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GUIDELINES FOR REPORTING EMISSIONS AND PROJECTIONS DATA UNDER THE CONVENTION ON LONG-RANGE TRANSBOUNDARY AIR POLLUTION
The substances for which there are existing reporting obligations in the Convention and the protocols, as further specified by Executive Body decision 2013/4, include:5 (a) “Sulfur”, which means all sulfur compounds expressed as sulfur dioxide (SO2) (including sulfur trioxide (SO3), sulfuric acid (H2SO4), and reduced sulfur compounds, such as hydrogen sulfide (H2S), mercaptans and dimethyl sulfides, etc.); (b) “Nitrogen oxides” (NOX), which means nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide, expressed as nitrogen dioxide (NO2); (c) Ammonia (NH3); (d) “Non-methane volatile organic compounds” (NMVOCs), which means all organic compounds of an anthropogenic nature, other than methane, that are capable of producing photochemical oxidants by reaction with NOx in the presence of sunlight; (e) Carbon monoxide (CO); (f) “Particulate matter” (PM), which is an air pollutant consisting of a mixture of particles suspended in the air. (...) Such information shall, as far as possible, be submitted in accordance with a uniform reporting framework. 1994 Oslo Protocol on Further Reduction of Sulfur Emissions (art. 5 (1) (b) and (2)) Article 5 REPORTING 1. (...) (b) The levels of national annual sulfur emissions, in accordance with guidelines adopted by the Executive Body, containing emission data for all relevant source categories; ... 2.
Language:English
Score: 1120980.3 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...ECE/EB.AIR/GE.1/2022/20&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
WHO Air quality guidelines for particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide - Global update 2005 - Summary of risk assessment Arabic [234 kb] Chinese [560 kb] English [1.77 mb] French [522 kb] Russian [1,6 mb] Spanish [1,7 mb] The full edition of the guidelines is available at: Full edition See also Questions and Answers: Air Quality and Health pdf, 50kb Fact Sheet: Air Quality and Health Air quality guidelines. (...) Particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide Outdoor air pollution: WHO guidance on the health impacts of air pollutants Related links Press release: WHO challenges world to improve air quality You are here: Public Health and Environment Public health and environment health topics Ambient air quality Regions Africa Americas Eastern Mediterranean Europe South-East Asia Western Pacific About us Careers Library Procurement Publications Frequently asked questions Contact us Subscribe to our newsletters Privacy Legal Notice © 2022 WHO
Language:English
Score: 1119382.3 - https://www.who.int/phe/health.../outdoorair/outdoorair_aqg/en/
Data Source: un
Guideline levels for each pollutant (µg/m 3 ): PM 2.5 1 year 10 24 h (99th percentile) 25 PM 10 1 year 20 24 h (99th percentile) 50 Ozone, O 3 8 h, daily maximum 100 Nitrogen dioxide, NO 2 1 yr 40 1 h 200 Sulfur dioxide, SO 2 24 h 20 10 min 500 The Executive summary of the revised air quality guidelines is available as per the link below. WHO Air quality guidelines for particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide – Global update 2005 – Summary of risk assessment Arabic [234 kb] Chinese [560 kb] English [1.77 mb] French [522 kb] Russian [1,6 mb] Spanish [1,7 mb] The full edition of the guidelines is available at: Full edition Related links Evolution of WHO air quality guidelines: past, present and future Review of evidence on health aspects of air pollution – REVIHAAP project You are here: Air pollution Publications Regions Africa Americas Eastern Mediterranean Europe South-East Asia Western Pacific About us Careers Library Procurement Publications Frequently asked questions Contact us Subscribe to our newsletters Privacy Legal Notice © 2022 WHO
Language:English
Score: 1119382.3 - https://www.who.int/airpollution/publications/aqg2005/en/
Data Source: un
Pollutants of major public health concern include particulate matter, carbon monoxide, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide. Outdoor and indoor air pollution cause respiratory and other diseases and is an important source of morbidity and mortality.  (...) Call for technical support 22 September 2021 Expression of interest Call For Expression Of Interest: Project Support Health & Energy (AQH) 27 April 2021 Expression of interest Call for expression of interest Technical Consultancy: Health and Energy Platform of Action News All → 20 January 2022 News release WHO publishes new global data on the use of clean and polluting fuels for cooking by fuel type 22 September 2021 News release New WHO Global Air Quality Guidelines aim to save millions of lives from air pollution 3 September 2021 Departmental news WHO and UN partners’ compendium of 500 actions aims to reduce diseases from environmental factors and save lives 9 June 2021 Departmental news Global Leaders from Health and Energy pave the way for a Clean and Healthy Future for All Publications All → 22 September 2021 WHO global air quality guidelines: particulate matter (‎PM2.5 and PM10)‎, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur... Clean air is fundamental to health. Compared to 15 years ago, when the previous edition of these guidelines was published, there is now a much stronger... Download Read More 22 September 2021 WHO global air quality guidelines: particulate matter (‎PM2.5 and PM10)‎, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur... Clean air is fundamental to health. Compared to 15 years ago, when the previous edition of these guidelines was published, there is now a much stronger...
Language:English
Score: 1118061.1 - https://www.who.int/health-topics/air-pollution
Data Source: un
LETTER DATED 24 AUGUST 2016 FROM THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ADDRESSED TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL
The Leadership Panel examined the existing information regarding the incident in Marea on 21 August 2015 and determined that there was sufficient information to conclude that Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)3 was the only entity with the ability, capability, motive and means to use sulfur mustard in Marea on 21 August 2015. 59. (...) • Several witnesses and a number of other sources provided information that Marea had been bombarded by around 50 artillery shells, several of which filled with sulfur mustard, from the east or south -east, an area under the control of ISIL (...) • On that and the following days a number of people went to hospital with symptoms related to exposure to sulfur mustard. • A large number of photographs and videos of the munition used in Marea were received and analysed by the Mechanism.
Language:English
Score: 1115040.1 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...pen&DS=S/2016/738/REV.1&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
LETTER DATED 24 AUGUST 2016 FROM THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ADDRESSED TO THE PRESID
The Mechanism investigated nine cases, of which eight were related to the use of chlorine or chlorine derivative as a weapon and one was related to the use of sulfur mustard. During its investigation and after having reviewed all material collected by the Mechanism, the Leadership Panel identified the following elements common to the eight chlorine-related cases. (...) The Leadership Panel examined the existing information regarding the incident in Marea on 21 August 2015 and determined that there was sufficient information to conclude that Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)3 was the only entity with the ability, capability, motive and means to use sulfur mustard in Marea on 21 August 2015. 59. (...) S/2016/738 15/98 16-14788  On that and the following days a number of people went to hospital with symptoms related to exposure to sulfur mustard.  A large number of photographs and videos of the munition used in Marea were received and analysed by the Mechanism.
Language:English
Score: 1115040.1 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce.../get?open&DS=S/2016/738&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
GOVERNMENT PROPOSAL
Solid anhydrous sodium dithionite decomposes exothermically in air on prolonged exposure to temperatures above 90°C to yield sodium sulphate (Na2SO4) and sulfur dioxide (SO2). Above 150°C, in exclusion of air, vigorous decomposition occurs, yielding mainly sodium sulphite (Na2SO3), sodium thiosulfate (Na2S2O3), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and small amounts of sulfur3. Sulfur dioxide is known as a respiratory irritant to humans and is regulated as dangerous goods (i.e., UN1079). 5. (...) Sodium dithionite, in solution, decomposes/disproportionates to sulfite, sulfur dioxide, and sodium thiosulfate as major decomposition products.
Language:English
Score: 1112965.8 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...=ST/SG/AC.10/C.3/2015/3&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
GE.10-26428 Econo
Greenhouse gases emitted as a result of human activities include carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. 6. The key effects of climate change observed to date and projected to occur in the future include, but are not limited to, more frequent and intense heat waves, more severe wildfires, degraded air quality, heavier and more frequent downpours and flooding, increased drought, greater sea level rise, more intense storms, harm to water resources, continued ocean acidification, harm to agriculture, and harm to wildlife and ecosystems. 7. (...) Whether a consumer takes out a loan or pays for their vehicle in cash, consumers would save more than $3,000 over the lifetime of a model year 2016 vehicle (that is, the $4,000 saved on fuel easily offsets the increased cost of the vehicle).
Language:English
Score: 1112909.2 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2011/50&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
JOINT WORKING PARTY ON FOREST ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS, AD HOC MEETING TO REVIEW THE DRAFT STUDY OF EUROPEAN TIMBER TRENDS AND PROSPECTS (ETTS V). CHAPTER 5, OUTLOOK FOR SEPARATE PARTS OF THE SECTOR : EXTERNAL INFLUENCES ON THE SECTOR
Visibility is affected by sulfur particles, and the decreasing trend of sulfur pollution is expected to improve future visibility. 5.3.2. (...) Forests filter pollutants and shorten the life time of sulfur, heavy metals, nitrogen, and other types of pollutants in the atmosphere. (...) The pollution levels of sulfur and nitrogen compounds are high in Europe.
Language:English
Score: 1105707.5 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...S=TIM/EFC/WP.2/AC.6/R.7&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
REPORT OF THE SIXTH JOINT SESSION OF THE STEERING BODY TO THE COOPERATIVE PROGRAMME FOR MONITORING AND EVALUATION OF THE LONG-RANGE TRANSMISSION OF AIR POLLUTANTS IN EUROPE AND THE WORKING GROUP ON EFFECTS
Results from the recent trend analysis (1987–2019) showed that acidification (sulfur dioxide) still played a role for corrosion, albeit a minor one, and ozone was of minor 4 https://www.unece-wge.org/. (...) Copper corrosion was dominated by sulfur dioxide and ozone combined effect (dry deposition). (...) Recovery was slowing down in Europe and accelerating in North America, likely as a consequence of differences in rates of declines in emissions of sulfur to the atmosphere. Land 5 Available at www.icp-waters.no/publications/#nivarep.
Language:English
Score: 1105150.1 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...=ECE/EB.AIR/GE.1/2020/2&Lang=E
Data Source: ods