RPT IE FOREIGN DEBT - MISSION TO GREECE
The Government used its enhanced access to cheap credit (as a member State of the
European Monetary Union, or euro zone) to fund public spending and offset the country’s
low tax revenues.18 It also borrowed to pay for imports that were not offset by tariffs or
exports. (...) A/HRC/25/50/Add.1
investment spending. The Government has committed to further spending cuts over the
fiscal period 2013/14.28
D. (...) Greece, Complaint
No. 76/2012, Decision on merits, 7 December 2012, para. 78.
60 Overall spending on insurance and assistance-based family benefits fell dramatically from around
€1.6 billion in 2009 to €900 million by 2011.
VISIT TO THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND - REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON EXTREME POVERTY AND HUMAN RIGHTS
Local authorities cut net spending on services in real terms by 19 per cent from
2010–2011 to 2016–2017 and focused remaining spending on statutorily mandated social
care and child protection services, demand for which has increased.50 The leader of one city
council explained that while being forced to cut preventive services, local governments
have faced increased demands for even costlier crisis interventions. Between 2011–2012
and 2016–2017, cash-strapped local authorities reduced spending on preventive housing
services by £590 million or 46 per cent, but increased crisis spending on housing by £360
million or 58 per cent.51
42. (...) This figure
excludes spending on schools and public health.
51 Adam Tinson, Carla Ayrton and Issy Petrie, A Quiet Crisis: Local Government Spending on
Disadvantage in England, New Policy Institute and Lloyds Bank Foundation for England and Wales,
September 2018, p. 29.
52 Patrick Butler, “Task force to be sent to protect vulnerable children in Northamptonshire”, Guardian,
13 November 2018.
53 National Accounting Office, “Financial sustainability of local authorities 2018,” pp. 10–11.
54 Gavin Aitchison, “Compassion in crisis: how do people in poverty stay afloat in times of
THE RIGHT TO FOOD :REPORT : ADDENDUM / BY THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT TO FOOD, JEAN ZIEGLER, SUBMITTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS RESOLUTION 2000/10
The World Bank estimates that only 14 per cent of social
spending goes to the poorest.41 Spending on the programmes that benefit the poorest (bolsa
alimentaçao, etc.) is very low. Most of social spending is on pensions, health, and
unemployment insurance, which are important but still mainly benefit the better-off. Strong
resistance from Brazil’s elite and middle-classes to social spending reform makes it difficult to
reorient social spending towards the poor, perpetuating and deepening existing social inequalities.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT TO EDUCATION, VERNOR MUNOZ : ADDENDUM
In 2008, however, only 4.9 per cent of the total
was public spending, the remaining 1.4 per cent being private. (...) The Special Rapporteur was informed that national spending on education in 2010
would total 6.5 per cent of GDP but that only 78.4 per cent of this forecast amount would
represent compulsory public spending, with 21.6 per cent coming from private sources; it is
estimated that in 2009 the federal contribution accounted for 506,706.9 million pesos of
total national public spending on education and that 114,193.9 million pesos were provided
by the states and municipalities.47
41 Ibid., p.150.
42 Ibid., p.183.
43 SEMS, op. cit (footnote 30 above), p. 7. (...) In spite of the efforts made by the Mexican Government, education spending
continues to discriminate against rural communities.
EFFECTS OF STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT POLICIES AND FOREIGN DEBT ON THE FULL ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS, PARTICULARLY ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS :REPORT : ADDENDUM / SUBMITTED BY BERNARDS MUDHO, INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE EFFECTS OF STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT POLICIES AND FOREIGN DEBT ON THE FULL ENJOYMENT OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, PARTICULARLY ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS
Generally, the intention of the Government is to gradually curtail overall spending while
increasing expenditures on social needs. (...) In the years following independence, public resources available for health
care collapsed with the withdrawal of subsidies from Moscow, and public spending on health
steadily declined in relation to GDP. (...) One important dimension that the Government has begun
addressing is to reduce the inequitable allocation of public spending on health. It is encouraging
to note that the health sector reform programme has been expanded to cover large cities such as
Bishkek and Osh where per capita spending on health is as much as two times higher than the
rest of the country.
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE EFFECTS OF FOREIGN DEBT AND OTHER RELATED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS OF STATES ON THE FULL ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS, PARTICULARLY ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, JUAN BOHOSLAVSKY - MISSION TO ICELAND
The sharp increase in government spending in 2008, compared to 2007, reflects the
cost of recapitalizing the Central Bank of Iceland and the new, downsized domestic
branches of Icelandic banks (see table 1, Economic affairs). By 2013, overall government
spending had returned roughly to pre-crisis levels. (...) Funds for rental
subsidies and to combat social exclusion were also augmented. Government spending on
disability pensions grew, owing to the increase in beneficiaries.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON EXTREME POVERTY AND HUMAN RIGHTS ON HIS MISSION TO SAUDI ARABIA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
They reflect a traditional welfare rather
than an empowerment approach and result in significant social spending on the non-
poor (so-called “leakage”). In order to effectively reduce poverty in Saudi Arabia and
to prevent wasteful and unjust spending of social welfare funds on the non-poor,
newly designed social assistance measures should be directed towards the poorest in
Saudi society. (...) According to the authoritative
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) database, Saudi Arabia spent
13.7 per cent of its GDP on military expenditure in 2015, which equals US$ 2,778 per
capita.27 In meetings with government officials, the Special Rapporteur was told that the
2016 social security budget of Saudi Arabia was around SRI 31 billion, which is only
15 per cent of the SRI 205 billion that Saudi Arabia acknowledges spending on the military
in 2016.28 Independent observers suggest that the figure is actually much higher, and that
social spending is less than 10 per cent of defence spending.29 In a context of vast and
relatively reliable oil revenues, lavish military spending might be seen to be less
problematic. (...) A/HRC/35/26/Add.3
equitable, sustainable and community-supported economic and social structures, social
spending will need to be accorded much higher priority.
RPT IE FOREIGN DEBT - MISSION TO ARGENTINA
A toxic combination of cuts in public spending, public sector wages
and jobs deepened the recession. (...) This has enabled the
Government to significantly increase its social spending, including on education, health and
social security. (...) Overall social spending (by the national, provincial and municipal governments) rose
to around 27.7 per cent of GDP by 2009.15
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE PROMOTION OF A DEMOCRATIC AND EQUITABLE INTERNATIONAL ORDER, ALFRED MAURICE DE ZAYAS
Thorpe, The American Warfare State:The Domestic Politics of Military Spending
(Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 2014)。
(...) 16 Los Alamos National Laboratory, see www.lanl.gov/index.php; http://energy.gov/articles/top-10-
17 See International Peace Bureau, “Opportunity costs: military spending and the UN’s development
agenda” (Geneva, 2012), definition of military spending on p. 15. (...) org/budget-basics/federal-budget-101/spending/。
21 See www.un.org/disarmament/over-armed/.
VISIT TO THE LAO PEOPLE<U+2019>S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON EXTREME POVERTY AND HUMAN RIGHTS
Although the Government has made important commitments,
actual social spending has too often fallen short, remained low by regional standards and
not increased in line with GDP growth. (...) According to a
development partner, in 2017, spending on health was 1.7 per cent of GDP, the same as it
was in the period 2010/11, and 6.5 per cent of the government budget, against a target of 9
per cent.15 Spending on education was 3.11 per cent of GDP and 13.4 per cent of the
budget, against a target of 17 per cent. (...) The Government should increase health spending in line with regional trends and
develop a detailed profile of populations that do not have adequate access to health care.