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REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT :MISSION TO PORTUGAL : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Until recently and for several decades, Portugal had stringent rental legislation that fixed rental rates regardless of income levels and market value of the unit; rental contracts could also be included in inheritance. (...) In order to stimulate the urban rental market, and as part of the memorandum of understanding, the New Urban Rental Regime (Novo Regime de Arrendamento Urbano) was introduced in August 2012. (...) Indeed, a study conducted in November 2016 found that rental prices had increased considerably in recent years.
语言:中文
得分: 2180740.4 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/34/51/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
VISIT TO NEW ZEALAND - REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT
Low interest rates, coupled with an underdeveloped rental housing system with weak tenant protections, have allowed housing speculation to continue in a relatively unbridled fashion. 32. (...) Children living in rental accommodation are more likely to be hospitalized or rehospitalized, and to die young. (...) The Special Rapporteur heard from many Maori, members of Pacific peoples and other persons belonging to racial minorities that tight rental markets allowed discrimination to flourish.
语言:中文
得分: 2124557 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/47/43/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, MILOON KOTHARI :ADDENDUM
Proportionally more respondents (about two thirds in rental accommodation in 2002) are now living in accommodation rented through Indigenous Community Housing Organisations (ICHOs), community housing or other private rental providers (up from one half in 1994).12 2. (...) Compounding the housing affordability crisis is the absolute decline in the availability of low-cost rental housing in both public and private sectors. (...) There is an overall shortage of supply of low-cost private rental housing. The supply of private rental dwellings has focused towards the high-end market.24 Also, as confirmed by AHURI, between 1996 and 2001 there was an absolute decline in the total number of dwellings that rented in the bottom four fifths of the rent distribution.25 E.
语言:中文
得分: 1763319.5 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...pen&DS=A/HRC/4/18/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
DRAFT MANUAL ON STATISTICS OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
00-81702 联 合 国 Distr.: LIMITED PROVISIONAL ST/ESA/STAT/SER.M/86 13 November 2000 Chinese ORIGINAL: ENGLISH ST 国际服务贸易统计手册草稿
语言:中文
得分: 1514371.3 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce.../SER.M/86 (PROVISIONAL)&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS, CHALOKA BEYANI : ADDENDUM
For example, in the north of Kosovo, cars with licence plates from Serbia have difficulty in entering certain parts of the towns where Albanians are in the majority. Conversely, cars with licence plates from Kosovo have similar difficulties in entering areas where Serbs are in the majority. 9. (...) Similarly, Serb IDPs face the challenge of repossession of properties as well as a lack of access to rental and compensatory schemes. The lack of compensation schemes often denies IDPs the opportunity to receive indemnification for the loss of their property and, consequently, deprives them of the possibility of securing alternative housing solutions for themselves with their own means. 28.
语言:中文
得分: 1501811.5 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/26/33/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
VISIT TO THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA :REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT
The Government has also invested in a public permanent rental housing programme that targets low-income households. (...) Security of tenure: joensei and monthly rental 31. There are three main forms of tenure in the Republic of Korea: owner-occupied housing, joensei and monthly rental. 32. (...) Over the past decade, the proportion of joensei on the rental market has declined. In 2017, 22.5 per cent of all households were in monthly rental contracts, as compared with 15.2 per cent in joensei rental arrangements.22 This is in part because the low interest earned through capital markets makes joensei contract arrangements less attractive to owners.
语言:中文
得分: 1444744.3 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/40/61/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
NOTE VERBALE DATED 2008/03/13 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF SPAIN TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
• Rents: tax incentives and other initiatives have been adopted to stimulate the rental market. • Rents and vacant housing units: the above-mentioned measures aimed for the promotion of owner and tenant rents are expected to result in a large number of vacant units coming on to the rental market. (...) The aim is to build more fixed-price housing for middle-income families (with incomes up to 6.5 times the Multiple Effect Income Indicator (IPREM), or a monthly household income of approximately €3,316) and more housing under the special scheme for low-income families (with incomes less than 2.5 times the IPREM, or a monthly household income of approximately €1,273). Stimulation of the rental market Apart from the measures with which the Special Rapporteur is familiar, such as measures designed to enable young people to leave home and rent their own housing and the system whereby tenants are entitled to rent-related tax deductions, the 2005-2008 Housing Plan has been amended to stimulate the rental market by improving the financing for the promotion of new rental housing, offering promoters greater financing opportunities through subsidized loans. This is in addition to the direct assistance already provided under the Housing Plan for efforts to promote public rental housing. Similarly, in order to increase the supply of rental housing, the conditions that owners of empty properties must meet in order to rent them have been eased, and assistance is provided in the amount of €6,000.
语言:中文
得分: 1436918.1 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...et?open&DS=A/HRC/7/G/13&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT, MILOON KOTHARI :ADDENDUM
A/HRC/7/16/Add.2 page 10 segments of the population.20 The liberalization of rental contracts and the lack of a public stock of affordable housing have contributed to a considerable rise in private rental prices.21 21. (...) However, these measures appear to be insufficient and only address the needs of the higher end of the rental housing demand. 29. The liberalization of rental contracts initiated in 1985 by the Boyer Act, and continued in 1994 by the Urban Rental Law (Ley de Arrendamientos Urbanos), aimed at facilitating in principle the renting of homes by the owners.28 However, it seems that this measure has not been fully productive, has not acted as an incentive to the rental market, and has possibly affected security of tenure. (...) This phenomenon affects mostly households that have old rental contracts (contracted before the Boyer Act), which establish indefinite rental periods at prices notably inferior to the market.
语言:中文
得分: 1413159.5 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...pen&DS=A/HRC/7/16/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS, CHALOKA BEYANI : ADDENDUM
Some of those IDPs had been evicted from camps; others had probably received assistance such as rental subsidies, and used portions of their subsidies to construct more permanent dwellings. 9. (...) A/HRC/29/34/Add.2 6 GE.15-09200 cent of IDPs who, after a year of enjoying rental subsidies, were unable to continue paying their rent and therefore decided to return to the camps. (...) The World Bank has published a recent assessment of the Rental Support Cash Grant programmes, to learn the lessons from the rental subsidy programmes as applied in Haiti.
语言:中文
得分: 1409461.8 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/29/34/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
VISIT TO EGYPT :REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT
Since a new rental law was introduced in 1996, there has been a dual system of rental contracts. (...) In contrast, contracts under the new rental regime are usually for the short-to-medium term, and much more expensive, as their median rent is estimated to be roughly six times higher than that of contracts under the old rental regime. While rent-to-income ratios for new rental agreements were still at affordable levels in 2008 (14 per cent), they have soared significantly, to 39 per cent in 2017, meaning that many of the 1.5 million households with old rental contracts could not afford new rental contracts.18 B.
语言:中文
得分: 1379818.75 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/40/61/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods