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ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN AGRICULTURE : THE POULTRY SECTOR
MAIN MEASUREMENT DEVICES USED TO AUDIT AND MEASURE ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN THE POULTRY SECTOR Electrical measurements, such as voltage, ampere and kilowatt; electrical power factors; and electric current frequency Combustion analyser, which measures oxygene (O2), carbon monoxide (CO), nitric oxides (NOx) and sulfur oxides (SOx) in combustion gases in boilers, furnaces and heaters Thermometer, which measures the temperature of gases and hot air through direct contact and from a distance, as well as the temperature of thermal insulation to verify its efficiency Manometer, which measures the speed of air and gases to determine the degree of ventilation and air flow in poultry houses Water flow meter, which measures the speed of water in pipes based on ultrasonic sound, and calculates the amount of water consumed in poultry farms and slaughterhouses Speed meter, which measures rotational speed in RPMs (revolutions per minute) to regulate rotation speed of fans and water pumps Leak detector, which measures the leaking of gas, including air and steam, to calculate the amount of energy lost Combustion efficiency reader, which measures exhaust gas temperature and oxygen concentration on the basis of the calorific value of fuel Lux meter, which measures the intensity of illumination in poultry houses to adjust the amount of lighting and save energy 8 III. (...) The conversion of biomass into energy faces significant challenges, especially in the case of poultry waste, where the amount of sulfur and nitrogen is 7 to 10 times higher than it is in wood. This high content of sulfur and nitrogen increases the emission of sulfur and nitrogen oxides, and requires special measures to reduce these emissions. 10 Vitalia Baranyai, Sally Bradley, Chesapeake Research Consortium, Chesapeake Bay Program Office, Turning Chesapeake Bay Watershed Poultry Manure and Litter into Energy: An Analysis of the Impediments and the Feasibility of Implementing Energy Technologies in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed in Order to Improve Water Quality, pp. 61, 63, January 2008, http://www.chesapeakebay.net/documents/cbp_17018.pdf. 11 Rangika Perera, Priyan Perera, Richard P.
Language:English
Score: 1013186.3 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce.../2012/TECHNICAL PAPER.5&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
Another phenomenon observed in Ijen Crater is a blue fire that is formed due to the reaction of sulfur with air. Blue fire can only be observed at night because when there is light the blue color of the fire is not visible.
Language:English
Score: 1004837.7 - https://en.unesco.org/sites/de...nglish_2021_ijen_indonesia.pdf
Data Source: un
UTILIZATION OF GEOTHERMAL ENERGY IN THE PRODUCTION OF BORIC ACID AND BY-PRODUCTS FROM THE LARDERELLO SOFFIONI BY /DR. DAVID LENZI
L1installation pour 1 'extraction du soufre a la double fonction d'epurer partiellement les enormes quantites de gaz rejetees des centrales (et notarrment l'hydrogene sulfure qui, a cause de son action corrosive, a toujours ete un des problemes les plus difficiles a resoudre) et de permettre 1 'extraction d'un soufre tres pur. (...) Thus plarrt s have been built to produce a,:noniu:'l bicarbonate and to extract the sulfur froD the c,ses. On the o~herhand, the construction iii of ~ chenic~l pl~nt to produco c~rbon dioxide w~s h~lted by the w~r. The desulfurizing pl~nt servos two purposes~ pnrti~l purific~tion of tho Lnnen so arioun t s of gees disch~rgod by tho othor plan t s ~ con tc i m.ng hydrogen sulfido~ whoso corrosivo nction h~s clwcys boon ~ D~jor probleD), Qnd production of high-purity sulfur. Tho coll~bor~tion botwoon scientists ~nd reprGsent~tives of tho boron products iuc1.ustry h".s perni tted the continuous developDentcnd inprovo- Dont of the Dethods ~nd tochniques of exploiting the soffioni~ togothor with the ~ost iDport~nt developDonts in this field.
Language:English
Score: 1003556.4 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...=E/CONF.35/G/39/SUMMARY&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
Exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) aggravates symptoms of bronchitis in asthmatic children. Sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ) can affect the respiratory system and the functions of the lungs, and causes irritation of the eyes. (...) There are many examples of successful policies that reduce air pollution: for industry:  clean technologies that reduce industrial smokestack emissions; improved management of urban and agricultural waste, including capture of methane gas emitted from waste sites as an alternative to incineration (for use as biogas); for energy:  ensuring access to affordable clean household energy solutions for cooking, heating and lighting; for transport:  shifting to clean modes of power generation; prioritizing rapid urban transit, walking and cycling networks in cities, as well as rail interurban freight and passenger travel; shifting to cleaner heavy duty diesel vehicles and low-emission vehicles and fuels, including fuels with reduced sulfur content; for urban planning:  improving the energy efficiency of buildings and making cities more green and compact, and thus energy efficient; for power generation:  increased use of low-emission fuels and renewable combustion-free power sources (like solar, wind or hydropower); co-generation of heat and power; and distributed energy generation (e.g. mini-grids and rooftop solar power generation); for municipal and agricultural waste management:  strategies for waste reduction, waste separation, recycling and reuse or waste reprocessing, as well as improved methods of biological waste management such as anaerobic waste digestion to produce biogas, are feasible low-cost alternatives to the open incineration of solid waste.; where incineration is unavoidable, combustion technologies with strict emission controls are critical.
Language:English
Score: 1002710.5 - https://www.who.int/vietnam/ne...ir-and-people%E2%80%99s-health
Data Source: un
He developed precise measuring equipment, and discovered sulfuric, nitric, and nitromuriatic acids, all now vitally important in the chemical industry. (...) Jabir vastly increased the possibilities of chemical experiments by discovering sulfuric, nitric, and nitromuriatic acids, all now vitally important in the chemical industry.  
Language:English
Score: 1002710.5 - https://en.unesco.org/news/une...c-table-chemical-elements-2019
Data Source: un
Fuel Quality Requirements in MoscowFuel Quality Requirements in Moscow “L”: ≥ 49 “Z”: ≥ 45≥ 45Cetane number Type 1: ≤ 500 Type 2: ≤ 1000 Type 1: ≤ 2000 Type 2: ≤ 5000 Mass fraction of sulfur, ppm “City” diesel fuel of “L” and “Z” class Diesel fuel of “L”, “Z”, “А” class (produced since 1982) Polluting agents content Diesel Fuels ≤5%Not regulatedVolume fraction of benzene, % ≤500≤1000Mass fraction of sulfur, ppm “City” petrols Petrols AI-92 and AI-93 (produced since 1977) Polluting agents content Petrols Traffic Management and Parking PolicyTraffic Management and Parking Policy “START” automated traffic management system operation.
Language:English
Score: 1002710.5 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...plan/urban/documents/KUNIN.pdf
Data Source: un
Firewood and coal are used considerably in the rural areas (about 40 % of cooking energy), provoking indoor pollution through the release of particles of smoke, soot and chemical pollutants rich in carbon monoxide and sulfur composites respectively. There is a great gap of knowledge at the national level. (...) Cape Verde is seeking partnerships to reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide and sulfur composites provoked by its fleet of vehicles.
Language:English
Score: 995414.1 - https://sdgs.un.org/zh/node/10125
Data Source: un
However, in order to combat humaninduced air pollution, we converted to lead-free gasoline and now we executing a program to reduce sulfur in fuels by 95%. In addition, further policy measures have been taken including: stricter application of existing air emission standards and widening their scope to govern all polluting activities; strengthening the enforcement of environmental codes and standards and making them more effective; improving vehicle inspection for harmful emissions lead to further improvement in air quality. (...) In this regard, it is essential to reduce the levels of sulfur and lead in diesel and gasoline fuels and other oil products consumed in the local market.
Language:English
Score: 995414.1 - https://sdgs.un.org/zh/node/8785
Data Source: un
INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION TO MITIGATE THE ENVIRONMENTAL CONSEQUENCES ON KUWAIT AND OTHER COUNTRIES IN THE REGION RESULTING FROM THE SITUATION BETWEEN IRAQ AND KUWAIT : REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
About 2 per cent of the mass of the fuel burned is emitted as sulfur (mainly in the form of sulfur dioxide). The following typical values were reported for various chemical constituents observed at about 100 kilometres downwind: sulfur dioxide (SO2): 100 to 500 parts per billion (ppb)r carbon monoxide (CO): 0.1 to 0.5 parts per million (ppm); ozone: 20 to 45 ppb; oxides of nitrogen (NOx): 10 to 30 ppb; carbon dioxide (CO2): 400 '-.o 460 ppm. 15. Measurements taken at the ground level showed that instantaneous values for sulfur dioxiae were as nigh a3 0.68 ppm near the burning wells.
Language:English
Score: 991027.6 - HTTP://DACCESS-ODS.UN.ORG/ACCE...SF/GET?OPEN&DS=A/47/265&LANG=E
Data Source: ods
The 1990s will be remembered as the decade in which a national struggle was waged that was successful in significantly reducing sulfur dioxide emissions, which were one of the most problematic pollutants in Israel. (...) Today, only diesel and gasoline with a 50 ppm sulfur content is available, following a legislative order prohibiting the import or production of fuel with a higher content. Some gas stations already carry diesel with a 10 ppm sulfur content for the newer vehicles. Another successful example can be found in the significant reduction of lead concentration in emissions.
Language:English
Score: 988803.5 - https://sdgs.un.org/sites/defa...tatements/israel_28feb_air.pdf
Data Source: un