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VISIT TO BRAZIL :REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS BY PERSONS WITH ALBINISM, IKPONWOSA ERO
It is currently pending adoption by Congress.10 Article 2 of the bill provides for: (a) Developing and implementing a national registry; (b) Developing the range of health-care products and encouraging the practice of self-care; (c) Organizing the flow of health care; (d) Defining the epidemiological profile; (e) Training and building capacity among staff in the Unified Health System so that they can address the various aspects of health care of persons with albinism; (f) Improving integrated health care for persons with albinism. (...) The Ordinance aims at ensuring the universality, completeness and equity of health care for persons with rare diseases in order to reduce morbidity and mortality, to establish care plans at all levels of the health-care system, to ensure comprehensive health care for persons with rare diseases in the health-care network, and to ensure that persons with rare diseases have timely access to diagnostic and therapeutic resources. 23. (...) The Independent Expert was informed that life expectancy among persons with albinism could be as low as 33 years of age owing to an absence of timely and quality preventive and curative care for skin cancer. Based on recent research, the prevalence of skin cancer in patients enrolled in studies of the Pro-Albino Programme was 26 per cent, which is similar to that found in persons with albinism by researchers in Tanzania (25 per cent) and South Africa (23 per cent).26 The same research indicated that persons with albinism in Brazil tend to face similar prejudice and stigma to those experienced by their counterparts in African countries. 60.
语言:中文
得分: 2246651.2 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/46/32/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS BY PERSONS WITH ALBINISM ON HER MISSION TO THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Furthermore, the Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender and Children is in the process of developing the national guidelines on health-care fee waivers for persons with disabilities to facilitate access to health care for such persons, including persons with albinism. 33. (...) One of the main partners of the Centre’s mobile operations is the non-governmental organization (NGO) Standing Voice. Its mobile skin-care clinics bring dermatologists to 33 sites in eight regions of the country every six months. (...) Furthermore, the hypervisibility and colouring of persons with A/HRC/37/57/Add.1 GE.17-22910 13 albinism, along with the lesions that skin cancer often leaves on their skin, combined with a lack of general education on albinism, contribute to and strengthen the myths dehumanizing persons with albinism. 72.
语言:中文
得分: 2100671.9 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/37/57/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS BY PERSONS WITH ALBINISM ON HER MISSION TO MALAWI : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Owing to the lack of melanin in persons with albinism, they are particularly vulnerable to skin cancer. In Malawi, skin cancer is a life-threatening condition for persons with albinism as there are few facilities for adequate medical interventions. (...) In addition, free access to dermatological care for persons with albinism is necessary to ensure that skin cancer is detected early and treatment readily provided. 73. (...) The use of mobile clinics to ensure that persons with albinism in remote areas can be screened on a regular basis for skin cancer and vision assessment and care is a best practice established in the region.
语言:中文
得分: 2019604.5 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/34/59/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
VISIT TO SOUTH AFRICA : REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS BY PERSONS WITH ALBINISM
The other key physiological consequence is vulnerability to skin cancer, which is fatal when left untreated. (...) Entry points include training modules on disabilities, on rare conditions and diseases and on skin conditions, and primary health-care services. (...) At school, poor vision, skin problems, social exclusion and lack of appropriate accommodation impede their progress. 59.
语言:中文
得分: 1905102.1 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/43/42/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS BY PERSONS WITH ALBINISM ON THE REGIONAL ACTION PLAN ON ALBINISM IN AFRICA (2017<U+2013>2021) : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Include colour as a prohibited ground of discrimination. 3 Health Care workers and midwife training State & all stakeholders I to M Train on albinism and early intervention particularly linked to vision impairment and skin cancer (including preventive and curative measures). (...) Include PWA in disability policy and benefits. 3 Skin cancer : access to adequate health care State I to L Provide system wide distribution of sun protection creams and provide cancer, and pre-cancer treatment at no cost. Reimburse cost if distance to care is far from residence. Ensure no standing in the sun for school, work or access to government services.
语言:中文
得分: 1901038 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/37/57/ADD.3&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, CIVIL, POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, INCLUDING THE RIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT :WRITTEN SUBMISSION BY THE NATIONAL COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS OF KENYA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
This in turn leaves most of them un-skilled and un-equipped for jobs and relegates them to menial work, including jobs that expose them to the sun and subsequently to skin cancer. In other cases, the vision impairment of persons with albinism has led to the assumption that they are all visually impaired. (...) This is highly commendable, given that skin cancer is the number one killer of persons with albinism in Sub Saharan Africa. (...) On the right to the highest attainable standard of health care, the Commission recommends that the government, should establish programmes to support initiatives for producing sun protection cream locally, facilitate free or low cost skin cancer treatment across the country for persons with albinism and provide free or low cost visual aids to enable persons with albinism to participate fully in all spheres of life. 8.
语言:中文
得分: 1891797.7 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...t?open&DS=A/HRC/40/NI/6&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS BY PERSONS WITH ALBINISM ON HER MISSION TO MOZAMBIQUE : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The most common and visible type is oculocutaneous albinism, which affects the skin, hair and eyes. Within this type, subtypes reflect varying degrees of melanin deficiency in an individual. (...) Owing to the lack of melanin in persons with albinism, they are particularly vulnerable to skin cancer. In Mozambique, as in various countries of the region, skin cancer is a life-threatening condition for persons with albinism because there are few facilities for adequate medical interventions. (...) Further, the use of mobile clinics to ensure that persons with albinism in remote areas can be screened on a regular basis for skin cancer is a best practice established in the region. 57.
语言:中文
得分: 1880667.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/34/59/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON CONTEMPORARY FORMS OF SLAVERY, INCLUDING ITS CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES, GULNARA SHAHINIAN : ADDENDUM
(b) Discrimination based on nationality, race or skin colour 71. The Special Rapporteur received reports about the salary discrimination that migrant domestic workers experience because of their ethnicity. (...) It therefore follows that, the lighter the domestic worker’s skin colour, the higher the employer’s prestige: Filipino migrant domestic workers are of a lighter skin colour and are more expensive than Nepalese migrant domestic workers, who are of a darker skin colour. (...) It pays for some meals and medical care if a detainee has to go to hospital. Its social workers work on site and provide recreational activities and a washing machine for the detainees. 103.
语言:中文
得分: 1799732.6 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/21/41/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
VISIT TO PERU :REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP OF EXPERTS ON PEOPLE OF AFRICAN DESCENT
These stereotypes also feed the impunity of discrimination based on skin colour for Afro-Peruvians in public spaces outside schools. 51. (...) An administrative directive mandating the registration of ethnicity in the health information system has not yet been implemented, preventing the development of an understanding of the specific challenges that Afro-Peruvians face and the limits in their ability to have access to quality health care. In particular, the lack of updated statistical data has made it difficult to estimate how many Afro-Peruvian children do not have adequate access to health care. (...) In 2014, 13 per cent of Afro-Peruvian children reported discrimination based on their skin colour in schools. Peruvian researchers have confirmed that Afro-Peruvian children suffer more racial discrimination than any other minority group.15 59.
语言:中文
得分: 1721492.2 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/45/44/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP OF EXPERTS ON PEOPLE OF AFRICAN DESCENT ON ITS MISSION TO ITALY : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The Working Group was informed that while the national health system should provide all individuals in Italy, irrespective of their status and nationality, with essential health-care services in every ordinary or emergency case, racial discrimination continues to prevent access to health care. (...) Moreover, there are variations among the regions in terms of providing health-care services. In Lombardy, for instance, emergency health care is given to undocumented migrants but longer-term health care, for example for cancer, is not. (...) The Working Group noted that all those arriving received medical care and basic necessities such as food, clothing and drinking water.
语言:中文
得分: 1658109.8 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/33/61/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods