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The IAAF has asserted that there is a substantial performance advantage bestowed on women with naturally high testosterone levels, and thus these regulations appear to restrict women with specific differences of sex development, androgen sensitivity and levels of naturally occurring testosterone that are higher than 5nmol/L from competition in the female category based on their natural physical traits/sex characteristics. (...) Physical and bodily integrity The regulations require women athletes with differences in sex development who have natural testosterone levels that are higher than 5nmol/L to lower their testosterone level for a period of 6 months prior to a competition and continuously thereafter so as to be eligible to compete. (...) Sex Health and Athletes, British Medical Journal 348:g29264. 6 Lowering testosterone levels is also possible through the use of, i.e.: hormonal contraceptives.
Language:English
Score: 2147911 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...ealth/Letter_IAAF_Sept2018.pdf
Data Source: un
Contact reproductivehealth@who.int http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/en/ Study on sperm suppression using Norethisterone enanthate and testosterone undecanoate Objectives and Background Overall goal: The study was designed to address the following primary objectives: 1. (...) Background: The study was designed to evaluate whether the combination of a progestin, norethisterone enantate (NET-EN), and an androgen, testosterone undecanoate (TU), represents a safe and effective method of male fertility regulation. (...) The suppression phase was to initiate a status of decreased sperm count and activity to a level which would be considered as contraceptive.
Language:English
Score: 1945161 - https://www.who.int/reproducti...cts/HRX4_Sperm-suppression.pdf
Data Source: un
INTERSECTION OF RACE AND GENDER DISCRIMINATION IN SPORT : REPORT OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
Taking into account the concerns raised in Human Rights Council resolution 40/5, the present report provides an analysis of the human rights impact of sports regulations and practices that require women and girl athletes with so-called differences in sex development – meaning variations in sex characteristics4 – whose bodies produce specified (higher-than- typical) levels of endogenous testosterone and are sensitive to androgens, to medically reduce their testosterone levels. (...) These regulations restricted the permissible amount of naturally occurring testosterone in female athletes and required them to undergo interventions to lower their testosterone to specified levels in order to compete.55 IOC has issued its own version of such regulations.56 29. (...) A/HRC/44/26 8 characteristics to reduce their blood testosterone to a specified level so as to maintain eligibility to compete in the female category. 32.
Language:English
Score: 1694341.8 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...get?open&DS=A/HRC/44/26&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
ELIMINATION OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS IN SPORT :RESOLUTION / ADOPTED BY THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL ON 21 MARCH 2019
Elimination of discrimination against women and girls in sport The Human Rights Council, Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, Reaffirming the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and recalling the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Convention on the Rights of the Child and all other relevant international human rights instruments, Recalling Human Rights Council resolutions 32/4 of 30 June 2016, 33/9 of 29 September 2016, 34/19 of 24 March 2017, 35/18 of 22 June 2017, 37/18 of 23 March 2018 and 38/1 of 5 July 2018, and all relevant resolutions on the elimination of racial discrimination and of discrimination against women and girls adopted by the Council, the General Assembly and other United Nations agencies and bodies, Recalling also General Assembly resolution 70/1 of 27 September 2015, entitled “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”, and the Sustainable Development Goals enshrined therein, including, inter alia, those pertaining to reducing inequality based on race and gender, Recognizing that racial discrimination does not always affect women and men equally or in the same way, and that some forms of racial discrimination have a unique and specific impact on women, and the need for explicit recognition and acknowledgement of the different life experiences of women, Recognizing also the potential value of sport as a universal language that contributes to educating people on the values of respect, dignity, diversity, equality, tolerance and fairness and as a means to combat all forms of discrimination and to promote social inclusion for all, Recognizing further the imperative need to engage women and girls in the practice of sport and to enhance, to this end, their participation in sporting events at the national and international levels, Noting with concern that many women and girls face multiple and intersecting forms of stigma and discrimination in sport, and are still subjected to discriminatory laws and United Nations A/HRC/RES/40/5 General Assembly Distr.: General 4 April 2019 Original: English A/HRC/RES/40/5 2 practices based on their race and gender, and that States have an obligation to ensure and promote a broader framework of substantive equality for women and girls, Noting with concern also that the eligibility regulations for the female classification published by the International Association of Athletics Federations that came into effect on 1 November 2018 may not be compatible with international human rights norms and standards, including the rights of women with differences of sex development, and concerned that there may have been a lack of legitimate and justifiable evidence for the regulations to the extent that they may not be reasonable and objective, and lack proportionality between their aim and the measures proposed, Noting the interim arbitral award issued on 24 July 2015 by the Court of Arbitration for Sport, according to which many variables were legitimately associated with performance in sports, including a range of physical and biological traits, as well as social and economic factors, 1. Expresses concern that regulations, rules and practices that require women and girl athletes with differences of sex development, androgen sensitivity and levels of testosterone to medically reduce their blood testosterone levels may contravene international human rights norms and standards, including the right to equality and non- discrimination, the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, the right to sexual and reproductive health, the right to work and to the enjoyment of just and favourable conditions of work, the right to privacy, the right to freedom from torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, and full respect for the dignity, bodily integrity and bodily autonomy of the person; 2.
Language:English
Score: 1672007.4 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...?open&DS=A/HRC/RES/40/5&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
ELIMINATION OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS IN SPORT : DRAFT RESOLUTION / ESWATINI, MOZAMBIQUE, SOUTH AFRICA, ZAMBIA, ZIMBABWE
.: Limited 20 March 2019 Original: English A/HRC/40/L.10/Rev.1 2 Recognizing further the imperative need to engage women and girls in the practice of sport and to enhance, to this end, their participation in sporting events at the national and international levels, Noting with concern that many women and girls face multiple and intersecting forms of stigma and discrimination in sport, and are still subjected to discriminatory laws and practices based on their race and gender, and that States have an obligation to ensure and promote a broader framework of substantive equality for women and girls, Noting with concern also that the eligibility regulations for the female classification published by the International Association of Athletics Federations that came into effect on 1 November 2018 are not compatible with international human rights norms and standards, including the rights of women with differences of sex development, and concerned at the absence of legitimate and justifiable evidence for the regulations to the extent that they may not be reasonable and objective, and that there is no clear relationship of proportionality between the aim of the regulations and the proposed measures and their impact, Recalling the interim arbitral award issued on 24 July 2015 by the Court of Arbitration for Sport, according to which many variables were legitimately associated with performance in sports, including a range of physical and biological traits, as well as social and economic factors, 1. Expresses concern that discriminatory regulations, rules and practices that may require women and girl athletes with differences of sex development, androgen sensitivity and levels of testosterone to medically reduce their blood testosterone levels contravene international human rights norms and standards, including the right to equality and non- discrimination, the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, the right to sexual and reproductive health, the right to work and to the enjoyment of just and favourable conditions of work, the right to privacy, the right to freedom from torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and harmful practices, and full respect for the dignity, bodily integrity and bodily autonomy of the person; 2.
Language:English
Score: 1661794.5 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...&DS=A/HRC/40/L.10/REV.1&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
ELIMINATION OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS IN SPORT : DRAFT RESOLUTION / SOUTH AFRICA
Expresses concern that discriminatory regulations, rules and practices that may require women and girl athletes with differences in sex development, androgen sensitivity and levels of testosterone to reduce their blood testosterone levels medically contravene international human rights norms and standards, including the right to equality, the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, the right to sexual and reproductive health, the right to employment, the right to privacy, the right to freedom from torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and harmful practices, and full respect for the dignity, bodily integrity and bodily autonomy of the person; 2.
Language:English
Score: 1653214.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...t?open&DS=A/HRC/40/L.10&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
FOLLOW-UP TO THE 4TH WORLD CONFERENCE ON WOMEN AND TO THE 23RD SPECIAL SESSION OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY, ENTITLED "WOMEN 2000 : GENDER EQUALITY, DEVELOPMENT AND PEACE FOR THE 21ST CENTURY" : STATEMENT / SUBMITTED BY PATHWAYS TO PEACE, WOMENU+2019S INTERCULTURAL NETWORK AND WOMENU+2019S WORLD SUMMIT FOUNDATION
The conference would raise awareness that the planet and humanity need to have women involved at every level for there to be peace and sustainability in the world. (...) This contrasts to men’s “fight or flight” physiological adrenaline and testosterone response to stress, which increases aggression and competitiveness. For peace and sustainability, political decisions and budgets need to be more oxytocin-influenced and less testosterone-driven; for Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) to be effective, gender equality and women’s empowerment are requirements. 8.
Language:English
Score: 1622724.8 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...n&DS=E/CN.6/2011/NGO/10&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
Promote Standards: Promote global awareness/acceptance of ATIS-STEP (Sustainability in Telecom: Energy and Protection Committee) Standards 2 Current Activities: Sustainability (General) Halifax, 31 Oct – 3 Nov 2011 ICT Accessibility for All 2 Current Activities: Sustainability (STEP-TEE) ATIS’ Sustainability in Telecom: Energy and Protection (STEP) subcommittees and working groups work: The Telecommunications Energy Efficiency Subcommittee (STEP-TEE) develops standards and technical reports which define energy efficiency metrics, measurement techniques and new technologies, as well as operational practices for telecommunications components, systems and facilities. These measures allow for apples-to-apples energy efficiency comparisons of equipment/network-elements. 3 Halifax, 31 Oct – 3 Nov 2011 ICT Accessibility for All 3 Current Activities (Cont.): Sustainability (STEP-TEE) Current and Upcoming work Items in STEP-TEE: Released 6 Standards outlining measurement methods for calculating telecommunication equipment energy ratio (TEER). (...) This document exclusively focuses on those issues specific to Pb-free assembly and the introduction of Pb-free components into circuit packs, and does not address requirements for product specific qualification. 18 ATIS Hazardous Waste Standards Halifax, 31 Oct – 3 Nov 2011 ICT Accessibility for All 18 STEP Issues (Work Items) STEP Issue 074: Power Consumption Reduction through Energy Efficiency Improvements in Telecom Systems TEE STEP Issue 088: Acceptance Criteria for Pb-free Modules in Telecommunications Network Equipment (NPP) STEP Issue 091: Telecommunications Power Terminations (NPS) STEP Issue 099: Airborne Contamination (Mixed Flowing Gas and Hygroscopic Dust) Requirements for Network Telecommunications Equipment Utilized in Central Office and Outside Plant Environments (NPP) STEP Issue 108R1: Wireline Access Asymmetric Broadband Equipment Energy Efficiency Standard TEE STEP Issue 109: Optical Access Network Equipment Energy Efficiency Standard TEE STEP Issue 110: NPP Standards and their Contribution to Sustainability Initiatives (NPP) STEP Issue 112: DC Power System Architectures for Evolving Networks (NPS) STEP Issue 113: Distributed Refrigerant Cooling Infrastructure (NPP) STEP Issues page: http:// www.atis.org/step/issues.asp 19 Halifax, 31 Oct – 3 Nov 2011 ICT Accessibility for All 19
Language:English
Score: 1535512.5 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/g...openplenary/GSC16-PLEN-69.pptx
Data Source: un
Taking into account the concerns raised in Human Rights Council resolution 40/5, the present report provides an analysis of the human rights impact of sports regulations and practices that require women and girl athletes with so-called differences in sex development – meaning variations in sex characteristics[footnoteRef:6] – whose bodies produce specified (higher-than-typical) levels of endogenous testosterone and are sensitive to androgens, to medically reduce their testosterone levels. [6: Variations in sex characteristics, or “intersex”, is an umbrella term used to describe a wide range of innate bodily variations in sex characteristics. (...) These regulations restricted the permissible amount of naturally occurring testosterone in female athletes and required them to undergo interventions to lower their testosterone to specified levels in order to compete. (...) Female eligibility regulations may push some athletes to undergo investigations, tests and interventions, for example to lower testosterone levels, which may have negative physical and mental health impacts.
Language:English
Score: 1520325 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...Documents/A_HRC_44_26_AEV.docx
Data Source: un
One-sided limits are used for neonatal serum thyroid stimulating hormone levels, where action is taken only if values are too high (Koduah et al., 2004).
Language:English
Score: 1514836.7 - https://www.who.int/reproducti...fertility/cooper_et_al_hru.pdf
Data Source: un