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Content delivery networks  More demand reduces prices that increases demand for content and services and so on © Telzed Limited. 14 © ITU, Telzed Limited 14 Increasing demand and local content  Move services to be available on Internet  The sooner the move, then the greater the demand and the lower the cost, and the greater the demand  Emerging economies might need to balance/sacrifice some aspects to get the demand up as fast as possible (see also earlier session paper)  This suggests possibly more funding assistance and intervention at the higher levels of the value chain than typically seen in more developed economies IT support and secure sites & systems TV, radio, education, healthcare and government services Minimise costs with possible reduced- competition risks © Telzed Limited. 15 © ITU, Telzed Limited 15 Education  All types of education can be provided over broadband  Major stimulus for broadband and clear benefits for remote access to specialists and skills  Less commonly considered is education on:  How to develop service and content (IT)  How to install and build NGN/NGA  Increasing NGN technical skills is an enabler that has wide ranging benefits © Telzed Limited. 16 © ITU, Telzed Limited 16 Resale and sharing  Retail re-sale should be allowed  Creates some “after market” competition  Enables one user to share broadband with neighbours  Multi-tenanted buildings need ways to share a single access point  Allows broadband shops and Internet cafes  Sharing is vital with low PC penetration in low GDP countries  Allow systems and payments to be shared. (...) Broadband allows “offloading” of traffic on to fixed (fibre- based) networks Need to think laterally and innovate solutions to fit the locality Cost per subscriber Speed Copper upgrade New copper build Copper- fibre Wireless – low density Wireless – high density Fibre to the premises Wireless – very high density © Telzed Limited. 19 © ITU, Telzed Limited 19 Summary of some key messages  There are synergies of more usage, benefits and lower costs. Getting the growth up to a level that starts to trigger the spiral of benefits is a key requirement  Need focused intervention. (...) Telecoms enables other business, so be careful/sensible!  Education benefits over broadband are well known. Education on how to use IT is needed.
Language:English
Score: 1253455.3 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/fina..._RSteele_initiativesdemand.pdf
Data Source: un
INTERNATIONAL COUNTERTRADE : DRAFT LEGAL GUIDE ON DRAWING UP CONTRACTS IN INTERNATIONAL COUNTERTRADE NEGOTIATIONS : SAMPLE CHAPTERS : REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
In addition, the Secretariat has benefitted from the comments of an expert group which met at Vienna from 12 to 15 December 1989. 6. (...) A/CN.9/332 English Page 3 X. RESTRICTIONS ON RESALE OF GOODS. The Secretariat intends that the legal guide discuss possible clauses in the countertrade agreement concerning various types of territorial restrictions on the resale of goods purchased in a countertrade transaction as well as restrictions concerning terms of resale.
Language:English
Score: 1242854.9 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce.../get?open&DS=A/CN.9/332&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
Lower rate Tax rate is lower than standard rate. Exempt for resale A tax category code indicating the item is tax exempt when the item is bought for future resale.
Language:English
Score: 1241741.4 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...rTaxorFeeCategoryCode_D09B.xsd
Data Source: un
INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION - 2 - CM-LANG/04-E Consultation meeting on options for use of the six official languages on an equal footing Geneva, 16-17 September 2008 Document CM-LANG/04-E September 2008 English only Secretary-General DISTRIBUTION AGREEMENTS FOR THE RESALE OF PUBLICATIONS 1. Current situation The Union currently has a reseller network of 44 partners worldwide, as shown in the table below: ITU administrative region (from ITU Global Directory) Number of resellers (31.8.2008) Americas 6 Western Europe 21 Eastern Europe and Northern Asia 3 Africa1 1 Asia and Australasia1 13 Arab region 2 TOTAL 44 Includes one in the Arab region All of these agreements cover the resale of all language versions of publications. 2.
Language:English
Score: 1241741.4 - https://www.itu.int/en/council.../TIES/Documents/CM-LANG04E.doc
Data Source: un
Table A.5 reports the same information for business resale discounts. Recall that a low resale discount is desirable for the ILEC and harmful for the entrant (here AT&T). (...) Similar findings arise for resale discounts for business customers (see Table A.5). (...) The regression explaining the resale discount awarded to GTE reveals an interesting contrast.
Language:English
Score: 1238677.2 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/treg...e%20Role%20of%20Incentives.pdf
Data Source: un
-In such cases information on normal value, export prices. and, where the applications relate to an associated importer, on resale prices to the first independent buyer in the Community should be supplied, for the reference period, only with the applications relating to that period; last of the (b) Where applications relate to two or more non- consecutive reference periods, information on normal values and export prices or, where applicable, resale prices to the first independent buyer may also be required for the intermediate periods; (c) The examination of the applications in question will be suspended until the data in respect of the whole reference period have been received. (...) (b), in accordance with the relevant provisions of Article 2 of Regulation (EEC) No 2176/84; (b) Calculations will be based as far as possible on the same method applied during the original in- vestigation, in particular with regard to any application of weighted averages or representative samples; (c) Where an export price is constructed pursuant to Article 2 (8) (b) of Regulation (EEC) No 2176/84, any payment of anti-dumping duties for the release for free circulation of the product concerned in the Community will be regarded as a cost incurred between importation and resale. Consequently, any reimbursement, in total or in part, of anti-dumping duties paid on shipments imported by an importer which is associated with the exporter concerned will only be granted under the following circumstances, all other factors remaining equal: - where the products in question were resold to the first independent buyer on a duty unpaid basis, a reimbursement will be granted to the company which paid the duty, if the resale price has been increased by the amount of the dumping margin or a part thereof, - where the products in question were resold to the first independent buyer on a duty paid basis, a reimbursement will be granted, if the resale price has been increased by an amount equivalent to the margin of dumping and the amount of the duty paid. (...) If the costs incurred between importation and resale by an importer who is associated with an exporter have been reduced since the investigation period, the increase in the resale price necessary to justify a reimbursement would be less than envisaged above, by an amount corresponding. to the cost reduction; (d) The excess amount to be reimbursed will normally be calculated as the difference between the duty collected and the actual dumping margin, expressed either as a percentage of the value used by the competent authorities for the determination of the anti-dumping duty or in absolute terms. 3.
Language:English
Score: 1236964.1 - https://www.wto.org/gatt_docs/English/SULPDF/91250174.pdf
Data Source: un
It is essential that all copyright regimes enable a balance to be struck between all groups with rights and interests in copyright, and the work which copyright protects, to ensure each of those groups – and crucially, authors - receives a fair share of the benefits of creative work. Those benefits include, for everyone, economic growth in society, social and cultural welfare and education. (...) Over 400 secondary schools, colleges and universities have benefitted from its programme of career talks motivating people to take up creative writing as a profession. (...) When this happens, the Resale Right is all that protects the artist and their work, and it is a most welcome payment.
Language:English
Score: 1236560 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...nternational_Authors_Forum.pdf
Data Source: un
The Australian government-appointed committee whose report preceded the current Australian Copyright Act said: The primary end of [copyright law] is to give the author of a creative work his just reward for the benefit he has bestowed on the community and also to encourage the making of further creative works. On the other hand, as copyright is in the nature of a monopoly, the law should ensure, as far as possible, that the rights conferred are not abused and that study, research and education are not unduly hampered.1 The copyright system is intended to benefit all members of society, including the creators and consumers of cultural and artistic works. (...) At the same time, the system allows for socially desirable activities such as research and education. 2 CHALLENGES TO AUTHORS’ BENEFITS FROM LITERARY OR ARTISTIC PRODUCTION The digital environment has caused significant challenges for authors.
Language:English
Score: 1229745.1 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...Copyright_Agency_Australia.pdf
Data Source: un
TRANSFER PRICING : PRICING OF PRIMARY PRODUCTS BETWEEN RELATED ENTITIES, COST SHARING AND PROVISION OF SERVICES
In general, it might be expected that the costs incurred in developing intellectual property under such an arrangement would be apportioned on the basis of the benefits that each participant in the arrangement could be expected to receive from the exploitation of such property. (...) Here the Group considered that the central principle was that costs incurred to benefit associated enterprises should be borne by those enterprises. (...) This was most probably the first time where the resale price method had been applied by the country of production.)
Language:English
Score: 1225750.6 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...&DS=ST/SG/AC.8/1995/L.3&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
Date present document received Payment time reference is date of present document received. Date of resale by buyer Payment time reference is date of resale by the buyer. Date proceeds of resale collected by buyer Payment time reference is date of resale proceeds are collected by buyer.
Language:English
Score: 1224600 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...ventTimeReferenceCode_D09B.xsd
Data Source: un