Home

关于 51 - 60 结果 553,790unwanted effects. 搜索用时 11.426 秒.  
按日期排序/按关联排序
REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE WARSAW INTERNATIONAL MECHANISM FOR LOSS AND DAMAGE ASSOCIATED WITH CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
All existing legislation enables links between dealing with the adverse effects of climate change and risk management (including disaster risk management). (...) Figure 15 shows the proportion of the respondent countries that have legislation related to the adverse effects of climate change, including slow onset events. Figure 15 Percentage of the respondent countries that have legislation related to the adverse effects of climate change, including slow onset events
语言:中文
得分: 891035.1 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...?open&DS=FCCC/SB/2017/1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE IMPLICATIONS FOR HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES AND WASTES ON HIS MISSION TO GERMANY : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
One of the most innovative features of recent changes to European Union pesticides laws is the prohibition on the use of certain pesticides linked with cancer, reproductive effects, hormone (endocrine) disruption and other adverse health effects, and certain physical properties. (...) One of the greatest obstacles for victims who are harmed by hazardous substances to access an effective remedy is the often insurmountable burden placed on them to prove causation between their exposure and the adverse effects that are alleged to be a result of that exposure. (...) Bayer stated its commitment to enabling remediation in case of any adverse effects on health and safety. 85. BASF shared its February 2011 group position on human rights and provided an update of how it was incorporating human rights and the Guiding Principles into its core processes. 86.
语言:中文
得分: 889732.3 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/33/41/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE HUMAN RIGHT TO SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION, CATARINA DE ALBUQUERQUEADDENDUM : MISSION TO TUVALU (17-19 JULY 2012)
The issue of inequality is of particular concern with regard to the adverse effects of climate change because the impact of climate change, and the resources for addressing these impacts, are unevenly distributed”.29 C. (...) Many of the challenges regarding access to water and sanitation and discussed in the previous sections pre-existed the effects of climate change in Tuvalu. However, climate change is increasing and will further increase vulnerability to climatic events such as cyclones and drought33 and hence exacerbate water scarcity, saltwater intrusions, sea level rise and frequency of extreme weather events. (...) Some families have lost land due to coastal erosion and some have lost pulaka pits – one of the main sources of nutrition – due to saltwater intrusion.37 Increase in temperature and shortage of freshwater, among other effects, could lead to increased risk of many infectious diseases, particularly water- , food- and vector- borne diseases such as severe diarrhoea.38 Indeed, climate change is slowly but steadily impacting Tuvaluans’ human rights to water and sanitation.
语言:中文
得分: 884630.4 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/24/44/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS, CHALOKA BEYANI :ADDENDUM
In addition to Male, the Special Rapporteur had the opportunity to visit sites of displacement affected by the 2004 tsunami on the island of Meemu Kolhufushi, and the island of Shaviyani Komandoo, which is experiencing the effects of climate change. In this context, he met with affected communities, local civil society groups and island councils. 3. (...) The Special Rapporteur believes that preparedness must also include putting in place policy, legal and institutional frameworks, which are founded on a human rights-based approach and in line with international standards, to address, manage and minimize the effects of eventual internal displacement at all stages. 38. (...) While generous, it was also found that this had negative effects on both IDPs and host communities, as it tended to prolong the stay in temporary shelters, encouraged dependency, thus creating vulnerability, and was a source of tension with host communities.
语言:中文
得分: 884630.4 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/19/54/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
FOLLOW-UP AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE VIENNA DECLARATION AND PROGRAMME OF ACTION : WRITTEN STATEMENT : SUBMITTED BY THE CANADIAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The Canadian Human Rights Act (CHRA) explicitly prohibits discrimination based on multiple grounds or on their compounded effects. It states: “For greater certainty, a discriminatory practice includes a practice based on one or more prohibited grounds of discrimination or on the effect of a combination of prohibited grounds.”3 The combined effects of multiple grounds of discrimination can have a greater impact than discrimination based on a single ground. (...) Who will be affected? How will the effects of the policy be different for women and men, girls and boys? (...) What indicators will you use to measure the effects of the policy or program on women and men?
语言:中文
得分: 883193.6 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...t?open&DS=A/HRC/21/NI/3&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
GE.11-71052 (C) 251
ICCD/CRIC(10)/L.1 16 GE.11-71052 Outcome area: 2.4 Developed country Parties mainstream the objetives of the Convention and SLM interventions into their development cooperation programmes/projects in line with their support to national sectoral and investment plans Expected accomplishments (2012–2015) Performance indicators (2012–2015) 2.4.1 SLM/DLDD issues are mainstreamed into development agendas The extent to which developed countries place DLDD issues on the agenda of multilateral policy forums Outcome area: 2.5 Mutually reinforcing measures among desertification/land degradation action programmes and biodiversity and climate change mitigation and adaptation are introduced or strengthened in order to enhance the impact of interventions Expected accomplishments (2012–2015) Performance indicators (2012–2015) 2.5.1 Improved understanding of the importance of DLDD and SLM in addressing climate change and biodiversity The extent to which the Convention, DLDD or SLM is referred to in documents and decisions concerning climate change and biodiversity 2.5.2 Improved understanding of the interlinkages between implementation of the Convention and addressing food security, water scarcity and drought, forestry, gender issues and migration The extent to which the Convention, DLDD or SLM is referred to in the documents and decisions concerning food security, water scarcity and drought, forestry, gender issues and migration, building on inputs made by the secretariat ICCD/CRIC(10)/L.1 GE.11-71052 17 Subprogramme 3 – Science, technology and knowledge To become a global authority on scientific and technical knowledge pertaining to desertification/land degradation and mitigation of the effects of drought. Outcome area: 3.1 National monitoring and vulnerability assessments of biophysical and socio-economic trends in affected countries are supported 3.1. (...) Outcome area: 5.1 Affected country Parties develop integrated investment frameworks for leveraging national, bilateral and multilateral resources with a view to increasing the effectiveness and impact of interventions 5.2 Developed country Parties provide substantial, adequate, timely and predictable financial resources to support domestic initiatives to reverse and prevent desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought 5.3 Parties increase their efforts to mobilize financial resources from international financial institutions, facilities and funds, including the GEF, by promoting the Convention’s SLM agenda within the governing bodies of these institutions. 5.4 Innovative sources of finance and financing mechanisms are identified to combat desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought, including from the private sector, market-based mechanisms, trade, foundations and CSOs, and other financing mechanisms for climate change adaptation and mitigation, biodiversity conservation and sustainable use, and hunger and poverty reduction 5.5 Access to technology by affected country Parties is facilitated through adequate financing, effective economic and policy incentives and technical support, most notably within the framework of South-South and North-South cooperation Expected accomplishments (2012–2015) Performance indicators (2012–2015) 5.1.1. (...) The importance of financing SLM is communicated to relevant forums and processes Joint contributions to at least four forums and processes Joint or shared information materials on key DLDD-related issues that have relevance for resource mobilization Operational objective 2: Policy framework To support the creation of enabling environments for promoting solutions to combat desertification/land degradation and mitigate the effects of drought. Expected accomplishments Performance indicators Main joint outputs JWP 2.1 Regional cooperation and coordination to address DLDD and advance SLM are effectively supported - The number of regional action programmes (RAPs) and subregional action programmes (SRAPs) that are aligned with The Strategy - The extent to which Parties use the services of the Regional Coordination Units in regional coordination Support to regional cooperation and coordination in the content of the five annexes, including - provision of services to the regional advisory committee according to the agreed regional work programme, - support for the alignment of regional and subregional action programmes, and - organization of regional meetings preparatory to the sessions of the COP and its subsidiary bodies JWP 2.2.
语言:中文
得分: 879389 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=ICCD/CRIC(10)/L.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE, RODOLFO STAVENHAGEN : ADDENDUM
International studies indicate that this practice has negative effects on environmental resources and the health of people and animals. (...) Furthermore, spraying has been seen as having serious effects on banana plantations and varieties of tuber crops, the local staple. (...) Children became ill for months on end owing to effects from spraying, and only half of the teachers had the necessary teaching materials.
语言:中文
得分: 869014.4 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...pen&DS=A/HRC/4/32/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
MATTERS RELATING TO ARTICLE 2, PARA. 3, OF THE KYOTO PROTOCOL : DRAFT CONCLUSIONS / PROPOSED BY THE CHAIR
The SBSTA [and the SBI] emphasized that better understanding of these issues is essential in order to strive to minimize the adverse effects [of [the implementation of policies and measures] [commitments under the Kyoto Protocol, in particular those] under Article 2, paragraph 3 [and Article 3, paragraph 14] of the Kyoto Protocol,] in particular for [the poorest and most vulnerable country Parties that are the least capable of addressing them] [those countries identified in Article 4, paragraphs 8, 9 [and 10] of the Convention taking into account Article 3 of the Convention]. 3. The SBSTA [and the SBI] noted the need [to continue] to share information on the nature of [adverse] impacts of Option 1: [response measures experienced by Parties and the steps Parties are taking to minimize any negative impacts] Option 2: [the implementation of policies and measures under Article 2 [and 3] of the Kyoto Protocol on other Parties, especially developing country Parties, in particular those identified in Article 4, paragraphs 8 and 9, of the Convention, as well as the steps Parties included in Annex I to the Convention are taking to strive to minimize these adverse impacts]. 3 bis The SBSTA [and the SBI] noted that national communications under Article 12, paragraph 1, of the Convention, would be an appropriate means for sharing the information referred to in paragraph 3 above. 3 ter The SBSTA [and the SBI] also noted the work of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on International Spillover Effects as described in its Fourth Assessment Report. (...) [provide, in its Fifth Assessment Report, further information on these effects[, including on actual adverse impacts of the commitments mentioned in Article 3, paragraph 1, of the Kyoto Protocol on other Parties and possible measures to minimize them.] 4.
语言:中文
得分: 864180.5 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...DS=FCCC/SBSTA/2009/L.10&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
HUMAN RIGHTS, TRADE AND INVESTMENT : REPORT OF THE HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
It is difficult to generalize the effects of investment on the enjoyment of human rights. (...) As such, some forms of FDI might have similar effects to short-term capital flows in times of crisis.13 9. Similarly, the potential effects of investment on the progressive realization of human rights differ between countries.
语言:中文
得分: 864073.1 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...&DS=E/CN.4/SUB.2/2003/9&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
GE.11-64493
The risk and safety assessment shall consider the following: (a) Specific risks associated with carbon dioxide containment failure resulting in physical leakage of carbon dioxide from above-ground installations and seepage from subsurface installations, and the potential effects on, inter alia: (i) The contamination of underground sources of drinking water; (ii) The chemical properties of seawater; (iii) Human health and ecosystems (e.g. as a result of carbon dioxide accumulations at dangerous levels in non-turbulent air); (b) The risk of continuous slow seepage or sudden mass release of carbon dioxide from a geological storage site. (...) The risk and safety assessment shall: (a) Cover the full chain of carbon dioxide capture, transportation and storage, including surrounding environments; (b) Provide assurance of safe operational integrity regarding the containment of carbon dioxide, based on site-specific information about the geological storage site, potential seepage pathways, and secondary effects of storing carbon dioxide in the geological storage site, such as brine migration; (c) Be used to determine operational data for the application of the site development and management plan, such as to set the appropriate maximums of injection pressure that will not compromise the confining cap rock formation(s) and the overburden of the geological storage site; (d) Take account of the effects of potential induced seismicity or other geological impacts, as well as any other potential consequences for the environment, including on local ecosystems, property and public health, and global environmental effects on the climate directly attributable to the CCS project activity, including effects due to seepage; (e) Be used to help prioritize locations and approaches for enhanced monitoring activities; (f) Provide a basis for remedial measures, including plans for responses that can stop or control any unintended physical leakage or seepage of carbon dioxide, restore the integrity of a defective geological storage site, and restore long-term environmental quality significantly affected by a CCS project activity. (...) This shall be based on the characteristics of surrounding populations and ecosystems, the potential fate and behaviour of any seeped carbon dioxide, and other factors; (c) Step 3: effects assessment. This shall be based on the sensitivity of species, communities or habitats linked to potential seepage events identified during the hazard characterization, such as the effects of elevated carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere, biosphere or hydrosphere and effects on seawater chemistry; (d) Step 4: risk characterization.
语言:中文
得分: 856894.3 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=FCCC/SBSTA/2011/4&Lang=C
数据资源: ods