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untitled 11 Migrant Entrepreneurship: Migrant Entrepreneurship: An OverviewAn Overview HaniaHania ZlotnikZlotnik Population DivisionPopulation Division Department of Economic and Social AffairsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs United NationsUnited Nations 22 Migrant entrepreneurship as a source of Migrant entrepreneurship as a source of selfself--employmentemployment In many countries, migrants are In many countries, migrants are more likely to be entrepreneurial more likely to be entrepreneurial than nativesthan natives Migrants are also more likely to be Migrants are also more likely to be selfself--employed than nativesemployed than natives SelfSelf--employment includes employment includes entrepreneurship, but is not entrepreneurship, but is not equivalent to itequivalent to it 33 Percentage selfPercentage self--employed among employed among foreignforeign--born workersborn workers 0 5 10 15 20 25 Au st ra lia Au st ria Be lg ium Cz ec h R. .. (...) Ne th er lan ds No rw ay Po rtu ga l Sp ain Sw ed en Sw itz er lan d UKUS A 1999 2004 44 SelfSelf--employedemployed The selfThe self--employed include a number of employed include a number of highlyhighly--skilled professional migrants whose skilled professional migrants whose earnings are generally high (lawyers, earnings are generally high (lawyers, physicians, architects etc)physicians, architects etc) In the USA, controlling for the presence of In the USA, controlling for the presence of selfself--employed professionals, the selfemployed professionals, the self-- employed have higher earnings than those employed have higher earnings than those of salaried workers with similar of salaried workers with similar characteristicscharacteristics 55 Virtues of entrepreneurshipVirtues of entrepreneurship Migrants Migrants ““createcreate”” their own jobstheir own jobs Migrant entrepreneurs provide goods Migrant entrepreneurs provide goods and services that might not exist or and services that might not exist or be limited in their absence be limited in their absence (especially in regard to services)(especially in regard to services) Migrant entrepreneurs may generate Migrant entrepreneurs may generate additional employmentadditional employment They can promote trade with They can promote trade with countries of origincountries of origin 66 Other potentially positive effectsOther potentially positive effects Entrepreneurship has moderate returns Entrepreneurship has moderate returns but the potential of generating high but the potential of generating high returnsreturns It gives a modicum of independence to It gives a modicum of independence to migrantsmigrants Migrant enterprises are training ground for Migrant enterprises are training ground for new waves of migrantsnew waves of migrants Enterprises in ethnic enclaves contribute Enterprises in ethnic enclaves contribute to the cohesion of the communityto the cohesion of the community 77 Factors that underpin migrant Factors that underpin migrant entrepreneurshipentrepreneurship Higher tolerance to risk among migrants Higher tolerance to risk among migrants than among nativesthan among natives Cohesiveness of extended familiesCohesiveness of extended families For migrants from For migrants from LDCsLDCs, larger families , larger families provide more sources of provide more sources of labourlabour for a small for a small businessbusiness Community solidarity provides access to Community solidarity provides access to creditcredit Community ties can lead to migrant Community ties can lead to migrant dominance in certain activitiesdominance in certain activities 88 Why is entrepreneurship increasing Why is entrepreneurship increasing among migrants? (...) Entrepreneurship in receiving countries is Entrepreneurship in receiving countries is beneficial for the migrant and most beneficial for the migrant and most probably for the host community (job probably for the host community (job generation, provision of goods and generation, provision of goods and services)services) Countries of origin derive benefits form Countries of origin derive benefits form expansion of tradeexpansion of trade Return migration could be made more Return migration could be made more beneficial by promoting beneficial by promoting entrepreneurshipentrepreneurship
Language:English
Score: 537632.03 - https://www.un.org/en/developm...n/ZLOTNIK-entrepreneurship.pdf
Data Source: un
Compare the hazards. In addition to the general guidance, the following question may need to be addressed: Are there important groups of soil organisms present in the local situation (e.g. essential for degradation of organic matter, or representing a large fraction of soil biomass) which are known to be more sensitive to this pesticide (or pesticides in general) than the organisms included in the reference risk assessment. (...) Also, pesticides applied directly to the soil (sprayed or incorporated) tend to result in higher exposure of soil organisms than products sprayed at the same application rate to a dense crop. Furthermore, pesticides applied in row treatments tend to contaminate a smaller surface of the soil than products applied as full cover treatments. And for seed treatments, a closer sowing spacing will generally result in a higher exposure level of soil organisms.
Language:English
Score: 537505.8 - https://www.fao.org/pesticide-...ds/method-detail/en/c/1300676/
Data Source: un
Search Close Search UNICEF Fulltext search Max Press release Landmark intergenerational poll shows both young and old in Mali agree that children deserve to have their voices heard Both generations believe it’s very important for politicians to listen to children’s voices when making decisions, according to a UNICEF-Gallup international survey of more than 21,000 children and adults, including 1,000 in Mali. 18 November 2021 NEW YORK and BAMAKO, 18 November 2021  – Children and young people are nearly 50 per cent more likely globally than older people to believe that the world is becoming a better place with each generation, according to a new international survey by UNICEF and Gallup released ahead of World Children’s Day. (...) It surveyed more than 21,000 people across two age cohorts or generations (15-24 years old and 40 years old and up) in 21 countries, including Mali. (...) In Mali more than 80 per cent of people [AC2]   across generations who had heard of and correctly defined climate change believe government should take significant action to address climate change.
Language:English
Score: 537412.4 - https://www.unicef.org/mali/en...ld-mali-agree-children-deserve
Data Source: un
Compare the hazards. In addition to the general guidance, the following question may need to be addressed: Are there important groups of soil organisms present in the local situation (e.g. essential for degradation of organic matter, or representing a large fraction of soil biomass) which are known to be more sensitive to this pesticide (or pesticides in general) than the organisms included in the reference risk assessment. (...) Also, pesticides applied directly to the soil (sprayed or incorporated) tend to result in higher exposure of soil organisms than products sprayed at the same application rate to a dense crop. Furthermore, pesticides applied in row treatments tend to contaminate a smaller surface of the soil than products applied as full cover treatments. And for seed treatments, a closer sowing spacing will generally result in a higher exposure level of soil organisms.
Language:English
Score: 536587.4 - https://www.fao.org/pesticide-...ds/method-detail/ar/c/1300676/
Data Source: un
Compare the hazards. In addition to the general guidance, the following question may need to be addressed: Are there important groups of soil organisms present in the local situation (e.g. essential for degradation of organic matter, or representing a large fraction of soil biomass) which are known to be more sensitive to this pesticide (or pesticides in general) than the organisms included in the reference risk assessment. (...) Also, pesticides applied directly to the soil (sprayed or incorporated) tend to result in higher exposure of soil organisms than products sprayed at the same application rate to a dense crop. Furthermore, pesticides applied in row treatments tend to contaminate a smaller surface of the soil than products applied as full cover treatments. And for seed treatments, a closer sowing spacing will generally result in a higher exposure level of soil organisms.
Language:English
Score: 536587.4 - https://www.fao.org/pesticide-...ds/method-detail/ru/c/1300676/
Data Source: un
PURITY Loss on drying (Vol. 4) Not more than 30% at 135º together with chloride and sulfate calculated as sodium salts Determine using Loss on Drying under “GENERAL METHODS”, Chloride as Sodium Chloride and Sulfate as Sodium Sulfate under “SPECIFIC METHODS, Food Colours” in Volume 4. Water-insoluble matter (Vol. 4) Not more than 0.2% Subsidiary colouring matters Information required Organic compounds other than colouring matters Information required Unsulfonated primary aromatic amines (Vol. 4) Not more than 0.01% calculated as aniline (See Volume 4 under “SPECIFIC METHODS, Food Colours”) Ether-extractable matter (Vol. 4) Not more than 0.2% (See Volume 4 under “SPECIFIC METHODS, Food Colours, Method II”) Use 2 g of sample for the test. (...) The selection of sample size and method of sample preparation may be based on the principles of the method described in Volume 4 (under “General Methods, Metallic Impurities”). Zinc (Vol. 4) Information required TESTS PURITY TESTS Subsidiary colouring matters (Vol. 4) Information required Organic compounds other than colouring matters Information required METHOD OF ASSAY Determine using Colouring Matters Content by Spectrophotometry in Volume 4 (under “Specific Methods, Food Colours).
Language:English
Score: 536582.57 - https://www.fao.org/fileadmin/...nograph11/additive-371-m11.pdf
Data Source: un
Ballot papers with more than one box marked, or bearing any mark other than "X" inside a box, or bearing any mark whatsoever outside the boxes, shall be considered as invalid and shall not be counted. (...) Each delegation should indicate on its ballot paper the names of the candidates it supports by placing an "X" in the boxes against no more than two candidates for regions A, B and C and no more than three candidates for regions D and E. (...) Ballot papers bearing any mark other than an "X" inside a box or any mark whatsoever outside the boxes shall be considered as invalid and shall not be counted.
Language:English
Score: 535404 - https://www.itu.int/plenipoten...ions/elections_procedures.html
Data Source: un
Management of joint-stock company shall lie with a board of directors which is made up of not less than three and not more than seven members, but in case the capital of the company is more than Yemeni Rials 20,000,000 the number of members of the board of directors may be increased up to eleven. 4 To be eligible for membership of board of directors, a candidate must be a shareholder. (...) The number of partners must not be less than two and not more than twenty-five. Limited Liability Company can not do business in the field of insurance, savings or banking. (...) The articles of association shall state the minimum of the said capital, provided that it is not less than Yemeni Rials 1,000,000 and it is fully paid up by the establishment of the company.
Language:English
Score: 535374.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/th..._e/yem_e/WTACCYEM4A1_LEG_9.pdf
Data Source: un
The Humanitarian Needs Overview is an extremely comprehensive assessment of the detailed needs of the people of Yemen. It reflects more than a hundred earlier assessments. We also collected new data from nearly 7,000 locations in 331 of Yemen’s 333 districts, and we conducted more than 22,000 interviews. (...) Secondly, we are asking you to pledge generously, this morning, but it also matters how you implement your pledges. 2 Last year, more than 99 percent of what was promised was delivered. (...) In particular, it enabled us to reduce the number of districts from more than a hundred to less than fifty at famine risks because we could have a coordinated response.
Language:English
Score: 535336.13 - https://www.unocha.org/sites/unocha/files/USG_Yemen.pdf
Data Source: un
Dairy production and products: Social and gender issues FAO.org العربية english français Español Gateway to dairy production and products Production Processing Products Socio-economics Resources Events The dairy chain Institutions Markets and trade Economics Social and gender issues Smallholders in the value chain Dairy development Social and gender issues It is estimated that more than 750 million people around the world are engaged in milk production. The dairy sector provides more employment per unit of milk production in developing than in developed countries. This is mainly because developed countries have more technology-intensive and less labour-intensive production systems. (...) In many developing countries, dairying provides higher returns to small-scale farmers than crops, and generates more employment opportunities than other food value chains.
Language:English
Score: 535173.97 - https://www.fao.org/dairy-prod...s/social-and-gender-issues/ar/
Data Source: un