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THE NEW LICENSING REGIME FOR THE INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES IN THE CONVERGENCE ERA 1 Policy and Regulatory Approach on Policy and Regulatory Approach on The Next Generation Networks: The Next Generation Networks: The Case of TanzaniaThe Case of Tanzania ITU-Regional Workshop on the Next Generation Networks (NGN) 3rd – 5th October 2006 at Markham Suite Hotel, Dar es Salaam By Dr. (...) Mfungahema Director of Consumer and Industry Affairs Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority (TCRA) 2 AGENDAAGENDA • Background * Introduction * Communications Sector Policies * Communication Sector Market Outlook * Legal & Regulatory Framework • Establishment & Functions of TCRA • Essence of Licensing Framework • Global Trend on Licensing in the ICT Sector • Introduction of Converged licensing framework in Tanzania • Objectives of the Converged Licensing Framework • The Converged Licensing Framework Principles • Category of Licences under Converged Licensing Framework • Other License Categories in the New Licensing Framework • Market Segmentation • Important Issues Considered in Implementing the Licensing Framework • Lessons of Experience • Challenges for the new licensing framework • Overall Challenges in the Development of ICT Sector in Tanzania • Concluding Remarks 3 Introduction Introduction -- The CountryThe Country TANZANIA • Population:34,500,000 • 30% Living in Urban areas and 70% Rural areas. (...) Based on this premise the converged licensing framework have four categories of licences as follows:- 19 Category of Licenses Under Converged Category of Licenses Under Converged Licensing FrameworkLicensing Framework 1.
Language:English
Score: 848282.3 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-T/work...00610/presentations/npr-p2.pdf
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The project started from a review of the sector, evolved as a World Bank funded project of US$10.2 million and now today there is a process with new legislation and the imminent formation of a regional regulatory body. The review of the telecommunications sector included the existing legislation and tariffs along with an analysis of the existing licenses, agreements and the rights/privileges of the existing license holders. (...) ECTEL’s powers and responsibilities under the treaty include: • Advisory and coordination roles with the contracting states and with other states and international bodies regarding telecommunications • Recommending to states regional policies on issues including universal service, interconnection, numbering and pricing, forms and areas of licensing and frequency authorization, methods of standardizing applications procedures, cost- based pricing regimes • Recommending license terms and conditions, systems of frequency authorization management, license fee structures, technical standards and procedures for approval of equipment, management systems for and operation of universal service funds • Designing and operating open tender proceedings for individual licenses as requested • Review all individual license applications made in contracting states 10 • Maintaining a harmonized regional radio spectrum plan and manage radio spectrum and frequency authorization • Mediating or issuing opinions on disputes between licensees • Monitoring in collaboration with states, license effectiveness Recommendations are to be implemented by member states ‘whenever practicable.’ iv. (...) Countries need to assume ownership and control of their numbering resource. ii. Licensing process The licensing process will be to classify the licenses in two types.
Language:English
Score: 847543.75 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/treg...R/DSR/documents/Document17.pdf
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PowerPoint Presentation Radiocommunications in “commons” bands (general user licensing) September 2016 Quick overview – Principles for “commons” approach • Individual licensing is impractical • Low power – ubiquitus use • Does not receive interference protection • Must not cause interference • Shared use of the band – parties cannot claim ownership Examples: Wi-fi Bluetooth Short range devices VSAT dishes The “licensed vs unlicensed” conversation • Spectrum is a public asset • Access: economic value, efficency and equity • Incumbent intersts & newcommer • Investment certainty, security of tenure • Ability to reallocate spectrum assets if required • Flexibility to trade access rights • Minimise harmful interference Clear policy objectives • Connectivity objectives: targets, programmes, initiatives • Contending commercial interets • Make space for high economic value use as well as experimental use • Long-term planning • Ongoing spectrum assets review as technology evolves • International trade, partnerships & economies of scale Policy outcomes • Economic and social benefit • Efficient use of the resource • Access to international markets • Affordable devices, systems and services • Spectrum harmonised regionally and globally • Resilient, scalable and reliable communications infrastructure Striking the balance – regulatory avenues • Licensed services (e.g. land mobile) • General User Licensing (commons) (e.g. wi-fi) • Flexible exclusive rights (e.g. cellular, broadcasting, FWA) • Hybrid: commons/ flexible rights (e.g. local FWA, managed parks) • Shared licensing (e.g. LSA, secondary users) • Test & experimentation licenses Example – regulatory avenues • UHF Band used by broadcasting, cellular, short-range devices • NZ replanned UHF TV band to accoomodate Digital Dividend • Emerging shared spectrum applications • Test licences issued to explore technical capabilities • Ensuring coherence with long term plans • Assess economies of scale and scalability THANK YOU cristian.gomez@mbie.govt.nz 502 510 663 703 4G/LTE 700 MHz MHz 698 652 617 Mid-band gap Guard band 622 FDD FDD 668 FDD FDD Option 1 Option 2 Possible band-plans Proposed band for IMT (WRC-15 footnote) 610 Region 3 use: Fixed, Mobile, Broadcasting Currently for terrestrial TV Traditionally for terrestrial TV* but not in use in New Zealand Fixed, Mobile, Broadcasting Radiocommunications in “commons” bands (general user licensing) Quick overview – Principles for “commons” approach The “licensed vs unlicensed” conversation Clear policy objectives Policy outcomes Striking the balance – regulatory avenues Example – regulatory avenues Slide Number 8 Slide Number 9
Language:English
Score: 846947.2 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-R/s...ealand%20RRS-15_Unlicensed.pdf
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.) • Supporting for a wide range of deployment scenarios - Rural, suburban, urban - Enterprise, small business, residential BWA Regulation goals 3 Spectrum management trends (1) • Increased allocation of license-exempt bands (individual licensing granted only when the risk of harmful interference is high) • Adoption of technology neutral rules - A regulation that specifies which technologies an operator may deploy risks becoming quickly obsolete But • some market players argue that the allocation of license exempt frequency bands may not lead to ensuring an efficient use of the spectrum 4 • Service neutrality. (...) When the number of bidders has been reduced to one more than the number of licenses available there is a sealed-bid. • The sealed-bid has to be the same or greater than the final price reached through the ascending auction. 14 Granting the right of use of spectrum: Comparative selection (Beauty contest) (6) • The government invites applications that are rated according to some pre-set criteria. • Licenses are assigned to those whom the government believes best meet the stated requirements. • Beauty contest is sometimes seen to present several disadvantages in terms of transparency of the process and efficiency Hybrid Approach ……….. 15 Spectrum for Broadband Wireless Access below 10 GHz (1) 16 Spectrum for Broadband Wireless Access below 10 GHz (2) 17 State of the art of regulation • Frequency band used: mostly 3.5 GHz • Duplexing: FDD or TDD chosen by the operator • Type of the licenses: mostly regional (e few cases: national or released on single cities) • Right of use duration: 5-20 years • Overall allocated Bandwidth: 15-100 MHz • Technology: neutral • Definition of channel raster and filter masks according to CEPT/ECC recommendations. Spectrum for Broadband Wireless Access below 10 GHz (3) 18 • 4 regional licenses, at 3.4-3.6 GHz, auctioned for 28 regions. • Licenses granted for BWA, do not specify the technology. • The starting price for a region depends on the population density and prices vary from 300.000 euros to about 1.8 million euros per region.
Language:English
Score: 846505.4 - https://www.itu.int/osg/spu/st...vanni%20Santella%20-%20ITU.pdf
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With FLEGT licenses, operators will be in compliance with the requirements set in the EU Timber Regulation. (...) The first FLEGT licenses should be issued within the coming year, and are expected to deliver significant quantities of verified legal timber across a wide range of products. With the robust legality assurance system guaranteed by FLEGT, these licenses could save importers time and money. Type of Tool Video or audio, Website Scale of Application Global Region Global Biome All Forest Type All forest types (natural and planted) Primary Designated Function Production Management Responsibility Government/State Add Comment Contact us Terms and Conditions Data protection and privacy Scam Alert Report Misconduct Jobs Procurement Governing Bodies Office of the Inspector General Evaluation Legal Office Ethics Office FAO organizational chart Regional Office for Africa Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa Country Offices X Follow us on                                             Download our App © FAO, 2022
Language:English
Score: 844278.1 - https://www.fao.org/sustainabl...tools/tool-detail/en/c/217915/
Data Source: un
Nigeria Makes Mild Stride in eGovernment Development Rnking > EGOVKB | United Nations United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Division for Public Institutions and Digital Government Home Contact Us        About Overview E-Government Development Index E-Participation Index Methodology e-government Data Country Data Regional Data Compare Countries City Data Reports UN E-Government Survey 2020 UN E-Government Survey 2018 UN E-Government Survey 2016 UN E-Government Survey 2014 UN E-Government Survey 2012 UN E-Government Survey 2010 UN E-Government Survey 2008 UN E-Government Survey 2005 UN E-Government Survey 2004 UN E-Government Survey 2003 Benchmarking E-Government 2001 Events Resources Assessment Tools Country URLs Publications E-Government Survey in Media Glossary FAQ Contact UN E-Government Survey in Media Find media related to the UN E-Government Survey. (...) Some of the processes automated are Drug authentication, Farmer’s Registration, Registration and Accreditation of Seed companies, Seed Import and Export Permit, Trademark registration, Patent registration, Acquisition of License for Class type license and Acquisition of individual type license, Spectrum License etc.
Language:English
Score: 843801.4 - https://publicadministration.u...-Survey-in-Media/ID/1751/Files
Data Source: un
Nigeria Makes Mild Stride in eGovernment Development Rnking > EGOVKB | United Nations United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Division for Public Institutions and Digital Government Home Contact Us        About Overview E-Government Development Index E-Participation Index Methodology e-government Data Country Data Regional Data Compare Countries City Data Reports UN E-Government Survey 2020 UN E-Government Survey 2018 UN E-Government Survey 2016 UN E-Government Survey 2014 UN E-Government Survey 2012 UN E-Government Survey 2010 UN E-Government Survey 2008 UN E-Government Survey 2005 UN E-Government Survey 2004 UN E-Government Survey 2003 Benchmarking E-Government 2001 Events Resources Assessment Tools Country URLs Publications E-Government Survey in Media Glossary FAQ Contact UN E-Government Survey in Media Find media related to the UN E-Government Survey. (...) Some of the processes automated are Drug authentication, Farmer’s Registration, Registration and Accreditation of Seed companies, Seed Import and Export Permit, Trademark registration, Patent registration, Acquisition of License for Class type license and Acquisition of individual type license, Spectrum License etc.
Language:English
Score: 843801.4 - https://publicadministration.u...eGovernment-Development-Rnking
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Sofie Maddens.ppt Sofie Maddens Toscano GSR, December2004 Sofie Maddens Toscano GSR, December2004 Introduction Introduction nn The rapid development of the ( The rapid development of the ( teletele--) communications ) communications sector and recent technological advances have brought sector and recent technological advances have brought about new challenges for regulators globallyabout new challenges for regulators globally nn No one solution exists as the ultimate regulatory response to No one solution exists as the ultimate regulatory response to convergence, just as no one definition of convergence existsconvergence, just as no one definition of convergence exists nn The crucial policy decisions facing countries around the world The crucial policy decisions facing countries around the world relate to ensuring efficient markets and an optimal use of relate to ensuring efficient markets and an optimal use of resources given the administrative, legal, cultural and social resources given the administrative, legal, cultural and social framework of the countryframework of the country nn Regulators around the world are looking at creating dynamic and Regulators around the world are looking at creating dynamic and responsive policies and regulatory frameworks that address the responsive policies and regulatory frameworks that address the issues raised by convergence in a proactive and flexible mannerissues raised by convergence in a proactive and flexible manner Sofie Maddens Toscano GSR, December2004 Factors Determining Future Licensing Factors Determining Future Licensing (1)(1) nn Degree of Evolution of the MarketDegree of Evolution of the Market nnStatus of the IncumbentStatus of the Incumbent nnLevel of Competition already in the Level of Competition already in the MarketMarket nnAccommodation (or not) of Accommodation (or not) of Convergence and of New Services and Convergence and of New Services and Technologies Technologies Sofie Maddens Toscano GSR, December2004 Factors Determining Future Licensing Factors Determining Future Licensing (2)(2) nn Vision of the MarketVision of the Market nnGovernment PolicyGovernment Policy nn International and Regional Trends and International and Regional Trends and CommitmentsCommitments nn Legal, Institutional and Administrative FrameworkLegal, Institutional and Administrative Framework nn Stakeholder InterestsStakeholder Interests nnGeneral Acceptance of ProposalsGeneral Acceptance of Proposals Sofie Maddens Toscano GSR, December2004 Key Transitional Issues (1)Key Transitional Issues (1) nn Licensing issuesLicensing issues nn Licensing ApproachLicensing Approach nn Licensing Model Licensing Model nn Mapping of Existing License CategoriesMapping of Existing License Categories nn Form of License Form of License nn Speed of TransitionSpeed of Transition nn Treatment of New and Existing LicenseesTreatment of New and Existing Licensees nn Public Policy Objectives (Universal Public Policy Objectives (Universal Access/Service)Access/Service) nn Accommodating Technological DevelopmentAccommodating Technological Development Sofie Maddens Toscano GSR, December2004 Key Transitional Issues (2)Key Transitional Issues (2) nn Regulatory IssuesRegulatory Issues nn Quality of ServiceQuality of Service nn Interconnection IssuesInterconnection Issues nn Who may/must interconnect?
Language:English
Score: 841735.45 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/treg.../documents/Sofie%20Maddens.pdf
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The other regions would display a penetration rate below the worldwide average n Mobile services and handsets revenues should reach US$ 6 to 700 billion in 2008 4 – What about the future? (...) The 1st session of this RRC will take place in May 2004 and the 2nd at the beginning of 2006 the latest Ø The main goal of the RRC is to establish a new regional agreement including the frequency plans for digital broadcasting services and the arrangements governing the transition from analog to digital broadcasting Ø Further to the migration from analog to digital broadcasting systems, part of the frequency bands currently allocated to terrestrial broadcasting could be released Orange – EK/OST -2/12/2003 - 16 8 – Conclusion n UMTS/IMT-2000 will be initially implemented within WARC-92 bands n The 2500 – 2690 MHz band will offer the required capacity for UMTS/IMT- 2000 networks in densely populated areas in the longer term n Globally harmonized frequency bands below those they already use in the 470 – 960 MHz spectrum range should be allocated to terrestrial public mobile services in order to achieve a cost-effective geographic extension of mobile coverage in lower population density areas, including and mainly in developing countries n The amount of spectrum allocated should be sufficient to allow a competitive provision of public mobile services in these areas : 2*5 MHz per operator 9 Orange – EK/OST -2/12/2003 - 17 II – 3G licensing Orange – EK/OST -2/12/2003 - 18 1 – Awarded 3G licenses (1/3) 07-2000Auction5Netherlands 03-2000Beauty contest4Spain 08-2000Auction6Germany 12-2000 12-2000 Beauty Contest Auction 4 4 Sweden Switzerland 12-2000Beauty Contest4Portugal 11-2000Beauty contest4Norway 05-2002Beauty contest3Luxembourg 10-2000Hybrid5Italy 06 to 09-2002Beauty contest3Ireland 07-2001Auction3Greece 06-2001 & 09-2002Beauty contest3France 03-1999Beauty contest4Finland 09-2001Sealed bid4Denmark 03-2001Auction3Belgium 11-2000Auction6Austria Date of allocationAllocation methodNumber of licenses Country 10 Orange – EK/OST -2/12/2003 - 19 1 – Awarded 3G licenses (2/3) 07-2000Auction4New-Zealand 07-2002Beauty contest2Malaysia 06-2000 (3 operators)Beauty contest11 regionalJapan 09-2001Auction but failure4Hong Kong 2001Auction but failure4Singapore 03-2001 (6 operators)Auction2 national + 56 lots Australia 06 & 07-2002Beauty contest3Slovakia 12-2000Beauty contest3Poland 2 licenses granted in 2001 but challenging of their price “Direct granting” for incumbent operators, auction for unsold licenses 3Czech Republic 03-2003 & 2004 (3rd license)Beauty contest2+1Croatia 04-03Beauty contest2Guernsey 1999 (3G included in 2G licenses) Beauty contest2Liechtenstein 03-2000Auction5United Kingdom Date of allocationAllocation methodNumber of licenses Country Orange – EK/OST -2/12/2003 - 20 1 – Awarded 3G licenses (3/3) 12-2001Auction3Israel 2002 & 2003? (...) Thailand 02-2002Auction5Taiwan 12-2000 & 08-2001Beauty contest3South Korea Date of allocationAllocation methodNumber of licenses Country Source : IDATE Ø China should grant 3 or 4 3G licenses in 2003, Canada should also grant 3G licenses 2003-2004 & the United States in 2004-2005 for an intended use by 2008 Ø The great majority of operators owning a 3G license has already decided to implement UMTS/W-CDMA technology 11 Orange – EK/OST -2/12/2003 - 21 2 – License allocation methods and license conditions n 4 types of allocation methods have been used : Auctions Beauty contests Hybrid methods “Direct granting “ n With auctions, the winners had to make a one-off payment corresponding to their bid n In most other cases, governments have opted for an initial one-off payment followed by annual fixed price installments or installments determined as a percentage of the operators’ turnover during the whole or partial duration of their license n Most of the licenses are national and the number of licenses per country varies between 2 and 6, 3 or 4 in the great majority of countries n Duration of the licenses : 15 or 20 years n Most licenses include obligations related to : Coverage Provision of access to 2G networks by operators who have been granted a 3G license as well, to operators holding a 3G license only Orange – EK/OST -2/12/2003 - 22 Ø High license prices and/or the excessive number of licenses granted considering the potential market explain : Going out of business of certain 3G license holders : MobilCom in Germany, Xfera in Spain, OniWay in Portugal, Telefonica in Austria, Italy and Switzerland, Tele2 in Norway, Orange in Sweden Refusal of others to pay the price of their license : Vodafone, Amena and Telefonica Moviles are challenging at the High Court the annual fee imposed by the Spanish government, Czech operators refuse to pay the fixed sum requested by the government Failure of certain license allocation procedures : invalidation of the auctions and granting of the licenses at a price lower than the initial reserve price set-up by the government in Hong Kong and Singapore Ø The operators’ financial difficulties together with too heavy coverage obligations are behind requests for infrastructure sharing authorizations Ø The same financial difficulties together with delayed availabili ty of 3G equipments induce delayed network deployment and delays in the launch of 3G services Ø Given the above elements it seems desirable : To limit the number of licenses granted per country To implement license allocation methods favoring qualitative criteria rather than financial criteria To authorize infrastructure sharing and define coverage obligations spread over longer periods of time 3 – Some lessons that can be drawn from existing 3G licensing experiences 12 Thank you!
Language:English
Score: 841400 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/tech...tions/Day%202/2.2.1_Kalman.pdf
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. - “tourism activities” are the activities set out in Article 4 of this Law. - “tourism license” means license issued by the Ministry of Tourism related to the tourism activities. (...) Tourism operator who has a provisional tourism license and latter comply with the requirements of Article 8 may have a permanent tourism license. (...) Article 15: The Ministry of Tourism shall keep and maintain a register of tourism licenses. All tourism licenses issued shall be published in its bulletin.
Language:English
Score: 840100.6 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...c_e/khm_e/WTACCKHM19_LEG_3.pdf
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