REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE HUMAN RIGHT TO SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION ON HIS MISSION TO TAJIKISTAN:NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
According to a rapid assessment conducted in three districts (Rasht,
Isfara and Kulob) in 2014, on average only 2 per cent of the women washed their hands
with soap at four critical moments (after using the toilet, before cooking, after cleaning a
child and before feeding a child). (...) A/HRC/33/49/Add.2
hygiene practices are partly due to a lack of public awareness and partly due to the
unavailability of facilities and materials such as soap.
B. Quality of water and sanitation services
22. (...) The World
Health Organization standards for water, sanitation and hygiene in health facilities require
on-site water supplies of 5-400 litres per person per day, on-site sanitation facilities and a
reliable water point with soap or alcohol-based rubs available in all relevant areas.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE HUMAN RIGHT TO SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION, CATARINA DE ALBUQUERQUE : ADDENDUM
The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment monitors the situation of some
of the groundwater and surface water sources.
15. According to the Public Health Act, local governments have the power and duty to
collect and dispose of sewage in their respective areas. (...) The authorities of
the Central Women Correctional Institution explained that each inmate receives a hygiene
kit containing, among other things, a bar of soap, toothpaste and 10 sanitary napkins per
month, additional sanitary napkins needing to be requested if those provided are insufficient.
surface water by sampling, and according to government officials, building of treatment
plants will be a priority in areas where such a negative impact has been detected.
VISIT TO LESOTHO :REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE HUMAN RIGHTS TO SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION
Lesotho is a mountainous country, with the highest mountain at approximately 3,400
metres above sea level and no land that falls below 1,400 metres above sea level. It has a
surface area of approximately 30,000 km2. Three quarters of the land is highlands with
severe winter seasons and heavy snowfalls that often make it difficult for the population to
access basic services such as water and sanitation.
4. (...) Limited availability
of hygiene products and facilities was also observed when the Special Rapporteur visited
both the male and female Lesotho correctional services. The provision of soap was limited
owing to budgetary constraints and inmates relied on their families and charity
organizations to provide soap and other hygienic products. It was also the same for
educational facilities, particularly schools in rural areas, where students testified that even
with access to water and toilets, they often did not have soap for hand-washing.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE HUMAN RIGHT TO SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION :ADDENDUM
The rest rely on neighbours’ taps,
wells, water kiosks, rivers and other surface-water sources. The reported average water
tariff of piped water in 2010/11 was 31 Kenyan shillings ($0.34) per cubic metre, and the
price is much higher at unregulated water points. (...) The Government itself stated in the Kenya National Water Development Report of
2006 that water resources had been mismanaged through laws, policies and institutions that
did not take into consideration sustainable use of water and land, through weak practices of
water allocation, through increased pollution and through degradation of surface-water
resources. Kenya is not an exception among the countries in the region whose water
resources are negatively affected by climate change. (...) In Kisumu County, she saw
non-functioning and abandoned toilets in a school and water basins without water, taps or
soap. The Special Rapporteur also observed this pattern in other counties.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON TORTURE AND OTHER CRUEL, INHUMAN OR DEGRADING TREATMENT OR PUNISHMENT, MANFRED NOWAK :ADDENDUM
GE.11-12967 (C) 040511 200611
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE HUMAN RIGHT TO SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION, CATARINA DE ALBUQUERQUE :ADDENDUM
The Special Rapporteur visited
different parts of the prison, including prisoners’ cells located in different sections of the
prison and subject to different security levels, and found everywhere to be generally clean
and relatively spacious; the prisoners had access to toilets and showers, in conditions that
ensured respect for their privacy and dignity. Even though soap was not visible on the
washing basins, the Special Rapporteur was informed that each prisoner received a bar of
soap on checking into the prison, which they kept in their respective cells
22. (...) Namibia’s Vision 2030 recognizes that the country is extremely vulnerable to the
effects of water pollution – mainly because of its limited supply of surface water and high
dependency on groundwater sources.
VISIT TO THE COMOROS : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON TORTURE AND OTHER CRUEL, INHUMAN OR DEGRADING TREATMENT OR PUNISHMENT
However, the official capacity of places of detention
appears to be calculated on the basis of available beds rather than available space per
inmate, which in some facilities results in available surface areas as small as 2 m2 or less
per inmate, thus clearly falling short of the universally recommended minimum standards
of 3.4 m2 per inmate in collective accommodation and 5.4 m2 in single cells.10
1. (...) The ceilings are not
waterproof, and when it rains water collects on the concrete surface of the sleeping area.
There were only improvised electrical installations and almost a complete absence of
natural or artificial light.
75. (...) All hygiene products,
including toilet paper and soap, and medicines and drugs had to be provided by the family
as the administration reportedly did not have the necessary budget.
REGIONAL CENTRES FOR SPACE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION (AFFILIATED TO THE UNITED NATIONS) : CURRICULUM ON SATELLITE METEOROLOGY AND GLOBAL CLIMATE
Use of satellite meteorological data in GIS
11. Surface winds from scatterometer data
12. Sea level from altimeter data
13. (...) Use of satellite meteorological data in GIS (demonstration)
7. Surface winds from scatterometer data (demonstration)
8. (...) Identifying oceanic and atmospheric features from NOAA-AVHRR data
5. A study of sea-surface temperatures and sea-surface winds over the Indian
Sea using the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) microwave
imager and IRS-P4 MSMR data
REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON THE ISSUE OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS AND OTHER BUSINESS ENTERPRISES : ADDENDUM
Surface mining, or “mountaintop removal mining”, as those opposing the activity
refer to it, is a deeply contested issue in West Virginia and beyond. The Working Group
does not have a mandate to take a position for or against the practice and confines its
interest as to whether actual or potential adverse human rights impacts are identified,
prevented, mitigated and addressed.
67. Surface mining is regulated at both federal and state levels under the Surface Mining
Control and Reclamation Act and the Clean Water Act, and the relevant West Virginia state
laws respectively. (...) At a meeting with the
Working Group, officials of the Department outlined key elements of the consultative
processes carried out in granting mining permits. 42 The Working Group also received
information about the functions of the environmental advocate.43 It notes the efforts of the
Department to engage with and respond to community concerns related to surface mining.
68. The Working Group was informed that some of the communities most directly
impacted by surface mining were isolated and economically marginalized.
REGIONAL CENTRES FOR SPACE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION (AFFILIATED TO THE UNITED NATIONS) : CURRICULUM ON REMOTE SENSING AND THE GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM
Characteristic variations in reflectance of
surface soils. Journal of the Soil Science Society of America. 45:1161, 1981.
(...) New Delhi, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1986. 314.
Perrier, A. Land surface processes: vegetation. Land surface processes in atmos-
pheric general circulation models. (...) A review of satellite data algorithm for
studies of land surface. Bulletin American Meteorological Society. 71(10):1429,