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View online Forest products in the global bioeconomy – Enabling substitution by wood-based products and contributing to the Sustainable Development Goals This report addresses the role of forest products in replacing fossil-based and GHG intensive products. It proposes recommendations to strengthen the contribution of product substitution in a bioeconomy, such as investing in developing efficient production processes and technologies that optimize material use.
язык:Английский
счет: 175.71 - https://www.fao.org/publications/en/
Источник данных: un
Under the previous development model - import-substitution industrialization (ISI); the state played a fundamental role in directing investment; the reforms sought to shift that role by placing greater emphasis on domestic and foreign private investment, while at the same time orienting investment more toward exports and tradable activities and less toward non-tradable sectors. (...) Mexico's liberalization process began in 1982, when collapsing petroleum prices and rising international interest rates highlighted the economy's vulnerability and the waning effectiveness of an importan import-substitution model characterized by high levels of protectionism and strong state participation. (...) State involvement in the economy was curtailed sharply, as shown by the downsizing of the public sector and the substitution of market forces for state intervention in determining key variables such as interest rates, nominal exchange rates, and prices of basic inputs.
язык:Английский
счет: 163.33 - https://www.cepal.org/es/node/21525
Источник данных: un
While these codes are no substitute for binding international instruments, they play an important role in helping to spread the principles contained in inter- national labour standards.
язык:Английский
счет: 84.64 - https://www.ilo.org/global/sta...andards-use/lang--en/index.htm
Источник данных: un
The Peacebuilding Fund could never substitute that, but it had proven successful in bringing partners and important national stakeholder together to ensure continued commitment.  Liberia was heartened to learn that the Fund was on track to meet its targets, he said, emphasizing that it must never be used as a substitute for development assistance.  Each Member State must take responsibility for its own development, he said, stressing that the Fund must be able to adjust to the changing needs of the country in which it was engaging.  
язык:Английский
счет: 73.92 - https://www.un.org/peacebuilding/ar/taxonomy/term/403/feed
Источник данных: un
This includes: Ensuring the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes – established to protect mothers from aggressive marketing practices by the baby food industry – is fully implemented by governments, health workers and industry. 
язык:Английский
счет: 121.57 - https://www.unicef.org/wca/pre...re-and-who-director-general-dr
Источник данных: un
Among the development instruments, taxes and subsidies that act on energy prices could be considered, along with a tax on the substitution of sources and/or on the penetration of cleaner sources, to encourage the rational use of energy, environmentally oriented objectives, and others.
язык:Английский
счет: 78.3 - https://www.cepal.org/es/node/20623
Источник данных: un
The Peacebuilding Fund could never substitute that, but it had proven successful in bringing partners and important national stakeholder together to ensure continued commitment.  Liberia was heartened to learn that the Fund was on track to meet its targets, he said, emphasizing that it must never be used as a substitute for development assistance.  Each Member State must take responsibility for its own development, he said, stressing that the Fund must be able to adjust to the changing needs of the country in which it was engaging.  
язык:Английский
счет: 86.11 - https://www.un.org/peacebuilding/ar/node/3748
Источник данных: un
For protection and support of breastfeeding, in Kyrgyzstan there exists the law “On protection of breastfeeding and marketing of milk substitutes”. The law was adopted in 2008, but lately there have been reported such violations of the Law as: Promotion and dissemination of milk substitutes in health facilities (mothers are provided with free samples, medical workers of birth facilities offer artificial formulas, heads of health facilities arrange exhibitions of milk substitutes and involve manufacturers of these artificial formulas as sponsors of scientific conferences, etc.);  Sale of baby formulas – milk substitutes in pharmacies located in health facilities;   Violation of labelling (lack of labels in Kyrgyz language, texts and images are idealizing breast milk substitutes);  Unconscientious advertising that is misleading and encouraging the use of baby formulas;   Lack of specialized spaces for mother and child in the buildings of state authorities and local self-governance authorities, as well as in enterprises, establishments and organizations irrespective of form of ownership.     
язык:Английский
счет: 196.85 - https://www.unicef.org/kyrgyzs...leases/low-breastfeeding-rates
Источник данных: un
Protect caregivers and health care workers from the unethical marketing influence of the formula industry by fully adopting and implementing the International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes, including in humanitarian settings.   Implement family-friendly policies that provide mothers with the time, space, and support they need to breastfeed."
язык:Английский
счет: 111.81 - https://www.unicef.org/press-r...ssell-and-who-director-general
Источник данных: un