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First, we find that within-country variation in current spending have a stronger impact on the within-country variation in REER compared to capital spending. Second, we find that current spending is downwardly rigid, but increase in boom time and conversely for capital spending. (...) One possible recommendation for policy makers would be to limit increases in across the board spending during boom times. That limitation would render less difficult curbing spending during bust times.
Language:English
Score: 707166.3 - https://www.wto.org/english/re...10_forum_e/wtr10_1june10_e.htm
Data Source: un
First, we find that within-country variation in current spending have a stronger impact on the within-country variation in REER compared to capital spending. Second, we find that current spending is downwardly rigid, but increase in boom time and conversely for capital spending. (...) One possible recommendation for policy makers would be to limit increases in across the board spending during boom times. That limitation would render less difficult curbing spending during bust times.
Language:English
Score: 707166.3 - https://www.wto.org/spanish/re...10_forum_s/wtr10_1june10_s.htm
Data Source: un
First, we find that within-country variation in current spending have a stronger impact on the within-country variation in REER compared to capital spending. Second, we find that current spending is downwardly rigid, but increase in boom time and conversely for capital spending. (...) One possible recommendation for policy makers would be to limit increases in across the board spending during boom times. That limitation would render less difficult curbing spending during bust times.
Language:English
Score: 707166.3 - https://www.wto.org/french/res...10_forum_f/wtr10_1june10_f.htm
Data Source: un
Due to expenditure data challenges, health and education spending focused on children 0-6 years old is used as a proxy for ECD spending. (...) For children between 0-6 years, spending on immunization, nutrition, management of childhood illnesses and reproductive health were considered as spending on health (Table 1). For the rest of the age groups, per person spending was arrived at by dividing total health spending by the total population.
Language:English
Score: 706643.55 - https://www.unicef.org/esa/med...Heckman-Paper-2021-revised.pdf
Data Source: un
Currently African countries spend $8 to $129 per capita on health, compared to high income countries that spend above $4,000. (...) Between 2001 and 2015, for example, government spending on health, as a proportion of its overall spending, decreased in 21 African countries. (...) Evidence suggests that there is significant room to improve health spending and, in some cases, progress towards UHC is possible within current spending levels.
Language:English
Score: 706556.6 - https://www.un.org/africarenew...hen-15-elephant-not-15-chicken
Data Source: un
As presented in Figure 2 above, health spending as a percentage of total spending in the region was 5 Ministry of Health (2019). (...) Figure 10: Nominal and real spending in health Figure 11: Per-capita spending in health (in USD) (in ETB billion) Source: Data from Amhara Plan Commission. (...) The education sector spending is highly dominated by recurrent spending with very limited resources available for capital investments.
Language:English
Score: 706060.64 - https://www.unicef.org/ethiopi...0regional%20budget%20brief.pdf
Data Source: un
Side Event on Rethinking Unconstrained Military Spending – UNODA     مرحبا بكم في الأمم المتحدة العربية 中文 English Français Русский Español اللغة العربية 中文 English Français Русский Español Side Event on Rethinking Unconstrained Military Spending ديسمبر 2nd, 2019 Side Event on Rethinking Unconstrained Military Spending   On 23 October 2019, the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA) hosted a side event on rethinking unconstrained military spending, launching a two-part Occasional Papers series on the issue. (...) John Reyels from the German Federal Foreign Office welcomed the publication and spoke of his hope that it will support reinstating the reduction of military spending as a central objective of the disarmament and arms control agenda. (...) Ray Acheson from the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom applied a feminist lens towards the issue of excessive military spending, highlighting the significant link between gender, militarism and unconstrained military spending.
Language:English
Score: 705438.4 - https://www.un.org/disarmament...constrained-military-spending/
Data Source: un
Use of the resources a. Savings / Spending b. Spending type: Basic needs – Investment – Leisure & temptation goods 3. (...) However, applicants are 4 times the places available in the program 0 20000 40000 60000 Total spending Personal spending Contribution to household spending Basic Needs spending (total) Investment spending (total) Leisure and Temptation goods spending (personal)Mean in Control Group Mean in Beneficiary Group - +15,000 FCFA/+$30 increase on youth spending (half is personal spending, half is contribution to household) - Main impacts on basic needs (food & clothes) and investment spending (personal formation, education of household members) Impact on Spending Impact on Spending 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Control Group Beneficiary Group Social Leisure & Temptation goods Investment Communication Transport Basic Needs Impacts on Savings • A +38,000 FCFA (+$76) impact on savings amount (4 month stock): around +9000 FCFA / +$18 per month • Results are very consistent: earnings(+$48) = spending (+$30) + savings (+ $18) • High marginal savings rate $18/$48= 37,5% 0 20000 40000 60000 Total savings amount Amount saved in cash Amount saved in ROSCAs Amount saved in bank Amount saved in mobile money Amount saved in microcredit structure Control Group Beneficiary Group Impact Results # 3  Social safety net versus Productive investment tool ?  Basic need spending: +$18 (from 27 900 FCFA to 37 000 FCFA)  Total Investment spending : (spending in training & education + productive assets investments) : +$6 (from 2700 FCFA to 5600 FCFA)  Huge impact on savings : + $18 / marginal rate 37,5%  Future use ?
Language:English
Score: 704014.1 - https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/gro...s/presentation/wcms_381215.pdf
Data Source: un
Project Summary: The project will have high complementarity with other interventions aiming at strengthening the public finance management systems and processes in the country, will build on the foundation of the results achieved by the previous initiatives supported by UNDP-Slovak Trust Fund, and will be focused on two areas: (1) Assessment of financial flows and budgetary spending and (2) Strengthening budgetary process. Objectives:  Analyse the spending review pilot implemented in two line-ministries and develop the methodology to apply public spending reviews for preparing the budgets in two new priority sectors; Implement the Development Finance Assessment (DFA) methodology across the public sector; Elaborate a roadmap for the implementation of the Integrated National Financing Framework (INFF) based on findings and recommendations of the DFA and the spending reviews to inform future financing solutions; Based on a Training Needs Assessment elaborate and support the implementation of a module-based and practice-oriented Training Programme in Public Finance Management; Provide expertise to the selected Line Ministry for piloting the INFF; Offer expertise in carrying out the Fiscal Impact Assessment of the selected Structural Reforms. Expected results: The Development Finance Assessment (DFA) methodology implemented across the public sector; Spending review methodology developed and implemented in the selected Line Ministries; A Roadmap for the implementation of the Integrated National Financing Framework (INFF) based on findings and recommendations of the DFA and the spending reviews to inform effective financing solutions elaborated; Module-based and practice-oriented Training Programme in Public Finance Management developed and implemented; Expertise provided in piloting of the INFF in selected sectors; Fiscal Impact Assessment of the selected Structural Reforms carried out. Accomplishments: Capacity of 65 representatives of the Ministry of Finance, State Chancellery, line ministries, UNDP and other development partners in the application of the Development Finance Assessment methodology developed; Spending review methodology adjusted as a combination of the two methodological approaches applied in the spending reviews carried out in two Ministries in 2018 – 2020 and developed in a Methodological Guidance for the spending review to be implemented in the selected line ministries.
Language:English
Score: 702306.9 - https://www.undp.org/moldova/p...ce-management-republic-moldova
Data Source: un
Limiting military spending? Over the past century, governments have sought ways to reach a global agreement on reductions in military expenditures. (...) “Global military spending [amounts to] more than $4.6 billion a day, which alone is almost twice the UN's budget for an entire year. This level of military spending is hard to explain in a post-Cold War world and amidst a global financial crisis.
Language:English
Score: 700639.84 - https://www.un.org/disarmament...pending-Fact-Sheet-Jul2017.pdf
Data Source: un