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A substantially reformed business climate has underpinned strong economic growth, led by rapid expansion of the service sector, in Armenia over the past decade, pushing it up to the rank of an upper-middle-income country. (...) Despite strong political commitment and investment into innovation infrastructure, such as high-technology parks, and education, the impact has been limited so far – largely because of low levels of technical and managerial and absorptive capacities in the non-oil private sector. (...) Table 2 – Strengths and Weaknesses in Azerbaijan’s innovation performance Progress made so far Challenges ahead  Strong export revenue from and inward FDI into the extractive sector.  Enable and promote the digitalization of the economy.  Strong political commitment to innovation  Improve access to finance in the private sector.  Direct investment efforts to improving productivity and developing skills in the labour force.  Strengthen absorptive capacities in the private sector and cooperation with educational institutions.  Expand and improve data on private sector innovation to inform policy experimentation systematically.
Language:English
Score: 944864.5 - https://unece.org/DAM/ANNEX_2_-_IPO_Country_Snapshots.pdf
Data Source: un
The ICT sector is viewed as a strategic sector where strong positive externalities mean that the total returns to investment easily justify initial outlays. Justifi cations for ICT Investments in Stimulus Plans Historically, there is also a large body of research sup-porting positive economic returns and strong exter-nalities to investment in ICTs. (...) After allowing for two-way causation (“endogeneity”) and time lags, Roller & Waverman (1996)28 found strong positive growth effects of investment in telecommu-nications, spending, because these projects typically represent with a 10% rise in fi xed-line penetration shovel-ready investments that “can minimize eco-nomic resulting in a 2.8% rise in GDP.
Language:English
Score: 939829.1 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/Publ...s2/web/WebSearch/page0027.html
Data Source: un
Facebook Twitter Print Email UN reports strong surge in investments in green energy 7 July 2011 Global investment in green energy rose by 32 per cent last year, driven largely by wind farms in China and small-scale solar panels on rooftops in Europe, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) said in a new report on renewable energy trends released today. (...) China, with $48.9 billion in new investments in renewable energy, up by 28 per cent, was the world leader last year, but other emerging economies also showed strong growth. (...) “The fact that the industry remains heavily committed to renewables demonstrates its strong belief in the prospects of sustainable energy investments,” he added
Language:English
Score: 936089.8 - https://news.un.org/en/story/2011/07/380902
Data Source: un
A strong case for investing in farmers | FAO Investment Centre | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations | Support to Investment | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO.org english FAO Investment Centre About Our work Partners News Featured Publications Resources Food Systems Assessment Annual Review 2021 By area of work Projects Success stories A strong case for investing in farmers 09/12/2021 If we want to transform our agri-food systems, we need to transform the people behind them. (...) But over the last decade or so, scant attention has been paid to investing in agricultural human capital. The Centre made a strong case for investing in farmers, especially small-scale farmers, women and youth, in a global study conducted with IFPRI and the CGIAR PIM in 2020. (...) A small technical FAO team is using cost-benefit analyses, economic financial analyses and indicators to measure investment in agricultural human capital in order to shed greater light on what works and why, and the costs involved.
Language:English
Score: 916189.7 - https://www.fao.org/support-to...ess-story-detail/en/c/1459522/
Data Source: un
Trade policy and trade flows  Trade liberalization fuelled a strong expansion of trade flows between 2004 and 2008  driven by finished goods, tourism and natural gas  falling importance of cotton Merchandise exports, 2004 and 2008 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 2004 2008 U S $ m il li o n Finished goods Semi-finished goods Raw materials Raw cotton Natural gas Crude oil 3. (...) Investment policy and FDI inflow  Investment has been the main growth driver between 2004-08  High and growing importance of FDI (2003/4: US$ 0.4 billion, 0.5% of GDP 2007/08: US$ 17.8 billion, 8.1% of GDP)  Strong fall of FDI during the crisis: US$ 12.8 billion in 2008/09 4. Employment policy and the labour market Labour market challenges before the crisis (1) A rapidly increasing labour force (2) Low participation of women (3) Over-employment in the public sector (4) A large informal economy (5) Low productivity and wage levels (6) High unemployment rates, especially for women and the young (7) Mismatches between supply and demand (8) Difficulties for small and medium-sized enterprises (9) Weaknesses in other components of decent work (social dialogue, social protection) Labour market challenges before the crisis The labour market during the crisis  Increase of the unemployment rate from 8.4% (June 2008) to 9.4% (June 2009)  But: increase of female unemployment (18.8% to 23.2%) and decrease of male unemployment (5.4% to 5.3%)  Low increase of labour force (400,000)  Job losses mainly in sectors that are (1) employment-intensive and (2) export- oriented Estimated employment impact of the global crisis, by sector Sector Contribution to GDP in 2007/08 Importance in trade, export decline during crisis Employment elasticitya Estimated crisis impact on employment Agriculture and food industries High, some 13% of GDP Limited, as production is mainly for domestic consumption High, with high importance of the sector for overall employment Limited, as the sector has been sustained by domestic demand Oil and natural gas production (incl. refining) High, 16.4% of GDP High, very strong declines in export revenues Low Limited, due to low importance for overall employment Textiles and clothing Medium, 2.9% of GDP High, strong declines in export revenues High High, with massive lay-offs Construction Medium, 4.3% of GDP Low High Limited, as the sector has been sustained by domestic demand and is the main beneficiary of the fiscal stimulus package Suez Canal Medium, 3.6% High, strong declines in export revenues Low Limited due to low overall employment Tourism Medium, 3.8% of GDP High, strong declines in export revenues High High, with massive lay-offs Financial services Medium, 4.1% of GDP Limited Medium Limited due to high inward orientation Information and communication technology Medium, some 4% of GDP Limited Medium Limited, due to high sectoral growth 5.
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Score: 914917.9 - https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/gro...s/presentation/wcms_124443.pdf
Data Source: un
“Primary health care means care closer to home, and intervening early to prevent many illnesses from becoming serious. Strong primary health care reduces demand on hospitals. (...) But they can often be controlled and the impact is minimized when there are strong systems for primary health care. Primary health care is the first line of defence against outbreaks and health emergencies. (...) Vaccines are proven to protect children from immunizable diseases and this outbreak shows us that we still have a lot of work to do. We must invest in primary health care to build a strong, productive, and equitable future for Papua New Guinea.”
Language:English
Score: 914710.7 - https://www.who.int/papuanewgu...estment-in-primary-health-care
Data Source: un
It is expected to give a strong boost to government investment spending in 2017, which is forecast to contribute roughly 0.4 percentage points to GDP growth. The rise in government investment in Japan will partially compensate for the persistently weak private sector non-residential investment, as export-oriented firms remain under pressure from the strong yen and sharp slowdown in global trade. (...) In Pakistan, growth is also projected to remain robust at above 5 per cent, driven by strong consumption, rising investment and a supportive monetary policy stance.
Language:English
Score: 912989.5 - https://www.un.org/development...s/45/publication/wesp_mb99.pdf
Data Source: un
 Confronting the Crisis on investment, strong externalities and reduced economic leakages (Section 3.1). These strong externalities to ICT infrastructure suggest that the social returns on investment in ICTs are likely to exceed the private returns significantly, implying that private sector activity alone is unlikely to generate socially optimal levels of investment. (...) They represent a long-term investment in national infrastructure and skills base.
Language:English
Score: 909387.7 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/Publ...s2/web/WebSearch/page0012.html
Data Source: un
IFAD and Sri Lanka have had a strong, strategic partnership over the last four decades. (...) The Government's vision to make Sri Lanka a hub in the Indian oceanic region and its commitment to development is evident through the strong investments that have been made over the years to strengthen infrastructure, social sectors and services. 2 While the progress is commendable, more than 80% of Sri Lanka's population lives in rural areas (the largest share in South Asia), and while the agriculture sector makes a relatively small contribution to the country's GDP (under 9%), more than 40% of the country's land is agricultural. (...) We recognize that IFAD needs to continue engaging with other development partners to crowd in investments in agriculture and leverage the strong public private producer partnerships model which has been pioneered in Sri Lanka.
Language:English
Score: 907571.6 - https://www.ifad.org/documents...9f-ccef-016c-f22a-edcff88a22a2
Data Source: un
 Confronting the Crisis ons: Investing In The Future effects in returns on investment and reduced leakag-es. The current crisis has revived major debates in eco-nomics Social returns to investment in ICT infrastructure about the role of government in infrastruc-ture are likely to exceed the individual private returns on investment, suggesting that the private sector alone is unlikely to generate the socially optimal levels of investment. investment, the meaning of Keynesian demand management in a globalized era, and whether government investment ‘crowds out’ private sector investment. (...) Investments in ICTs can play a strong role in generating economic recov-ery In reality, the current emphasis on fi nancing in stimulus packages may overlook more simple and immediate measures that governments can take to promote private sector investment – for example, in reforming tax structures, creating greater regulatory given their strong externalities, high multiplier Confronting the Crisis: ICT Stimulus Plans for Economic Growth 81
Language:English
Score: 906223 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/Publ...s2/web/WebSearch/page0083.html
Data Source: un