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CONSIDERATION OF PROPOSALS FOR REVISION OF STANDARDS : SHELLING PEAS AND BEANS : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
For mange-touts, the pods may have : - very slight skin defects - very slight defects of shape - very slight defects of colouring For shelling peas, the pods must be : - well filled, containing at least 5 seeds The peas must be: - well-formed - tender // For mange-touts, the peas if present must be : - underdeveloped or less developed For shelling peas, they must be : - succulent and sufficiently firm, i.e., when squeezed between two fingers they should become flat without disintegrating - at least half the full-grown size but not full-grown - of the colour typical of the variety - non-farinaceous - with the seminal tegument intact. (...) For mange-touts, the pods may have : - slight skin defects - slight defects in shape, including those due to the seed formation - slight defect in colouring - slight not progressive skin defects caused by pests - slight drying, excluding wilted and uncoloured pods. (...) They must be turgid and tender and in shape, development and colouring characteristic of the variety.
Language:English
Score: 1428274.9 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...=TRADE/WP.7/GE.1/1998/3&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
They must be: - turgid, easily snapped - very tender - practically straight - seedless and stringless - free from any defect Seeds, if present must be small and soft. (...) They must be : - turgid - young and tender with small soft seeds - practically free from skin defects - practically stringless except in the case of beans for slicing. (...) TRADE/WP.7/GE.1/2000/25/Add.3 page 4 FFV-06: Beans They must be: S reasonably tender S practically free of rust spots; except for needle beans which must be free from rust spots.
Language:English
Score: 1423953.1 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...gs/ge.01/document/20002502.pdf
Data Source: un
REPORT OF THE 46TH SESSION : ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE, COMMITTEE FOR TRADE, INDUSTRY AND ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT, WORKING PARTY ON STANDARDIZATION OF PERISHABLE PRODUCE AND QUALITY DEVELOPMENT, SPECIALIZED SECTION ON COORDINATION OF STANDARDIZATION OF FRESH FRUIT AND VEGETABLES, 46TH SESSION, GENEVA, 23 TO 26 MAY 2000 : ADDENDUM 2
They must be: - turgid, easily snapped - very tender - practically straight - seedless and stringless - free from any defect Seeds, if present must be small and soft. (...) They must be : - turgid - young and tender with small soft seeds - practically free from skin defects - practically stringless except in the case of beans for slicing. (...) They must be: S reasonably tender S practically free of rust spots; except for needle beans which must be free from rust spots.
Language:English
Score: 1420004.1 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...WP.7/GE.1/2000/25/ADD.2&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
Control and vaccination 1 Lumpy skin disease prevention, control, and awareness workshop Budapest, Hungary, 7-9 March 2017 1 Vaccination against Lumpy skin disease virus Eeva Tuppurainen, DVM, MSc, PhD, MRCVS Lumpy skin disease scientific expert FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia Lumpy skin disease prevention, control, and awareness workshop Budapest, Hungary, 7-9 March 2017 2 • Feasible control varies between geographical regions and farming practices – North versus South • In the field the first cases of LSD are not detected early enough for a stamping-out policy to be effective as a sole control measure • Skin lesions contain such a high titres of virus that vectors get swiftly contaminated and start to transmit the disease • Time window between infection and viraemia (1 to 5 days) during which there is no way to detect infected animals • Early stages and mild cases difficult to recognize even for the most experienced vets • Outbreaks are likely to start again in spring time - Skin lesions are well hidden under a long winter coat • Free-ranging beef cattle versus dairy cattle • Consequently a sufficient herd immunity needs to be in place! Why to vaccinate? 2 Lumpy skin disease prevention, control, and awareness workshop Budapest, Hungary, 7-9 March 2017 3 • Struggle to control cattle movements - Unauthorized cattle movements occur within affected countries and across the borders • Farmers may own grazing lands and families are divided on the both sides of the borders and price of cattle determinates the direction of transboundary movements • Transhumance and nomadic farming practices are difficult to suddenly halt and if prevented is likely to become swiftly an animal welfare issue • High cattle density in the village and communal grazing limit the efficacy of the short distance movement restrictions due to vector transmission • Cattle ID and vaccination record databases throughout the region are not yet leak-proof Harmonized regional vaccination campaigns provide best protection Lumpy skin disease prevention, control, and awareness workshop Budapest, Hungary, 7-9 March 2017 4 • In case a country is divided into vaccinated and non-vaccinated zones • Regional vaccination should be preferred to ring-vaccination • Limits of the vaccinated zones should be based on epidemiological and geographical parameters rather than the classical radius shape. • Vaccinate around infected farms and the holdings around slaughterhouses and temporary slaughter plants, animal markets and cattle collection and resting places • Protection and surveillance zones with radius (>50 km of diameter) appropriate for a vector-borne disease Where to vaccinate 3 Lumpy skin disease prevention, control, and awareness workshop Budapest, Hungary, 7-9 March 2017 5 • Only live vaccines currently available against LSDV – all of them require authorisation by the local authority for use in cattle • Inactivated vaccine in the pipeline • No DIVA vaccines – serology is of no use in surveillance in vaccinated population • A live pox vaccine generates more broad protective immunity than an inactivated one • However, inactivated vaccines could be used for cattle imported from disease-free regions • Vaccination with inactivated vaccine in a disease-free country of origin Live versus inactivated pox vaccines Lumpy skin disease prevention, control, and awareness workshop Budapest, Hungary, 7-9 March 2017 6 • Live homologous (attenuated LSDV containing) vaccines are known to provide good protection in cattle in case • Protection provided by non-homologue (SPPV against LSDV) vaccines needs to be demonstrated • SPPV/GTPV vaccines may be used for cattle against LSDV if combined with sufficient vaccination coverage (100%) and other appropriate control measures are in place • Importantly only a vaccine with demonstrated efficacy should be used – vaccine challenge experiment has been carried out at CODA CERVA, including all commercially available vaccines against LSD • SPPV/GTPV vaccine in regions where SPP and GTP are endemic Choosing a vaccine against LSDV 4 Lumpy skin disease prevention, control, and awareness workshop Budapest, Hungary, 7-9 March 2017 7 • LSDV containing vaccines: • LSDV Neethling strain by Onderstepoort Biological Products (OBP) • Attenuated LSDV field strain by MSD Animal Health • Onset of vaccination campaigns may be delayed because • A tendering process prior to purchase of vaccine -Price varies (approximately € 1.4-1.8) according to ordered amounts • Delays by the manufacturers • Feasible package size to suit the numbers of vaccinated animals to avoid waste of vaccines • OBP vaccine 25 and 50 doses vials • MSD Lumpyvax 10 and 100 doses vials • Are the vaccines produced according to Good Manufacturing Process (GMP) standards? (...) Lumpy skin disease prevention, control, and awareness workshop Budapest, Hungary, 7-9 March 2017 14 • Efficacy of the vaccine product and sufficient vaccination coverage (80-100%) • Capacities of veterinary services to carry out vaccination campaign • Electronic database including cattle ID/ vaccination/health records/ cattle movement history • The other supporting control/eradication measures and surveillance programmes • Control of cattle trade and movements • Stamping-out policy in place • Diagnostic capacity of national reference laboratory to investigate adverse reactions Success of the vaccination campaign depends on 8 Lumpy skin disease prevention, control, and awareness workshop Budapest, Hungary, 7-9 March 2017 15 • Are annual vaccinations really required?
Language:English
Score: 1415874.2 - https://www.fao.org/fileadmin/...2017/LSD_bp/d2/Tuppurainen.pdf
Data Source: un
DRAFT NEW UNECE STANDARD FOR DUCK MEAT - CARCASSES AND PARTS / SUBMITTED BY CHINA
ECE/TRADE/C/WP.7/GE.11/2008/7 Page 7 Bone code (data field 3a) Category Description 3 Boneless Product has all bones removed 4 – 9 Codes not used 3.3.3 Skin Duck carcases and parts vary in presentation for skin as follows: Skin code (data field 3b) Category Description 0 Not specified 1 Skin-on Product with skin (figure 1) 2 Skinless Product with all skin removed (figure 2) 3 – 9 Codes not used Figure 1: Whole Bird with Skin Figure 2: Boneless Skinless Breast Meat 3.4 Refrigeration Refrigeration used in this Standard refers to methods used for reducing the internal temperature of a food product for the purposes of preservation and microbial control. (...) The head and neck with skin, feet, gizzard, heart and liver are removed. (...) The head and neck with skin, paws, gizzard, heart and liver are removed.
Language:English
Score: 1397568.8 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...ADE/C/WP.7/GE.11/2008/7&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
CONSIDERATION OF PROPOSALS FOR REVISION OF STANDARDS : BEANS : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
They must be : - tugid - very tender - practically straight - seedless and stringless - free from defects. (...) They must be : - turgid - young and tender with small soft seeds - practically free from skin defects - practically stringless except in the case of beans for slicing. (...) They must be // reasonably tender. The seeds must not be too large and remain soft.
Language:English
Score: 1383836.3 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce.../WP.7/GE.1/1998/3/ADD.1&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
REPORT OF THE 54TH SESSION : ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE, COMMITTEE FOR TRADE, INDUSTRY AND ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT, WORKING PARTY ON STANDARDIZATION OF PERISHABLE PRODUCE AND QUALITY DEVELOPMENT : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
They must be: - turgid, easily snapped - very tender - practically straight - seedless and stringless - free from any defect. (...) They must be : - turgid - young and tender with small soft seeds - practically free from skin defects - practically stringless except in the case of beans for slicing. (...) They must be reasonably tender. Seeds should not be too large and remain soft.
Language:English
Score: 1383836.3 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...TRADE/WP.7/1998/9/ADD.2&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
REPORT OF THE 57TH SESSION : ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE, COMMITTEE FOR TRADE, INDUSTRY AND ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT, WORKING PARTY ON STANDARDIZATION OF PERISHABLE PRODUCE AND QUALITY DEVELOPMENT, 57TH SESSION, GENEVA, 12 TO 14 NOVEMBER 2001 : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
They must be: - turgid, easily snapped - very tender - practically straight - stringless. (...) They must be : - turgid - young and tender - practically stringless except in the case of beans for slicing. (...) They must be: S reasonably tender S free from rust spots in the case of needle beans.
Language:English
Score: 1376653.1 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...TRADE/WP.7/2001/9/ADD.1&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
REPORT OF THE 56TH SESSION : ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE, COMMITTEE FOR TRADE, INDUSTRY AND ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT, WORKING PARTY ON STANDARDIZATION OF PERISHABLE PRODUCE AND QUALITY DEVELOPMENT, 56TH SESSION, GENEVA, 6 TO 8 NOVEMBER 2000 : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
They must be: - turgid, easily snapped - very tender - practically straight - stringless Seeds, if present must be small and soft. (...) They must be : - turgid - young and tender - practically stringless except in the case of beans for slicing. (...) They must be: S reasonably tender S practically free of rust spots; except for needle beans which must be free from rust spots.
Language:English
Score: 1376653.1 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...RADE/WP.7/2000/11/ADD.2&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
GE.10-23388 Econo
They must be: (a) Turgid, easily snapped; (b) Very tender; (c) Practically straight; (d) Stringless. 10. (...) They must be: (a) Turgid; (b) Young and tender; (c) Practically stringless except in the case of beans for slicing. 14. (...) They must be: (a) Reasonably tender; (b) Free from rust spots in the case of needle beans. 18.
Language:English
Score: 1362514.2 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...RADE/C/WP.7/GE.1/2010/7&Lang=E
Data Source: ods