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DRAFT AMENDMENT TO ATP ON PROCEDURES FOR TESTING AND APPROVAL OF MULTI-COMPARTMENT MULTI-TEMPERATURE VEHICLES / TRANSMITTED BY THE GOVERNMENT OF FRANCE ; NOTE BY THE SECRETARIAT
The application of each set of operating conditions shall be preceded by a thermostatic check, without additional heating other than that produced by the unit to be tested, in order to identify the type of operation and regulation of the test unit. (...) T1 (°C) Wo1 (watts) T2 (°C) Wo2 (watts) T3 (°C) Wo3 (watts) 1 - 20 - 20 - 20 2 0 0 0 3 + 12 + 12 + 12 4 - 20 0 + 12 Possible, impossible or thermostat-controlled (*) 5 0 + 12 - 20 Possible, impossible or thermostat-controlled (*) 6 + 12 - 20 0 Possible, impossible or thermostat-controlled (*) E = evaporators (2, 3 or X as the case may be) No. = test number (*) = delete as necessary T1 = temperature inside first room-calorimeter T2 = temperature inside second room-calorimeter T3 = temperature inside third room-calorimeter Wo1 = effective refrigerating capacity supplied by first evaporator Wo2 = effective refrigerating capacity supplied by second evaporator Wo3 = effective refrigerating capacity supplied by third evaporator Table No. 1 shows the values measured in specific operating conditions. (...) Its purpose is to monitor only the correct thermostatic operation of the thermal appliances with which each compartment is equipped.
Language:English
Score: 1394664.1 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...pen&DS=TRANS/WP.11/R.62&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
DRAFT AMENDMENT TO ATP ON PROCEDURES FOR TESTING AND APPROVAL OF MULTI-COMPARTMENT MULTI-TEMPERATURE VEHICLES / TRANSMITTED BY THE GOVERNMENT OF FRANCE ; NOTE BY THE SECRETARIAT
The application of each set of operating conditions shall be preceded by a thermostatic check, without additional heating other than that produced by the unit to be tested, in order to identify the type of operation and regulation of the test unit. (...) T1 (°C) Wo1 (watts) T2 (°C) Wo2 (watts) T3 (°C) Wo3 (watts) 1 - 20 - 20 - 20 2 - 10 - 10 - 10 3 0 0 0 4 12 12 12 5 - 20 0 12 Possible, impossible or thermostat-controlled (*) 6 0 12 - 20 Possible, impossible or thermostat-controlled (*) 7 12 - 20 0 Possible, impossible or thermostat-controlled (*) E = evaporators (2, 3 or X as the case may be) No. = test number (*) = delete as necessary T1 = temperature inside first room-calorimeter T2 = temperature inside second room-calorimeter T3 = temperature inside third room-calorimeter Wo1 = effective refrigerating capacity supplied by first evaporator Wo2 = effective refrigerating capacity supplied by second evaporator Wo3 = effective refrigerating capacity supplied by third evaporator Table No. 1 shows the values measured in specific operating conditions. (...) Example: RRC/FRC/IRX/Expiration date (month/year) Approval of a vehicle equipped with a multi-evaporator unit or thermal appliance containing an intermediate wall equipped with a thermostatically controlled fan shall be indicated by the letter X.
Language:English
Score: 1388114.2 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...pen&DS=TRANS/WP.11/R.53&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
REPORT ON THE MAJOR MERCURY-CONTAINING PRODUCTS AND PROCESSES, THEIR SUBSTITUTES AND EXPERIENCE IN SWITCHING TO MERCURY-FREE PRODUCTS AND PROCESSES
This section includes thermostats with a mercury switch, and the two non-mercury alternatives: thermostats with a mechanical switch, and electronic thermostats. (...) Energy efficiency is often a very important thermostat attribute for thermostat selection. As a thermostat turns heating/cooling equipment on and off, the room temperature will vary above and below the desired temperature. (...) Thermostat models with a differential of 4 degrees F or less and anticipator control are available for mercury thermostats, thermostats with a mechanical switch, and electronic thermostats.
Language:English
Score: 1371251.9 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...DTIE)/HG/OEWG.2/7/ADD.1&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
UNITED NATIONS
In 2001, 68.3 tons of mercury had been contained in switches, relays and thermostats sold in the United States. In 2004, available data indicated that 60 tons of mercury had been contained in switches, relays, flame sensors and thermostats sold in United States. Recent estimates, from 2007, indicated that 31.4 tons of mercury had been contained in switches, relays and thermostats sold in the United States. Thus, recent trends indicated a 54 per cent decline in domestic consumption of mercury in switches, relays and thermostats since 2001, whereas, from 2000 to 2005, global consumption in that category had increased by 23 per cent. 39. (...) Mercury-free alternatives for switches, relays, thermostats and flame sensors were widely available.
Language:English
Score: 1358379.6 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...=ECE/EB.AIR/WG.5/2010/9&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
WORLDWIDE HARMONIZED HEAVY DUTY ON-BOARD DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEMS : PROPOSAL FOR A DRAFT CORRIGENDUM TO GTR NO. 5 / SUBMITTED BY THE CHAIRMAN OF THE FORMER WORKING GROUP ON WORLDWIDE HARMONIZED HEAVY DUTY ON-BOARD DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEMS
Page 75, Annex 3, Appendix 2, the title should read: Module B - Annex 3 – Appendix 2 DPF SYSTEM Page 85, Annex 3, Appendix 12, the first paragraph should read (adding a separator after the word "thermostat"): The OBD system shall monitor the following elements of the engine cooling system for proper operation: (a) Engine coolant temperature (thermostat): Stuck open thermostat. Manufacturers need not monitor the thermostat if its failure will not disable any other OBD monitors - total functional failure.
Language:English
Score: 1356323.9 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...RANS/WP.29/GRPE/2009/13&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
. • Temperature sensors found in both markets in thermostats. • Motion sensors driven by HVAC and lighting control in smart buildings. • Smart grid is driven by magnetic, temperature and flow sensors in smart electricity, water and gas meters. 4 Industrial Sensor by Type 5 Inertial Environment Industrial Sensor by Type • Some of the fast growing Industrial Sensors are • Pressure: features prominently in medical equipment, smart cities (for weather stations), and drones/robotics. • Motion: used in smart homes and buildings to control lighting systems and heating, ventilation & air conditioning (HVAC), and in smart cities to track outdoor motion to trigger street lights and cameras. • Image: used for security cameras in smart homes & buildings, smart cities, and drones & robotics. • Humidity: used increasingly in smart thermostats, as well as for weather stations in smart cities and in smart agriculture. • Gas: CO2 sensors used in smart buildings and medical applications, while particle and gas sensors are used in smart cities 6 Industrial IoT and Ecosystem • The below image show case the complete eco-system from components to consumer 7                                                                 -                       -                 Source: IHS Markit – Smart Manufacturing Intelligent Service 2017 Asset Management (1/3) • Asset tracking is monitoring the condition of valuable items while they are in the process of shipment or if they are difficult to track • The primary sensors that go into the asset tracking are • Temperature & Humidity • To record the temperature and humidity in which the shipment is sent • Pressure • Condition of the shipment under which it sent • Motion • Did not move beyond a permissible limit • Light • Was the light allowed 8 Asset Management (2/3) • There is a transition from data logger where data can be extracted at the destination to continuous retrieval of data a interval • Different types of connectivity • Low power asset tags with sensors and short range connectivity (RFID/BLE) • Low power asset tags with sensors and long range connectivity (LoRA, Sigfox) • Location is the king.
Language:English
Score: 1333685.5 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/R...tCity/ALTTC_Industrial_IoT.pdf
Data Source: un
GLOBAL REGISTRY CREATED ON 18 NOVEMBER 2004, PURSUANT TO ARTICLE 6 OF THE AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE ESTABLISHING OF GLOBAL TECHNICAL REGULATIONS FOR WHEELED VEHICLES, EQUIPMENT AND PARTS ... : GLOBAL TECHNICAL REGULATION NO. 5, TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS FOR ON-BOARD DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEMS (OBD) FOR ROAD VEHICLES : CORRIGENDUM
Page 75, Annex 3, Appendix 2 The title should read Module B - Annex 3 – Appendix 2 DPF SYSTEM Page 85, Annex 3, Appendix 12 The first paragraph should read The OBD system shall monitor the following elements of the engine cooling system for proper operation: (a) Engine coolant temperature (thermostat): Stuck open thermostat. Manufacturers need not monitor the thermostat if its failure will not disable any other OBD monitors - total functional failure
Language:English
Score: 1330015.9 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce.../TRANS/180/ADD.5/CORR.1&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
PROPOSAL FOR CORRIGENDUM 1 TO GTR NO. 5, ON-BOARD DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEMS FOR ROAD VEHICLES / SUBMITTED BY THE WORKING PARTY ON POLLUTION AND ENERGY
Page 75, Annex 3, Appendix 2 The title should read Module B - Annex 3 – Appendix 2 DPF SYSTEM Page 85, Annex 3, Appendix 12 The first paragraph should read The OBD system shall monitor the following elements of the engine cooling system for proper operation: (a) Engine coolant temperature (thermostat): Stuck open thermostat. Manufacturers need not monitor the thermostat if its failure will not disable any other OBD monitors - total functional failure
Language:English
Score: 1323999.3 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...CE/TRANS/WP.29/2009/113&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF EXISTING ALTERNATIVES TO MERCURY-BASED PRODUCTS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES
$12 Liquid-in-glass: A – Cost D – Size (larger), unknown toxicity of “liquid” Digital: A – Faster reading, digital features (signal, recall) D – External power source Thermometers (non-fever, industrial/commercial) 6 ≤0.005–≥11 Hg: $10–$60 Bimetal: $6–$138 Liquid-filled: $2–$138 Digital: $14–$260 Infrared: $92–$270 Bimetal: A – None identified D – Requires calibration, perception (Hg standard) Liquid-filled: A – None identified D – Requires calibration, column separation, perception (Hg standard) Digital: A – Accuracy, easy to read D – Requires calibration, perception (Hg standard) Infrared: A – Accuracy, easy to read D – Requires calibration, perception (Hg standard) (non-fever, industrial/commercial) • Barometers • Psychrometers /hygrometers Barometers Not available 300–622 (Environment Canada) (lower Hg: $100–$1000 Aneroid: Aneroid: UNEP(DTIE)/Hg/INC.2/12 6 Product category Product Known manufacturers Hg content per unit (g)3 Alternatives/cost per unit Advantages (A) and disadvantages (D) bound) $100–$1000 Digital: $25–$300 A – Cost D – None identified Digital: A – Field programmable, cost D – None identified Psychrometers/hygrometers Not available 0.01–6 Hg: $24–$300 Spirit-filled: $30–$80 Digital: $15–$60 Spirit-filled: A – cost D – None identified Digital: A – Accuracy, cost D – Requires calibration Thermostats (residential) ≤6 0.01 –4: 3–18 (Environment Canada) Hg: $18–$87 Digital: $21–$295 Digital: A – Programmable, energy-efficient D – None identified ThermostatsThermostats (residential) • Thermostats (industrial/commercial) Thermostats (industrial/commercial) Not available 0.01 –≥1 3–18 (Environment Canada) Hg: $65–$350 Digital: customized Digital: A – None identified D – May not be suitable for extreme environments Mercury-added components Relays/switches • Float switches • Tilt/vibration switches • Pressure switches • Temperature switches • Relays/contactors Float switches • Air conditioner • Hot water heater • Septic tank • Boiler • Pump control • Waste treatment 12 (2003) ≥0.1–67 (IMERC fact sheet) Hg: $15–$150 Mechanical: $10–$150 Magnetic dry reed: $6–$500 Mechanical: A – Reliability, durability, lifetime, can be hermetically sealed, no swing area D – None identified Magnetic dry reed: A – Lifetime, small/narrow enclosures D – Low contact rating, requires clean environment UNEP(DTIE)/Hg/INC.2/12 7 Product category Product Known manufacturers Hg content per unit (g)3 Alternatives/cost per unit Advantages (A) and disadvantages (D) Optical: $120–$400 Conductivity: $40–$800 Metallic ball: $17–$170 Sonic/ultrasonic: $150–$600 Pressure transmitter: $825 Thermal: $87 Capacitance: $150–$500 Optical: A – Unaffected by liquid colour density, very slight hysteresis, high repeatability, high chemical resistance D – Cost Conductivity: A – No moving parts, reliability, colour/hydrocarbon sensitive D – Requires conductive liquid environment Metallic ball: A – Lifetime D – Susceptible to shock/vibration, required swing area Sonic/ultrasonic: A – Accuracy, appropriate for non-conductive/viscous liquids, easily removed/cleaned D – Requires rigid mounting Pressure transmitter: A – Reliability, appropriate where no electrical power or hazardous conditions D – None identified Thermal: A – Appropriate for caustic liquids, not affected by moderate build-up D – Not suitable for high temperature or high viscosity Capacitance: A – No moving parts, chemical and vibration resistant D – Not suitable for high viscosity. UNEP(DTIE)/Hg/INC.2/12 8 Product category Product Known manufacturers Hg content per unit (g)3 Alternatives/cost per unit Advantages (A) and disadvantages (D) Tilt/vibration switches • Home security • Clothing iron • Space heater • Medical equipment (X-ray machine, magnetic resonance imaging scanner) • Precision measuring device 8 (2003) 0.05–1 (IMERC fact sheet) Hg: $2–$300 Metallic ball: $1–$11 Electrolytic: $5–$50 Potentiometer: $0.25–$300 Mechanical: $100–$350 Solid-state: $100–$250 Capacitance: $80–$250 Metallic ball: A – Suited for high electromagnetic interference, lifetime D – Susceptible to shock/vibration Electrolytic: A – Repeatability, stability, accuracy, extreme environments, requires low power D – Complex Potentiometer: A – Cost, reliability, lifetime, compact D – None identified Mechanical: A – Reliability, lifetime, compact D – None identified Solid-state: A – Accuracy, high resolution, responsiveness, temperature range, lifetime, resistant to shock/vibration D – Cost Capacitance: A – Accuracy, stability, requires low power D – None identified Pressure switches • Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning equipment • Tyre pressure device • Vacuum cleaner • Hydraulic system • Furnaces 1 (2003) 1–20 (Environment Canada) Hg: $150–$170 Mechanical: $40–$600 Mechanical: A – Accuracy, reliability, lifetime, resistant to shock/vibrations D – None identified UNEP(DTIE)/Hg/INC.2/12 9 Product category Product Known manufacturers Hg content per unit (g)3 Alternatives/cost per unit Advantages (A) and disadvantages (D) • Medical equipment Solid-state: $200–$350 Solid-state: A – Accuracy, temperature range, lifetime, field programmable, no contact bounce D – Susceptible to shock/temperature/power spike Temperature switches • Thermostat • Boiler • Home security • Refrigeration equipment • Power generator • Ventilating equipment 1 (2003) 1–10 (Environment Canada) Hg: $150–$250 Mechanical: $8–$600 Solid-state: $350–$600 Mechanical: A – Reliability, lifetime, high inductive load D – None identified Solid-state: A – Accuracy, repeatability, reliability, field programmable, requires low power, no calibration D – Cost Relays/Contactors • Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning equipment • Alarm system • Lighting equipment • Commercial aircraft equipment • Telecommunications equipment • Manufacturing equipment 10 (2003) 0.001–≥153 (IMERC fact sheet) Hg: $10–$150 Dry magnetic reed: $2–$15 Electromagnetic: $1–$35 Solid-state: $1–$150 Silicon-controlled: $30–$150 Dry magnetic reed: A – Lifetime, rapid cycling, mounting, contact resistance D – Susceptible to electromagnetic interference/shock, contact bounce Electromagnetic: A – cost, resistant to electromagnetic interference/high temperature D – Lifetime Solid-state: A – Lifetime, resistant to electromagnetic interference/high temperature D – Susceptible to shock/high temperature Silicon-controlled: A – Responsive, control, requires low maintenance/power UNEP(DTIE)/Hg/INC.2/12 10 Product category Product Known manufacturers Hg content per unit (g)3 Alternatives/cost per unit Advantages (A) and disadvantages (D) Hybrid: $40–$140 D – Cost Hybrid: A – Lifetime, silent, resistant to high temperature D – Availability Measurement/control devices Flame sensors • Flame sensors • Gas boiler • Gas range/oven 9 (2003) Approx. 1 (Environment Canada) Hg: $300–$1,000 Electronic ignition: $300–$1,000 Electronic ignition A – None identified D – Requires electricity. _____________________
Language:English
Score: 1312343.75 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...=UNEP(DTIE)/HG/INC.2/12&Lang=E
Data Source: ods