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VISIT TO BRAZIL :REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS BY PERSONS WITH ALBINISM, IKPONWOSA ERO
The other key physiological consequence is vulnerability to skin cancer, which is fatal when left untreated. (...) Some of the most pressing health issues faced by persons with albinism in Brazil revolve around varying degrees of visual impairment and high susceptibility to ultraviolet- induced skin damage, particularly skin cancer. Actinic damage and skin cancer occur early and have a high incidence in persons with albinism, often leading to premature death. The Independent Expert was informed that life expectancy among persons with albinism could be as low as 33 years of age owing to an absence of timely and quality preventive and curative care for skin cancer. Based on recent research, the prevalence of skin cancer in patients enrolled in studies of the Pro-Albino Programme was 26 per cent, which is similar to that found in persons with albinism by researchers in Tanzania (25 per cent) and South Africa (23 per cent).26 The same research indicated that persons with albinism in Brazil tend to face similar prejudice and stigma to those experienced by their counterparts in African countries. 60.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1269057.8 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/46/32/ADD.1&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS BY PERSONS WITH ALBINISM ON HER MISSION TO THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The best-known type is oculocutaneous albinism, which affects the skin, hair and eyes. Within this type are subtypes that may reflect varying degrees of melanin deficiency. (...) In addition, one of the most serious health implications of albinism is vulnerability to skin cancer, which is still a life-threatening condition for most persons with albinism in certain regions. (...) Furthermore, the hypervisibility and colouring of persons with albinism, along with the lesions that skin cancer often leaves on their skin, combined with a lack of general education on albinism, contribute to and strengthen the myths dehumanizing persons with albinism.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1235179.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/37/57/ADD.1&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, CIVIL, POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, INCLUDING THE RIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT :WRITTEN SUBMISSION BY THE NATIONAL COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS OF KENYA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
This in turn leaves most of them un-skilled and un-equipped for jobs and relegates them to menial work, including jobs that expose them to the sun and subsequently to skin cancer. In other cases, the vision impairment of persons with albinism has led to the assumption that they are all visually impaired. (...) This is highly commendable, given that skin cancer is the number one killer of persons with albinism in Sub Saharan Africa. (...) On the right to the highest attainable standard of health care, the Commission recommends that the government, should establish programmes to support initiatives for producing sun protection cream locally, facilitate free or low cost skin cancer treatment across the country for persons with albinism and provide free or low cost visual aids to enable persons with albinism to participate fully in all spheres of life. 8.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1197120 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...t?open&DS=A/HRC/40/NI/6&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS BY PERSONS WITH ALBINISM ON HER MISSION TO MALAWI : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Owing to the lack of melanin in persons with albinism, they are particularly vulnerable to skin cancer. In Malawi, skin cancer is a life-threatening condition for persons with albinism as there are few facilities for adequate medical interventions. (...) However, there are several effective and easy ways to prevent skin cancer, including the lifetime use of sun protection cream and sun protective clothing. (...) In addition, free access to dermatological care for persons with albinism is necessary to ensure that skin cancer is detected early and treatment readily provided. 73.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1167642.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/34/59/ADD.1&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
WRITTEN SUBMISSION BY THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND: EQUALITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION (EHRC) - NOTE BY THE SECRETARIAT
Research has shown that false positive and negative results from facial recognition software disproportionately affect ethnic minority groups, with an increased rate of failure for Black women.25 In the context of border control, similar issues have been identified after Freedom of Information requests to the HM Passport Office highlighted issues with the passport checker deployed at airports, which was less effective for people with “very light or very dark skin”.26 On this issue, the EHRC commented “[w]e are disappointed that the government is proceeding with the 17 Ibid. 18 Haringey Council (2020), Report of the Director for Customers, Transformations and Resources. 19 Colchester Borough Council (2020), Housing Benefit and Local Council Tax Support privacy notice. 20 Centre for Data Ethics and Innovation (2020), Independent report - Review into bias in algorithmic decision-making. 21 Ibid. 22 Global Witness (2021), How Facebook’s ad targeting may be in breach of UK equality and data protection laws. 23 BBC (2021), Facebook accused of allowing sexist job advertising. 24 Global Witness (2021), How Facebook’s ad targeting may be in breach of UK equality and data protection laws. 25 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Media Lab (2018), Gender Shades. 26 What do they know (2019), Freedom of Information request 'Skin colour in the Photo Checking Service'. A/HRC/48/NI/9 GE.21-13463 5 implementation of this technology despite evidence that it is more difficult for some people to use it based on the colour of their skin.”27 Concerns have been raised by private hire taxi drivers and couriers that have been publicised in media reporting.28 Many Uber drivers are required to take a real-time photograph of themselves for verification via facial recognition software before accessing the app. (...) Those most frequently referred to the triage system include Albania, India, Pakistan and 27 New Scientist (2019), UK launched passport photo checker it knew would fail with dark skin. 28 Wired (2021), Couriers say Uber’s ‘racist’ facial identification tech got them fired. 29 ITV (2021), Uber drivers claim they were fired after company's identification software failed to recognise their faces. 30 Joint Council for the Welfare of immigrants (2020), We won!
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1149641.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...t?open&DS=A/HRC/48/NI/9&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
RACISM, RACIAL DISCRIMINATION, XENOPHOBIA AND ALL FORMS OF DISCRIMINATION : REPORT
Consejo Económico y Social Distr. GENERAL E/CN.4/2000/16 10 de febrero de 2000 ESPAÑOL Original: ESPAÑOL/FRANCÉS/ INGLÉS COMISIÓN DE DERECHOS HUMANOS 56º período de sesiones Tema 6 del
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1147566.2 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...?open&DS=E/CN.4/2000/16&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
VISIT TO SOUTH AFRICA : REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS BY PERSONS WITH ALBINISM
The other key physiological consequence is vulnerability to skin cancer, which is fatal when left untreated. (...) Persons with albinism are highly vulnerable to skin cancer, which is a primary cause of early death in most persons with albinism. (...) At school, poor vision, skin problems, social exclusion and lack of appropriate accommodation impede their progress. 59.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1146349.5 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/43/42/ADD.1&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
LETTER DATED 24 JUNE 2016 FROM THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF AZERBAIJAN TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL
Such weapons cause severe, partial to full-thickness thermal and chemical burns upon contact with skin, often down to the bone. Absorbed through the skin A/HRC/32/G/17 GE.16-12656 3 white phosphorus can survive long enough in the human body to damage the heart, kidney or liver, leading to multiple organ failure or death.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1130796.5 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...t?open&DS=A/HRC/32/G/17&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS BY PERSONS WITH ALBINISM : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
. __________________ 2 Relebohile Phatoli, Nontembeko Bila y Eleanor Ross, “Being Black in a White Skin: Beliefs and stereotypes around albinism at a South African University”, in African Journal of Disability, vol. 4, Núm. 1 (2015). 3 Muthee Thuku, “Myths, Discrimination and the Call for Special Rights for Persons with Albinism in Sub-Saharan Africa”, enero de 2011. 4 Ibid. 5 Ibid. 6 Relebohile Phatoli, Nontembeko Bila y Eleanor Ross, “Being Black in a White Skin” (véase la nota 2). (...) También predomina el mito de que las personas con albinismo tienen una vida corta por naturaleza, lo que parece proporcionar una explicación de la frecuencia __________________ 14 Muthee Thuku, “Myths, Discrimination” (véase la nota 3). 15 Relebohile Phatoli, Nontembeko Bila y Eleanor Ross, “Being Black in a White Skin” (véase la nota 2). A/71/255 7/24 16-13196 relativamente alta de las muertes prematuras entre las personas con albinismo. (...) Onoja y Airahoubor, “Albinos: Tales of mockery, rejection” Newswatch, 18 de diciembre de 2006, citado en Charlotte Baker y otros, “The Myths Surrounding People with Albinism” (véase la nota 12). 17 Charlotte Baker y otros, “The Myths Surrounding People with Albinism” (véase la nota 12). 18 Ibid. 19 Relebohile Phatoli, Nontembeko Bila y Eleanor Ross, “Being Black in a White Skin” (véase la nota 2). 20 R. Onoja y Airahoubor, “Albinos: Tales of mockery, rejection”, Newswatch, 18 de diciembre de 2006, citado en Charlotte Baker y otros, “The Myths Surrounding People with Albinism” (véase la nota 12). 21 M.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1125484.8 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...sf/get?open&DS=A/71/255&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
LETTER DATED 2011/08/04 FROM THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF ERITREA TO THE UNITED NATIONS ADDRESSED TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL
En la actualidad, Etiopía busca la imposición de sanciones económicas y el aislamiento diplomático para impedir y frustrar los serios esfuerzos de Eritrea por tender la mano y contribuir a una estabilidad y una armonía duraderas en la región. (...) The tyrannical behaviour of the regime demonstrates that this pledge runs skin deep and does not show any sign S/2011/494 11-44598 12 of change, which makes all our efforts and sacrifices in vain.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1118632.5 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce.../get?open&DS=S/2011/494&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods