NATIONAL REPORT SUBMITTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH PARAGRAPH 5 OF THE ANNEX TO HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL RESOLUTION 16/21 : [UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW] : CROATIA
The topics of racism, xenophobia and hate speech form a part of the continuing education of the
Education and Teacher Training Agency, and of programmes for professional training of nursery-
school teachers, professional teaching assistants, teachers and headmasters.These topics are priority
ones for grants to CSOs projects in the field of out-of-institutional upbringing and education of
children and youth.Special attention is dedicated to activities related to the Paris Declaration and
media literacy aimed at preventing radicalisation.
23 99.31, 99.78–99.80, 99.88, 99.94.
24 A public official or other person who at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a
public official or other person acting in an official capacity inflicts on another severe pain or
suffering, whether physical or mental, for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person
information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is
suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason
based on discrimination of any kind, shall be punished by imprisonment from one to ten years.
25 Punishable procedures subjecting the prisoner to any form of torture, abuse or humiliation and
medical or scientific experiments are forbidden.The victim has the right to compensation for
damages, and victims of intentional criminal offences have the right to monetary compensation from
the state budget under the Act on Monetary Compensation for Victims of Criminal Offences.
26 Article 66, paragraph 1 of the Juvenile Courts Act: “When, pursuant to the CPA, requirements are
met for imposing investigative imprisonment towards a minor, investigative imprisonment shall be
applied only as a measure of last resort, in proportion to the seriousness of the offence and the
expected sanction, its length shall be minimal and it shall be ordered only if its purpose cannot be
achieved by the application of precautionary measures, measures of temporary accommodation or
home detention.Execution of investigative imprisonment shall be monitored by specialised juvenile
27 The guardian has the duty to obtain from the family doctor the opinion on the ward's state of health,
based on the opinion of a medical specialist, and submit a report on his/her work and on the condition
of the ward’s property.The social welfare centre must, every three years, assess whether the ward still
needs to be protected by guardianship, and make a report to that effect.
28 The social welfare centre must, at least once a year, reassess the facts that were decisive for rendering
a decision on granting this right and, if the circumstances have changed, issue a new
decision.Continuous work is being done on the transformation of social welfare homes and
deinstitutionalisation, or replacing institutional accommodation and care with community-based care.
29 99.20–99.21, 99.25, 99.27, 99.30, 99.50–99.52, 99.58, 99.61, 99.82, 99.84, 99.86, 99.93, 99.96,
30 If a party, defence counsel, injured party, proxy or statutory representative by any of his acts
evidently abuses a right provided for in the CPS, the court shall issue an order denying him the right
to that act.The Act prescribes effective conduct of an investigation, deadlines for its completion and
the possibility of extending them, and the control mechanism within the state attorney's office
conducting the investigation.
31 The right to access services providing support to victims of domestic violence, the right to efficient
psychological and other professional assistance of an organisation or institution providing assistance
to victims of domestic violence;the right to protection from intimidation and retaliation;the right to
protection of the dignity of the victim when testifying as a witness;the right to be accompanied by a
person enjoying his/her confidence when taking part in any acts, the right to be informed without
unjustified delay, at his/her request, of the release of the defendant from custody or of the defendant
having fled, and of the decisions on imposing protection measures and revoking precautionary
measures determined for his/her protection having been repealed, or of the convicted person having
been released from imprisonment;the right to the confidentiality of data whose disclosure could
jeopardize his/her security or the security of other persons to whom the Act applies;the right to
demand that proceedings before the court be closed to the public, the right to be represented by
another person authorised through power of attorney, the right to be informed, at his/her request, of
the acts performed as a result of his/her complaint and of the outcome of the proceedings;the right to
be interviewed without unjustified delay shortly after filing a complaint;the right to be interviewed in
the proceedings before the court and the right to be further interviewed only to the extent necessary
for the purposes of misdemeanour proceedings;the right to be interviewed at the police by a person of
the same sex;the right to avoidance of contact with the offender before and during proceedings, unless
misdemeanour proceedings require such contact;the right to temporary accommodation in an
appropriate institution in accordance with a special law;the right to be provided with police
protection, upon a court order, when collecting personal belongings upon leaving the common
32 The objective of the Protocol is to ensure timely and efficient implementation of legislation on the
protection of victims of domestic violence in accordance with powers of competent authorities, to
advance cooperation and to have long-term influence on reduction of violent behaviour.It was drafted
in cooperation with ministries and CSOs active in the field of domestic violence and is aligned with
new legislative provisions.It prescribes that proceedings should be conducted with urgency, taking
into account the rights of the victim and with particular sensibility for women, children, persons with
disabilities and elderly persons as victims of domestic violence.
33 The Ordinance on the method of collecting, processing and submitting statistical data and reports in
the area covered by the scope of the Act on Protection against Domestic Violence, the Ordinance on
the Enforcement of the Security Measure of Compulsory Psychosocial Treatment (an expert
supervisory body has been established) and the Ordinance on Manner of Implementation of Protective
Measures of Prohibition from Approaching, Harassing and Stalking a Victim of Domestic Violence
and the Measure of Removal from the Shared Household.
34 It covers seven strategic areas and its measures are based on articles of the Istanbul
Convention.Competent authorities for the implementation of measures are state administration bodies,
LRSGU and CSOs.
35 Obligations from the Convention were anticipated by the Act on Protection against Domestic
Violence and amendments to other laws (the Act on Gender Equality, the CPA and the CC), while
respecting international recommendations and EU Directives.
36 A procedure is then carried out in accordance with the Ordinance on making individual assessment of
victims in order to take special protection measures and victims are given contact details of
counsellors and CSOs providing support to victims and witnesses (available during the preliminary
procedure and the criminal procedure).The application of protection measures and of the victim
support system is supervised by a special working group at the national level, while at regional level
coordinators in police administrations are in charge.
37 Contact data on the websites of the Office for Victim and Witness Support in Courts, the National
Call Centre for Victims of Criminal Offences and Misdemeanours, state administration bodies and
CSOs operating in the territory of a particular police administration.
38 In addition to those mentioned in the MTR, the following trainings were conducted: six basic courses
for the needs of operative duty of police stations in cases of domestic violence (182 police officers
and two members of the Military Police);and nine two-day workshops in 2018 and 2019 for police
officers and judicial officials on the topic of “Domestic Violence” on solutions aimed at combating
and preventing domestic violence, including the Istanbul Convention and EU Directives, and
exercises on how the police, the SAORC and courts are to deal with cases of domestic violence (170
police officers and 121 judicial officials).
39 “Living without violence”, “Together against hate speech”, “I have a choice” and “Lily”.Also,
interdepartmental activities have been carried out under the project “Support to victims of criminal
offences and misdemeanours”, and the (first) International Educational and Prevention Film Festival
on Safety was held.
40 In 2016, the MDFYSP carried out a two-month education project “We can do it together” for county
teams in charge of prevention and action in cases of domestic violence, composed of representatives
from the police, social welfare, health care, education and justice sectors and CSOs.The aim was to
train the county teams, by examining domestic violence cases, in how to act.Also, four two-day
training courses were held in four cities, which were attended by 181 members of the county
teams.Furthermore, on the eve of the National Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
(22 September 2018), the Ministry provided training on legislative novelties and on how to improve
procedures in cases of domestic violence.In 2018 and 2019, three training courses for staff of social
welfare centres on domestic violence and assistance to victims and three two-day training courses on
violence against elderly persons and persons with disabilities were held.In cooperation with the MI,
training was held for 112 operators on the topic of conducting interviews with victims of violence and
41 In 2017, the GEO and the Finnish National Institute for Health and Welfare, in cooperation with
Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights from Vienna, organised three rounds of training
sessions for 45 judges working in the field of criminal, misdemeanour and labour law.The “Manual
on gender mainstreaming and promotion of gender equality for judges, advisers and lawyers” was
developed.The Manual describes actual cases of discrimination based on sex and court proceedings.
42 It is committed by anyone who, on the basis of race, ethnic affiliation, skin colour, gender, language,
religion, political and other convictions, national or social origin, property, birth, education, social
status, marital or family status, age, state of health, disability, genetic inheritance, gender identity
expression, sexual orientation or other characteristics, denies, limits or conditions another the right to
acquire goods or receive services, the right to carry out an activity, the right to employment and
promotion, or anyone who on the basis of any such characteristic gives another privileges or
advantages in relation to these rights.The perpetrator will be punished by imprisonment not exceeding
three years, as will anyone who persecutes individuals or organisations because of their commitment
to equality of people.
43 The Health Care Act, the Act on Mandatory Health Insurance, the Act on the Protection of Patients'
Rights, the Act on Protection against Domestic Violence, the Medical Practice Act.
44 Victims are examined in hospitals and clinical health care institutions which are obliged to provide
the victim with urgent and comprehensive health care to protect the victim's physical and mental
health and to collect and maintain evidence.Specialised training in victim protection is part of
continuing education courses that are provided to health professionals and organised by health
institutions and in cooperation with CSOs.
45 99.53, 99.59, 99.67–99.70, 99.74, 99.113–99.114.
(...) The GEO supported the Croatian Red Cross in the project “SPARC” (prevention of sex and gender-
based violence in the migrant population).
47 The GEO signed the cooperation agreement with the Council for Electronic Media and the Croatian
Olympic Committee for the project “For higher visibility of women's sports in the electronic media”
in order to support electronic media in support to gender equality in sports.The international
conference “Addressing inequality in sports: women’s status in leadership positions and prevention of
violence against women in sports” (a project of the CoE and the EC) was held in cooperation with the
Central State Office for Sports.
48 The project contributes to raising awareness by carrying out campaigns, analysing media contents and
49 Signatory states undertook the commitment to cooperate on the causes of underrepresentation of
women in this sector with public authorities and representative of public and private sector and the
50 The Act prescribes: exemption from the obligation to accept the offered employment for a pregnant
woman, one of the parents of a child under eight years of age, one of the parents of a child with
serious developmental disabilities if the other parent is employed, one of the parents with three or
more minor children if the other parent is employed and a parent who is the sole caretaker of a child
under fifteen years of age.
51 The public campaign called “Inequality must not remain a business secret” was carried out: two
jingles were broadcast on 54 radio stations for 30 days and reached a million listeners);2,000 message
postcards and 1,500 posters were printed;and a special website of the GEO was launched.In the four
largest cities 1,500 posters were placed in public transport vehicles for 15 days (1,164,000 persons
were exposed to the message).As posters were also placed in places across Croatia, it is estimated that
3 million persons saw the message.
52 It is focused on the inclusion of women who are in an unfavourable position in the labour market, and
who will care for senior citizens and persons in an unfavourable position.The project is financed
within the framework of the Efficient Human Resources 2014-2020 operational programme (HRK
one billion from the ESF).Grants were approved for 294 projects and 5,970 women were employed to
care for 28,331 persons.
53 99.46, 99.48, 99.49, 99.54, 99.62, 99.72, 99.81, 99.83, 99.87, 99.112, 99.119, 99.121, 99.124–99.130,
99.137, 99.140, 99.147, 99.165.
54 The Council for Children, an advisory body to the Government, monitors the implementations of the
Strategy’s goals and coordinates cooperation.
55 Milder measures towards parents aimed at avoiding the removal of the child from the family are:
warning about mistakes and failures, professional assistance and support and intensive professional
support and supervision.If a child's life is in danger or if it is in the interest of a child's development,
the child is entrusted to the care of another person or a foster family or, exceptionally, to the care of a
social welfare institution.
56 The National Strategy for Protection against Domestic Violence 2017-2022;the National Strategy for
the Equalisation of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities 2007-2015;the National Roma
Inclusion Strategy 2013-2020.
57 The courts and social welfare centres, parents and other persons and social welfare institutions that
have the care of a child must report about the activities undertaken following a complaint of violation
of a child's personal rights or property rights.Within 24 hours of initiating the proceedings, the court,
the state attorney and the police must inform the competent social welfare centre thereof.
58 The Protocol on Procedures to be followed in Cases of Sexual Violence, the Protocol on the
Treatment of Unaccompanied Children (both from 2018), the Protocol on Procedures to be followed
in Cases of Violence among Children and Youth (2004), the Protocol on Procedures to be followed in
Cases of Child Abuse and neglect (2014), the Protocol on Procedures to be followed in Cases of
59 Support to parents to strengthen their competencies and facilitate early detection of risk factors
influencing child's development;creating conditions for achieving equality of opportunities for the
inclusion of children with developmental disabilities in the education system and in the community,
and the establishment of a non-discriminatory model for assessing the educational achievements of
children, analysis of the early school leaving phenomenon and the implementation of activities based
on the actual needs of youth.
60 In the school year 2018–2019, through projects of 62 CSOs, the MSE provided financial support for
416 class assistants for 430 pupils (HRK 16,156,118.68).Within the framework of ESF and domestic
funds, 2648 class assistants were funded.
61 In the school year 2017–2018, the MSE co-financed adapted transport for 3,062 pupils;meals and
special teaching aids were provided to 1,378 primary school students (HRK 23,823,281.00) and 598
secondary school students (HRK 2,080,000.00).
62 The Ordinance on the Primary school and Secondary School Education of Pupils with Developmental
Disabilities (2015) is based on principles of inclusive education and individualised approach and
enables education, primarily in the regular system, to all pupils with developmental disabilities in
accordance with their aptitudes, opportunities and interests;the Ordinance on Class Assistants and
Professional Communication mediators (2019) equalises work of class assistants and professional
communication mediators in the territory of the RC.
63 Model A – for Italian, Serbian and Hungarian national minorities in primary and secondary schools
and for the Czech national minority only in primary school;Model B – for Hungarian and Serbian
national minorities in primary school, and for the Czech national minority in secondary school.Model
C - in primary school for Albanian, Czech, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Hungarian, Macedonian,
German and Austrian, Ukrainian, Ruthenian, Russian, Jewish and Polish national minorities and in
secondary school for Albanian, Czech, Macedonian, Hungarian, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Serbian
and Italian national minorities.
64 At the beginning of the 2017–2018 school year, education in the languages and scripts of national
minorities under A, B and C models included 7,159 pupils (3,413 M / 3,746 F) in 172 primary
schools, 821 classes/teaching groups and 987 class/subject teachers.1,547 pupils (740 M / 807 F)
were included in 31 secondary schools, in 183 classes/teaching groups and 408 subject
teachers.Preschool education in the languages of national minorities included 32 kindergartens and 3
primary schools offering preschool education;in 94 groups there were 1,957 children (170 of the
Czech minority, 156 of the Hungarian minority, 470 of the Serbian minority, and 1,161 of the Italian
65 Figures show that the number of Roma children in the preschool and secondary school systems has
increased, but that the number of children in the primary school system has slightly declined (which
reflects the same trend in the general populatio