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THE RIGHT TO FOOD :REPORT : ADDENDUM / BY THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT TO FOOD, JEAN ZIEGLER, SUBMITTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS RESOLUTION 2000/10
The World Bank estimates that only 14 per cent of social spending goes to the poorest.41 Spending on the programmes that benefit the poorest (bolsa alimentaçao, etc.) is very low. Most of social spending is on pensions, health, and unemployment insurance, which are important but still mainly benefit the better-off. Strong resistance from Brazil’s elite and middle-classes to social spending reform makes it difficult to reorient social spending towards the poor, perpetuating and deepening existing social inequalities.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 1093640.1 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...DS=E/CN.4/2003/54/ADD.1&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
RPT IE FOREIGN DEBT - MISSION TO GREECE
The Government used its enhanced access to cheap credit (as a member State of the European Monetary Union, or euro zone) to fund public spending and offset the country’s low tax revenues.18 It also borrowed to pay for imports that were not offset by tariffs or exports. (...) A/HRC/25/50/Add.1 GE.14-11880 10 means testing for unemployment benefits), eliminating bonuses and allowances, and cutting investment spending. The Government has committed to further spending cuts over the fiscal period 2013/14.28 D. (...) Greece, Complaint No. 76/2012, Decision on merits, 7 December 2012, para. 78. 60 Overall spending on insurance and assistance-based family benefits fell dramatically from around €1.6 billion in 2009 to €900 million by 2011.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 1092080.9 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/25/50/ADD.1&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
VISIT TO THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND - REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON EXTREME POVERTY AND HUMAN RIGHTS
Local authorities cut net spending on services in real terms by 19 per cent from 2010–2011 to 2016–2017 and focused remaining spending on statutorily mandated social care and child protection services, demand for which has increased.50 The leader of one city council explained that while being forced to cut preventive services, local governments have faced increased demands for even costlier crisis interventions. Between 2011–2012 and 2016–2017, cash-strapped local authorities reduced spending on preventive housing services by £590 million or 46 per cent, but increased crisis spending on housing by £360 million or 58 per cent.51 42. (...) This figure excludes spending on schools and public health. 51 Adam Tinson, Carla Ayrton and Issy Petrie, A Quiet Crisis: Local Government Spending on Disadvantage in England, New Policy Institute and Lloyds Bank Foundation for England and Wales, September 2018, p. 29. 52 Patrick Butler, “Task force to be sent to protect vulnerable children in Northamptonshire”, Guardian, 13 November 2018. 53 National Accounting Office, “Financial sustainability of local authorities 2018,” pp. 10–11. 54 Gavin Aitchison, “Compassion in crisis: how do people in poverty stay afloat in times of emergency?”
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 1092080.9 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/41/39/ADD.1&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
EFFECTS OF STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT POLICIES AND FOREIGN DEBT ON THE FULL ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS, PARTICULARLY ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS :REPORT : ADDENDUM / SUBMITTED BY BERNARDS MUDHO, INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE EFFECTS OF STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT POLICIES AND FOREIGN DEBT ON THE FULL ENJOYMENT OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, PARTICULARLY ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS
Generally, the intention of the Government is to gradually curtail overall spending while increasing expenditures on social needs. (...) In the years following independence, public resources available for health care collapsed with the withdrawal of subsidies from Moscow, and public spending on health steadily declined in relation to GDP. (...) One important dimension that the Government has begun addressing is to reduce the inequitable allocation of public spending on health. It is encouraging to note that the health sector reform programme has been expanded to cover large cities such as Bishkek and Osh where per capita spending on health is as much as two times higher than the rest of the country.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 1080602.1 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...DS=E/CN.4/2005/42/ADD.1&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT TO EDUCATION, VERNOR MUNOZ : ADDENDUM
Coverage ························································································· 36-39 12 C. State spending ················································································· 40-42 13 D. (...) In 2008, however, only 4.9 per cent of the total was public spending, the remaining 1.4 per cent being private. (...) The Special Rapporteur was informed that national spending on education in 2010 would total 6.5 per cent of GDP but that only 78.4 per cent of this forecast amount would represent compulsory public spending, with 21.6 per cent coming from private sources; it is estimated that in 2009 the federal contribution accounted for 506,706.9 million pesos of total national public spending on education and that 114,193.9 million pesos were provided by the states and municipalities.47 ___________ 43 SEMS, op. cit (footnote 30 above), p. 7.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 1079897.6 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/14/25/ADD.4&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE EFFECTS OF FOREIGN DEBT AND OTHER RELATED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS OF STATES ON THE FULL ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS, PARTICULARLY ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, JUAN BOHOSLAVSKY - MISSION TO ICELAND
The sharp increase in government spending in 2008, compared to 2007, reflects the cost of recapitalizing the Central Bank of Iceland and the new, downsized domestic branches of Icelandic banks (see table 1, Economic affairs). By 2013, overall government spending had returned roughly to pre-crisis levels. (...) Funds for rental subsidies and to combat social exclusion were also augmented. Government spending on disability pensions grew, owing to the increase in beneficiaries.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 1028744 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/28/59/ADD.1&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
VISIT TO THE LAO PEOPLE<U+2019>S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON EXTREME POVERTY AND HUMAN RIGHTS
Although the Government has made important commitments, actual social spending has too often fallen short, remained low by regional standards and not increased in line with GDP growth. (...) According to a development partner, in 2017, spending on health was 1.7 per cent of GDP, the same as it was in the period 2010/11, and 6.5 per cent of the government budget, against a target of 9 per cent.15 Spending on education was 3.11 per cent of GDP and 13.4 per cent of the budget, against a target of 17 per cent. (...) The Government should increase health spending in line with regional trends and develop a detailed profile of populations that do not have adequate access to health care.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 1006053.3 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/41/39/ADD.2&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
RPT IE FOREIGN DEBT - MISSION TO ARGENTINA
A toxic combination of cuts in public spending, public sector wages and jobs deepened the recession. (...) This has enabled the Government to significantly increase its social spending, including on education, health and social security. (...) Overall social spending (by the national, provincial and municipal governments) rose to around 27.7 per cent of GDP by 2009.15 22.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 1006053.3 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/25/50/ADD.3&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE EFFECTS OF FOREIGN DEBT AND OTHER RELATED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS OF STATES ON THE FULL ENJOYMENT OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, PARTICULARLY ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, CEPHAS LUMINA : ADDENDUM
Despite their limitations, these schemes have afforded some heavily indebted poor countries fiscal space to increase spending on basic social services such as health and education. (...) In this context, foreign assistance provides much of the budget revenue and funds for capital spending, sustaining a large portion of the country’s economy. 40. (...) However, there is widespread concern that a recent freeze on public sector spending (including a halt in recruitments and wage spending) may be linked to fiscal requirements of this programme and that such policy may undermine the efforts of development partners to build the human resources capacity of the Government.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 988602.5 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/17/37/ADD.1&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE EFFECTS OF FOREIGN DEBT AND OTHER RELATED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS OF STATES ON THE FULL ENJOYMENT OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, PARTICULARLY ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, CEPHAS LUMINA : ADDENDUM
With the economy in recovery, fiscal consolidation has focused more on revenue increases through taxes than on budget cuts. However, spending cuts have remained, particularly through temporary cuts in payments to personal pension schemes. (...) It is notable that the austerity measures, particularly those entailing reductions in public spending, were opposed by politicians, trade unions, certain business circles, students, teachers and the public, including through public demonstrations when the 2010 State budget bill was passed. 27. (...) Prior to the crisis, the Government had embarked on reforms in the health sector to improve its performance.67 However, as opposed to the trend in most European Union countries, Latvia did not increase health spending as a percentage of GDP in the decade prior to the crisis.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 979059.8 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/23/37/ADD.1&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods