REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON MINORITY ISSUES : ADDENDUM
insecurity is reportedly a growing problem for some African Canadians. High levels of
poverty are a significant factor contributing to a higher incidence of poor health among
32. (...) These trends are
replicated within certain Asian communities, including the Chinese community, where
significantly higher than average educational attainment is not translated into average levels
of skilled, high-income or executive employment and workplace mobility. (...) Unemployment (16.5 per cent) among Muslim women is more than double the rate
(7.2 per cent) for all women, despite their significantly higher levels of graduate education
and professional qualifications.
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE QUESTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND EXTREME POVERTY, MAGDALENA SEPULVEDA CARMONA : ADDENDUM
Ensuring minimum essential levels of economic, social and cultural rights .. 27–29 8
C. (...) In this context, the
independent expert is concerned about the low level of taxation in Ireland, indeed lower
than most other European countries.18 Low levels of domestic taxation revenue can be a
major obstacle to a State’s ability to meet obligations to realize economic, social and
cultural rights. (...) Ensuring minimum essential levels of economic, social and cultural
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN, ITS CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES, RASHIDA MANJOO :ADDENDUM
This is particularly the case for women with low
educational levels or with little working experience, given the country’s current economic
environment. (...) The Gender Equality Law establishes a minimal 40 per cent representation of
women in State bodies at all levels of authority, including the legislative, executive and
judicial authorities at State, entity, cantonal and municipal levels. (...) It
was drafted by a multi-sectoral working group and aims to ensure harmonized and adequate
coordination between authorities and NGOs at State and entity levels. The Strategy
includes four specific goals which combine objectives from the entity-level strategic plans
on Domestic Violence.
VISIT TO ZIMBABWE :REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF UNILATERAL COERCIVE MEASURES ON THE ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS, ALENA DOUHAN
Maternal mortality ratios also deteriorated from 2000 to 2010,
registering a peak in 686 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2004.32 Current levels improved
from 960 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in 2010–2011 to 614 in 2014, albeit below
levels in sub-Saharan Africa and far from the Sustainable Development Goal target of less
than 70 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births by 2030. (...) In addition, official
development assistance levels increased significantly from roughly $278 million in 2006 to
$1.002 billion in 2012. (...) In the public sector, vacancy rates reached unacceptable levels for professions
providing essential public services.50
1 Global, regional, and national levels and trends in maternal mortality between 1990 and 2015, with scenario-based projections to 2030: a systematic analysis by the UN Maternal Mortality Estimation Inter-Agency Group.
(...) Lancet Global Health. 2014;2(6): e323-e333.
5 Levels and Trends in Child Mortality. Report 2015.
IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF THE COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY : INTERIM REPORT OF THE GROUP OF EXPERTS : NOTE : ADDENDUM / BY THE SECRETARIAT
stakeholders is already under way at various levels under different programmes.
The GoE has to rely on second-hand information (...)
• Develop methodologies appropriate to the scale of the assessment (e.g. strategies
based on land survey and data collection at the local level; and strategies based
primarily on remote sensing (RS) and geographic information system (GIS) at
national to global levels). (...)
• Assessments all too often are addressed at inappropriate scales.
• At all levels, baselines are frequently not considered or available
SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN COLOMBIA : REPORT OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
Preventing human rights violations requires
strengthening the State’s capacity at the national and local levels and guaranteeing greater
inclusion of civil society and local communities. (...) Such causes generate
high levels of multidimensional poverty and engender illegal economic activities,
controlled or fought over by criminal groups, hence also generating endemic levels of
violence.1 Most cases persist in rural areas or in those classified by decree No. 1650 (2017)
as “areas most affected by the armed conflict”.
19. (...) A/HRC/40/3/Add.3
levels of higher education, while the salary gap is 18.7 per cent.
NOTE VERBALE DATED 12 SEPTEMBER 2013 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF CAMBODIA TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
The Royal Government has encouraged public forum in order to gather inputs of
citizens at all levels and from all political affiliation in social development. (...)
• Within the judiciary, tribunals exist at all levels and have independent power to
ensure the impartiality and the protection of all rights and freedoms of citizens
from abuses (...)
• Competent authorities and tribunals at all levels are tasked to investigate all cases.
REPORTS SUBMITTED BY STATES PARTIES UNDER ARTICLE 9 OF THE CONVENTION : INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATIONI : 13TH PERIODIC REPORTS OF STATES PARTIES DUE IN 2007 : CHINA
Article 9 of the REAL revised in 2001 stipulates: “State organs at higher levels and the
organs of self-government of ethnic autonomous areas shall uphold and develop the socialist
relationship of equality, unity and mutual assistance among all of China’s ethnic groups.
(...) Article 59 of the Organic Law of Local People’s Congresses and Local People’s
Governments at All Levels revised at the 12th meeting of the 10th NPC Standing Committee on
27 October 2004 had a paragraph added: All local people’s governments at and above the county
level shall “guarantee the rights and respect the customs and habits of ethnic minorities, help
areas where people of ethnic minorities live in compact communities practice regional autonomy
according to the Constitution and laws and help all the ethnic minorities in their political,
economy and cultural development.”
22. (...) By the end of 2006, the central budget and local governments at all levels had
altogether invested 1.581 billion yuan in this respect.
VISIT TO NORWAY : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE ISSUE OF HUMAN RIGHTS OBLIGATIONS RELATING TO THE ENJOYMENT OF A SAFE, CLEAN, HEALTHY AND SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENT
Norway has an Ombudsman for Children and a
Parliamentary Ombudsman who protect citizen’s rights in their dealings with all levels of
C. Economy and political structure
17. (...) A/HRC/43/53/Add.2
levels; and the 2050 target is to reduce emissions by 80 to 95 per cent below 1990 levels.
(...) Because electricity in Norway is relatively green, plentiful and inexpensive,
consumption levels are very high, approaching 30,000 kilowatt-hours per household