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REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON CONTEMPORARY FORMS OF SLAVERY, INCLUDING ITS CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES, GULNARA SHAHINIAN : ADDENDUM
Workers in the tobacco industry are moreover exposed to high temperatures in the summer period, as well as to pesticides and the risk of contracting green tobacco sickness, which is caused by the absorption of nicotine when the skin comes into contact with wet tobacco leaves. (...) As a donor, PMK could not select its implementing partners, but had to follow a complicated State bidding process to select the least expensive tender. 27. Some advances had been made in eliminating the worst forms of child labour since the Special Rapporteur’s previous visit.
语言:中文
得分: 1404290.8 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/27/53/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
VISIT TO BRAZIL :REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS BY PERSONS WITH ALBINISM, IKPONWOSA ERO
The other key physiological consequence is vulnerability to skin cancer, which is fatal when left untreated. (...) Some of the most pressing health issues faced by persons with albinism in Brazil revolve around varying degrees of visual impairment and high susceptibility to ultraviolet- induced skin damage, particularly skin cancer. Actinic damage and skin cancer occur early and have a high incidence in persons with albinism, often leading to premature death. The Independent Expert was informed that life expectancy among persons with albinism could be as low as 33 years of age owing to an absence of timely and quality preventive and curative care for skin cancer. Based on recent research, the prevalence of skin cancer in patients enrolled in studies of the Pro-Albino Programme was 26 per cent, which is similar to that found in persons with albinism by researchers in Tanzania (25 per cent) and South Africa (23 per cent).26 The same research indicated that persons with albinism in Brazil tend to face similar prejudice and stigma to those experienced by their counterparts in African countries. 60.
语言:中文
得分: 1347731.9 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/46/32/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS BY PERSONS WITH ALBINISM ON HER MISSION TO THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The best-known type is oculocutaneous albinism, which affects the skin, hair and eyes. Within this type are subtypes that may reflect varying degrees of melanin deficiency. (...) In addition, one of the most serious health implications of albinism is vulnerability to skin cancer, which is still a life-threatening condition for most persons with albinism in certain regions. (...) Furthermore, the hypervisibility and colouring of persons with A/HRC/37/57/Add.1 GE.17-22910 13 albinism, along with the lesions that skin cancer often leaves on their skin, combined with a lack of general education on albinism, contribute to and strengthen the myths dehumanizing persons with albinism. 72.
语言:中文
得分: 1324496.2 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/37/57/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
NOTE VERBALE DATED 2010/06/28 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF POLAND ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
In 2003, the Polish Gynaecological Society published the recommendations on contraception which state that the means of fertility regulation available in Poland are as follows: methods of periodic sexual abstinence (natural methods), spermicides, condoms, intrauterine devices, including devices releasing progesterone into the uterus, progestogen-only or combined hormonal contraceptives in the form of oral pills, skin patches or injections. The conclusion of the Special Rapporteur pertaining to the fact that contraceptives are often too expensive, which results in their unavailability to many women, is not precise. (...) Already in 2004, the authorities of the Pomorskie Voivodeship started negotiations with the Pomorskie Voivodeship Branch of the National Health Fund in order to plan an amount of money to be spent on substitution treatment of the patients, but due to organisational difficulties, no bids for providing such services were received in the tender procedure. The Pomorskie Voivodeship Branch of the National Health Fund included methadone therapy in its financial plan for 2009 and for 2010.
语言:中文
得分: 1318056.1 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...et?open&DS=A/HRC/14/G/4&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS BY PERSONS WITH ALBINISM ON HER MISSION TO MALAWI : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Owing to the lack of melanin in persons with albinism, they are particularly vulnerable to skin cancer. In Malawi, skin cancer is a life-threatening condition for persons with albinism as there are few facilities for adequate medical interventions. (...) However, there are several effective and easy ways to prevent skin cancer, including the lifetime use of sun protection cream and sun protective clothing. (...) In addition, free access to dermatological care for persons with albinism is necessary to ensure that skin cancer is detected early and treatment readily provided. 73.
语言:中文
得分: 1276801.8 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/34/59/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
VISIT TO SOUTH AFRICA : REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS BY PERSONS WITH ALBINISM
The other key physiological consequence is vulnerability to skin cancer, which is fatal when left untreated. (...) Persons with albinism are highly vulnerable to skin cancer, which is a primary cause of early death in most persons with albinism. (...) At school, poor vision, skin problems, social exclusion and lack of appropriate accommodation impede their progress. 59.
语言:中文
得分: 1263886 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/43/42/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, CIVIL, POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, INCLUDING THE RIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT :WRITTEN SUBMISSION BY THE NATIONAL COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS OF KENYA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
This in turn leaves most of them un-skilled and un-equipped for jobs and relegates them to menial work, including jobs that expose them to the sun and subsequently to skin cancer. In other cases, the vision impairment of persons with albinism has led to the assumption that they are all visually impaired. (...) This is highly commendable, given that skin cancer is the number one killer of persons with albinism in Sub Saharan Africa. (...) On the right to the highest attainable standard of health care, the Commission recommends that the government, should establish programmes to support initiatives for producing sun protection cream locally, facilitate free or low cost skin cancer treatment across the country for persons with albinism and provide free or low cost visual aids to enable persons with albinism to participate fully in all spheres of life. 8.
语言:中文
得分: 1251146.1 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...t?open&DS=A/HRC/40/NI/6&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
LETTER DATED 2007/09/07 FROM PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF TURKEY TO THE UNITED NATIONS ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
The paper also wrote that the tender for the purchase of 330 vehicles of different types (mostly trucks) is pending and the said tender was suspended in 2005 for the second time on the grounds of corruption.
语言:中文
得分: 1231450.8 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...f/get?open&DS=A/61/1045&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
WRITTEN SUBMISSION BY THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND: EQUALITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION (EHRC) - NOTE BY THE SECRETARIAT
Research has shown that false positive and negative results from facial recognition software disproportionately affect ethnic minority groups, with an increased rate of failure for Black women.25 In the context of border control, similar issues have been identified after Freedom of Information requests to the HM Passport Office highlighted issues with the passport checker deployed at airports, which was less effective for people with “very light or very dark skin”.26 On this issue, the EHRC commented “[w]e are disappointed that the government is proceeding with the 17 Ibid. 18 Haringey Council (2020), Report of the Director for Customers, Transformations and Resources. 19 Colchester Borough Council (2020), Housing Benefit and Local Council Tax Support privacy notice. 20 Centre for Data Ethics and Innovation (2020), Independent report - Review into bias in algorithmic decision-making. 21 Ibid. 22 Global Witness (2021), How Facebook’s ad targeting may be in breach of UK equality and data protection laws. 23 BBC (2021), Facebook accused of allowing sexist job advertising. 24 Global Witness (2021), How Facebook’s ad targeting may be in breach of UK equality and data protection laws. 25 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Media Lab (2018), Gender Shades. 26 What do they know (2019), Freedom of Information request 'Skin colour in the Photo Checking Service'. A/HRC/48/NI/9 GE.21-13463 5 implementation of this technology despite evidence that it is more difficult for some people to use it based on the colour of their skin.”27 Concerns have been raised by private hire taxi drivers and couriers that have been publicised in media reporting.28 Many Uber drivers are required to take a real-time photograph of themselves for verification via facial recognition software before accessing the app. (...) Those most frequently referred to the triage system include Albania, India, Pakistan and 27 New Scientist (2019), UK launched passport photo checker it knew would fail with dark skin. 28 Wired (2021), Couriers say Uber’s ‘racist’ facial identification tech got them fired. 29 ITV (2021), Uber drivers claim they were fired after company's identification software failed to recognise their faces. 30 Joint Council for the Welfare of immigrants (2020), We won!
语言:中文
得分: 1231303.9 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...t?open&DS=A/HRC/48/NI/9&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS BY PERSONS WITH ALBINISM ON HER MISSION TO MOZAMBIQUE : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The most common and visible type is oculocutaneous albinism, which affects the skin, hair and eyes. Within this type, subtypes reflect varying degrees of melanin deficiency in an individual. (...) Owing to the lack of melanin in persons with albinism, they are particularly vulnerable to skin cancer. In Mozambique, as in various countries of the region, skin cancer is a life-threatening condition for persons with albinism because there are few facilities for adequate medical interventions. (...) Further, the use of mobile clinics to ensure that persons with albinism in remote areas can be screened on a regular basis for skin cancer is a best practice established in the region. 57.
语言:中文
得分: 1207105.1 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/34/59/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods