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PowerPoint Presentation Possible actions to overcome key barriers to implementing EPR recommendations related to strategic environmental assessment including in relation to energy transition Elena Santer, Environmental Affairs Officer Espoo Convention secretariat E N V I R O N M E N T 2 ENVIRONMENT Strategic environmental assessment in environmental performance reviews 3 ENVIRONMENT EPR recommendations on SEA LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK ON SEA IS IN FORCE AND ALIGNED WITH THE PROTOCOL ON STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT PROCEDURAL STEPS of SEA, including consultations with environmental and health authorities, public participation and transboundary consultations, are well established and followed in practice APPROPRIATE FINANCIAL MEANS for carrying out SEA are allocated by the governmental budget; AUTHORITIES RESPONSIBLE FOR PREPARATION OF THE PLANS AND PROGRAMMES are aware of their SEA-related responsibilities and tasks and have sufficient capacities to perform these tasks ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORITIES are aware of their SEA-related responsibilities and tasks and have sufficient capacities to perform these tasks HEALTH AUTHORITIES are aware of their SEA-related responsibilities and tasks and have sufficient capacities to perform these tasks THE PUBLIC IS AWARE of the opportunities to participate in SEA processes THE DECISION-MAKERS ARE AWARE of their SEA-related responsibilities and tasks and have sufficient capacities to perform these tasks THERE ARE PRACTITIONERS/EXPERTS ABLE TO CONDUCT SEA RELEVANT METHODS AND TECHNIQUES are known and used/can be used in SEA by environmental assessment practitioners A SEA QUALITY CONTROL SYSTEM is established and performed MECHANISM/PLATFORM enabling information sharing on SEA processes is in place 4 ENVIRONMENT EPR recommendations on SEA LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK ON SEA IS IN FORCE AND ALIGNED WITH THE PROTOCOL ON STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT PROCEDURAL STEPS of SEA, including consultations with environmental and health authorities, public participation and transboundary consultations, are well established and followed in practice APPROPRIATE FINANCIAL MEANS for carrying out SEA are allocated by the governmental budget; AUTHORITIES RESPONSIBLE FOR PREPARATION OF THE PLANS AND PROGRAMMES are aware of their SEA-related responsibilities and tasks and have sufficient capacities to perform these tasks ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORITIES are aware of their SEA-related responsibilities and tasks and have sufficient capacities to perform these tasks HEALTH AUTHORITIES are aware of their SEA-related responsibilities and tasks and have sufficient capacities to perform these tasks THE PUBLIC IS AWARE of the opportunities to participate in SEA processes THE DECISION-MAKERS ARE AWARE of their SEA-related responsibilities and tasks and have sufficient capacities to perform these tasks THERE ARE PRACTITIONERS/EXPERTS ABLE TO CONDUCT SEA RELEVANT METHODS AND TECHNIQUES are known and used/can be used in SEA by environmental assessment practitioners A SEA QUALITY CONTROL SYSTEM is established and performed MECHANISM/PLATFORM enabling information sharing on SEA processes is in place KAZAKHSTAN The integration of environmental requirements into sectoral policy documents has started. (...) LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK ON SEA IS IN FORCE AND ALIGNED WITH THE PROTOCOL ON STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT PROCEDURAL STEPS of SEA, including consultations with environmental and health authorities, public participation and transboundary consultations, are well established and followed in practice APPROPRIATE FINANCIAL MEANS for carrying out SEA are allocated by the governmental budget; AUTHORITIES RESPONSIBLE FOR PREPARATION OF THE PLANS AND PROGRAMMES are aware of their SEA-related responsibilities and tasks and have sufficient capacities to perform these tasks ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORITIES are aware of their SEA-related responsibilities and tasks and have sufficient capacities to perform these tasks HEALTH AUTHORITIES are aware of their SEA-related responsibilities and tasks and have sufficient capacities to perform these tasks THE PUBLIC IS AWARE of the opportunities to participate in SEA processes THE DECISION-MAKERS ARE AWARE of their SEA-related responsibilities and tasks and have sufficient capacities to perform these tasks THERE ARE PRACTITIONERS/EXPERTS ABLE TO CONDUCT SEA RELEVANT METHODS AND TECHNIQUES are known and used/can be used in SEA by environmental assessment practitioners A SEA QUALITY CONTROL SYSTEM is established and performed MECHANISM/PLATFORM enabling information sharing on SEA processes is in place 5 ENVIRONMENT EPR recommendations on SEA BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Sectoral ministries do not initiate SEAs for their draft strategic documents because there is no subsidiary legislation that would tell them how to do it. (...) LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK ON SEA IS IN FORCE AND ALIGNED WITH THE PROTOCOL ON STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT PROCEDURAL STEPS of SEA, including consultations with environmental and health authorities, public participation and transboundary consultations, are well established and followed in practice APPROPRIATE FINANCIAL MEANS for carrying out SEA are allocated by the governmental budget; AUTHORITIES RESPONSIBLE FOR PREPARATION OF THE PLANS AND PROGRAMMES are aware of their SEA-related responsibilities and tasks and have sufficient capacities to perform these tasks ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORITIES are aware of their SEA-related responsibilities and tasks and have sufficient capacities to perform these tasks HEALTH AUTHORITIES are aware of their SEA-related responsibilities and tasks and have sufficient capacities to perform these tasks THE PUBLIC IS AWARE of the opportunities to participate in SEA processes THE DECISION-MAKERS ARE AWARE of their SEA-related responsibilities and tasks and have sufficient capacities to perform these tasks THERE ARE PRACTITIONERS/EXPERTS ABLE TO CONDUCT SEA RELEVANT METHODS AND TECHNIQUES are known and used/can be used in SEA by environmental assessment practitioners A SEA QUALITY CONTROL SYSTEM is established and performed MECHANISM/PLATFORM enabling information sharing on SEA processes is in place 6 ENVIRONMENT EPR recommendations on SEA BULGARIA The existing SEA legislation needs some improvement to guarantee the quality control of SEA, especially at regional level 7 ENVIRONMENT Key common challenges 8 ENVIRONMENT Overcoming challenges • Identify and acknowledge the challenges •Commit to set up|improve the national SEA system at a strategic level and develop a step-by- step plan outlining priorities •Obtain support of high-level decision-makers •Establish intersectoral cooperation •Ensure sufficient financial and technical support Overcoming the challenges: example Uzbekistan 9 Overcoming the challenges 10 11 ENVIRONMENT Resources https://unece.org/publications/environmental-assessment Overcoming the challenges 12 Thank you Possible actions to overcome key barriers to implementing EPR recommendations related to strategic environmental assessment including in relation to energy transition Overcoming the challenges: example Uzbekistan Overcoming the challenges Overcoming the challenges
Language:English
Score: 1083346.5 - https://unece.org/sites/defaul...anter%20presentation_SEA_0.pdf
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Ask the right questions • Data definition – are you asking for what you want and is it clear to the estimator? • Data quality – is the estimate competently prepared, reflecting uncertainty in the estimate and sufficiently controlled? (...) Ask the right questions • Data definition – are you asking for what you want and is it clear to the estimator? • Data quality – is the estimate competently prepared, reflecting uncertainty in the estimate and sufficiently controlled? (...) Ask the right questions • Data definition – are you asking for what you want and is it clear to the estimator? • Data quality – is the estimate competently prepared, reflecting uncertainty in the estimate and sufficiently controlled?
Language:English
Score: 1079685.4 - https://unece.org/DAM/project-...acDonald.Energy.Statistics.pdf
Data Source: un
 Page 31 - Methodology for measurement of Quality of Service (QoS) Key Performance Performance Indicators (KPIs) for Digital Financial Services           Basic HTML Version Table of Contents View Full Version Page 31 - Methodology for measurement of Quality of Service (QoS) Key Performance Performance Indicators (KPIs) for Digital Financial Services P. 31 ANNEX B Check lists to be used in testing campaigns This clause contains elements of check lists for usage in B.2 AT EACH NEW TESTING LOCATION measurement campaigns. (...) B.1 DAILY, PRIOR TO BEGINNING OF TESTS • Check that airtime/data volume credit is sufficient to perform their respective actions (e.g. sufficient pre- • Make sure the time-taking device has correct time paid credit, or remaining data volume). (...) FIGURE B-1: Measurement related checking procedures Repeat for multiple locations Daily pre- On- On- On- Daily post- measurement location location location measurement procedures entry periodic exit procedures checks checks checks TABLE B-1: Checking actions to be taken at each new testing location ACTION FREQUENCY Make sure the ObsTool UE is in the same cell as the DFS UE Initially and periodically every ~ 2 hours Make sure the UE used have sufficient battery charging level Initially and periodically every ~ 2 hours Make sure UE used for DFS testing do not run extensive background activities Initially and periodically every ~2 hours (e.g. download of new OS versions or apps requiring substantial system resources Methodology for measurement of Quality of Service (QoS) Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) for Digital Financial Services • 29Methodology for measurement of Quality of Service (QoS) Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) for Digital Financial Services • 29     26     27     28     29     30     31     32     33     34     35     36          
Language:English
Score: 1057223.1 - https://www.itu.int/en/publica...t/files/basic-html/page31.html
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Common management criticisms: - problems with project staff. - weak implementation partners. - lack of sufficient IFAD support early on. - weak monitoring and evaluation. Quality of project management team/director strongly associated with good or poor results. * CPM INTERVIEWS Quality of project management team and quality of implementing institution is key. (...) Project design has improved but persistent flaws are still being identified. Quality of project management, and early implementation support, are key. * ISSUES FOR DISCUSSION Is there sufficient emphasis on the quality of project management?
Language:English
Score: 1052325.8 - https://www.ifad.org/documents...fa-47fc-42b6-b643-50a16c4f0bf6
Data Source: un
Customer devices “QoD” Lack of exception reporting 7 Factors affecting network performance & QoE CONFIDENTIAL 8 Competition - biggest determinant of Quality? Enhancing competition among operators promotes sustained improvement in quality. Number Portability facilitates user migration making it essential for mobile operators to invest in the quality of their services to keep customers satisfied and sustain growth Knowledge is power: Information enables users to make the best decisions on service provider, and policy can be used to promote transparency – • Reducing information asymmetries between users and service providers. • Generating a peer pressure mechanism among operators so that the quality differentiation promotes sustained investments in continuous improvements CONFIDENTIAL • A combination of operator-generated statistical measurements and third party drive testing should be utilized to ensure objectivity. • The measurement methodology should be based on international standards - such as those developed by ITU or ETSI • Automated methods should be used to perform the drive testing, with no manual intervention - reduces risk of mistakes from human error or tampering. • Service area for statistical reporting & drive testing should be sufficiently large and contain fairly large percentage of the population for it to be a representative sample of the network. 9 Objectivity of QoS measurements Technical measurements of network quality performed by regulators are very important for promoting competition • Testing should be conducted on an end-to-end basis on the same network - prevent disputes on which network is responsible for a dropped call or quality degradation if inter-network testing is performed. • The sample size of test calls should be sufficiently large (>2000) to ensure that it is representative of the network in the service area. • The test period should be sufficient in length (at least 24 hours) to ensure that the QoS KPIs are measured during and outside of peak traffic times in order to obtain a balanced view of network performance. (...) CONFIDENTIAL • Sanctions may punish sub-optimal performance but do not necessarily contribute to continuous improvement • Focus on promoting the right incentives for MNOs to adequately sustain and direct their investments to address QoS 11 Sanctions will not solve the problem Lack of access is the worst quality of service you can have • An exclusively sanctions oriented approach could have unwanted consequences such as disincentivising innovation, distorting the market, reducing products and lowering efficiency and competition. • Caution must be applied not to inadvertently re-direct funds intended for network infrastructure investments towards payment of sanctions – to the detriment of Digital Inclusion CONFIDENTIAL Having sufficient spectrum is essential for providing quality services 12 Spectrum, spectrum, spectrum!!!
Language:English
Score: 1034083.4 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/R...ssion%205.1_Sanni_GSMA_QOS.pdf
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The key word in the definition is “sufficient”. But what does sufficient actually mean? Previous attempts at quantification have included: • a household is seed secure when seed is of sufficient quantity and quality to produce enough kilocalories to feed the family until the next harvest; • a household is seed secure when it is able to plant the same area with good quality seed of preferred varieties at locally practiced seeding rates as it usually does. (...) It is possible, that a household which does not depend upon seed very much to meet food and income needs, may nonetheless be seed insecure if is unable to access sufficient quantities of good quality and preferred seed to meet household needs all other things being constant.
Language:English
Score: 1026105.7 - https://www.fao.org/fileadmin/...cepts_and_indicators_FINAL.pdf
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- if effective remedy can be obtained through administrative procedure, no civil procedure; if sufficient interest is lacking, civil claim not admissable either. • In civilibus: lack of adminstrative remedy may establish sufficient interest, if contested regulations protects interests of claimant • Air Quality/Urgenda/Shell (and more to come?) (...) May 2021 ECLI:NL:RBDH:2021:5337. - Civil (tort) claim, breach of duty of care based upon international law, human rights and ‘soft law’. • Air Quality-cases: - 2017: Civil claims not admitted, effective remedy available under administrative law > Interested parties (NGOs) may provoke administrative acts on air quality regulations, then to be submitted to administrative courts; adm. claims dismissed • 2019: NGOs protecting Air Quality/individuals: State liable for not meeting EU-emissionlevels? (...) Relativityprinciple still in place. 6 25 mei 2022Ministerie van Infrastructuur en Milieu Promoting the Role of Climate Law in the Netherlands: Access to Justice: parties, interest, review Case Law Case Law Sufficient Judicial Review under Aarhus? Slide Number 6
Language:English
Score: 1014996.1 - https://unece.org/sites/defaul...uium_Netherlands_Pikkemaat.pdf
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WHO | What do we mean by availability, accessibility, acceptability and quality (AAAQ) of the health workforce? Access Home Alt+0 Content Alt+2 Search Search Submit Language عربي 中文 English Français Русский Español Menu Global Health Workforce Alliance About the Alliance Members & partners Country responses Knowledge centre Media centre Global Forums What do we mean by availability, accessibility, acceptability and quality (AAAQ) of the health workforce? More Frequently asked questions Q&A index The current discourse on HRH is evolving from an exclusive focus on availability of health workers – i.e. numbers – towards according equal importance to accessibility, acceptability, quality and performance. Availability – the sufficient supply and appropriate stock of health workers, with the competencies and skill‐mix to match the health needs of the population; Accessibility – the equitable distribution of these health workers taking into account the demographic composition, rural‐urban mix and under‐served areas or populations; Acceptability – health workforce characteristics and ability (e.g. sex, language, culture, age, etc.)to treat all patients with dignity, create trust and promote demand for services; Quality – health workforce competencies, skills, knowledge and behaviour, as assessed according to professional norms and as perceived by users. Without sufficient availability – accessibility to health workers cannot be guaranteed; if they are available and accessible, without acceptability, the health services might not be used, when the quality of the health workforce is inadequate, improvements in health outcomes will not be satisfactory.
Language:English
Score: 1013530 - https://www.who.int/workforcealliance/media/qa/04/en/
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Brigit Staatsen, Elise van Kempen | 25-06-07 Workshop on transport-related health impacts and their costs and benefits, Telc, Chech Republic 25-27 June 2007 1 Brigit Staatsen, Elise van Kempen | 25-06-07 Health impact assessment of transport- related noise 2 Steps in health impact assessment Selection of health endpoints Assessment of population exposure Identification of exposure-effect relations Estimation of the number of cases Calculation of disease burden Population density, modelled or measured exposure levels Meta-analysis, pooled analysis epidemiological studies Prevalence, incidence data, demographics INPUT HIA-PROCESS Severity weights, duration Workshop on transport-related health impacts and their costs and benefits, Telc, Chech Republic 25-27 June 2007 3 Step 1: Selection criteria health impacts • Sufficient proof for a relation between exposure and health effect consultation experts and recent reviews of evidence (WHO, HCN) • Effects which are likely to occur at typical levels of transportation noise Workshop on transport-related health impacts and their costs and benefits, Telc, Chech Republic 25-27 June 2007 4 Step 1: Selection of health impacts Table 1. (...) Health end point Exposure indicator Weigh of evidence** Annoyance Lden Sufficient Sleep quality Lnight Sufficient Sleep disturbance Lnight Sufficient Insomnia Lnight Sufficient Ischemic heart disease (myocardial infarction) Lden Limited-sufficient ** weigh of evidence for an association with noise exposure according the WHO (1999) and/or Dutch Health Council (1994; 2004); Workshop on transport-related health impacts and their costs and benefits, Telc, Chech Republic 25-27 June 2007 5 Step 2: Assessment of population exposure • Combining data on place of residence with environmental quality data (modelled noise levels) using Geographic Information Systems • Sometimes: noise measurements (monitoring systems) • Examples of exposure distributions: 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 Road traffic noise (Lden) in dB(A) N um be r of p eo pl e liv in g w ith in 5 00 m et er s o f t he h ig hw ay 0 100 200 300 400 500 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 Road traffic noise (LAeq, 7-23hrs) in dB(A) N um be r o f p rim ar y sc ho ol s Workshop on transport-related health impacts and their costs and benefits, Telc, Chech Republic 25-27 June 2007 6 Step 3: Identification of exposure-response functions quantitative summary of data (pooled analysis; meta-analysis) single epidemiological studies of good quality Table 2. (...) Health end point Exposure indicator Weigh of evidence** Valid exposure-effect relation available ? Annoyance Lden Sufficient Miedema & Oudshoorn, 2001 Sleep quality Lnight Sufficient Not available Sleep disturbance Lnight Sufficient Miedema et al., 2002 Insomnia Lnight Sufficient Not available Ischemic heart disease (myocardial infarction) Lden Limited-sufficient Only indicatively+ ** weigh of evidence for an association with noise exposure according the WHO (1999) and/or Dutch Health Council (1994; 2004); + at the moment exposure-effect relations are updated.
Language:English
Score: 1011718.8 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...lc%20workshop/STAATSEN_HIA.pdf
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Article 5 Classification and quality status of bathing waters 1. As a result of the bathing water quality assessment carried out in accordance with Article 4, Member States shall, in accordance with the criteria set out in Annex II, classify bathing water as: (a) ‘poor’; (b) ‘sufficient’; (c) ‘good’; or (d) ‘excellent’. 2. (...) However, a Member State may introduce a permanent bathing prohibition or permanent advice against bathing before the end of the five‑year period if it considers that the achievement of ‘sufficientquality would be infeasible or disproportionately expensive. (...) For coastal waters and transitional waters A B C D E Parameter Excellent quality Good quality Sufficient Reference methods of analysis 1 Intestinal enterococci (cfu/100 ml) 100 (*) 200 (*) 185 (**) ISO 7899-1 or ISO 7899-2 2 Escherichia coli (cfu/100 ml) 250 (*) 500 (*) 500 (**) ISO 9308-3 or ISO 9308-1 (*) Based upon a 95‑percentile evaluation.
Language:English
Score: 1004542.5 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...athing%20water%20directive.pdf
Data Source: un