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The campaign aimed to administer Vitamin A and Albendazole to children aged 9-59 months, but also to vaccinate them against measles. (...) In addition to the vaccines, Vitamin A and Albendazole will also be administered to the children. 6.         (...) Like her, in Moussoro, Bokoro and Mao, 134,422 children received Vitamin A, and 134,382 children received Albendazole.
Language:English
Score: 980274.5 - https://www.unicef.org/chad/st...enes-vaccination-campaign-chad
Data Source: un
Figure 3.2 Open Defecation  In 2012: • 3% of the population practiced open  defecation Figure 3.3 Access to Improved Water Sources  From 2000 to 2012: Access to improved water sources has covered  96% of the population since 2000 WHO‐UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme, 2014 WHO‐UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme, 2014 WHO‐UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme, 2014 *Optimal UIE 100 ‐ 199ug/L Source:  ‐ Nutrition and Health ‐Households consuming iodized salt Iodine deficiency (Urinary Iodine Concentration <100ug/L)  among  school‐age children  Micronutrient Status Iodine (Table 3.2) Food Utilization 0 10 0 25 50 75 100 P e rc e n t Vitamin A Supplementation  Coverage ‐ full – children 6‐59  months  Vitamin A Deficiency  (Pre‐School Aged Children) <0.7umoL /a 46 52 81 0 20 40 60 80 100 Minimum acceptable diet (breastfed children 6‐23 months) Minimum meal frequency (breastfed children 6‐23 months) Minimum dietary diversity (breastfed children 6‐23 months) Introduction of solid, semi‐solid or soft food (breastfed children… PercentSource:  Figure 3.6 Complementary Feeding  • 81% of children meet the minimum dietary diversity • Just 52% of children have adequate meal frequency, while 46%  meet the minimum acceptable diet  76 67 0 20 40 60 80 100 2007 P e rc e n t Early initiation of breastfeeding Exclusive breast feeding rate (0‐5 months) Source:  Figure 3.5 Exclusive Breastfeeding  • Exclusive breastfeeding stands at 67% •Early initiation of breastfeeding is 76%  Figure 3.7  Duration of Breastfeeding No Data Nauru ‐ Food and Nutrition Security Profiles Figure 3.8 Child Malnutrition and Poverty   Besides an elevated level of stunting in the poorest quintile, there is not  clear relation between nutritional indicators and wealth in Nauru Figure 3.9 Vitamin A  • Vitamin A deficiencies (10% of pre‐schoolers) indicate that Vitamin  A is present in the daily diet Source: a/ WHO Global prevalence of vitamin A deficiency in population at risk  1995‐2005 report. * VAD is a severe public health problem if >20% of preschool children (6‐71  months) have low serum retinol (<0.7µmol/L) 0 0 4 0 2 52 19 21 12 18 7 2 7 7 3 0 4 1 0 00 10 20 30 40 50 60 Lowest Second Middle Fourth Highest Overweight Stunting Underweight Wasting No Data Source:  NRU_DHS_2007‐2009 NRU_DHS_2007‐2009 DHS 2007‐2009 Social Protection policies or legislation including food or nutrition component       Policy Table ‐ 1 Underlying and  contextual factors Food Safety     Food security     Food Aid   Nutrition and Infection   Gender   Maternal leave    Vitamins and Minerals Supplementation: Vitamin A  children/women    Iron Folate  children/women   Zinc  children   Other vitamins & min child/women   Food fortification     Obesity and diet related  NCDs Child obesity   Adult obesity Diet related NCDs   Infant and Young Child  Nutrition Breastfeeding    Complementary feeding   Int’l Code of Marketing of BMS     Nutrition related issues covered in these policies Covered Comments Maternal and Child  Undernutrition Child  undernutrition    Low Birth Weight   Maternal undernutrition   Enabling environment for Nutrition and Food security ‐ Policy documents addressing nutrition issues                  Nauru ‐ Food and Nutrition Security Profiles Source:  Richest  20% ‐ ‐ Income share  held by  households Unemployment rate ‐ ‐ Population below US $ 1.25  (PPP) per day (%) ‐ ‐ Poverty gap ratio  ‐ ‐ Poorest  20% ‐ ‐ Demographic  Indicators  (Table ‐ 5.1) Population size (thousands) /a Economic Indicators (Table ‐ 5.3)Year 2012 GDP annual growth rate  ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐ Gini index   (100= complete inequality;  0= complete equality) GDP per capita (PPP)  (constant 2011  international dollars) ‐ ‐ 2012 2012 Women aged 20‐24 who gave birth before age 18 /a (%) 22 2008‐2012 Male ‐ ‐ Adolescent birth rate  (number of births per 1,000 adolescent girls aged 15‐19) /a 84 2008‐2011 Adolescent girls aged 15‐19 currently married or in union /a 18.3 % 2005‐2012 Female Adolescents  (Table ‐ 5.2) ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐ Agriculture population density(people/ ha of arable land ) Employment in agriculture sector (% of total employment)  Women employed in agriculture sector  (% of  total female employment)  Year ‐ ‐ 100 % Number of children <5 years (thousand)/a 1 Year 10 The information inlcuded in this Food Security and Nutrition profile, is backed by recognized, validated and properlty published information available untill  June 2014. 
Language:English
Score: 979958.4 - https://www.fao.org/fileadmin/.../DI_Profile_-_Nauru_280714.pdf
Data Source: un
Food Availability / Food Access  Food Availability Figure 2.3 Share of food expenditure Access to food Figure 2.2 Economic access to food General and food inflation No Data Tonga ‐ Food and Nutrition Security Profiles Figure 2.1 Food supply by food group ‐ 0 1.5 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 2 0 0 2 2 0 0 3 2 0 0 4 2 0 0 5 2 0 0 6 2 0 0 7 2 0 0 8 2 0 0 9 2 0 1 0 2 0 1 1 2 0 1 2 General inflation Food inflation Source: No Data Percent ILOSTAT Database Consumer Price Indices 2014 Management of Diarrhoea (Table 3.1) Water and Sanitation Food Utilization Zinc Existing policy framework Zinc Supplementation and Reformulated Oral Rehydration Salt in the  Management of Diarrhea Source: ‐ Share of children under age 5 with diarrhoea receiving zinc  treatment Food Safety No Data 95 92 89 98 98 0 20 40 60 80 100 1 9 9 0 1 9 9 3 1 9 9 6 1 9 9 9 2 0 0 2 2 0 0 5 2 0 0 8 2 0 1 1 %  P o p u la ti o n Total Rural Urban No Data 99 9998 0 20 40 60 80 100 1 9 9 0 1 9 9 3 1 9 9 6 1 9 9 9 2 0 0 2 2 0 0 5 2 0 0 8 2 0 1 1 %  P o p u la ti o n Total Rural Urban Source:  Tonga ‐ Food and Nutrition Security Profiles FigurFigure 3.1 Access to Improved Sanitation   From 1990 to 2011: • Access to improved sanitation decreased 4%  in 22 years • Disparities between rural and urban areas  have more than doubled  • 11% of people in rural areas and 1% in urban  areas do not have access to improved  sanitation  Source:  Figure 3.4 Diarrhoea Figure 3.2 Open Defecation Figure 3.3 Access to improved water sources   From 1990 to 2011: •Disparities in access to improved water  sources between urban and rural areas have  been reduced significantly  • At least 99% of people have sustainable  access to improved water sources WHO‐UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme, 2014 WHO‐UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme, 2014 *Optimal UIE 100 ‐ 199ug/L Micronutrient Status Iodine (Table 3.2) Food Utilization Households consuming iodized salt  ‐ ‐ Nutrition and Health Iodine deficiency (Urinary Iodine Concentration <100ug/L)  among  school‐age children  Source: 0 17 0 25 50 75 100 P e rc e n t Vitamin A Supplementation  Coverage ‐ full – children 6‐59  months Vitamin A Deficiency  (Pre‐School Aged Children) <0.7umoL /a Figure 3.6 Complementary Feeding    No Data 79 52.2 0 20 40 60 80 100 2012 P e rc e n t Early initiation of breastfeeding Exclusive breast feeding rate (0‐5 months) Figure 3.5 Exclusive Breastfeeding    Early initiation of breastfeeding within the first hour of life occurs for 79% of  children.  (...) Figure 3.7  Duration of Breastfeeding No Data Tonga ‐ Food and Nutrition Security Profiles Figure 3.8 Child Malnutrition and Poverty   Figure 3.9 Vitamin A   •Vitamin A deficiencies (17% of pre‐schoolers) indicate that Vitamin  A is lacking in the daily diet of a significant proportion of children.  (...) Source: a/  WHO Global prevalence of vitamin A deficiency in population at risk  1995‐2005 report. * VAD is a severe public health problem if >20% of preschool children (6‐71  months) have low serum retinol (<0.7µmol/L) No Data Policy Table ‐ 1 Enabling environment for Nutrition and Food security ‐ Policy documents addressing nutrition issues                    Nutrition related issues covered in these policies Covered Comments Maternal and Child  Undernutrition Child  undernutrition    Low Birth Weight   Maternal undernutrition   Obesity and diet related  NCDs Child obesity   Adult obesity Diet related NCDs   Infant and Young Child  Nutrition Breastfeeding    Complementary feeding   Int’l Code of Marketing of BMS   Vitamins and Minerals Supplementation: Vitamin A  children/women    Iron Folate  children/women   Zinc  children   Other vitamins & min child/women   Food fortification     Social Protection policies or legislation including food or nutrition component       Underlying and  contextual factors Food Safety     Food security     Food Aid   Nutrition and Infection   Gender   Maternal leave    Tonga ‐ Food and Nutrition Security Profiles Source:  Women aged 20‐24 who gave birth before age 18 /d (%) ‐ ‐ Male 70 2012 Adolescent birth rate  (number of births per 1,000 adolescent girls aged 15‐19) /d 16 2006 Adolescent girls aged 15‐19 currently married or in union /d ‐ ‐ Female Adolescents  (Table ‐ 5.2) ‐ ‐Employment in agriculture sector (% of total employment) /c Women employed in agriculture sector  (% of  total female employment) /c) Year ‐ 2012Average annual population growth/a 0.37 % Poorest  20% ‐ ‐ ‐ Gini index  /c (100= complete inequality;  0= complete equality) GDP per capita (PPP)  (constant 2011  international dollars) /c 5,127 2012 ‐ ‐ 75.5 2012 ‐ ‐ Poverty gap ratio /e ‐ ‐ Population below US $ 1.25  (PPP) per day /c (%) ‐ Proportion of population urbanised/c Number of children <5 years (thousand)/a Education level of mothers of under‐fives: None (%) ‐ ‐ Policy Table ‐ 2 Year 105 2012 Agriculture population density(people/ ha of arable land /b) The information inlcuded in this Food Security and Nutrition profile, is backed by recognized, validated and properlty published information available untill  June 2014. 
Language:English
Score: 979958.4 - https://www.fao.org/fileadmin/.../DI_Profile_-_Tonga_280714.pdf
Data Source: un
  • This poor quality of diet is the main factor responsible for persistently high levels of stunting and underweight, high  levels of anaemia, and Vitamin A deficiencies. • Another factor associated with poor nutritional outcomes arises from insufficient access to improved sanitation  and water sources.  (...) National Vitamin A Policy Guidelines, Ministry of Health 2007   M&E by National Nutrition Programme, Ministry of Health 11.  (...) IYCF Communication Strategy 2005, Vitamin A Communication Strategy 2008, Complementary Feeding Communication Strategy 2011, IFA  Communication Strategy 2010, Salt Iodization Advocacy Plan 2008  13. 
Language:English
Score: 977835.4 - https://www.fao.org/fileadmin/..._Profile_-_Cambodia_160914.pdf
Data Source: un
Search Close Search UNICEF Fulltext search Max Report Nepal National Micronutrient Status Survey Report 2016 Assessment of micronutrient status among representative populations, including specifically the status of vitamins A, iron, folic acid, iodine, zinc and the condition of anemia UNICEF Nepal/2018/ADhakal Highlights The Nepal National Micronutrient Status Survey (NNMSS) assessed micronutrient status among representative populations in Nepal, including specifically the status of vitamins A, iron, folic acid, iodine, zinc and the condition of anemia. (...) Author Government of Nepal Ministry of Health and Population, UNICEF, USAID, European Union, CDC, New Era Publication date August 2018 Languages English Download Options Available options Survey Report 2016 Key Findings Download file (PDF, 9,23 MB) (PDF, 3,23 MB) Related topics Nutrition Micronutrients Nepal More to explore Blog post Boosting children’s immunity: Vitamin A campaign UNICEF’s Youth Advocate Pallavi Karn reflects on her first-hand experience observing female community health workers engaged in a vitamin A campaign Read the story Article A place of recovery and realization For over a decade, the Nutrition Rehabilitation Home in southern Nepal has been offering children and caregivers support in countering malnutrition Read the story Article Nepali children explore pathways to sustainable food systems Children from around Nepal share their perspectives and experiences on food and food systems Read the story Press release 23 September 2021 Young children’s diets show no improvement in last decade, ‘could get much worse’ under COVID-19 - UNICEF Visit the page Footer UNICEF Home Children in Nepal Invest in every child What we do About Us How and where we work Career Procurement Stories UNICEF South Asia UNICEF Publications UNICEF Data Become a donor Social Footer Secondary Contact us Legal Footer tertiary Report fraud, abuse, wrongdoing
Language:English
Score: 976868.8 - https://www.unicef.org/nepal/r...ient-status-survey-report-2016
Data Source: un
For  instance, cassava  that  is  rich  in vitamin A  is being bred  in  Nigeria and Côte d’Ivoire, while rice rich  in  iron and zinc  is being developed  for Madagascar.  (...) By  sourcing  conventionally bred staple food crops which are bio‐fortified, we hope to increase the quality of raw  materials used  in production while promoting  the planting and  consumption of plant  foods  rich  in  vitamins and minerals by rural populations in developing countries.    (...) Bear Brand milk – fortified with vitamin A, iron, zinc and vitamin C – on sale in a supermarket  in the Philippines. 
Language:English
Score: 974274.2 - https://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/j...hls/pdf13/imp_forum_nestle.pdf
Data Source: un
Nutrition in South Sudan Briefing note Major Developments October – December 2021: The Vitamin A and deworming campaign carried out in November 2021 was completed in 76 counties and a total of 2,305,616 children received Vitamin A and 2,028,795 children were treated with deworming tablets. Also, in 3 counties more than 20,000 children were reached with age specific Vitamin A supplementation and Deworming treatment respectively, through routine system. (...) Remote monitoring mechanism and virtual trainings successfully introduced and implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic required further attentions. • Initiation of pilot for Vitamin A supplementation and treatment with deworming to the eligible children in 3 counties as a part of routine services. • Operationalize the paradigm shift to scale up preventative nutrition interventions.
Language:English
Score: 974274.2 - https://www.unicef.org/southsu...0Briefing%20Note_2021%20Q4.pdf
Data Source: un
CALL FOR EXPERTS:  for updating FAO/WHO iron, vitamin A, folate and magnesium requirements for children aged 0 – 36 months December 2020 The FAO Food and Nutrition Division and the WHO Department of Nutrition and Food Safety are in the process of updating nutrient requirements for children aged 0 – 36 months, originally established jointly by FAO and WHO in 2004. In preparing for the work of updating the requirements, the nutrients were prioritized in batches of 3-4 nutrients and work on calcium, vitamin D and zinc is currently well under way. The next batch of nutrients to be updated is iron, vitamin A, folate and magnesium. (...) Dietary Energy Proteins Carbohydrates Dietary Fats Vitamins Minerals 出版物 Dietary protein quality evaluation in human nutrition Joint FAO/WHO Scientific Update on Carbohydrates in Human Nutrition Fats and fatty acids in human nutrition Report of an expert consultation.
Language:English
Score: 974274.2 - https://www.fao.org/nutrition/requirements/zh/
Data Source: un
PMTCT, initiation of ART) Pregnancy complications ▪ Management of antepartum haemorrhage ▪ Skin-to-skin contact for the first hour of life (breastfeeding rates, thermal protection) ▪ Resuscitation for birth asphyxia ▪ Vitamin K prophylaxis for the newborn 1 ▪ Kangaroo mother care for stable LBW/preterm infants <2000gc compared to standard care (neonatal mortality) ▪ Surfactant therapy for very preterm babies to prevent or treat RDS (neonatal mortality) ▪ Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to prevent or treat RDS (neonatal mortality?) ▪ Antibiotics for the newborn if at risk of bacterial infection (maternal infection, fever) - common sense (neonatal mortality) ▪ Vitamin A supplementation for very LBW (neonatal mortality) ▪ Prenatal steroids (NMR, RDS, IVH) ▪ Antiretroviral therapy to improve HIV-free survival ▪ Feeding practice for HIV-exposed child ▪ Vaccine: H influenzae type b (Hib) ▪ Vaccine: Pneumococcal conjugate ▪ Vaccine: Rotavirus ▪ Management of severe acute malnutrition ▪ Case management of childhood pneumonia ▪ Case management of childhood meningitis ▪ Enhanced diarrhoea management (ORS, zinc and continued feeding) ▪ Antibiotics for the treatment of dysentery in children ▪ Vitamin A as treatment of measles and pneumonia 1 Based on developed country studies. (...) PMTCT) Pregnancy complications ▪ Corticosteroids for preterm labour ▪ Management of Preterm PROM (Antibiotics) Management of labour ▪ Partograph use in labour ▪ Social support during labour ▪ Infection prevention ▪ Pain relief in labour ▪ PPH prevention, active management of 3rd stage of labour with uterotonics ▪ Prenatal steroids (NMR, RDS, IVH) ▪ ART for PMTCT (breastfeeding) ▪ Vitamin A supplementation ▪ Insecticide-treated bednets for children ▪ Feeding practice for HIV-exposed child ▪ Vaccine: H influenzae type b (Hib) ▪ Vaccine: Pneumococcal conjugate ▪ Vaccine: Rotavirus ▪ Case management of childhood pneumonia ▪ Enhanced diarrhoea management (ORS, zinc and continued feeding) ▪ Antibiotics for the treatment of dysentery in children ▪ Vitamin A as treatment of measles and pneumonia 4 Maternal Newborn (outcome) Child Postpartum interventions ▪ Advice and support for breastfeeding ▪ Advice and provision of family planning ▪ Initiation of ART for HIV Community level Pre-pregnancy interventions ▪ Interventions to delay first pregnancy and promote birth spacing ▪ Peri-conceptual folic acid ▪ Prevention & management of STIs including HIV Management of labour ▪ Social support during labour ▪ Infection prevention ▪ PPH prevention, active management of 3rd stage of labour with uterotonics where childbirth care is provided by trained personnel Postpartum interventions ▪ Advice and support for breastfeeding ▪ Advice and provision of family planning ▪ Oral antibiotics for neonatal pneumonia vs no treatment (neonatal mortality) ▪ Home visits for newborn care (neonatal mortality) ▪ ART for PMTCT (breastfeeding) ▪ Exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months ▪ Continued breastfeeding up to 2 years of age ▪ Complementary feeding 6-23 months of age ▪ Vitamin A supplementation ▪ Insecticide-treated bed nets for children ▪ Case management of childhood pneumonia ▪ Enhanced diarrhoea management (ORS, zinc and continued feeding) Notes: 1) Evidence for routine EPI vaccines have mixed levels of evidence; however, it is unlikely that any further trials will be done.
Language:English
Score: 972552.1 - https://www.who.int/pmnch/abou...d8_i5_i_tableinterventions.pdf
Data Source: un
Microsoft Word - 07. b The Rulebook on Quality of Animal Food "The Official Gazette of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia", No. 20/2000 Based on the Articles 9 and 11 of the Law on Standardization
Language:English
Score: 970777.1 - https://www.wto.org/english/th.../cgr_e/WTACCCGR24A2_LEG_7b.pdf
Data Source: un