ISHS, World Vegetable Centre (AVRDC), and CIRAD have joined forces to create
Global Horticulture Initiative [GHI]
Links with CTA, ASHS, EU and other donors including ICRAF
Consumers are the target; they must be satisfied again and again
Consumers are individuals
Consumers are irrational and illogical
Consumers spend their own money so they buy what they want and like
Production must be market (demand) led and not producer (production) push
Purchasing decisions Driver for choice in purchasing products
0 10 20 30 40 50
The price of food
A brand name I know
Sell by date
Knowing ingredients in product
I like the taste of the food
Which country food comes from
Product looks nice
The food I usually buy is available
Standards of animal welfare
The food is organic
Presence of artifical colours or flavouring
Time from farm to market
Food is GM free
Trying new foods not eaten before
Stories in paper or on news
Percentage of shoppers
Understand market and consumer; market data must come back to producers
Health, safety, appearance, taste, texture, novelty and indulgence are driving forces
Consumers becoming globally conscious and environmentally aware
Quality is critical to satisfy consumers
Quality needs will vary according to income, age, tradition, necessity, mood.
Purchasing of premium products Premium attributes influencing consumer purchasing
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45
High quality ingredients
Well known brand
Added health benefits
Packaging looks good
Quality assured product
Retailers best own brand
Produced to high animal welfare standards
Country of origin
Retailers standard own brand
The way it is advertised
The people who buy it
Percentage of shoppers
1. A significant proportion of UK
shoppers associate ehtically sourced
products as having "Premium
2. About 25% of shoppers associate Free
range with Premium
3. 25% (1 in 5) shoppers associate Locally
produced w ith Premium compared with
17% for Fair Trade and 12% for
Environmentally friendly products
Understand consumer needs - essential
Understand retailer needs- critical
Understand the competition, and this may not only be fruit – vitamin pills, fruit flavoured sweets, and snack foods
Understand market dynamics, volumes, seasonality, price fluctuations
Plan strategically using all of the above to establish specific market niche
Finer Foods 16%
Price sensitive 17%
Mainstream foods 25%
Healthy Foods 10%
Affluence Tesco Segregation of Customers
What do they want?
The use of technology was inspiring, and people there used global e-commerce platforms more than local online platforms or local shops. The e-commerce platforms they purchased fashion items from had created a distance between shoppers and local shops as customers could be spending money on businesses in different cities and countries instead of shopping locally. (...) “Our core value is to build a well-connected ecosystem that links local shoppers with local shops through local e-commerce platforms”, Al Dweik states.
(...) "Our current dream is to ensure a personalized and quality shopping experience focused on the needs of our customers by bringing stores to shoppers.
World Telecommunication Day 1999
IHT October 14, 1999
On-Line Store Security
The security of e-commerce transactions continues to worry many home Internet users - the potential shoppers e-commerce companies are so busy courting. (...) The hacker finds no Web server, allowing the on-line shopper to purchase with peace of mind.
INTERNATIONAL STRATEGY FOR THE FIGHT AGAINST LOCUST AND GRASSHOPPER INFESTATION, PARTICULARLY IN AFRICA :DRAFT RESOLUTION / ZAIRE.
Social C o u n c i l o f
5 February 1988, in which the Counci l drew part icular at tent ion to the cr i t ical
locL:;t and gra s shopper s i t ua t i on in one o f t he r eg ions where the i n f e s t a t i on
m its resolut ion S-13/2 of 1 June 1986 on the United Nat ions
Programme of Action for Africsn Economic Recovery and Development 1986-1990 ano
resolut ion 41129 of 31 October 1986 on the emergency s i tuat ion in Afr ica, which
recognised tha t food productioil on tha t con t inen t m u s t b e i nc rea sed to m e e t i t s
popu la t i on s ’ needs ,
Am that i t s resolut ion 42/169 of 11 December 1967 on an international
d8cPd8 for na tura l d i s a s t e r r educ t ion had inc luded the l ocus t and gra s shopper per i l
amwg t h e m a j o r d i s a s t e r s c o v e r e d b y the d e c a d e ,
4 On behalf of the African States .
8 8 - 2 8 9 9 2 0 5 6 5 2 (E) / . . .
(...) MC.2 ‘43/b.C1
Eng l i sh
14. ~.Q&w t ho Sacrotary-Genoral t o k e e p t h e q u e s t i o n o f t h o l o c u s t a n d
gra s shopper i n f e s t a t i on under r ev i ew , par t i cu l a r l y i n A f r i ca , and t o u n d e r t a k e , i n
consultation with the Director-General of the Food end Agriculture Organ~aetion of
the United Nations, the necessary actfcm to make the world community mot8 aware of
the disastrous cumulat ive consequences of locust and grasshtipper infestation,
s p e c i f i c a l l y w i t h r e s p e c t t o f o o d socurityj
15. P&W t o i n c l u d e t h e q u e s t i o n o f t h e l o c u s t ana gra s shopper
i n f e s t a t i o n , p a r t i c u l a r l y i n A f r i c a , i n t h e p r o v i s i o n a l agenda o f i t s f o r t y - f o u r t h
s e s s i o n , and reque s t s t he Secre ta ry -Genera l t o submi t t o i t on tha t occa s ion ,
through the Economic and Social Counci l a t i t s second regular session in 1989, a
tIetailed repor t on the imp lemen ta t i on o f t he p rov i s i on s o f t h i s r e so lu t i on ,
inc lud ing a r epor t by ehe D i r e c t o r - G e n e r a l o f the Food Ana A g r i c u l t u r e Organfaation
of the United Nat ions on developments in the f ight against locust and grasshopper
i n f e s t a t i o n .
The focus on sustainability can translate to customer loyalty, according to results from a Canada Post survey that gauged online shoppers’ attitudes toward packaging and the environment. It revealed that 41 percent of shoppers will shop more from retailers who promote an environmental cause, and 53 percent say they will shop more from retailers who try to reduce shipping packaging. Excessive shipping packaging is a top source of environmental waste, according to Canada Post, and shoppers are taking note. “The environment is becoming an increasingly important concern for customers, and merchants that take proactive steps to address that concern are positioning themselves well for the future,” the post said.
The partial ban will entail retailers not issuing single use plastic bags from Friday to Sunday of every week for three-months starting from 4 December 2020. Shoppers will have the options of purchasing affordable multiple use carry bags or bring your own bag.
(...) In Eswatini, there is no law that compels retailors to issue plastic bags, but rather this has been a goodwill practice by retailors in their quest of creating convenience to shoppers.
As part of monitoring behavioural change of consumers during the campaign, participating retailers will continue to give shoppers single use plastic bags as usual from Monday to Thursday of every week for the duration of the campaign. (...) Read more
Women Generate Income As “Phatsa Sakho Nawe” Gains Momentum
A UNDP-supported campaign aimed at discouraging shoppers from carrying their groceries in single-use shopping bags is helping women to generate income.
Sustainability Pathways: Projects detail
Natural Resources Home
Greening the Economy with Agriculture (GEA)
Sustainability assessments (SAFA)
Sustainability and organic livestock
Food loss and waste
Partnerships for sustainability
A farmers’ market clients
Type of practice Reuse for food
Name of practice A farmers’ market clients
Name of main actor Farmer's market clients
Type of actor(s) Farmers, Consumers
Stage of implementation Retail
What was/is being done? Shoppers at farmers’ markets in Australia affirm that they waste less of what they buy there because the produce seem to be fresher and to last a lot longer, meaning that less is thrown-out. (...) Farmers’ market clients also appreciate the taste of produce more that its look, while aesthetics are key for supermarket shoppers.
Outcomes and impacts Shorter producer/consumer chains lower the food environmental impact and allow more products (even if they aren't perfectly shaped) to reach the market.
ISRAEL. LETTER, 10 APR. 1979, REPORTING BOMB EXPLOSIONS IN JERUSALEM AND TEL AVIV IN APR. 1979
At about 1210 hours local time, an explosive device went off at
the Camel open air market, which was teeming at the time with Passover shoppers.
As a result of the explosion, one woman shopper was killed and 28 persons were
injured, 5 of them seriously.
WRITTEN STATEMENT SUBMITTED BY VICTORIOUS YOUTHS MOVEMENT, A NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION IN SPECIAL CONSULTATIVE STATUS
5 September 2022
Human right and Draconian Lockdowns in China
Recently, a video of Chinese shoppers attempting to escape an IKEA mall went viral despite
the best efforts of the Chinese establishment, and the rapid removal of videos from social
media platforms. (...) Notable in the video was the refusal
of the shoppers to comply with police, with the public forcing their way out and escaping.
INTERNATIONAL STRATEGY FOR THE FIGHT AGAINST LOCUST AND GRASSHOPPER INFESTATION, PARTICULARLY IN AFRICA :REVISED DRAFT RESOLUTION / ALBANIA, ARGENTINA, BAHAMAS, BAHRAIN, BANGLADESH, BARBADOS, BOLIVIA, BRAZIL, CANADA, CHILE, CHINA, COLOMBIA, COSTA RICA, CUBA, DEMOCRATIC YEMEN, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, ECUADOR, EL SALVADOR, FIJI, GERMAN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC, GREECE, GRENADA, GUATEMALA, GUYANA, HAITI, HONDURAS, INDONESIA, IRAN (ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF), IRAQ, JAMAICA, JAPAN, LAO PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC, NEPAL, NICARAGUA, PAKISTAN, PANAMA, PAPUA NEW GUINEA, PARAGUAY, PERU, PHILIPPINES, POLAND, QATAR, ROMANIA, SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS, SAINT LUCIA, SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES, SAMOA, SAUDI ARABIA, SINGAPORE, SRI LANKA, SWEDEN, TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO, TURKEY, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, URUGUAY, VANUATU, VENEZUELA, YEMEN, YUGOSLAVIA AND ZAIRE.
Zaire**2 r e v i s e d daft r e s o l u t i o n
uternational f&x&e&w f o r t h e f i g h t ag&Wst l o c u s t a n d
S-nQ , p a r t i c u l a r l y i n Africg
The General Assembly,
Recallinq its resolution 41/185 of 8 December 1986 and Economic and Social
Counci l resolut ion 198813 of 24 May 1988 concerning the f ight against locust aad
gras shopper in fe s t a t ion in Afr i ca ,
Regallina also Economic and Social Counci l resolut ion 1988/2 of
5 February 1968 , i n wh ich the Counc i l d rew par t i cu l a r a t t en t i on to the c r i t i ca l
* On behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that are members of
the European Economic Community.
** On behalf of the African States .
88-30714 0 6 7 8 2 ( E ) / . v .
(...) ZWM&RQ& wi th i n t e re s t o f t he r epor t o f t he D i r e c t o r - G e n e r a l of the
Food and Agricul ture Organization of the UnJ.ted Nat ions , ent i t led “Fight ngninst.
l ocus t and gra s shopper in f e s t a t i on in Africa”) 21
2. El;lraEassaa i t s ~XJJ a t ‘de wor sen ing locus t and gra s shoppor
i n f e s t a t i o n s , e s p e c i a l l y i n A f r i c a , which may adversely af fect food product ion and
resul t in renewed famine, and rea f f i rms t h e need t o accord tho h ighe s t p r io r i t y t o
locust and grasshopper control and eradicatic n;
3. x-note o f t h e e f f o r t s o f a f f e c t e d c o u n t r i e s and
expre s se s i t s g ra t i t ude to donor coun t r i e s , organizations of the United Not ions
s y s t e m and o ther compe ten t i n s t i t u t i ons i n the i r e f fo r t s t o con ta in the
i n f e s t a t i o n , in part icular the Emergency Centre for Locust Operat ions of tho Food
and Agricul ture Organizet ion of the Uniteri Nat ions, the Joint Orqnnizat ion for
Locust and Avian Pest Control, the Desert Locust Control Oryanizat ion-East Afr ica
and the Joint Committee of Mahgreb Experts on Locust and Grasshopper Controlt
4. .w a l l c o u n t r i e s r e c e n t l y t h r e a t e n e d b y t h e invaoion of d e s e r t
locusts to take all appropriate measures to develop their own nat ional means of
protection aga in s t l ocu s t s and gra s shopper s and to con t r ibu te to the implementation
/ . . .