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REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT OF EVERYONE TO THE ENJOYMENT OF THE HIGHEST ATTAINABLE STANDARD OF PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH, ANAND GROVER :ADDENDUM
It is now well established that harm reduction interventions include opioid substitution therapy, which is an extremely effective way to prevent HIV transmission and improve the lives of people who inject drugs.33 Studies have indicated that patients under methadone maintenance treatment and buprenorphine substitution therapy are more likely to discontinue or considerably decrease their use of illegal psychoactive substances. (...) In Poland the Act of Law of 2005 on Counteracting Drug Addiction provides the legal framework for monitoring drug possession and providing substitution treatment in Poland. It specifically lists as offences:36 (a) Manufactures, processes or converts narcotic drugs or psychotropic drugs or processes poppy straw (art. 57); (b) Imports or exports narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances or poppy straw (art. 55); (c) Possesses narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances (art. 62); (d) Cultivates poppy or cannabis (art. 63); (e) Adver
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Puntuación: 1337137.1 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/14/20/ADD.3&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
WHO | Forum Standing Committee Working Groups Access Home Alt+0 Content Alt+2 Search Menu Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety Officers National focal points Forum standing committee Regional groups IFCS champions Forum sessions Financing work programme Publications Forum Standing Committee Working Groups Substitution and Alternatives Case studies and examples Accessing case studies and examples in Spanish Acceso a ejemplos y casos de estudio en Español Publications/Publicaciones Substitución de sustancias disolventes peligrosas Guía para Delegados y Delegadas de prevención. (...) The tool allows to compare risks of different products and is aimed at helping in the substitution of the most dangerous chemicals. Information Email Print Related links back to Substitution and Alternatives page You are here: In partnership for global chemical safety Quick Links Sitemap Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety Officers National focal points Forum standing committee Regional groups IFCS champions Forum sessions Financing work programme Publications Resources Contact IFCS Meetings calendar Links © WHO 2022
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1223569.5 - https://www.who.int/ifcs/docum...ingcommittee/subst_spanish/en/
Fuente de datos: un
NOTE VERBALE DATED 2010/06/28 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF POLAND ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
Being fully aware of the health and social aspects of the problem, for several years the Voivodeship authorities have made efforts to introduce substitution therapy in the area of the Pomorskie Voivodeship. (...) None of 52 outpatient clinics or 8 permanent centres for treatment of addicts, including 8 centres for patients with AIDS, expressed their wish to introduce a substitution therapy. The proposed solutions consisting in establishment of a centre encountered difficulties in meeting the requirements of the Regulation of the Ministry of Health on specific conduct procedure in substitution treatment and detailed conditions to be met by a health care unit which provides substitution treatment. (...) Already in 2004, the authorities of the Pomorskie Voivodeship started negotiations with the Pomorskie Voivodeship Branch of the National Health Fund in order to plan an amount of money to be spent on substitution treatment of the patients, but due to organisational difficulties, no bids for providing such services were received in the tender procedure.
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Puntuación: 1169385.8 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...et?open&DS=A/HRC/14/G/4&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
UNITED NATIONS ECO
Prior to 1945, industrialization through import substitution developed in Brazil behind a system of largely flexible exchange rates, high tariffs and minimal direct government intervention. (...) The Geisel Administration chose to promote a new phase of state-led import substitution investment supported by credit and fiscal subsidies and highly protected markets. (...) It soon became clear that the old import substitution strategy could not provide adequate incentives for sustained economic and industrial growth.
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Puntuación: 1144892.7 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...f/get?open&DS=LC/L.1108&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
ELECTION OF 1 MEMBER OF THE INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL BOARD FROM AMONG CANDIDATES NOMINATED BY THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION :NOTE / BY THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
Utami, Robyn Vial y Chengzheng Zhao, “Key findings from the WHO collaborative study on substitution therapy for opioid dependence and HIV/AIDS”, Addiction, 2008, 103: 1484 a 1492; Subata E. y Pincevičiute E., “Tratamiento de la dependencia de opioides con naltrexona, protocolo clínico nacional” (en lituano), Asociación Lituana de Psiquiatría, 2008, 12 págs.; Michael Schaub, Emilis Subata, Victor Chtengelov, Gundo Weiler y Ambros Uchtenhagen, “Feasibility of Buprenorphine maintenance therapy programmes in Ukraine”, European Addiction Research, 2009, 15: 157 a 162; Subata E., Karymbaeva S. y Moller L., “Evaluation of opioid maintenance treatment in the Kyrgyz Republic”, Oficina Regional de la OMS para Europa, 16 págs.; Moller L., Karymbaeva S., Subata E. y Kiaer T. (2009), “Evaluation of patients in opioid substitution therapy in the Kyrgyz Republic,” Oficina Regional de la OMS para Europa; M. (...) E. et al., “A prospective, randomized, multicentre acceptability and safety study of direct buprenorphine/naloxone induction in heroin-dependent individuals”, Addiction, 2010, vol. 107, núm. 1, págs. 142 a 151; Subata E., Karymbaeva S. y Moller L., “Evaluation of opioid substitution therapy in prisons”, estudio piloto en Kirguistán, Oficina Regional de la OMS para Europa, 2011; Subata E., Gilman M., Alho H. y Maremmani I.
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Puntuación: 1119180.4 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...open&DS=E/2014/9/ADD.19&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
PROPOSAL TO AMEND ANNEX A TO THE MINAMATA CONVENTION ON MERCURY
vi Servicio Geológico de los Estados Unidos, Changing Patterns in the Use, Recycling, and Material Substitution of Mercury in the United States (2013), pág. 23. vii Servicio Geológico de los Estados Unidos, Changing Patterns in the Use, Recycling, and Material Substitution of Mercury in the United States (2013), pág. 23 (véase gráfico 7). (...) Health 49 (5), págs. 384 a 394 ix Servicio Geológico de los Estados Unidos, Changing Patterns in the Use, Recycling, and Material Substitution of Mercury in the United States (2013), pág. 23 (véase gráfico 7) x Ibid.
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Puntuación: 1101895.1 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...pen&DS=UNEP/MC/COP.3/21&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
International aviation CAF consumption (Mt/year) International aviation SAF availability (Mt/year) Substitution of CAF CO2 reduction from SAF use Total number of biorefineries Cumulative CapEx investment in biorefineries (in billion 2015 USD) Technology requirements Policy requirements 2025 270 5 2.0% 0.9% 45 $5 to $15 2040 400 11 2.8% 1.3% 100 $10 to $35 2050 570 20 4.0% 2.0% 200 $20 to $70 Analysis year Key indicators on 4% SAF replacement (Scenario: Low) Potential facilitation conditions International aviation CAF consumption (Mt/year) International aviation SAF availability (Mt/year) Substitution of CAF CO2 reduction from SAF use Total number of biorefineries Cumulative CapEx investment in biorefineries (in billion 2015 USD) Technology requirements Policy requirements 2025 270 5 2.0% 0.9% 45 $5 to $15 - Bioenergy production incentivized by policies 2040 400 89 22% 15% 800 $70 to $280 2050 570 160 28% 19% 1400 $100 to $500 Analysis year Key indicators on 28% SAF replacement (Scenario: Illustrative) Potential facilitation conditions - Improvements in fuel production efficiencies - Bioenergy resource allocation to all end-usages in proportion to share in final energy demands CAAF/2-WP/6 Appendix A-2 — FIN — International aviation CAF consumption (Mt/year) International aviation SAF availability (Mt/year) Substitution of CAF CO2 reduction from SAF use Total number of biorefineries Cumulative CapEx investment in biorefineries (in billion 2015 USD) Technology requirements Policy requirements 2025 270 5 2.0% 0.9% 45 $5 to $15 - Improvements in fuel production efficiencies - Bioenergy production strongly incentivized by policies 2040 400 128 32% 12% 1100 $100 to $400 - Increased agricultural yields and arable land availability - Bioenergy resource allocation to all end-uses in proportion to share of final energy demands 2050 570 285 50% 33% 2400 $200 to $850 - Significant agricultural and forestry residue removal Potential facilitation conditions Analysis year Key indicators on 50% SAF replacement (Scenario: Intermediate) International aviation CAF consumption (Mt/year) International aviation SAF availability (Mt/year) Substitution of CAF CO2 reduction from SAF use Total number of biorefineries Cumulative CapEx investment in biorefineries (in billion 2015 USD) Technology requirements Policy requirements 2025 270 5 2.0% 0.9% 45 $5 to $15 - Highest agricultural yield growth rates and highest land availability - Bioenergy production strongly incentivized by policies 2040 400 342 86% 49% 2900 $250 to $1000 - Highest agricultural and forestry residue removal rates - Alternative jet fuel production prioritized over all other uses of bioenergy 2050 570 >570 100% 63% 5200 $450 to $1800 - Improvements in fuel production efficiencies Potential facilitation conditions Analysis year Key indicators on 100% SAF replacement (Scenario: Maximum)
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1053115.3 - https://www.icao.int/Meetings/...cuments/CAAF.2.WP.006.4.es.pdf
Fuente de datos: un
International aviation CAF consumption (Mt/year) International aviation SAF availability (Mt/year) Substitution of CAF CO2 reduction from SAF use Total number of biorefineries Cumulative CapEx investment in biorefineries (in billion 2015 USD) Technology requirements Policy requirements 2025 270 5 2.0% 0.9% 45 $5 to $15 2040 400 11 2.8% 1.3% 100 $10 to $35 2050 570 20 4.0% 2.0% 200 $20 to $70 Analysis year Key indicators on 4% SAF replacement (Scenario: Low) Potential facilitation conditions International aviation CAF consumption (Mt/year) International aviation SAF availability (Mt/year) Substitution of CAF CO2 reduction from SAF use Total number of biorefineries Cumulative CapEx investment in biorefineries (in billion 2015 USD) Technology requirements Policy requirements 2025 270 5 2.0% 0.9% 45 $5 to $15 - Bioenergy production incentivized by policies 2040 400 89 22% 15% 800 $70 to $280 2050 570 160 28% 19% 1400 $100 to $500 Analysis year Key indicators on 28% SAF replacement (Scenario: Illustrative) Potential facilitation conditions - Improvements in fuel production efficiencies - Bioenergy resource allocation to all end-usages in proportion to share in final energy demands CAAF/2-WP/6 Appendix A-2 — FIN — International aviation CAF consumption (Mt/year) International aviation SAF availability (Mt/year) Substitution of CAF CO2 reduction from SAF use Total number of biorefineries Cumulative CapEx investment in biorefineries (in billion 2015 USD) Technology requirements Policy requirements 2025 270 5 2.0% 0.9% 45 $5 to $15 - Improvements in fuel production efficiencies - Bioenergy production strongly incentivized by policies 2040 400 128 32% 12% 1100 $100 to $400 - Increased agricultural yields and arable land availability - Bioenergy resource allocation to all end-uses in proportion to share of final energy demands 2050 570 285 50% 33% 2400 $200 to $850 - Significant agricultural and forestry residue removal Potential facilitation conditions Analysis year Key indicators on 50% SAF replacement (Scenario: Intermediate) International aviation CAF consumption (Mt/year) International aviation SAF availability (Mt/year) Substitution of CAF CO2 reduction from SAF use Total number of biorefineries Cumulative CapEx investment in biorefineries (in billion 2015 USD) Technology requirements Policy requirements 2025 270 5 2.0% 0.9% 45 $5 to $15 - Highest agricultural yield growth rates and highest land availability - Bioenergy production strongly incentivized by policies 2040 400 342 86% 49% 2900 $250 to $1000 - Highest agricultural and forestry residue removal rates - Alternative jet fuel production prioritized over all other uses of bioenergy 2050 570 >570 100% 63% 5200 $450 to $1800 - Improvements in fuel production efficiencies Potential facilitation conditions Analysis year Key indicators on 100% SAF replacement (Scenario: Maximum) TENDENCIAS Y ESCENARIOS SOBRE COMBUSTIBLES ALTERNATIVOS 1.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1032750.8 - https://www.icao.int/Meetings/...nts/CAAF.2.WP.006.4.es.Rev.pdf
Fuente de datos: un
UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW : INFORMATION PRESENTED BY THE NATIONAL COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS OF CAMEROON : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Une culture du dialogue constructif, de discussion sincère et du débat interactif respectueux comme mode opératoire de la collaboration entre l’Etat et la société civile en substitution à l’approche de confrontation reste le gage d’une participation effective et efficiente de cette dernière.
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Puntuación: 1025415.4 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...t?open&DS=A/HRC/19/NI/5&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
NOTE VERBALE DATED 2010/02/22 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF KAZAKHSTAN TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
In this regard, the Special Rapporteur expresses his concern that no needle exchange programme and drug substitution therapies are available in places of detention in Kazakhstan. (...) Given the nature of the epidemic of HIV in Kazakhstan where the main reason of infection is the use of injecting drug, while ensuring universal access to HIV testing, counseling, treatment and care it is possible to proceed of substitution maintenance therapy for addicted persons detained in prisons after replication of the pilot project as a whole.
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Puntuación: 980633.4 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...t?open&DS=A/HRC/13/G/15&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods