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The first virtual meeting on 29 March 2022, attended by 300 participants, discussed how sentinel surveillance can identify target rodent reservoirs responsible for human leptospirosis. During the meeting, MoH shared the results of rodent sentinel surveillance in 10 sites (Asahan North Sumatera, Serang Banten, Bogor West Java, Demak Central Java, Bantul DI Yogyakarta, Probolinggo East Java, Banjar South Kalimantan, Tarakan North Kalimantan, Enrekang South Sulawesi, Ambon Maluku). (...) This rate is considered high and should be improved by implementing better rodent control. Meanwhile, GLEAN experts presented topics covering (1) Rodent as risk factors for leptospirosis; (2) Methods of rodent surveillance in community and sylvatic area setting; (3) Sample collection and laboratory testing for leptospirosis from rodent and identification of pathogenic Leptospira species and molecular characterisation; (4) Examples of rodent sentinel surveillance in other countries such as Brazil, Southern Chile, and Malaysia integrating rodent sentinel surveillance with human and environment, and data analysis of rodent surveillance used to inform human leptospirosis risk.
Language:English
Score: 1424437.8 - https://www.who.int/indonesia/...-through-a-one-health-approach
Data Source: un
RODENT relies on a multi-criteria route selection performed with a custom lightweight TOPSIS method. To assess RODENT's performances, we implemented a functional prototype on real WSN hardware, Pycom FiPy devices. Unlike related prototypes, ours has the advantage not to rely on specific infrastructure on the operator's side. Results show that RODENT enables energy savings, an increased coverage as well as multiple data requirements support.
Language:English
Score: 1402887.4 - https://www.itu.int/pub/S-ITUJNL-JFETS.V2I1-7-2021
Data Source: un
RODENT relies on a multi-criteria route selection performed with a custom lightweight TOPSIS method. To assess RODENT's performances, we implemented a functional prototype on real WSN hardware, Pycom FiPy devices. Unlike related prototypes, ours has the advantage not to rely on specific infrastructure on the operator's side. Results show that RODENT enables energy savings, an increased coverage as well as multiple data requirements support.
Language:English
Score: 1397940.1 - https://www.itu.int/pub/S-JNL-VOL2.ISSUE1-2021-A07
Data Source: un
CLASSIFICATION AND CHARACTERISTICS OF BIOLOGICAL AGENTS : WORKING PAPER / SUBMITTED BY ARGENTINA
ν THROUGH CONTACT WITH INFECTED RODENTS AND CONTAMINATED MATERIALS. RESERVOIR: RODENTS. (...) ENVIRONMENT: ν CONTROL OF RODENT POPULATIONS. ν PROPER PREPARATION OF MEALS. (...) ν CONTROL OF RODENT POPULATIONS. ENVIRONMENT: ν EXTERMINATION OF TICK POPULATIONS.
Language:English
Score: 1271636.3 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...S=BWC/ADHOCGROUP/WP.387&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
PROPOSAL FOR THE REVIEW OF CHAPTER 3.9.2 TO AVOID SCIENTIFICALLY UNJUSTIFIED CLASSIFICATION OF POORLY SOLUBLE PARTICLES FOR SPECIFIC TARGET ORGAN TOXICITY FOLLOWING REPEATED EXPOSURE ON THE BASIS OF LUNG-OVERLOAD RELATED INFLAMMATION RESPONSES IN THE RAT / TRANSMITTED BY THE INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL ON MINING AND METALS (ICMM) AND THE EUROPEAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRY COUNCIL (CEFIC)
The rat has, however, been shown to be more sensitive than humans or other rodent species to exposure to poorly soluble particles. (...) Long-term pulmonary responses of three laboratory rodent species to subchronic inhalation of pigmentary titanium dioxide particles. (...) Current information on lung overload in non-rodent mammals: contrast with rats. Inhalation Toxicology 8(Suppl.), 91-109. 13 Oberdörster G. (1995).
Language:English
Score: 1190645.2 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...=ST/SG/AC.10/C.4/2009/5&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
WHO risk assessment Lassa fever is a viral haemorrhagic fever that is transmitted to humans via contact with food or household items contaminated with rodent urine or faeces. Secondary human-to-human transmission can also occur through direct contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other body fluids of infected persons, especially in health care settings. (...) WHO advice Prevention of Lassa fever relies on promoting good “community hygiene” to discourage rodents from entering homes. Effective measures include storing grain and other foodstuffs in rodent-proof containers, disposing of garbage far from the home, maintaining clean households. Mastomys, an African genus of rodents are so abundant in endemic areas, it is not possible to completely eliminate them from the environment.
Language:English
Score: 1189049 - https://www.who.int/csr/don/20...y-2020-lassa-fever-nigeria/en/
Data Source: un
Because no single species can provide a completely human-like model, it is generally agreed that at least two different species, one rodent and one non-rodent, should be included in the conventional toxicity testing programmes – it is assumed that the use of two, instead of one, species will provide a broader basis for the extrapolation to humans of any toxic effects observed in the animal models. (...) Thus, for single dose, acute toxicity tests, the requirement for groups and number of animals in groups is related to the reliable determination of acute toxic effects in rodents, for which pur- pose ten animals per group may constitute a sufficient number.
Language:English
Score: 1186367.5 - https://www.who.int/tdr/public.../documents/safety_handbook.pdf
Data Source: un
The Lassa virus is transmitted to humans via contact with food or household items contaminated with rodent urine or faeces. Person-to-person infections and laboratory transmission can also occur, particularly in hospitals lacking adequate infection prevention and control measures. (...) The animal reservoir, or host, of Lassa virus is a rodent of the genus Mastomys , commonly known as the “multimammate rat.” (...) Prevention and control Prevention of Lassa fever relies on promoting good “community hygiene” to discourage rodents from entering homes. Effective measures include storing grain and other foodstuffs in rodent-proof containers, disposing of garbage far from the home, maintaining clean households and keeping cats.
Language:English
Score: 1164596.4 - https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/lassa-fever
Data Source: un
The Lassa virus is transmitted to humans via contact with food or household items contaminated with rodent urine or faeces. Person-to-person infections and laboratory transmission can also occur, particularly in hospitals lacking adequate infection prevention and control measures. (...) The animal reservoir, or host, of Lassa virus is a rodent of the genus Mastomys , commonly known as the “multimammate rat.” (...) Prevention and control Prevention of Lassa fever relies on promoting good “community hygiene” to discourage rodents from entering homes. Effective measures include storing grain and other foodstuffs in rodent-proof containers, disposing of garbage far from the home, maintaining clean households and keeping cats.
Language:English
Score: 1164596.4 - https://www.who.int/en/news-ro...fact-sheets/detail/lassa-fever
Data Source: un
BWC DEFINITION : LIST OF BIOLOGICAL AGENTS : WORKING PAPER / JAPAN
Hanta + fever kidney rodent (+) 1-60% vaccine ribavirin 60°C 30m ELISA possible 8. (...) Lassa f + 14-16 day death liver human oral rodent (+) 1.5% vaccine ribavirin 60°C 30m ELISA possible 16. (...) Machupo + CNS DIC rodent 16-23% admiss pt vaccine 20. Mayaro fever arthritis mosquito rare none 60°C 30m ELISA 21.
Language:English
Score: 1162543.4 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...DS=BWC/ADHOCGROUP/WP.26&Lang=E
Data Source: ods