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Vehicles.xlsx Description of Goods or Services Main Category Qty/ Term UOM Total Value US$ Required Delivery Q1 Required Delivery Q2 Required Delivery Q3 Required Delivery Q4 30 seater buses Vehicles 1 $80,000 Yes Armoured Vehicles, General Purpose, 4x4 Vehicles 6 EA $780,000 Yes Yes Yes Yes Four Wheel Drive Vehicles 1 $55,000 Yes General Purpose Vehicles, 4x4, Heavy Duty Vehicles 43 EA $1,290,000 Yes Yes Yes Yes Hiring of buses for participants Vehicles 10 $20,775 Yes Hiring of VIP vehicles Vehicles 10 $27,701 Yes Insurance (Premium & Renewal) Vehicles 45 $22,500 Yes Lease of the SG's Armoured Vehicle Vehicles 1 EA $0 Yes Maintenance of vehicle Vehicles 6 EA $36,000 Yes Yes Yes Yes Mercedes Benz Vehicles 1 pcs $70,000 Yes Minibus Vehicles 1 $35,000 Yes Passenger motor vehicles Vehicles 8 units $320,000 Yes Pickup double cabin Vehicles 1 $55,000 Yes Provision of Fleet Card for Fuel and Maintenance/repairs for vehicles in the UNHQ Fleet Vehicles 1 SVC $200,000 Yes Provision of parking permits and stickers Vehicles 1 SVC $60,000 Yes Provision of various types of vehicles (sedans, passenger vans, cargo vans, mini-vans, medium-size and large-size sport utility vehicles) Vehicles 4 EA $200,000 Yes Sedan Automobile Vehicles 2 $60,000 Yes Vehicle Vehicles 1 $50,000 Yes Vehicle 4 x 4 Vehicles 1 pcs $80,000 Yes Vehicle 4 x 4 Vehicles 1 pcs $100,000 Yes Yes Vehicles maintenance - Abegaz Motor's Engineering Vehicles 18 $18,000 Yes Vehicles maintenance - Aemro Motor Workshop & Engineering Vehicles 18 $18,000 Yes Vehicles maintenance - Orbis Trading and Technical Center Vehicles 4 $12,000 Yes VIP vehicle Vehicles 1 $70,000 Yes "Information presented herein is for informative purposes only and provided on an 'as is' basis without warranty of any kind ~ Copyright (c) United Nations. All rights reserved." 2018 Acquisition Plan - Vehicles Related
Language:English
Score: 828663.3 - https://www.un.org/Depts/ptd/s...lans/2018/HQ-Vehicles-2018.pdf
Data Source: un
Folie 1 VDS Vehicle Domain Service 1 An Advanced Vehicle Gateway with Data Collecting Vehicle Domain Service Session 2, SAE-ITU-JWS@Detroit 2018-10-08 Kaname Tokita ISO TC 22 / SC 31 / WG 8 Honda R&D Co., Ltd. (...) Vehicle serverDriving group partners - Vehicles - Walkers - Bikes Communication channel VDS applicationPartner application VDS function overview 4 VDS Vehicle Domain Service Actors within vehicle domain  Basic actors of vehicle domain - In the vehicle domain area, there are various traffic participants. (...) They are registered as domain participants. Master vehicle Actors of vehicle domain Vehicle domain Domain vehicle 1 Domain vehicle 2 Domain vehicle 3 Domain participants 1 Domain participants 3 Domain participants 2 5 VDS Vehicle Domain Service Supplemental actors in vehicle domain  Sensors in vehicle domain - In order to complete the map of domain actors, silent participants shall be covered.
Language:English
Score: 826636.1 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/W...Kaname_Tokita_Presentation.pdf
Data Source: un
Vehicle information includes globally unique networked vehicle's identifier (e.g., MAC address), location, speed, etc. The beacon protocol is applied between networked vehicles and also between a networked vehicle and a roadside station to exchange positions of nearby moving vehicles. i) a networked vehicle is required to transmit vehicle information periodically to its neighbouring networked vehicles; ii) a networked vehicle is required to be able to receive vehicle information periodically from its neighbouring networked vehicles. (...) By means of the multi-hop communication, a networked vehicle can communicate with another networked vehicle which is outside of its propagation range. i) a networked vehicle and a roadside station exchange probe data collected from each networked vehicle and roadside sensors.
Language:English
Score: 825290.8 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/Publ.../files/basic-html/page654.html
Data Source: un
s4-horncastle International Telecommunication Union “The Fully Networked Car, A Workshop on ICT in Vehicles” ITU-T Geneva, 2-4 March 2005 EE--call and Automatic Crash call and Automatic Crash Notification (ACN) in Notification (ACN) in vehiclesvehicles David Horncastle European Coordinator, YGOMI LLC 2 Session 4 ITU-T The Fully Networked Car, A Workshop on ICT in Vehicles ITU-T Geneva, 2-4 March 2005 In the Vehicle, the Service that the Consumer Really Wants … o Delivers reliable, immediate emergency assistance after a crash o Provides peace of mind, safety, and security o Has no subscription complexity and no monthly or annual fee o Is provided for the life of the vehicle as part of the vehicle purchase 3 Session 4 ITU-T The Fully Networked Car, A Workshop on ICT in Vehicles ITU-T Geneva, 2-4 March 2005 Telematics Today o Current Emergency Call offers are bound up with many of the issues facing the market generally • Much of today's telematics has poor business models • High costs – Complexity - Low customer value …as a result, many offerings have not met customer expectations or volume & financial projections o In addition, there are concerns about • Offering safety systems such as Automatic Crash Notification (ACN) that stop working if the vehicle owner does not make continuing payments • Confidentiality of customer relationships and critical vehicle data, which is not secure over the current telematics communications pathways 4 Session 4 ITU-T The Fully Networked Car, A Workshop on ICT in Vehicles ITU-T Geneva, 2-4 March 2005 Land Side Platform (LSP) Concept o A cooperative effort by several vehicle manufacturers to develop a new, more responsive vehicle data communications architecture • That meets their needs and interests and the needs of the purchasers of their vehicles • Built to provide opportunities for information and services providers to operate profitably • Structured to become a utility controlled by vehicle manufacturers, not a business selling a product o Ygomi LLC is coordinating the development of the LSP concept ...and is supporting the LSP Automotive Group, which guides this development 5 Session 4 ITU-T The Fully Networked Car, A Workshop on ICT in Vehicles ITU-T Geneva, 2-4 March 2005 LSP and Vehicle Safety o The LSP concept is structured around support for safety: • A robust, reliable facility to route emergency data messages • Including the ability to handle multiple makes/models/years via protocol converters • Eventual support for probe (or ‘floating car’) messages to/from vehicles • ...but other (non-safety) types of messages handled as well o Cost for provision of a lifetime ACN facility would be included in the purchase price of the vehicle 6 Session 4 ITU-T The Fully Networked Car, A Workshop on ICT in Vehicles ITU-T Geneva, 2-4 March 2005 ‘Traditional’ In-Vehicle E-call o An emergency wireless voice call that includes vehicle location o Introduced by vehicle manufacturers in the 1990s as the initial telematics service o Originally available only as a vehicle-based product • Generally using a telematics service provider as an intermediary between vehicles and PSAPs • Offered as a paid subscription service requiring periodic renewals and payments o Recurring cost and lack of perceived value for the overall telematics service has resulted in • Many people not renewing the service • The vehicle equipment becoming redundant 7 Session 4 ITU-T The Fully Networked Car, A Workshop on ICT in Vehicles ITU-T Geneva, 2-4 March 2005 E-112/E-911 is Coming… o From ~2006 all mobile phone emergency calls will include positioning as part of E-112/E-911 • Emergency voice calls from all phones will go to the PSAP with location information • Dramatically reduces the value of separate voice-based vehicle service to provide position o New intermediary to PSAPs may be a ‘pre-help’ service for language assistance, special medical situations, etc. • Useful from any phone (wired, wireless, internet) • Any phone could be set to autodial this service • Could be operated by auto clubs, insurance providers, communications carriers, etc. 8 Session 4 ITU-T The Fully Networked Car, A Workshop on ICT in Vehicles ITU-T Geneva, 2-4 March 2005 In-Vehicle Considerations o Some vehicle manufacturers will provide a ‘manual’ SOS button in the vehicle • Initiates a voice E-112/E-911 call from all capable phones in the vehicle • Possible option: Allow the vehicle manufacturer or owner to set the SOS button to dial a pre-help service • Mobile phones may include such a capability o Some vehicle manufacturers will trigger a voice E-112/E-911 call or a pre-help service call via all capable phones in the vehicle when a crash is sensed • Function provided on a best-effort basis only – no assumption of liability for call completion A separate, highly-reliable, crash-triggered service is also required to ensure that valuable data gets to a PSAP in the event of a crash 9 Session 4 ITU-T The Fully Networked Car, A Workshop on ICT in Vehicles ITU-T Geneva, 2-4 March 2005 Automatic Crash Notification (ACN) o A crash-initiated “SOS” function for vehicles is different from and in addition to initiating a voice E-112/E-911 call o Requirements ... • A high-integrity operation that works for the service life of the vehicle • Very robust, embedded in-vehicle equipment • Since a regular mobile phone may not survive a crash • Messages are data-only, originated from the vehicle, and automatically triggered • Since vehicle occupants may be unable to talk or no longer in the vehicle after a crash ACN will provide this automotive-grade function 10 Session 4 ITU-T The Fully Networked Car, A Workshop on ICT in Vehicles ITU-T Geneva, 2-4 March 2005 How ACN Meets These Requirements… o By sending a data message automatically from a vehicle when a crash is sensed (e.g. airbag deploys) • In addition to location, the data message can contain information about the crash and the vehicle’s occupants • Receipt of this information by the PSAP should reduce the arrival time of the right emergency services with the right equipment to deal with the precise crash situation o By being robust and crash tolerant o By working reliably for the service life of the vehicle, independent of other vehicle capabilities 11 Session 4 ITU-T The Fully Networked Car, A Workshop on ICT in Vehicles ITU-T Geneva, 2-4 March 2005 E-112 with ACN Added Unless the driver directs otherwise, the ACN centre calls the PSAP that covers this vehicle’s location Data sent to an ACN centre LSP PSAPs emergency services LSP receives the message with the vehicle’s position, and routes it to the ACN call centre (or direct to PSAP, depending on level of capability) Assistance dispatched by the authorities to the location of the vehicle ACN centre wireline data voice wireless data 2 3 4 5 Additional data from the vehicle manufacturer (where available) Vehicle systems dial 112/911 from all mobile phones recognized in the vehicle, passing the vehicle’s position 1b In-vehicle device sends an ACN data message 1a wireless carrier 12 Session 4 ITU-T The Fully Networked Car, A Workshop on ICT in Vehicles ITU-T Geneva, 2-4 March 2005 PSAP Perspective o Current considerations ... • Many PSAPs have will have challenges for years handling location with mobile E-112/E-911 calls • PSAPs are now having to find ways to locate calls made from internet voice over IP (VoIP) services • To ease the load on PSAPs, ACN messages can be • Automatically interpreted and displayed at an ACN centre supported by the vehicle manufacturers • Relayed by voice to the appropriate PSAP • For countries with advanced PSAP structures, the ACN data message can go directly to the PSAP o Information about the crash and the vehicle may also be made available to PSAPs on a secure internet site 13 Session 4 ITU-T The Fully Networked Car, A Workshop on ICT in Vehicles ITU-T Geneva, 2-4 March 2005 Future ACN Approaches o Future ACN implementations could provide supplementary information on crash characteristics from onboard sensors o Additional data messages may be sent as more data about the crash is available o Some vehicle manufacturers may also send pre-crash data, to help evaluate • The type and severity of the crash • Performance of in-vehicle systems, especially as more complex, software-based safety systems appear in high-end vehicles o Privacy and data ownership and use rules, which are complex and vary by country, must be addressed 14 Session 4 ITU-T The Fully Networked Car, A Workshop on ICT in Vehicles ITU-T Geneva, 2-4 March 2005 Thank you for your attention horncastle@ygomi.com
Language:English
Score: 823287 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-T/work...resentations/s4-horncastle.pdf
Data Source: un
(a) Definition of overlap ratio between the subject vehicle and the related vehicle Overlap ratio between the subject vehicle and the related vehicle is calculated by the following formula. (...) The TTC to the forward vehicle is not more than 2.5 seconds at when the overlap ratio between the subject vehicle and the forward vehicle becomes 0 %. (...) No other vehicles approach the subject vehicle. The TTC to the signboard is not more than 4.2 seconds at when the subject vehicle begins to steer.
Language:English
Score: 822415.7 - https://unece.org/sites/defaul...iles/2021-01/GRVA-08-16r1e.pdf
Data Source: un
Microsoft PowerPoint - 4.4 What kind of terminal do vehicles need [兼容模式] China Unicom Research Institute Dr. Menghua TAO 28-29 July, 2015 What kind of terminal do vehicles need? -2- Terminal & applications / services What kind of terminal do vehicles need? (...) Vehicle terminal is an example execution of VGP. Automatic driving & intelligent vehicle ‘Automated driving system’, ‘Vehicle terminal’, ‘Intelligent vehicle’ ‘Smart terminal’ acts as a ‘Brain’.
Language:English
Score: 822082.9 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/e...entations/S4P4-Menghua-Tao.pdf
Data Source: un
Trade name or mark of the vehicle: 2 Vehicle type (if applicable, variants that are included): 3. (...) Stationary location. When the vehicle is parked, the vehicle's tyres shall be shaded from direct sun. (...) Tyres The vehicle shall be tested with the tyres on the vehicle according to the vehicle manufacturer's recommendation. 1.5.
Language:English
Score: 822046.5 - https://unece.org/sites/default/files/2021-12/R141am1e.docx
Data Source: un
This communication occurs between a networked vehicle and another networked vehicle to propagate safety critical information within a short period of time while the networked vehicle is moving. (...) When the networked vehicle is parked in a home, the networked vehicle could be treated as an element of the home network. (...) Based on whether the network vehicle is a moving vehicle or a stationary vehicle (as described in clause 6), Table 7-1 provides the summary of the relationship between networked vehicle services and the applications described in clause 7.1 with communication features identified in clause 7.2.
Language:English
Score: 821643 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/Publ.../files/basic-html/page651.html
Data Source: un
Hyundai Motors Prevention of a cybersecurity threat in a Connected & Autonomous Vehicle Aug.26th 2019 I. Paradigm Shift & Cybersecurity Threat II. (...) Issues on Autonomous Vehicles IV. Cybersecurity in Autonomous Vehicles V. (...) X.itssec3 External Devices Security Security requirements for vehicle accessible external devices ?? X.stcv Security Threats security threats in connected vehicles March 2019 X.mdcv Misbehavior Detection (Security-related) security-related misbehavior detection mechanism based on big data analysis for connected vehicles December 2020 ▣ ITU-T SG 17 Q13 standardization is developing a vehicle cybersecurity solution ISO/SAE 21434 : Road Vehicles Cybersecurity Engineering ▣ ISO/SAE 21434 helps to keep a secure vehicle by removing a cybersecurity vulnerability ▣ ISO/SAE 21434 considers not only a cybersecurity but also a safety ISO/SAE 21434 overview Cybersecurity lifecycle Vehicle Cybersecurity Solution ▣ A Standardization researches IDS, HSM, Secure OTA and V2X Security ▣ Vehicle Cybersecurity Solutions apply form a server to ECU for a security and safety Issues on Autonomous Vehicles ▣ Due to inherit danger of road vehicle, we need low latency connection with control system ▣ High & Full Automation Vehicle controls the vehicle dominant over human driver Vehicle control Automation level Driver System Issues on Autonomous Vehicles ▣ 영상 Cybersecurity in Autonomous Vehicle – 5G network 구분 WAVE LTE (Rel.15) 5G (Rel.16) Data Rate >54Mbps >300Mhps >20Gbps Latency ~10ms 20~30ms ~1ms Coverag e 250~300m Approx. several km Approx. several km Mobility >200km/h >160km/h >500km/h Service Required Latency (ms) Data Rate (Mbps) Platooning 10 65 Advanced driving 3 53 Extended sensors 3 1000 Remote driving 5 UL:25 DL:1 TS 22.186 Requirement for autonomous driving Source : 5G use cases and requirements, NOKIA <5G Usage Scenario> Smart City Self Driving CarFuture IMT Massive Machine Type Communication Industry automation Augmented reality Work and play in the cloud 3D video, UHD screens Gigabytes in a second Smart Home/Building Voice Enhanced Mobile Broadband Ultra-reliable and Low Latency Communications ▣ An Autonomous Vehicle’s requirement meets data latency within 1 ms ▣ High & Full Automation Vehicle requires ultra-reliable and low latency communications Cybersecurity in Autonomous Vehicle – SDN in-vehicle network ▣ An Autonomous Vehicle needs to take a reliable and real-time control by system ▣ A Software Defined Network provides a flexibility, reliability and low-latency Cloud Service Big Data Analysis [ECU Module] [ECU Module] [ECU Module] [SDN Switch] [SDN application] API request API response Control Data Control Data Control Data Intrusion Response System for autonomous vehicle RSU Vehicle Incoming attack blocking (via SDN) Detection model updates Warning to nearby vehicle ▣ ‘5G and SDN’ based IRS is optimal solution to block cyber attacks in autonomous vehicles - allowing real-time intrusion response from inside and outside attacks - quick propagation of warning message in a wide area through 5G Network.
Language:English
Score: 821289.3 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/s...Documents/3.%20Ryu_Hyundai.pdf
Data Source: un
Vehicle manufacturer updates information on the vehicles and records relevant information 5.iii. (...) Decision evidence recorded by vehicle manufacturer 2.i Vehicle manufacturer assesses if any certification criteria is affected 2. (...) A process whereby the vehicle manufacturer is able to identify target vehicles for a software update;" The following clarification should be noted ‘Target vehicle’ refers to individual vehicles (for example VIN based for registered vehicles) This requirement is on the process Examples of documents/evidence that could be provided The processes should consider the following: (a) Listing target vehicles affected by the software update; (b) The process should consider the steps of going from target groups for an update (e.g. all diesel vehicles of a specific vehicle type) through to the individual vehicles to be updated; (c) Measures implemented to reduce the risk of error in identification of target vehicles.
Language:English
Score: 820971.7 - https://unece.org/sites/defaul.../ECE-TRANS-WP29-2021-060e.docx
Data Source: un