reasons, it would be desirable to include this type of receivable in the scope of application of the Convention through the introduction of an optional system for States, in the form of a declaration.
Language:English
Score: 1026123.9 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...pen&DS=A/CN.9/490/ADD.1&Lang=E
Data Source: ods