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Nuptiality / Marital fertility rates 2. Wanted / Unwanted fertility - Wanted: Limiting / Spacing - Unwanted: Non-use / Discontinuation / Failure 3. (...) Nuptiality / Marital fertility rates 2. Wanted / Unwanted fertility - Wanted: Limiting / Spacing - Unwanted: Unmet Need / Discontinuation / Failure 3. (...) Decomposing Fertility Differences Wanted or Unwanted Fertility? Wanted or Unwanted Fertility? Wanted Fertility: Limiting Wanted Fertility: Spacing Change in Unwanted Fertility: Sources Conclusion 2.
Language:English
Score: 1420482.9 - https://www.un.org/en/developm...ts/pdf/expert/15.5/Elzeini.pdf
Data Source: un
They mirror the extent of unmet need for effective contraception either to delay pregnancies and space births (mistimed fertility) or to stop childbearing (unwanted fertility). (...) If contraception 5-4 is introduced to such a population, and the contraception is 100% effective, then, the actual unwanted fertility is equal to the product of the proportion of married women who are not using contraceptives after completing their desired family size. (...) At this stage, the most popular contraceptive methods are likely to be effective but temporary methods. Secondly, we expect the level of unwanted fertility to increase, reflecting a downward trends in fertility preference.
Language:English
Score: 1409101.1 - https://www.un.org/en/developm...ents/pdf/expert/3/adetunji.pdf
Data Source: un
According to the research, Latin America and the Caribbean stands out globally for its high rates of unwanted pregnancies among adolescents. In addition to this, there is a sustained and significant increase in unplanned/unwanted adolescent fertility. (...) And in several countries, it has been more pronounced among adolescent girls from lower socioeconomic brackets. These trends in unwanted adolescent fertility aggravate its effects and, in addition, constitute a crucial policy argument to support public intervention in the matter, from a rights perspective. (...) The publication indicates that this lack of sex education is even more worrisome if one considers the consensus regarding its status as a tool to prevent unwanted pregnancy. Finally, the document affirms that other actors must support adolescent girls and boys.
Language:English
Score: 1284609.6 - https://www.cepal.org/en/news/...mong-latin-american-adolescent
Data Source: un
UGANDA: ALTERNATIVE POPULATION PROJECTIONS FOR 2005- 2050 AND POPULATION GROWTH COMPONENTS 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 1950 2000 2050 2100 P o p u la ti o n s iz e (m il li o n s) Effect of: -- Unwanted fertility -- High desired family size -- Young age structure Standard projection SOURCE: BONGAARTS, JOHN. 2012. (...) LIBERIA: ALTERNATIVE POPULATION PROJECTIONS FOR 2005- 2050 AND POPULATION GROWTH COMPONENTS 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1950 2000 2050 2100 P o p u la ti o n s iz e (m il li o n s) Effect of: -- Unwanted fertility - -High desired family size - - Young age structure Standard projection SOURCE: BONGAARTS, JOHN. 2012. (...) BANGLADESH: ALTERNATIVE POPULATION PROJECTIONS FOR 2005- 2050 AND POPULATION GROWTH COMPONENTS 0 50 100 150 200 250 1950 2000 2050 2100 P o p u la ti o n s iz e (m il li o n s) Effect of: - -Unwanted fertility - -High desired family size - - Young age structure Standard projection SOURCE: BONGAARTS, JOHN. 2012.
Language:English
Score: 1277487.1 - https://www.un.org/en/developm.../pdf/other/7/amin_20150122.pdf
Data Source: un
ITU-R S Series Recommendations: New Documents ITU-R S Series Recommendations: New Documents Recently Posted Recommendations [ S.2131-1 (01/2022) ] - Method for the determination of performance objectives for satellite hypothetical reference digital paths using adaptive coding and modulation Method for the determination of performance objectives for satellite hypothetical reference digital paths using adaptive coding and modulation [ SA.1027-6 (08/2019) ] - Sharing criteria for space-to-Earth data transmission systems in the Earth exploration-satellite and meteorological-satellite services using satellites in low-Earth orbit Sharing criteria for space-to-Earth data transmission systems in the Earth exploration-satellite and meteorological-satellite services using satellites in low-Earth orbit [ SA.2142-0 (12/2021) ] - Methodologies for calculating coordination areas around Earth exploration satellite and space research earth stations to avoid harmful interference from IMT-2020 systems in the frequency bands 25.5-27 GHz and 37-38 GHz Methodologies for calculating coordination areas around Earth exploration satellite and space research earth stations to avoid harmful interference from IMT-2020 systems in the frequency bands 25.5-27 GHz and 37-38 GHz [ SA.2141-0 (12/2021) ] - Characteristics of space research service systems in the frequency range 14.8-15.35 GHz Characteristics of space research service systems in the frequency range 14.8-15.35 GHz [ SM.2139-0 (08/2021) ] - Test procedure for determining the accuracy of TDOA systems Test procedure for determining the accuracy of TDOA systems [ SM.2140 (08/2021) ] - Performance evaluation of mobile direction finders in operational environment Performance evaluation of mobile direction finders in operational environment [ SM.575-3 (08/2021) ] - Protection of fixed monitoring stations against interference from nearby or stong transmitters Protection of fixed monitoring stations against interference from nearby or stong transmitters [ SM.1392-3 (02/2021) ] - Essential requirements for a spectrum monitoring system for developing countries Essential requirements for a spectrum monitoring system for developing countries [ SM.2138-0 (02/2021) ] - Test procedure for measuring monitoring system field strength measurement accuracy in the VHF/UHF frequency range Test procedure for measuring monitoring system field strength measurement accuracy in the VHF/UHF frequency range [ SM.1809-0 (04/2007) ] - Standard data exchange format for frequency band registrations and measurements at monitoring stations Standard data exchange format for frequency band registrations and measurements at monitoring stations [ SM.2028-0 (09/2012) ] - Protection distance calculation between inductive systems and radiocommunication services using frequencies below 30 MHz Protection distance calculation between inductive systems and radiocommunication services using frequencies below 30 MHz [ SM.852-0 (03/92) ] - Sensitivity of radio receivers for class of emissions F3E Sensitivity of radio receivers for class of emissions F3E [ SM.853-1 (10/97) ] - Necessary bandwidth Necessary bandwidth [ SM.856-1 (03/97) ] - New spectrally efficient techniques and systems New spectrally efficient techniques and systems [ SM.1009-1 (10/95) ] - Compatibility between the sound-broadcasting service in the band of about 87-108 MHz and the aeronautical services in the band 108-137 MHz Compatibility between the sound-broadcasting service in the band of about 87-108 MHz and the aeronautical services in the band 108-137 MHz [ SM.1045-1 (07/97) ] - Frequency tolerance of transmitters Frequency tolerance of transmitters [ SM.1056-1 (04/2007) ] - Limitation of radiation from industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) equipment Limitation of radiation from industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) equipment [ SM.1132-2 (07/2001) ] - General principles and methods for sharing between radiocommunication services or between radio stations General principles and methods for sharing between radiocommunication services or between radio stations [ SM.1134-1 (02/2007) ] - Intermodulation interference calculations in the land-mobile service Intermodulation interference calculations in the land-mobile service [ SM.1140-0 (10/95) ] - Test procedures for measuring aeronautical receiver characteristics used for determining compatibility between the sound-broadcasting service in the band of about 87-108 MHz and the aeronautical services in the band 108-118 MHz Test procedures for measuring aeronautical receiver characteristics used for determining compatibility between the sound-broadcasting service in the band of about 87-108 MHz and the aeronautical services in the band 108-118 MHz [ SM.1235-0 (03/97) ] - Performance functions for digital modulation systems in an interference environment Performance functions for digital modulation systems in an interference environment [ SM.1271-0 (10/97) ] - Efficient spectrum utilization using probabilistic methods Efficient spectrum utilization using probabilistic methods [ SM.1370-2 (08/2013) ] - Design guidelines for developing automated spectrum management systems Design guidelines for developing automated spectrum management systems [ SM.1446-0 (04/2000) ] - Definition and measurement of intermodulation products in transmitter using frequency, phase, or complex modulation techniques Definition and measurement of intermodulation products in transmitter using frequency, phase, or complex modulation techniques [ SM.1535-0 (07/2001) ] - The protection of safety services from unwanted emissions The protection of safety services from unwanted emissions [ SM.1539-1 (11/2002) ] - Variation of the boundary between the out-of-band and spurious domains required for the application of Recommendations ITU-R SM.1541 and ITU-R SM.329 Variation of the boundary between the out-of-band and spurious domains required for the application of Recommendations ITU-R SM.1541 and ITU-R SM.329 [ SM.1540-0 (07/2001) ] - Unwanted emissions in the out-of-band domain falling into adjacent allocated bands Unwanted emissions in the out-of-band domain falling into adjacent allocated bands [ SM.1541-6 (08/2015) ] - Unwanted emissions in the out-of-band domain Unwanted emissions in the out-of-band domain [ SM.1542-0 (07/2001) ] - The protection of passive services from unwanted emissions The protection of passive services from unwanted emissions [ SM.1633-0 (06/2003) ] - Compatibility analysis between a passive service and an active service allocated in adjacent and nearby bands Compatibility analysis between a passive service and an active service allocated in adjacent and nearby bands [ SM.1755-0 (05/2006) ] - Characteristics of ultra-wideband technology Characteristics of ultra-wideband technology [ SM.1757-0 (05/2006) ] - Impact of devices using ultra-wideband technology on systems operating within radiocommunication services Impact of devices using ultra-wideband technology on systems operating within radiocommunication services [ SM.1879-2 (08/2013) ] - The impact of power line high data rate telecommunication systems on radiocommunication systems below 470 MHz The impact of power line high data rate telecommunication systems on radiocommunication systems below 470 MHz [ SM.326-7 (11/98) ] - Determination and measurement of the power of amplitude-modulated radio transmitters Determination and measurement of the power of amplitude-modulated radio transmitters [ SM.328-11 (05/2006) ] - Spectra and bandwidth of emissions Spectra and bandwidth of emissions [ SM.329-12 (09/2012) ] - Unwanted emissions in the spurious domain Unwanted emissions in the spurious domain [ SM.331-4 (07/78) ] - Noise and sensitivity of receivers Noise and sensitivity of receivers [ SM.332-4 (07/78) ] - Selectivity of receivers Selectivity of receivers [ SM.337-6 (10/2008) ] - Frequency and distance separations Frequency and distance separations [ SM.1756-0 (05/2006) ] - Framework for the introduction of devices using ultra-wideband technology Framework for the introduction of devices using ultra-wideband technology [ SM.1896-1 (09/2018) ] - Frequency ranges for global or regional harmonization of short-range devices Frequency ranges for global or regional harmonization of short-range devices [ SM.1599-1 (02/2007) ] - Determination of the geographical and frequency distribution of the spectrum utilization factor for frequency planning purposes Determination of the geographical and frequency distribution of the spectrum utilization factor for frequency planning purposes [ SM.1751-0 (05/2006) ] - An additional methodology for the evaluation of the effect of interference between radiocommunication networks operating in a shared frequency band An additional methodology for the evaluation of the effect of interference between radiocommunication networks operating in a shared frequency band [ SM.1265-1 (07/2001) ] - National alternative allocation methods National alternative allocation methods [ SM.1266-0 (07/97) ] - Adaptive MF/HF systems Adaptive MF/HF systems [ SM.1413-4 (09/2017) ] - Radiocommunication Data Dictionary for notification and coordination purposes Radiocommunication Data Dictionary for notification and coordination purposes [ SM.668-1 (03/97) ] - Electronic exchange of information for spectrum management purposes Electronic exchange of information for spectrum management purposes [ SM.855-1 (10/97) ] - Multi-service telecommunication systems Multi-service telecommunication systems [ SM.1047-2 (09/2012) ] - National spectrum management National spectrum management [ SM.1049-1 (10/95) ] - A method of spectrum management to be used for aiding frequency assignment for terrestrial services in border areas A method of spectrum management to be used for aiding frequency assignment for terrestrial services in border areas
Language:English
Score: 1277276.3 - http://www.itu.int/dms_pages/itu-r/rec/s/R-REC-S-RSS.xml
Data Source: un
Search Close Search UNICEF Fulltext search Max Blog post Early marriage and its devastating effects A blog post on the harm child marriage is inflicting on girls May Modong, 15 years old UNICEFSouthSudan/Ryeng 30 September 2020 Taking a child for early marriage when she is still young may lead to lack of health, lack of care, unwanted pregnancies and she might be overburdened with domestic work. (...) It will be a problem because she is fearing due to the lack of care. Unwanted pregnancies When you take your child for early marriage, she will become pregnant and later on and she may give birth through surgery or she may die in the process of giving birth which is not good. (...) The COVID-19 has made it worse with increased rates of unwanted pregnancies and high crime rates. During this pandemic, many girls have become pregnant because they know that this year is a wasted year- no need for them to go back to school.
Language:English
Score: 1262615.6 - https://www.unicef.org/southsu...ge-and-its-devastating-effects
Data Source: un
Unwanted fertility Survey data on unwanted fertility show that the fraction of births that were unwanted increased during the 1990s, from 15.9 per cent in 1993 to 18.2 per cent in 1998. (...) Otherwise, significant reliance on natural family planning without an increase in its effectiveness means either a continued relatively high level of unwanted fertility and/or recourse to clandestine abortion, with the attendant risks to the health and well- being of women. (...) We believe that it is highly unlikely that induced abortion will become a common means of avoiding unwanted births in the near future. Hence, the prevention of unwanted births depends on the use of effective means of family planning by couples who wish to avoid pregnancies.
Language:English
Score: 1260465.6 - https://www.un.org/en/developm...pert/4/costello-casterline.pdf
Data Source: un
The EEOC has defined sexual harassment in its guidelines as: Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature when: • Submission to such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of an individual's employment, or • Submission to or rejection of such conduct by an individual is used as a basis for employment decisions affecting such individual, or • Such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual's work performance or creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive working environment. (...) SDC IP .73 1992 manual Sexual harassment includes many things... • Actual or attempted rape or sexual assault. • Unwanted pressure for sexual favors. • Unwanted deliberate touching, leaning over, cornering, or pinching. • Unwanted sexual looks or gestures. • Unwanted letters, telephone calls, or materials of a sexual nature. - { PAGE } - • Unwanted pressure for dates. • Unwanted sexual teasing, jokes, remarks, or questions. • Referring to an adult as a girl, hunk, doll, babe, or honey. • Whistling at someone. • Cat calls. • Sexual comments. • Turning work discussions to sexual topics. • Sexual innuendos or stories. • Asking about sexual fantasies, preferences, or history. • Personal questions about social or sexual life. • Sexual comments about a person's clothing, anatomy, or looks. • Kissing sounds, howling, and smacking lips. • Telling lies or spreading rumors about a person's personal sex life. • Neck massage. • Touching an employee's clothing, hair, or body. • Giving personal gifts. • Hanging around a person. • Hugging, kissing, patting, or stroking. • Touching or rubbing oneself sexually around another person. • Standing close or brushing up against a person. • Looking a person up and down (elevator eyes). • Staring at someone. • Sexually suggestive signals. • Facial expressions, winking, throwing kisses, or licking lips. • Making sexual gestures with hands or through body movements. - { PAGE } - {PRIVATE}Examples VERBAL • Referring to an adult as a girl, hunk, doll, babe, or honey • Whistling at someone, cat calls • Making sexual comments about a person's body • Making sexual comments or innuendos • Turning work discussions to sexual topics • Telling sexual jokes or stories • Asking about sexual fantasies, preferences, or history • Asking personal questions about social or sexual life • Making kissing sounds, howling, and smacking lips • Making sexual comments about a person's clothing, anatomy, or looks • Repeatedly asking out a person who is not interested • Telling lies or spreading rumors about a person's personal sex life NON-VERBAL • Looking a person up and down (Elevator eyes) • Staring at someone • Blocking a person's path • Following the person • Giving personal gifts • Displaying sexually suggestive visuals • Making sexual gestures with hands or through body movements • Making facial expressions such as winking, throwing kisses, or licking lips PHYSICAL • Giving a massage around the neck or shoulders - { PAGE } - • Touching the person's clothing, hair, or body • Hugging, kissing, patting, or stroking • Touching or rubbing oneself sexually around another person • Standing close or brushing up against another person {PRIVATE}Terminology SEXISM is an attitude.
Language:English
Score: 1252293.2 - https://www.un.org/womenwatch/osagi/pdf/whatissh.pdf
Data Source: un
Other dangers arise when unwanted pesticides and containers are disposed of inappropriately. (...) Pesticide suppliers should ensure that effective product stewardship systems are in place. (...) It may, therefore, be more effective to direct information and training to women because, even if they do not use pesticides themselves, they often pass the message on more effectively to those who do.
Language:English
Score: 1252145.9 - https://www.fao.org/fileadmin/...esticides/docs/small_qties.pdf
Data Source: un
Physical violence - intentional harm to body integrity or health by hitting, pushing, slamming, pulling hair, stabbing, cutting, burning, strangling, biting, in any form and of any intensity, by poisoning, intoxication, other actions with similar effect ; UNICEF Moldova Violence does not always leave bruises Psychological violence - the imposition of will or personal control, provocation of states of tension and mental suffering through offenses, ridicule, swearing, insults, nicknames, blackmail, demonstrative destruction of objects, verbal threats, ostentatious display of weapons or hitting domestic animals; imposing solitary confinement through detention, including in the family home; isolation from family, community, friends; prohibition of professional achievement, the prohibition of attending the educational institution; the dispossession of identity documents; intentional deprivation of access to information; other actions with similar effect; UNICEF Moldova 2020 Sexual violence - any sexual violence or any illegal sexual conduct, sexual harassment; any unwanted, imposed sexual conduct; forcing prostitution; any illegal sexual behavior in relation to the child, including by stroking, kissing, posing, and other unwanted sexual touches; other actions with similar effect; UNICEF Moldova Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior among school-aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. (...) UNICEF Moldova Economic violence - deprivation of economic means, such as food, medicine, basic necessities; abuse of superiority in various situations, prohibition of the right to own, use and dispose of the common good; refusal to materially support the child; imposition on hard and harmful work to the detriment of health, other actions with similar effect. UNICEF Moldova According to UNICEF, one of the key issues of violence against children, especially as regards verbal and psychological abuse (shouting, humiliating or threatening), as well as some forms of corporal punishment (slapping or hair pulling) is that the those who commit them do not see a problem.  Related topics #ENDviolence Violence against children Gender based violence Republic of Moldova More to explore Page Strengthened Gender Action in Cahul and Ungheni districts Project funded by the European Union, co-financed by the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women Visit the page Article When ‘home’ doesn’t necessarily mean safe Or the invisible effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on children Read the story Article How children and families are supported during the pandemic Child Support Services Amidst the Pandemic Read the story Press release 30 December 2020 Child Helpline: How does it work, who is on the other side of the phone, and how COVID-19 influenced the situation of children in Moldova (EVA) Visit the page Footer Home page What we do Data and research News and stories Our partners Take action Career opportunities Procurement opportunities Like us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter!
Language:English
Score: 1249807.4 - https://www.unicef.org/moldova...ding-violence-against-children
Data Source: un