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(b) necessary to protect human, animal or plant life or health; (c) necessary to secure compliance with laws or regulations which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this Agreement including those relating to: WTO ANALYTICAL INDEX GATS – Article XIV (Jurisprudence) 2 (i) the prevention of deceptive and fraudulent practices or to deal with the effects of a default on services contracts; (ii) the protection of the privacy of individuals in relation to the processing and dissemination of personal data and the protection of confidentiality of individual records and accounts; (iii) safety; (d) inconsistent with Article XVII, provided that the difference in treatment is aimed at ensuring the equitable or effective6 imposition or collection of direct taxes in respect of services or service suppliers of other Members; (footnote original)6 Measures that are aimed at ensuring the equitable or effective imposition or collection of direct taxes include measures taken by a Member under its taxation system which: (i) apply to non-resident service suppliers in recognition of the fact that the tax obligation of non-residents is determined with respect to taxable items sourced or located in the Member's territory; or (ii) apply to non-residents in order to ensure the imposition or collection of taxes in the Member's territory; or (iii) apply to non-residents or residents in order to prevent the avoidance or evasion of taxes, including compliance measures; or (iv) apply to consumers of services supplied in or from the territory of another Member in order to ensure the imposition or collection of taxes on such consumers derived from sources in the Member's territory; or (v) distinguish service suppliers subject to tax on worldwide taxable items from other service suppliers, in recognition of the difference in the nature of the tax base between them; or (vi) determine, allocate or apportion income, profit, gain, loss, deduction or credit of resident persons or branches, or between related persons or branches of the same person, in order to safeguard the Member's tax base. (...) Indeed, enforcement 8 Appellate Body Report, Argentina – Financial Services, paras. 6.168-6.169. 9 Appellate Body Report, US – Gambling, para. 339. 10 Appellate Body Report, US – Gambling, para. 339. 11 Appellate Body Report, US – Gambling, para. 344. (...) The Appellate Body in US – Gambling observed that the assessment of the standard of ‘necessity' was carried out through a process of ‘weighing and balancing a series of factors’: 19 Appellate Body Report, US – Gambling, para. 296. 20 Appellate Body Report, US – Gambling, para. 298. 21 Panel Report, EU – Energy Package, para. 7.1144. 22 Appellate Body Report, US – Gambling, para. 304.
Language:English
Score: 1644440.8 - https://www.wto.org/english/re...ns_e/ai17_e/gats_art14_jur.pdf
Data Source: un
The text of § 18-10-103 of the Colorado Revised Statutes provides as follows: "(1) A person who engages in gambling commits a class 1 petty offense. (2) A person who engages in professional gambling commits a class 1 misdemeanor. If he is a repeating gambling offender, it is a class 5 felony." 2. Louisiana 2. (...) Any law authorizing the establishment and operation of such gambling establishments shall provide for the State revenues derived therefrom to be applied solely for the purpose of providing funding for reductions in property taxes, rental, telephone, gas, electric, and municipal utilities charges of eligible senior citizens and disabled residents of the State, and for additional or expanded health services or benefits or transportation services or benefits to eligible senior citizens and disabled residents, in accordance with such formulae as the Legislature shall by law provide.
Language:English
Score: 1599592 - https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/dispu_e/285r_f_e.doc
Data Source: un
The text of § 18-10-103 of the Colorado Revised Statutes provides as follows: "(1) A person who engages in gambling commits a class 1 petty offense. (2) A person who engages in professional gambling commits a class 1 misdemeanor. If he is a repeating gambling offender, it is a class 5 felony." 2. Louisiana 2. (...) Any law authorizing the establishment and operation of such gambling establishments shall provide for the State revenues derived therefrom to be applied solely for the purpose of providing funding for reductions in property taxes, rental, telephone, gas, electric, and municipal utilities charges of eligible senior citizens and disabled residents of the State, and for additional or expanded health services or benefits or transportation services or benefits to eligible senior citizens and disabled residents, in accordance with such formulae as the Legislature shall by law provide.
Language:English
Score: 1579883.7 - https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/dispu_e/285r_f_e.pdf
Data Source: un
(a)   exempts citizens of parties to the agreement from requirements concerning residency and work permits;   (b)   is notified to the Council for Trade in Services.   (...) Interpretation and Application of Article XI 70.   The Panel in US — Gambling made the following observations in the context of exercising judicial economy over a claim under Article XI . (...) (b)   necessary to protect human, animal or plant life or health;   (c)   necessary to secure compliance with laws or regulations which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this Agreement including those relating to:   (i)   the prevention of deceptive and fraudulent practices or to deal with the effects of a default on services contracts;   (ii)   the protection of the privacy of individuals in relation to the processing and dissemination of personal data and the protection of confidentiality of individual records and accounts;   (iii)   safety;   (d)   inconsistent with Article XVII , provided that the difference in treatment is aimed at ensuring the equitable or effective( 6 ) imposition or collection of direct taxes in respect of services or service suppliers of other Members;   ( footnote original ) 6 Measures that are aimed at ensuring the equitable or effective imposition or collection of direct taxes include measures taken by a Member under its taxation system which:   (i)   apply to non-resident service suppliers in recognition of the fact that the tax obligation of non-residents is determined with respect to taxable items sourced or located in the Member’s territory; or   (ii)   apply to non-residents in order to ensure the imposition or collection of taxes in the Member’s territory; or   (iii)   apply to non-residents or residents in order to prevent the avoidance or evasion of taxes, including compliance measures; or   (iv)   apply to consumers of services supplied in or from the territory of another Member in order to ensure the imposition or collection of taxes on such consumers derived from sources in the Member’s territory; or   (v)   distinguish service suppliers subject to tax on worldwide taxable items from other service suppliers, in recognition of the difference in the nature of the tax base between them; or   (vi)   determine, allocate or apportion income, profit, gain, loss, deduction or credit of resident persons or branches, or between related persons or branches of the same person, in order to safeguard the Member’s tax base.     
Language:English
Score: 1577192 - https://www.wto.org/english/re...analytic_index_e/gats_02_e.htm
Data Source: un
(h) "monopoly supplier of a service" means any person, public or private, which in the relevant market of the territory of a Member is authorized or established formally or in effect by that Member as the sole supplier of that service; (i) "service consumer" means any person that receives or uses a service; (j) "person" means either a natural person or a juridical person; (k) "natural person of another Member" means a natural person who resides in the territory of that other Member or any other Member, and who under the law of that other Member: (i) is a national of that other Member; or (ii) has the right of permanent residence in that other Member, in the case of a Member which: 1. does not have nationals; or 2. accords substantially the same treatment to its permanent residents as it does to its nationals in respect of measures affecting trade in services, as notified in its acceptance of or accession to the WTO Agreement, provided that no Member is obligated to accord to such permanent residents treatment more favourable than would be accorded by that other Member to such permanent residents. (...) The Appellate Body in US – Gambling, rejecting Antigua’s claim that a "total prohibition" resulting from various US federal and state laws was in itself a measure, stated that: "We are therefore of the view that the DSU and the GATS focus on 'measures' as the subject of challenge in WTO dispute settlement. (...) The panel further noted that while the concept of "sector" is essential for market access and national treatment obligations, it is also relevant for other GATS provisions and certain WTO obligations: 8 Panel Report, US – Gambling, para. 6.289. See also para. 9 below. 9 Appellate Body Report, US – Gambling, para. 180. 10 Panel Report, China – Publications and Audiovisual Products, para. 7.1014. 11 Panel Report, China – Electronic Payment Services, para. 7.179. 12 Panel Report, China – Electronic Payment Services, para. 7.188.
Language:English
Score: 1512656 - https://www.wto.org/english/re...ns_e/ai17_e/gats_art28_jur.pdf
Data Source: un
Ct. 2587 (2002) AB-84 Gambling Law in Five States and Their Effect on Internet Gambling, Enclosure 1 to the GAO Interim Report on Internet Gambling (23 September 2002) AB-85 Statement of John G. (...) 9/11: A Changed Nation," The Hartford Courant (10 September 2003) AB-156 Document entitled "Fraud within the United States Gambling Industry" AB-157 Document entitled "U.S. Gambling Revenue" AB-158 Document entitled "Youth Gambling" AB-159 Theresa E. (...) Petry, Disordered Gambling Among University Based Medical and Dental Patients: A Focus on Internet Gambling, 16 Psychol.
Language:English
Score: 1473166.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/dispu_e/285r_g_e.doc
Data Source: un
Ct. 2587 (2002) AB-84 Gambling Law in Five States and Their Effect on Internet Gambling, Enclosure 1 to the GAO Interim Report on Internet Gambling (23 September 2002) AB-85 Statement of John G. (...) 9/11: A Changed Nation," The Hartford Courant (10 September 2003) AB-156 Document entitled "Fraud within the United States Gambling Industry" AB-157 Document entitled "U.S. Gambling Revenue" AB-158 Document entitled "Youth Gambling" WT/DS285/R Page G-7 Exhibit No. (...) Petry, Disordered Gambling Among University Based Medical and Dental Patients: A Focus on Internet Gambling, 16 Psychol.
Language:English
Score: 1473166.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/dispu_e/285r_g_e.pdf
Data Source: un
Cities are playing a key role in this historic vaccination effort, not only in terms of logistics and administration but also with respect to the critical component of resident engagement. To maximize vaccine uptake, local governments are working to mitigate any resident concerns; to counter misinformation and distrust; and to clear up confusion about practicalities. (...) With this in mind, Philadelphia has launched the six-month #VaxUpPhilly marketing campaign. Gamble said one key insight from Zencity was that Philadelphia residents report similar levels of intention to get the vaccine as the cohort average, but they are more likely to wait longer. “This speaks to intention to get vaccinated yet less urgency – with residents indicating that they require more information or evidence, specifically by seeing more people they know get the vaccine,” Gamble commented.
Language:English
Score: 1460256.6 - https://www.itu.int/hub/2021/0...gence-to-boost-vaccine-uptake/
Data Source: un
The Appellate Body in US — Gambling observed that the use of the words “number” of suppliers and “numerical” quotas in this provision suggests a focus on “quantitative limitations”. (164) 109.   (...) The Appellate Body in US — Gambling examined the context provided by the phrase “where market access commitments are made”, contained in the chapeau to Article XVI:2 . (...) The Appellate Body in US — Gambling was thus able to conclude that “limitations amounting to a zero quota are quantitative limitations and fall within the scope of Article XVI:2(a) ” (175) .
Language:English
Score: 1442163.9 - https://www.wto.org/english/re...analytic_index_e/gats_03_e.htm
Data Source: un
Ct. 2587 (2002) Pièce n° 84 d'Antigua-et-Barbuda Gambling Law in Five States and Their Effect on Internet Gambling, Enclosure 1 to the GAO Interim Report on Internet Gambling (23 septembre 2002) Pièce n° 85 d'Antigua-et-Barbuda Statement of John G. (...) Gambling Revenue" Pièce n° 158 d'Antigua-et-Barbuda Document entitled "Youth Gambling" Pièce n° 159 d'Antigua-et-Barbuda Theresa E. (...) Ladd & Nancy M. Petry, Disordered Gambling Among University- Based Medical and Dental Patients: A Focus on Internet Gambling, 16 Psychol.
Language:English
Score: 1428005.7 - https://www.wto.org/french/tratop_f/dispu_f/285r_g_f.pdf
Data Source: un