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Continue… 7 SAMPLE DESIGN Sampling Frames used:  Up-dated list of Villages by administrative order.  List of urban blocks for urban areas.  List of households in selected Villages / urban blocks.  List of big holdings i.e. (...) It also included households operating 20 acres or more land and all the gipsy / nomads / migratory people found in the boundary of selected Villages or urban block. 9 SAMPLE DESIGN Continue… SAMPLE DESIGN Stages of Sample Selection:  First Stage: Patwar circles were selected at the first stage.  Second Stage: Villages were selected at the second stage.  Third Stage: H.Hs.clusters were selected at the third stage.  Samples of first two stages were selected with Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) taking Geometric Mean of cultivated area and households of sampling units. The third stage sample of household clusters (approximately 30 HHs in a cluster) was selected by using systematic sampling technique. Urban blocks as well as their households were also selected through systematic sampling technique. 10 Continue… SAMPLE DESIGN The ultimate sample of HHs selected for enumeration included:  The households in the selected clusters at final stage of selection.  In selected urban blocks, every fifth household.  All the households located in the selected Villages of unsettled areas.  All households located in selected Villages of settled areas of Balochistan.  The households located in the selected Villages / urban blocks designated as Villages Certainty Holdings.  The households located anywhere in the country designated as National Certainty Holdings. 11 Number of Total and Selected Units in Agricultural Census 2010 Administrative units Total Units Selected Units Patwar Circles Villages Urban Blocks Listed HHs in Selected Villages First Stage Second Stage Third Stage Patwar Villages Blocks HHs Pakistan 11298 53838 27487 2787639 3959 (35 %) 9080 (17 %) 1893 (7 %) 809808 (29 %) Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 1444 14700 1908 402150 890 2201 196 139237 Punjab 8006 26086 17006 1559743 1940 3933 1108 411743 Sindh 1467 5717 8019 710329 774 1589 442 163259 Balochistan 381 7335 554 115417 355 1357 147 95569 12 VILLAGE CENSUS Eight Village censuses had so far been conducted in Pakistan  First 1971  Second 1979  Third 1983  Fourth 1988  Fifth 1993  Sixth 1998  Seventh 2003  Eighth 2008 13 IMPORTANCE OF VILLAGE CENSUS 1.
Language:English
Score: 840002.1 - https://www.fao.org/fileadmin/...s25/APCAS__14_5.5_Pakestan.pdf
Data Source: un
ADDreSSeD SUBJeCTS hydrology hydraulic machinery Engineering geology hydro mechanical structure hydraulic engineering and energy Electrical system hydraulic structure Social and environmental impact assessment Engineering construction Economic evaluation and project investment design 10 planning scope preliminary assessment of social and environmental impacts planning methods and steps Assessment of power demand Basic data collection and analysis Cost estimation ad benefits assessment Computation of river basin or sub-basin hydropower potential Evaluation of planning site and development sequence Site surveys and investigations preparation of site selection planning report planning principles preparation of site construction plan ADDreSSeD SUBJeCTS requirements of Shp plant site selection. planning for Shp projects, and the methodologies, procedures and outcome This Part of the Design Guidelines specifies the general principles of site selection DeSIGN PArT 1: SITe SeLeCTION PLANNING with the ultimate goal of achieving the best design solutions. cost estimates, economic appraisal, financing, social and environmental assessments— calculations, hydraulics, electromechanical equipment selection, construction, project and procedure, in terms of site selection, hydrology, geology, project layout, energy The Design Guidelines provide strategies for basic requirements, methodology 6.2 DeSIGN 11 Small Hydropower TecHnical GuidelineS BrocHure DeSIGN PArT 2: HYDrOLOGY This part of the Design Guidelines covers the basic hydrological data as well as the computation methods for the required rational analysis of the main hydrological parameters such as rainfall, runoff, flood and sediment applicable during the planning, design, construction and operation of an Shp plant. (...) ADDreSSeD SUBJeCTS General principles Selection of the installed capacity and unit size Runoff calculation Selection of the head race dimension and the daily regulating pond volume hydraulic energy calculation Analysis of the reservoir sediment accumulation and calculation of the backwater Load prediction and electric power load balance Reservoir operating modes and operational characteristics over the years Selection of the characteristic water level for flood regulation and flood control Figures Selection of the normal and dead reservoir levels The tailwater of Suoxi small hydropower plant in Hunan, China 13 Small Hydropower TecHnical GuidelineS BrocHure DeSIGN PArT 5: eNGINeerING LAYOUT AND HYDrAULIC STrUCTUre This part of the Design Guidelines clarifies the flood control design standards for the hydraulic structures of an SHP station, defines specific requirements for the general engineering layout as well as the type selection and the design of the water retaining structure, water releasing structure, diversion structure, powerhouse and switchyard, and specifies the technical requirements for engineering safety monitoring, and concrete and steel performance. (...) ADDreSSeD SUBJeCTS Flood control standard Diversion structure General engineering layout powerhouse Water retaining structure Engineering safety monitoring Release structure Concrete strength, durability and steel performance Small hydropower plant of Dongjiao river in Shanxi, China design 14 DeSIGN PArT 6-1: HYDrAULIC MACHINerY AND TUrBINe GeNerATOr This Part of the Design Guidelines specifies the type selection design and arrangement of the main and auxiliary hydraulic machinery, the type selection design and arrangement of the turbine as well as the design of the heating, ventilation and fire control systems of an Shp station.
Language:English
Score: 832046.3 - https://www.unido.org/sites/de...11/SHP_TG_brochure_updated.pdf
Data Source: un
 Page 145 - ITU KALEIDOSCOPE, ATLANTA 2019           Basic HTML Version Table of Contents View Full Version Page 145 - ITU KALEIDOSCOPE, ATLANTA 2019 P. 145 AUTOMATIC PLAN GENERATING SYSTEM FOR GERIATRIC CARE BASED ON MAPPING SIMILARITY AND GLOBAL OPTIMIZATION 2 1 Fei Ma ; Chengliang Wang ; Zhuo Zeng 3 1,2,3 Chongqing University, China ABSTRACT smart home design, especially the difficulty in designing a sensing devices selection plan (SDSP). (...) However, the smart to extract digital care demands based on natural language home is not widely used because it is arduous to obtain a care needs. Then, designers choose corresponding services sensing devices selection plan. (...) An epidemiological arbitrary for designers to select services, since the elderly study estimates that 11% of the world’s population is over do not understand the principles of smart services. 60 years old, but that figure is expected to rise to 22% by • Non-optimized plan: As it is arduous for designers 2050[1].
Language:English
Score: 831136.9 - https://www.itu.int/en/publica.../files/basic-html/page145.html
Data Source: un
IBD Estimation in Pedigrees Sampling Design of The Survey on Aging in sub-Saharan Africa Iliana V. Kohler Population Studies Center University of Pennsylvania Overall Structure of the Survey on Aging in SSA 2 major components: • Household Interview • Individual Interview • Both will be linked based on HH ID and individual ID Overall Sampling Design  Nationally representative stratified random sample of households that include at least 1 household member age 60 years and older  Household sample surveys:  Key source for data on social phenomena  Are among the most flexible methods of data collections  In theory almost any population-based subject can be investigated through household surveys  Only probability samples following well-established sampling procedures are suitable for making inferences from the sample population to the larger population that it is designed to represent  Snow-ball or convenience samples are not suitable for this survey Overall Sampling Design cont’d  Probability sampling in the context of household surveys:  Refers to the means by which elements of the target population are selected for inclusion in the survey  In order to be cost-effective, most household surveys are not implemented as simple random samples  Sampling procedure usually includes stratification to ensure that the selected sample actually is spread over geographic sub-areas and population subgroups  This sampling design usually uses clusters of households in order to keep costs to manageable level General Principals of the Survey on Aging in SSA Target population: individuals age 60+ and older Household sample: Nationally representative clustered random sample of households that include household members age 60+ yrs. Selection of household members: All regular household members age 60+ in the sampled household and their spouses if these are age-eligible and co-resident General Principals of the Survey on Aging in SSA Use of an existing sampling frame: clustered random sample of households can only be obtained from existing sampling frame which is a complete list of statistical units covering the target population  Census frame, complete list of villages/communities or sampling list from other nationally representative surveys  Sampling frame: is a complete list of sampling units that entirely covers the target population  Conventional sampling frame: list of enumeration areas (EA) from a recently completed census  EA: geographic area which usually groups a number of households together for convenient counting purposes General Principals of the Survey on Aging in SSA Stratification: process in which the sample is designed into sub- groups or strata that are as homogeneous as possible;  Within each stratum the sample is designed and selected independently; Two-stage cluster sampling procedure:  Cluster: a group of adjacent households which serves as the primary sampling unit (PSU) General Principals of the Survey on Aging in SSA Full coverage of the target population: should be nationally representative and cover 100% of the target population; that is no subpopulations age 60+ are systematically excluded; Probability sampling: sample should be obtained as probabilistic sample based on existing sampling frame using established sampling procedures;  Only way to obtain unbiased estimation and to be able to evaluate the sampling errors  Excluded are purposive sampling, quota sampling, and other uncontrolled non-probability methods because they cannot provide evaluation of precision and confidence of survey findings General Principals of the Survey on Aging in SSA Full coverage of the target population: should be nationally representative and cover 100% of the target population; that is no subpopulations age 60+ are systematically excluded; Probability sampling: sample should be obtained as probabilistic sample based on existing sampling frame using established sampling procedures;  Only way to obtain unbiased estimation and to be able to evaluate the sampling errors  Excluded are purposive sampling, quota sampling, and other uncontrolled non-probability methods because they cannot provide evaluation of precision and confidence of survey findings Sample Size  Sample size must take into account competing needs so that costs and precisions are optimally balanced  Sample size must also address the needs of users who desire for sub-populations of sub-areas domains  Sample size is determined by the trade-offs between survey precision, data quality, organizational capacities and survey budget;  In the case of Malawi this is about 2,000 respondents (men and women) Conducting a household listing and pre-selection of households  Data quality is enhances if eligible households are preselected for participating in the study  In many SSA countries recent and reliable household listings in EAs that carefully enumerates older individuals is not available  Hence, we suggest to conduct a specific household listing in selected EAs that provides a well-grounded basis for selecting respondents  Interviewers than interview only pre-selected eligible households  STEPS:  Household listing operation conducted before the survey  Pre-selection of households from this list  Selected Households are interviewed Overall Sampling Design cont’d  Two stage sample design is well-established approach for implementing household surveys  1st stage: select a sample of EAs with probability proportional to size (PPS);  Within each stratum a sample of predetermined number of EAs is selected independently with probability proportional to size, where size is measured in terms of older individuals age 60+;  If size of pop age 60+ is not available, and variations in age structures are relatively modest, then total pop size can be used  All households in the EAs are listed  2nd stage: after complete listing in EAs, a fixed number of households with individuals age 60+ is selected by equal probability sampling in the EAs Interviewing all individuals age 60+ in the HH Advantages:  Maximize the number of respondents for a given sample of HH  Cost effective to achieve the sample size  Analytical advantages so that interactions among spouses, within and between household variation of outcomes can be investigated Disadvantages:  Lower statistical power given the within household correlation of observations  Logistical challenges in the fieldwork Sample Take per Cluster  How many eligible individuals to interview per EA  DHS recommends 25-30 individuals  Because there will be more than 1 age-eligible individual per household, less than 24-30 households per PA need to be selected  If a sampled HH has 1.5 age-eligible individuals on average, than a sample take per cluster of 25-30 individuals results in the selection of 17-20 households per cluster  With 2,000 individuals sample size: 67-80 clusters have to be selected  If sample is stratified, these considerations should be conducted stratum- specific Sample Take per Cluster  This fixed sample take per cluster is:  Easy for survey management and implementation  But requires sampling weights that vary within clusters
Language:English
Score: 826248.3 - https://www.un.org/en/developm...15/ikohler-sampling-design.pdf
Data Source: un
BASIC MATERIALS FOR CONSTRUCTION AND PUMPS 3.0 Introduction Selecting materials Weight per unit volume of materials 3.1 Bamboo and wood Special characteristics of bamboo Producing good bamboo pipes Removing the partition walls of bamboo Using bamboo as a construction material Diverse characteristics of wood Using and treating wood 3.2 Clay bricks, cement or concrete blocks and stones Clay bricks Cement or concrete blocks Stone 3.3 Cement mortars Selecting the sand Checking the cleanliness of the sand Washing the sand Selecting the cement to use Selecting the water to use Selecting the mortar to prepare Measuring the mortar components Preparing a good mortar Using a cement mortar 3.4 Cement concrete Finding good sources of materials Selecting the kind of gravel and broken materials to use Selecting the concrete to prepare Preparing concrete by the free-pore volume method Measuring the concrete components Storing concrete components Preparing good concrete by hand Preparing good concrete mechanically Correcting the consistency of concrete Testing the quality of fresh concrete Preparing forms for placing concrete Placing concrete Curing concrete Making concrete blocks 3.5 Concrete reinforcement Selecting reinforcement Using reinforcement Preparing the steel bar reinforcement Making reinforced concrete slabs Making reinforced concrete 3.6 Other construction materials 3.7 Gabions Introduction Advantages of gabions Designing gabion structures Building a gabion structure 3.8 Water pipes and their discharge capacity Most common types of pipes Selecting concrete pipes Selecting ceramic pipes Selecting galvanized pipes and plastic pipes Determining the pipe sizes required Estimating pipe capacity Designing longer pipelines The effects of pipe fittings 3.9 Selecting a water pump 4. (...) WATER TRANSPORT STRUCTURES 8.0 Introduction 8.1 Types of open water canals 8.2 Design of canals Planning the shape of the canal Selecting the side slope for a trapezoidal canal Selecting the slope for the bottom of a canal Determining the maximum velocity of water flow in canals Calculating the geometry of the canal and its hydraulic radius. (...) Selecting a freeboard for the dike Determining the width of the emergency spillway Designing the emergency spillway Locating the emergency spillway Protecting the earthen emergency spillway 11.5 Protection canals 11.6 Settling basins Designing the settling basin Improving the design of the settling basin 11.7 Stilling basins Designing a stilling basin Improving the design of the stilling basin 12.
Language:English
Score: 823267.3 - https://www.fao.org/fishery/do...ng/General/x6708e/x6708e00.htm
Data Source: un
BASIC MATERIALS FOR CONSTRUCTION AND PUMPS 3.0 Introduction Selecting materials Weight per unit volume of materials 3.1 Bamboo and wood Special characteristics of bamboo Producing good bamboo pipes Removing the partition walls of bamboo Using bamboo as a construction material Diverse characteristics of wood Using and treating wood 3.2 Clay bricks, cement or concrete blocks and stones Clay bricks Cement or concrete blocks Stone 3.3 Cement mortars Selecting the sand Checking the cleanliness of the sand Washing the sand Selecting the cement to use Selecting the water to use Selecting the mortar to prepare Measuring the mortar components Preparing a good mortar Using a cement mortar 3.4 Cement concrete Finding good sources of materials Selecting the kind of gravel and broken materials to use Selecting the concrete to prepare Preparing concrete by the free-pore volume method Measuring the concrete components Storing concrete components Preparing good concrete by hand Preparing good concrete mechanically Correcting the consistency of concrete Testing the quality of fresh concrete Preparing forms for placing concrete Placing concrete Curing concrete Making concrete blocks 3.5 Concrete reinforcement Selecting reinforcement Using reinforcement Preparing the steel bar reinforcement Making reinforced concrete slabs Making reinforced concrete 3.6 Other construction materials 3.7 Gabions Introduction Advantages of gabions Designing gabion structures Building a gabion structure 3.8 Water pipes and their discharge capacity Most common types of pipes Selecting concrete pipes Selecting ceramic pipes Selecting galvanized pipes and plastic pipes Determining the pipe sizes required Estimating pipe capacity Designing longer pipelines The effects of pipe fittings 3.9 Selecting a water pump 4. (...) WATER TRANSPORT STRUCTURES 8.0 Introduction 8.1 Types of open water canals 8.2 Design of canals Planning the shape of the canal Selecting the side slope for a trapezoidal canal Selecting the slope for the bottom of a canal Determining the maximum velocity of water flow in canals Calculating the geometry of the canal and its hydraulic radius. (...) Selecting a freeboard for the dike Determining the width of the emergency spillway Designing the emergency spillway Locating the emergency spillway Protecting the earthen emergency spillway 11.5 Protection canals 11.6 Settling basins Designing the settling basin Improving the design of the settling basin 11.7 Stilling basins Designing a stilling basin Improving the design of the stilling basin 12.
Language:English
Score: 823267.3 - https://www.fao.org/fishery/st...ng/General/x6708e/x6708e00.htm
Data Source: un
Four options will open up (Applications, Re- classification, Quadrennial Report and Designations). Place your cursor on the “Designations” divider and click on “Geneva”. A new page will open. Click on “New Designation” twice. The following screen will appear: 1) Under “contact type”, choose “Designation” and confirm your option by clicking on the first arrow to the right, on top of the list. 2) Select a duty station (New York, Geneva or Vienna). 3) Select the type of pass you are requesting, either annual or temporary. 4) Select the type of representation (President/Chief Executive Officer, Chief Administrative Officer, Main or Additional Representative). (...) When selecting the dates, start with the year, month and then day. 6) Title should read Mr. or Ms (not Dr., Prof. or any other title) 7) Provide the requested details (items with a red asterisk must be filled in). 8) If you wish to designate an additional person, click “Add” at the end of the page.
Language:English
Score: 819476.8 - https://www.ungeneva.org/sites...tives-in-the-iCSO-database.pdf
Data Source: un
Call for participants in the Biomimicry Global Design Challenge: National selection | United Nations Development Programme Skip to main content Ukraine Who we are What we do Our impact Get involved English Українська Global Nav toggle Search Who we are What we do Our impact Get involved English Locations Back Select Language Українська Home Ukraine Call for participants in the Biomimicry Global Design Challenge: National selection Call for participants in the Biomimicry Global Design Challenge: National selection National selection for an international contest of innovative biomimicry-based solutions,  the Biomimicry Global Challenge , is extended till 1 May! We invite innovators, engineers, designers and inventors developing biomimicry solutions (even if they themselves do not describe them as biomimicry) to apply. The national selection for the Global Biomimicry Challenge is co-organized by the UNDP Accelerator Labs in partnership with the Biomimicry Institute in the United States and a number of Ukrainian NGOs.
Language:English
Score: 818969.34 - https://www.undp.org/ukraine/c...n-challenge-national-selection
Data Source: un
Illustration: UNDP Ukraine Lviv biomimicry innovation team MOL, which participated in the Ukrainian national round of the Biomimicry Global Design Challenge, has been selected as one of the 12 finalists of the competition. (...) “The finalists were selected based upon their biomimicry designs, and the potential for their solutions to solve real-world challenges,” he said. (...) This year the biomimicry project,  which included an online course, challenge, and the incubation of initiatives, selected teams to compete in the final of the Biomimicry Global Design Challenge competition (read more about it here ).
Language:English
Score: 818236.5 - https://www.undp.org/ukraine/p...y-global-design-challenge-2021
Data Source: un
How to Develop an Implementation Research Proposal Developing an implementation research proposal Session 2: Research design After completing this session, you will be able to: • Develop a research design outlining your data collection and analyses procedures • Identify the research methods (qualitative, quantitative or mixed) most effective in attaining your research objectives and answering the research question(s) • Describe the participants in your research project • Describe the quality management plan in place to ensure the quality of your research • Explain the steps to ensure all ethical considerations and procedures will be addressed within your IR project Learning objectives Research design includes the following sub-sections: • Study participants • Research methods • Data collection • Data analysis Research design Research needs and design options Need Design Example Adequacy Before-after or time series Introduction of health insurance in a resource poor setting, and examine the impact of health insurance on access to healthcare. Using before-after or time-series design to collect the data for the evaluation. Plausibility Comparison of intervention to control group pre-post; Cross-sectional studies Introduction of a new approach to the improvement of maternal healthcare in selected districts. (...) Explanatory Repeated measures on context and mechanisms Using quantitative, qualitative or mixed methods to understand and examine change in use of health services by pensioners after retirement, and analyse main factors resulting in the changes. Study design determines which methods you will use: • Qualitative methods • Quantitative methods • Mixed methods Design informs methods • A full description of the subjects (sample) or participants involved in the research • How participants will be selected • Criteria for becoming a participant Study participants • Discuss your study design • Draft outline of your participants section Group activity Qualitative and quantitative approaches Qualitative Quantitative Social theory Action Structure Methods Observation, interview Experiment, survey Question What is x?
Language:English
Score: 814214.8 - https://www.who.int/tdr/public...ule2_Session2-Slides_final.pdf
Data Source: un