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Food safety and quality: Prevention and control of Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) and Norovirus (NoV) english français Español FAO Home Food safety & quality About us Events & projects Capacity development Scientific advice Publications & tools A-Z index Partnerships Food safety and quality | share  >  A-Z index   Prevention and control of Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) and Norovirus (NoV) Hepatitis A virus (HAV) and Norovirus (NoV) are an important cause of food borne disease. The semi processed food may not undergo treatment sufficient to inactivate this viruses, therefore, manufactures may consider enteric viruses as a hazard in developing their HACCP plans.
Language:English
Score: 942810.9 - https://www.fao.org/food/food-...uality/a-z-index/norovirus/en/
Data Source: un
. • In 2017, EGTI/EGH adopted a set of indicators to replace the original IDI → “revised IDI” • Availability and data quality issues with indicators prevented the calculation and release of the revised IDI • Since then, lack of consensus on the way forward • Governance issue: Res. 131 does not provide guidance on how to address lack of consensus → BDT Director sought Council’s guidance • Virtual consultation of councillors in June 2020 encouraged Secretariat and Expert Group to find a solution to release an index until next physical meeting Looking for a solution 1/2 The Secretariat considered 4 important conclusions: 1. (...) Secretariat cannot publish an index that does not meet quality standards 3. Most Member States want an index to be released as soon as possible 4. (...) No change to methods to compute index (normalization, goalposts, weights). • Approximately 135 economies could be covered in 2020 edition • Basic analysis of preliminary analysis, sensitivity analysis and statistical coherence confirm soundness and feasibility Revised IDI and IDI 2020: What is unchanged Revised IDI IDI 2020 (proposal) Changes between revised IDI and IDI 2020 Access sub- index •Households with computer •Households with Internet access • International bandwidth •Mobile network coverage same none Use sub-index • Internet users •Mobile broadband penetration •Mobile broadband Internet traffic same none Skills sub-index •Mean years of schooling • Secondary gross enrolment ratio •Tertiary gross enrolment ratio same None Revised IDI and IDI 2020: 4 changes Revised IDI IDI 2020 (proposal) Changes between revised IDI and IDI 2020 Access sub- index • Fixed-broadband subscriptions by speed, as % of total fixed-broadband subscriptions Fixed-broadband subscriptions (weighted by speed) per 100 population Methodological change: Indicator now normalized by population Use sub-index • Fixed broadband Internet traffic per fixed broadband subscription Indicator dropped due to quality issues. • Percentage of individuals who own a mobile phone Indicator dropped due to insufficient data availability (36 percent) Skills sub-index • Proportion of individuals with ICT skills Indicator dropped due to insufficient data availability (20 percent) Issue: Data availability • Issue: only 42% of data available for 14 indicators of revised IDI • Solution: • Consider a 3-year period of reference, rather than only latest year → Data availability increases to 62% • Exclude indicators with less than 50% data availability → 2 indicators dropped: Mobile phone ownership (36%) and ICT skills (20%) • Include only economies with at least 50% data availability (4 or more indicators available) → preliminary total of 135 economies → 87% of data available and only 13% of data points to estimate Preliminary data availability and coverage: Europe Economy Sufficient data availability Number of indicators available (out of 8) Economy Sufficient data availability Number of indicators available (out of 8) Economy Sufficient data availability Number of indicators available (out of 8) Albania Yes 8 Hungary Yes 7 Poland Yes 7 Andorra Yes 6 Iceland Yes 8 Portugal Yes 8 Austria Yes 8 Ireland Yes 8 Romania Yes 8 Belgium Yes 8 Israel Yes 6 San Marino 3 Bosnia and Herzegovina Yes 7 Italy Yes 8 Serbia Yes 8 Bulgaria Yes 8 Latvia Yes 8 Slovakia Yes 8 Croatia Yes 8 Liechtenstein 3 Slovenia Yes 8 Cyprus Yes 8 Lithuania Yes 8 Spain Yes 8 Czech Republic Yes 8 Luxembourg Yes 5 Sweden Yes 7 Denmark Yes 8 Malta Yes 8 Switzerland Yes 7 Estonia Yes 8 Moldova Yes 6 Turkey Yes 8 Finland Yes 7 Monaco 4 Ukraine Yes 6 France Yes 8 Montenegro Yes 7 United Kingdom Yes 7 Georgia Yes 8 Netherlands Yes 7 Vatican 0 Germany Yes 7 North Macedonia Yes 8 Greece Yes 8 Norway Yes 8 Improving data availability and quality • Statistical capacity building activities, in-country support • EGTI and EGH to develop statistical standards and collection methods • Last July, ITU released the 2020 edition of the Handbook for the Collection of Administrative Data on Telecommunications/ICT and Manual for Measuring ICT Access and Use by Households and Individuals. • Two online courses based on these publications to be launched in December 2020 • Big Data for Measuring the Information Society https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/publications/handbook.aspx https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/publications/manual.aspx https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/bigdata/default.aspx Issue: Fixed-broadband subscriptions • Issue: in the revised IDI, “Fixed-broadband subscriptions by speed tier as a % of total fixed-broadband subscriptions” only captures quality -- not diffusion, leading to counter-intuitive results • Solution: combine both speed (quality) and diffusion (quantity) dimensions, by taking the weighted sum of subscriptions by speed tier (thus assigning more weight to faster connections), divided by population, instead of total subscriptions. → “Fixed-broadband subscriptions (weighted by speed) per 100 population” Issue: Fixed-broadband Internet traffic • Problem: insufficient data quality. • Relatively new indicator, for which a refined methodology has only been finalised at the end of 2019 • Relatively low data availability (58%) • Comparability across countries is problematic • 15% of countries saw lower traffic in 2019 than in 2018 • Solution: Indicator is excluded (despite concept relevance) Thank you!
Language:English
Score: 940646.6 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/R...resentation%20-%2020200909.pdf
Data Source: un
PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements of unshelled inshell pistachio nuts at the export control stage, after preparation and packaging. (...) They must be practically free from defects with the exception of very slight superficial defects provided that these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality or its presentation in the package. (...) Slight defects may be allowed provided that these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality or its presentation in the package.
Language:English
Score: 939594.9 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...ngs/ge.02/document/2001_06.pdf
Data Source: un
(c) Effective protection of water resources used as sources of drinking water, and their related water ecosystems, from pollution from other causes (d) Sufficient safeguards for human health against water-related disease arising from the use of water for recreational purposes, (e) Effective systems for monitoring situations likely to result in outbreaks or incidents of water-related disease. (...) url=www.sciencephoto.com%2Fsearch%2FsearchLogic.html%3F%26country%3D67%26searchstring%3DP980%252F0105&id=2247 6 Monitoring Monitoring is carried out according to the standards for drinking water quality taking into account The Regulation on the Sanitary Quality of Drinking Water and the minimum standards of control of sanitary water quality determined by the WHO Guidelines for drinking-water quality and the EU legislation on drinking water. http://www.sydneywater.com.au/waterquality/WaterQualityMonitoringProgram/images/SamplingAquaticLife.jpg 7 Drinking Water Monitoring Drinking water monitoring in Croatia is implemented by internal control – carried out by the distributors of drinking water themselves, the county institutes of public health and the institutions authorized by the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare. (...) Croatia has developed measures in the Strategy aimed at providing everyone with access to water and at improving and providing sanitary measures. 10 Future Measures Water supply should be improved to 85-90% by the year 2020 with drinking water quality standards; Sanitary systems should be improved to approximately 60%; Protection of drinking water sources, protection of bathing water and ensuring water of suitable quality to support fish life and cultivation of shellfish should be carried out in accordance with national regulations and through the implementation of the relevant EU directives.
Language:English
Score: 939363.7 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...0on%20Water%20and%20Health.pdf
Data Source: un
Conformance (as the report shows), metadata quality, and a usable system interface are all separately shown to be necessary considerations. Together, they form a set of sufficient conditions to achieve transparency, as will be demonstrated. (...) As part of the discussion on metadata quality, a framework for metadata quality is presented.
Language:English
Score: 939351 - https://unece.org/sites/defaul...2022_Abstracts_USA_Gillman.pdf
Data Source: un
Food safety and quality: Prevention and control of Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) and Norovirus (NoV) 中文 english français Español 粮农组织主页 Food safety & quality About us Events & projects Capacity development Scientific advice Publications & tools A-Z index Partnerships Food safety and quality | share  >  A-Z index   Prevention and control of Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) and Norovirus (NoV) Hepatitis A virus (HAV) and Norovirus (NoV) are an important cause of food borne disease. The semi processed food may not undergo treatment sufficient to inactivate this viruses, therefore, manufactures may consider enteric viruses as a hazard in developing their HACCP plans.
Language:English
Score: 939336.1 - https://www.fao.org/food/food-...uality/a-z-index/norovirus/zh/
Data Source: un
Sufficient time was allocated for discussion. 5.9% 22.6% 31.4% 25.5% 14.7% 2. (...) The Zoom platform matched with the needs of the meeting. 2.9% 3.9% 14.7% 39.2% 39.2% 7. The audio-visual quality were of sufficient quality. 0% 5.9% 16.7% 49% 28.4% Only 40% of the respondents reflected favourably to the questions on sufficient time allocation. 73.7% of the respondents affirmed that the content provided was of high quality, concise and clear. (...) At last, 77% were satisfied with the audio-visual quality of the meeting. Concluding, we can argue that the overall efficiency and quality of the training workshop was a success.
Language:English
Score: 939163.2 - https://www.uneca.org/sites/de...ng%20Frameworks%20-%20INFF.pdf
Data Source: un
Policy interventions should address supply-side constraints to allow for a more efficient, competitive and commercial rice value chain. Rice self-sufficiency in Rwanda: policies to ensure it does not remain an elusive goal How did rice self-sufficiency become a development objective? (...) However, reaching self-sufficiency remains a challenge, as consumption has also grown significantly in the past years. In the National Rice Development Strategy, the target to reach rice self-sufficiency was set at approximately 200 000 tonnes for 2018.
Language:English
Score: 938505.1 - https://www.fao.org/fileadmin/...upload/mafap/docs/cb4178en.pdf
Data Source: un
The technical consultation focused on best practices and country experiences in improving the quality and coverage of maternal and newborn health services involving community based providers. (...) Other factors that may be important to programme success include the development of services that are regarded as relevant by the recipients, regular and visible support from other health workers and community leaders, and sufficient training, supervision and incentives. The roles and practices of the various types of community based providers in countries were discussed. (...)  In terms of Human Resources for Health, how can an appropriate package of tasks for community based providers be designed and applied and how can a pipeline for production of health workers be developed to ensure coverage and professionalization and quality of the workforce?  How can countries continue to invest in skilled birth attendants, such as midwives, production and management and creating at the same time a sufficient network of community based providers?
Language:English
Score: 937105.4 - https://www.who.int/workforcea..._KIT_technicalconsultation.pdf
Data Source: un
The VDA Specification for car hands-free: A step towords improved speech quality in car type environments The VDA Specification for car hands-free: A step towards improved speech quality in car type environments. (...) Due to non-optimum arrangement of microphones and loudspeakers, the variety of background noise situations and additional artifacts due to RF problems a sufficient speech quality can not always be guaranteed. The VDA Specification for car hands-free measurements describes methods suitable to improve the various aspects of speech quality. Various methods described in this specification are based on recent ITU Specifications.
Language:English
Score: 936194.3 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-T/work...act/telecomo_1103_s3p2_abs.doc
Data Source: un