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CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS, INCLUDING THE QUESTIONS OF TORTURE AND DETENTION : REPORT / BY THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON TORTURE AND OTHER CRUEL, INHUMAN OR DEGRADING TREATMENT OR PUNISHMENT, MANFRED NOWAK
From 7 to 9 June 2005, the Special Rapporteur visited the following facilities and interviewed detainees and staff there: Prison No. 421 (Amgalan), ordinary regime; the Centre for Forced Detention, Ulaanbaatar; Detention Centre No. 461 (Gants Hudag), pre-trial detention centre; Prison No. 413 (Zuunkharaa), strict regime; Prison No. 429 (Tashireen Am, also known as Tangaar Nam or Takhir Soyot Tuberculosis Hospital); Prison No. 405 (Tashireen Am maximum security prison, also known as Tangaar Nam or Takhir Soyot), ordinary, strict and special regimes; and Zuunmod Detention Centre, pre-trial detention centre. 9. (...) In general, detention centres are classified as police lock-ups (up to 72 hours) or pre-trial detention facilities (up to 30 months); prisons are long-term facilities (i.e. for sentences over six months), consisting of ordinary, strict and special regimes; and confinement centres are typically for serving sentences of one to six months in relation to administrative offences (e.g. drunkenness). (...) Of the facilities visited, the Special Rapporteur found Prison No. 421 (Amgalan), ordinary regime, and Prison No. 413 (Zuunkharaa), strict regime, to be generally in line with international standards.
语言:中文
得分: 955636.8 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...&DS=E/CN.4/2006/6/ADD.4&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
IMPROVING ACCOUNTABILITY AND ACCESS TO REMEDY FOR VICTIMS OF BUSINESS-RELATED HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSE: EXPLANATORY NOTES FOR GUIDANCE
Where this is the case, the offence may be described as one of “strict liability” (rather than absolute liability). (...) However, “administrative” or “regulatory” offences may adopt a less stringent approach. 8 See box 1: key concepts 1, for “strict liability” and “absolute liability”. A/HRC/32/19/Add.1 8 GE.16-07728 (iv) Attributing legal liability to a company: secondary liability 17. (...) Some domestic law regimes make use of concepts of “strict liability” of “absolute liability” (see box 1, above).
语言:中文
得分: 942590.2 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/32/19/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
VISIT TO EGYPT :REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT
See also Human Rights Watch, “Look for another homeland: forced evictions in Egypt’s Rafah”, 22 September 2015. (...) Available at www.hrw.org/news/2018/05/22/egypt-army-intensifies-sinai-home-demolitions. 31 As reported by Human Rights Watch in “Egypt: army intensifies Sinai home demolitions”. 32 Response of the Government of Egypt to communication EGY 3/2015 of 12 February 2015 sent by the Special Rapporteur.
语言:中文
得分: 939792.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/40/61/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE IMPLICATIONS FOR HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES AND WASTES ON HIS MISSION TO GERMANY : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
In particular, concerns were raised regarding the delayed adoption of criteria for endocrine (hormone) disruptors. 5 See German Chemical Industry Association (VCI), “Chemie report: Information for VCI member firms – special issue – Product Stewardship: Think global – and act global”, Frankfurt, Germany (January 2010). 6 See https://chemical. watch/24513/fostering-sustainable-chemistry. 7 The term includes, among others: herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, acaricides, nematicides, molluscicides, rodenticides, growth regulators, repellents, rodenticides and biocides. (...) In 2002, Germany changed its “Arzneimittelgesetz” (Law on Pharmaceuticals) to shift the burden of proof away from claimants towards strict liability comparable to article 6 of the Environmental Act.
语言:中文
得分: 939792.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/33/41/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE SALE OF CHILDREN, CHILD PROSTITUTION AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY, NAJAT MAALLA M'JID : ADDENDUM
It focuses on prevention programmes, including collaborating with the École des Parents initiative (schools for parents), community child watch and district child protection committees (see para. 64 below) and runs Children’s Clubs for children between 3 and 18 years of age in 22 areas across the country. 54. (...) The Community Child Protection Programme includes community childwatch committees, as well as area, district and national child protection committees. Community child watch committees are set up in 20 high-risk areas to act as a surveillance mechanism to identify children vulnerable to abuse and at risk, and to report any suspected case to the Ministry of Gender Equality, Child Development and Family Welfare so that action may be taken. 65.
语言:中文
得分: 939792.6 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/19/63/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
RPT IE FOREIGN DEBT - MISSION TO GREECE
While the changes to the family benefit system ensure that support is provided in a more targeted fashion to those in need, the Independent Expert is concerned that eligibility criteria are very strict and require (since February 2011) 10 years of permanent and continuous residence in Greece.
语言:中文
得分: 939792.6 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/25/50/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN, ITS CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES, RASHIDA MANJOO :ADDENDUM
In addition, in many prison facilities including that visited by the Special Rapporteur, juvenile women offenders were held with adults; children and babies were 14 Confidential source. 15 Human Rights Watch, Unjust and Unhealthy. HIV, TB, and Abuse in Zambian Prisons (April 2010), p. 81. (...) Thus for the majority of victims, fear of abandonment, divorce and the consequent loss of property may compel women to hide their HIV status and their antiretroviral treatment.36 Conversely, 31 Ibid. 32 National AIDS Strategic Framework, 2011-2015: Towards Improving the Quality of Life of the Zambian People, 25 November 2010. 33 Note 20. 34 Human Rights Watch, Hidden in the Mealie Meal. Gender-Based Abuses and Women’s HIV Treatment in Zambia, December 2007. 35 Note 36. 36 Note 38.
语言:中文
得分: 939792.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/17/26/ADD.4&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN, ITS CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES ON HER MISSION TO SOUTH AFRICA :NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The Special Rapporteur reiterates the call she directed to all States Members of the United Nations in November 2015, to establish a femicide or gender-related killings “watch”. States should collect and release every year data on the number of such killings, disaggregated by the age and sex of the perpetrators, and provide information on the relationship between perpetrator/s and victim/s and the prosecution and punishment of the former. (...) However, under both the principle of vicarious liability under the law of delict (which establishes the strict liability of one person for the delict of another) and the health and safety standards under labour law, successful litigation could trigger the development of legislative provisions binding on multinational corporations to prevent sexual violence underground.
语言:中文
得分: 939792.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/32/42/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN, ITS CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES ON HER MISSION TO THE OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORY/STATE OF PALESTINE :NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
In Gaza, widows are now able to maintain custody of their children for an open-ended period of time or until they remarry, which is an important change in interpretation of the strict religious law. Sexual violence, including rape and incest 35.
语言:中文
得分: 939792.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/35/30/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
VISIT TO CANADA :REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN, ITS CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES
The federal structure and division of competencies concerning the protection of women’s rights among the federal, provincial and territorial governments, combined with the absence of a strict obligations to apply the Convention’s provisions at all levels, results in varying degrees of incorporation of the Convention into laws on violence against women and girls, which presents specific challenges in assessing implementation gaps. (...) A/HRC/41/42/Add.1 8 GE.19-19031 initiative for the establishment of a “Femicide watch” worldwide (A/71/398). She also welcomes the establishment, in 2017, by the Centre for the Study of Social and Legal Responses to Violence at the University of Guelph, of the Canadian Femicide Observatory for Justice and Accountability in Ontario, which tracks femicides and documents social and State responses, somewhat in line with the recommendations of the Special Rapporteur.14 41.
语言:中文
得分: 939792.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/41/42/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods