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Therefore, it is strongly in the interest of both developing and developed countries to substantially reduce tariffs and non-tariff barriers with an appropriate sequencing of reductions. A large part of the expected gains from trade liberalization will result from the lowering of tariffs and non-tariff barriers by low and middle income countries, with a substantial portion of the potential benefits to come from increased trade among these countries. (...) These modalities should: • apply an ambitious Swiss formula approach to eliminate or substantially reduce applied tariffs for all products with no a priori exclusions by specified deadlines, • supplement this formula by other approaches, such as request and offer and sectoral initiatives to reduce or eliminate tariffs and non-tariff barriers, where these approaches would contribute to further liberalization; • substantially reduce tariff peaks, high tariffs, tariff escalation, and tariff disparities; • establish a tariff threshold under which tariffs would be set at zero in order to eliminate administratively burdensome tariffs; • increase efforts to eliminate or substantially reduce non-tariff barriers; • shift all tariff-related measures to bound ad valorem tariff rates; and • bind substantially all tariff headings at the levels negotiated during the Round.
Language:English
Score: 574311.8 - https://www.wto.org/english/forums_e/ngo_e/posp58_icc_e.pdf
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Do you comply with this measure? Fully: Substantially: Partially: No: Not Applicable:__ 2. You expect to implement this measure by: Category A (by date of entry into force):_____ Category B (with extra time):_____ Category C (with extra time and technical assistance): _____ 3. (...) Do you comply with this measure? Fully: Substantially: Partially: No: Not Applicable:__ 2. You expect to implement this measure by: Category A (by date of entry into force):_____ Category B (with extra time):_____ Category C (with extra time and technical assistance): _____ 3. (...) Do you comply with this measure? Fully: Substantially: Partially: No: Not Applicable:__ 2. You expect to implement this measure by: Category A (by date of entry into force):_____ Category B (with extra time):_____ Category C (with extra time and technical assistance): _____ 3.
Language:English
Score: 574008.54 - https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tradfa_e/wg3_e.doc
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Partners with presence in the target locations, has previous experience in the thematic area and with capacity to directly implement should be scored highest. (25 points) Yes/fully 25 Substantially 20 Partially 15 Minimally 10 Barely 5 Is the proposal submitted by a NNGO (5 points) Yes 5 No 0 Programmatic Relevance 30 Are the proposed activities in line with those prioritized by the Cluster in their response plan?. (...) Projects that demonstrate a) higher quality gender and protection mainstreaming b) accountability to affected people and c) inclusion of people with disability in planning and implementation phase of project should be scored higher. (15 points) Yes fully 15 Substantially 12 Partially 9 Minimally 6 Barely 3 Cost Effectiveness 15 Is the cost per beneficiary competitive and within an acceptable range for the cluster? (...) (15 points) Yes/fully 15 Substantially 12 Partially 9 Minimally 6 Barely 3 Cluster Specific Criteria 20 Direct implementation, clear linkage in project objective, activities and output, Indicators SMART, Well defined target beneficiaries, project adheres to cluster minimum standards and abides to the cluster specific technical criteria provided. (20 points) Yes 20 Substantially 16 Partially 12 Minimally 8 Barely 4 Coordination 5 Does the partner participate in the cluster (i.e. attend cluster meetings, provide timely information to the cluster, consistently fulfills cluster reporting requirements, (5 points) Yes 5 Partially 3 No 0 Total 100 SOMALIA HUMANITARIAN FUND Project Prioritization - Scoring Sheet - SAMPLE ONLY – The scoring sheet should be completed and submitted directed in the GMS This scoring sheet is to support Strategic Review Committees in their prioritization of projects for the SHF.
Language:English
Score: 573882.96 - https://www.unocha.org/sites/u...a/files/dms/SHF_OM_Annex07.pdf
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Specific prohibitions on conduct prohibits; q conduct which has the purpose of substantially lessening competition; q collusive arrangements such as rate fixing, market-sharing and boycotts; and q mandatory tying or linking arrangements Doc.25 – Rappt-Competition 2 2 Brief descriptions on Guideline on Substantial Lessening of competition and Dominant Position and Information Paper: Process For Assessing Allegations of Anti-Competitive Conduct are also given Authorisation of Conduct The authorisation provides that before engaging in any conduct that may be construed to have the purpose or effect of substantially lessening competition, a licensee may apply to the MCMC for authorization of the conduct Before authorizing the conduct, the MCMC shall be satisfied that the authorization is in the national interest Assessment of Dominance and SLC Determination of dominance is necessary due to extensive market power of licensees which renders the licensee independent from competitors and customers. (...) Key concepts that are used in the context of dominance and substantial lessening of competition are also discussed with definitions of conduct, purpose and effect elaborated. (...) Recommendations (if any): Mongolia should consider applying the Malaysian test criteria for assessment of dominance and substantial lessening of competition that was shown by Mr Tarmizi.
Language:English
Score: 573882.96 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/treg...a/25-Rappt-Competition%202.pdf
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The categories of 18 Block 0 Modules are as follows: a) Essential (E): These are the ASBU modules that provide substantial contribution towards global interoperability, safety or regularity. (...) The significance of each step in the workflow as it pertains to regional planning is as follows: • Analysis Not Started – The requirement to implement this ASBU Module element has not yet been assessed by any State in the Region • Analysis In Progress – A Need Analysis as to whether or not this ASBU Module is required is in progress by at least one State in the Region • N/A – The Region has decided not to implement this ASBU Module • Need - One or more States in the Region have determined the ASBU Module is required, but none have begun planning for the implementation • Planning – Implementation of this ASBU Module is planned, but not started • Developing – Implementation of this ASBU Module is in the development phase, but not yet operational • Partially Implemented – Implementation of this ASBU Module is partially completed and/or operational in at least one area of the Region • Implemented - Implementation of this ASBU Module has been completed and/or is fully operational in all areas of the Region where the need was identified Figure – Analysis and Implementation Workflow ____________________ APIRG/21 – WP/10 Table –Implementation Status of ASBU Block 0 Modules in the AFI Region Block 0 Modules Module Title Need Analysis of Modules Implementation Status High level Implementation Indicator(s) Category Priority N ot S ta rt ed In P ro gr es s N ee d N /A Pl an ni ng D ev el op in g Pa rt ia lly Im pl em en te d Im pl em en - te d PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT AREA 1: AIRPORT OPERATIONS APTA Optimization of Approach Procedures including vertical guidance X X % of international aerodromes having at least one runway end provided with PBN procedures (APV Baro- VNAV or LPV) Essential (provides substantial contribution towards global interoperability, safety or regularity) 1 WAKE Increased Runway Throughput through optimized Wake Turbulence Separation X X % of applicable international aerodromes having implemented increased runway throughput through optimized wake turbulence separation Specific (recommended to address a particular operational environment in specific countries) 2 SURF Safety and Efficiency of Surface Operations X X % of applicable international aerodromes having implemented A- SMGCS Level 2 Optional (recommended to address particular operational requirements in specific countries) 2 ACDM Improved Airport Operations through Airport-CDM X X % of applicable international aerodromes having implemented improved airport operations through airport-CDM Essential (provide substantial contribution towards global interoperability, safety or regularity) 1 APIRG/21 – WP/10 Block 0 Modules Module Title Need Analysis of Modules Implementation Status High level Implementation Indicator(s) Category Priority N ot S ta rt ed In P ro gr es s N ee d N /A Pl an ni ng D ev el op in g Pa rt ia lly Im pl em en te d Im pl em en - te d RSEQ Improve Traffic flow through Runway Sequencing (AMAN/DMAN) X X % of applicable international aerodromes having implemented AMAN/DMAN Optional (recommended to address particular operational requirements in specific countries) 2 PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT AREA 2: GLOBALLY INTEROPERABLE SYSTEMS AND DATA FICE Increased Interoperability, Efficiency and Capacity through Ground-Ground Integration X X % of FIRs within which all applicable ACCs have implemented at least one interface to use AIDC/OLDI with neighbouring ACCs Essential (provides substantial contribution towards global interoperability, safety or regularity) 1 DATM Service Improvement through Digital Aeronautical Information Management X X % of States having implemented an AIXM based AIS database % of States having implemented QMS Essential (provides substantial contribution towards global interoperability, safety or regularity) 1 AMET Meteorological information supporting enhanced operational efficiency and safety X X % of States having implemented SADIS % of States having implemented QMS Essential (provides substantial contribution towards global interoperability, safety or regularity) 1 PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT AREA 3: OPTIMUM CAPACITY AND FLEXIBLE FLIGHTS – THROUGH GLOBAL COLLABORATIVE ATM FRTO Improved Operations through Enhanced En- Route Trajectories X % of FIRs in which FUA is implemented Essential (provides substantial contribution towards global interoperability, safety or regularity) 1 APIRG/21 – WP/10 Block 0 Modules Module Title Need Analysis of Modules Implementation Status High level Implementation Indicator(s) Category Priority N ot S ta rt ed In P ro gr es s N ee d N /A Pl an ni ng D ev el op in g Pa rt ia lly Im pl em en te d Im pl em en - te d NOPS Improved Flow Performance through Planning based on a Network-Wide view X % of FIRs within which all ACCs utilize ATFM systems Desirable (recommended for implementation because of strong business and/or safety case) 2 ASUR Initial capability for ground surveillance X % of FIRs where ADS-B OUT and/or MLAT are implemented for the provision of surveillance services in identified areas. (...) Desirable (recommended for implementation because of strong business and/or safety case) 2 PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT AREA 4: EFFICIENT FLIGHT PATHS APIRG/21 – WP/10 Block 0 Modules Module Title Need Analysis of Modules Implementation Status High level Implementation Indicator(s) Category Priority N ot S ta rt ed In P ro gr es s N ee d N /A Pl an ni ng D ev el op in g Pa rt ia lly Im pl em en te d Im pl em en - te d CDO Improved Flexibility and Efficiency in Descent Profiles (CDO) X X % of international aerodromes / TMAs with PBN STAR implemented % of international aerodromes/TMA where CDO is implemented Essential (provides substantial contribution towards global interoperability, safety or regularity) 1 TBO Improved Safety and Efficiency through the initial application of Data Link En-Route X X % of FIRs utilizing data link en-route in applicable airspace Desirable (recommended for implementation because of strong business and/or safety case) 2 CCO Improved Flexibility and Efficiency Departure Profiles - Continuous Climb Operations (CCO) X X % of international aerodromes / TMAs with PBN SID implemented % of international aerodromes/TMA where CCO is implemented Essential (provides substantial contribution towards global interoperability, safety or regularity) 1 ___________________ INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION Implementation Status of ASBU Block 0 Modules in the AFI Region Figure – Analysis and Implementation Workflow Table –Implementation Status of ASBU Block 0 Modules in the AFI Region
Language:English
Score: 573552 - https://www.icao.int/ESAF/Docu...%20Implementation%20Status.pdf
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CBI would like to see substantial improvements in market access and reductions in all forms of trade-distorting domestic support. (...) It is vital that tariff peaks and tariff escalation are substantially reduced and nuisance tariffs abolished. (...) However, more advanced developing countries must grant substantial market access opportunities for trade in non-agricultural goods. 19.
Language:English
Score: 572593.75 - https://www.wto.org/english/forums_e/ngo_e/posp53_cbi_e.pdf
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In the short run, implementation of WTO commitments may lead to substantial adjustment costs in the public and private sector. (...) In the short run, application of WTO accession commitments can result in substantial costs, for the public and the private sectors. These short-term effects most likely will be offset by substantial efficiency gains in the long run driven by better resource allocation. 7.
Language:English
Score: 572146.3 - https://www.wto.org/english/fo...5_e/ws1ALEXEI%20KIREYEV-30.pdf
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In the short run, implementation of WTO commitments may lead to substantial adjustment costs in the public and private sector. (...) In the short run, application of WTO accession commitments can result in substantial costs, for the public and the private sectors. These short-term effects most likely will be offset by substantial efficiency gains in the long run driven by better resource allocation. 8.
Language:English
Score: 572146.3 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...5_e/presentation_kireyev_e.pdf
Data Source: un
In deciding how best to enforce the competition rule, the Commission will continue to apply the construction given by the court to general competition law concepts of market definition, market power and substantial lessening of competition. The Commission notes that there are rights of private action under Part XIB, as well as under the existing general competition law provisions (under Part VI of the Act). (...) Those two circumstances are: ■ taking advantage of a substantial degree of power in a telecommunications market by a carrier or carriage service provider with the effect or likely effect of substantially lessening competition in that or any other telecommunications market;5 and ■ engaging in conduct in contravention of ss 45, 45B, 46, 47 or 48 of the Act by a carrier or carriage service provider where that conduct relates to a telecommunications market.6 4 Section 151AK The competition rule (1) A carrier or carriage service provider must not engage in anti-competitive conduct. (2) For the purposes of this Part, the rule set out in subsection (1) is to be known as the competition rule. 5 Chapter 5 of this paper discusses the goods and services that fall within a ‘telecommunications market’. 6 Section 151AJ(2) A carrier or carriage service provider engages in anti-competitive conduct if the carrier or carriage service provider: (a) has a substantial degree of power in a telecommunications market; and (b) either: (i) takes advantage of that power with the effect, or likely effect, of substantially lessening competition in that or in any other telecommunications market; or (ii) takes advantage of that power, and engages in other conduct on one or more occasions, with the combined effect, or likely combined effect, of substantially lessening competition in that or any other telecommunications market. Section 151AJ(3) A carrier or carriage service provider engages in anti-competitive conduct if the carrier or carriage service provider: (a) engages in conduct in contravention of ss 45, 45B, 46, 47 or 48; and (b) the conduct relates to a telecommunications market. 6 Anti-competitive conduct in telecommunications market Under the first circumstance, a carrier or carriage service provider which has a substantial degree of power in a telecommunications market will be taken to engage in anti-competitive conduct for the purposes of Part XIB if it takes advantage of that power with the effect, or likely effect, of substantially lessening competition in a telecommunications market.
Language:English
Score: 571823 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/treg...%20-%20Oz_anticomp_telecom.pdf
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The Principal Act is amended by inserting the following Part at the end of Part II – “PART IIA VALUATION OF IMPORTED GOODS Interpretation 44A. (1) In this Part, unless the context requires otherwise– “foreign inland insurance” means the cost of any insurance relating to foreign inland freight; “foreign inland freight” means the cost of transportation (including loading, unloading, handling and other expenses associated with transportation) of the goods to the place in the country of export from which the goods were shipped to Tonga; 2 “identical goods”, in relation to imported goods, means goods that the Chief Commissioner is satisfied – (a) are the same in all material respects, including physical characteristics, quality and reputation, as the imported goods; (b) were produced in the same country as the imported goods; and (c) were produced by or on behalf of the producer of the imported goods, but does not include goods in relation to which – (d) art, design, development, or engineering work undertaken or substantially undertaken in Tonga; or (e) models, plans, or sketches prepared or substantially prepared in Tonga, was or were supplied, directly or indirectly, by or on behalf of the purchaser free of charge or at a reduced cost for use in relation to their production; “overseas freight”, in relation to imported goods, means amounts (but not an amount of overseas insurance) paid or payable in respect of the transportation of the goods from their place of export to Tonga; “overseas insurance”, in relation to imported goods, means amounts paid or payable in respect of insurance of the goods from their place of export to Tonga; “place of export”, in relation to imported goods, means: (a) the place where the goods were posted for export to Tonga; (b) the place in the country of export to Tonga that the goods were packed into a transport container; (c) if goods, not being goods referred to in (a) or (b), were exported from a country by air or sea – the place where the goods were placed on board a ship or aircraft for export to Tonga; or (d) in any other case – a place determined by the Chief Commissioner “price”, in respect of imported goods, means the sum of all amounts paid or payable, directly or indirectly, for 3 the goods by or on behalf of the purchaser to or for the benefit of the vendor; “related persons” has the meaning in subsection (2); “similar goods”, in relation to imported goods, means goods that the Chief Commissioner is satisfied – (a) closely resemble the imported goods in respect of their component materials and characteristics; (b) are functionally and commercially interchangeable with the imported goods; (c) were produced in the same country as the imported goods; and (d) were produced by or on behalf of the same producer as the imported goods, but does not include goods in relation to which – (d) art, design, development, or engineering work undertaken or substantially undertaken in Tonga; or (e) models, plans, or sketches prepared or substantially prepared in Tonga, was or were supplied, directly or indirectly, by or on behalf of the purchaser free of charge or at a reduced cost for use in relation to their production; and “time of importation”, in respect of goods means the date on which the Chief Commissioner prescribes those particular goods are deemed to be imported. (...) Transaction value of identical goods 44E. (1) If the customs value of imported goods cannot be determined under section 44D, the customs value shall be the transaction value of identical goods in a sale of those goods for export to Tonga if – (a) the transaction value of the identical goods is the customs value of those goods; and (b) the identical goods were exported to Tonga at the same or substantially the same time as the imported goods and were sold to a purchaser – (i) at the same or substantially the same trade level as the imported goods; and (ii) in the same quantities as the imported goods. 8 (2) If subsection (1) does not apply solely because identical goods were not sold under the conditions specified in subsection (1)(b), the customs value of the imported goods may be determined by reference to the transaction value of identical goods in a sale of those goods for export to Tonga if the identical goods were sold under any of the following conditions – (a) to a purchaser at the same or substantially the same trade level, but in different quantities from the imported goods; (b) to a purchaser at a trade level different from the purchaser of the imported goods, but in the same or substantially the same quantities as the imported goods; or (c) to a purchaser at a trade level different from the purchaser of the imported goods and in different quantities from the imported goods. (3) The customs value of imported goods under this section shall be the transaction value of identical goods referred to in subsection (1) or (2) adjusted to take account of – (a) commercially significant differences in the foreign inland freight and foreign inland insurance costs of the identical goods and those costs for the imported goods attributable to differences in distance and modes of transport; and (b) if subsection (2) applies, differences in the trade levels, quantities, or both, as the case may be. (4) If, in relation to imported goods, there are two or more transaction values for identical goods that meet the requirements of subsection (1) or (2), as the case may be, the customs value of the imported goods shall be determined on the basis of the lowest such transaction value. (5) This section shall not apply If there is insufficient information to determine the customs value of imported goods under subsection (3). Transaction value of similar goods 44F. (1) If the customs value of imported goods cannot be determined under section 44D or 44E, the customs value shall be the transaction value of similar goods in a sale of those goods for export to Tonga if – 9 (a) the transaction value of the similar goods is the customs value of those goods; and (b) the similar goods were exported to Tonga at the same or substantially the same time as the imported goods and were sold to a purchaser – (i) at the same or substantially the same trade level as the imported goods; and (ii) in the same quantities as the imported goods. (2) Section 44E(2)-(5) apply for the purposes of this subsection on the basis that the reference to “identical goods” is a reference to “similar goods”.
Language:English
Score: 570155.37 - https://www.wto.org/english/th..._e/ton_e/WTACCTON8A1_LEG_1.pdf
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