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ITU Global Template Q. 12/2 Examine broadband communications over traditional copper wires on aspects of technologies, systems and applications This study will include a cost / benefit analysis as well as an examination of the level of complexity of deploying such solutions, in particular in conjunction with existing or future backbone infrastructure. 1 Statement of problem or situation There are more than 600 million copper loops installed world-wide. A vast majority of them can support broadband communications using Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) technologies without any particular reengineering. (...) The ITU-D can play a role in assisting Sector members evaluate the appropriateness of this technical array and analyse the economic issues involved in deploying broadband communication applications over traditional copper loops, including the integration of these access network solutions with existing or future backbone networks infrastructure. 2 Question or issue proposed for study Identify the technical and economical impacts and development aspects of the deployment of broadband communication technologies and applications on traditional copper loops using DSL  technologies with particular attention to cost of customer premises equipment, easiness of deployment, and integration with existing and future backbone infrastructure. 3 Specification of the expected output • Description and evaluation of the DSL technologies (report, year 1998). • Economic cost-benefit analysis of deployment of broadband communication technologies, products, and applications over traditional copper loops, including an assessment of the demands in developing countries and the interoperability of these solutions with existing and future backbone infrastructure (report, year 1998). • Guidelines for access network deployment using DSL technologies (year 1999). • Recommendation (year 2000). 4 Required timing of the expected output The course of the next ITU-D Study Period. 5 "Proposers/Sponsors" - Those who expected study of the Question or issue This technological array was originally adopted for study by Working Party A/2 during its meeting in May 95. 6 Input required, in carrying out the study 1) Collection of related contributions and data from ITU-D Member States and Sector Members, and those organizations and groups listed below in Part 9 of this document. 2) Examination of ITU-T Study Group Questions related to this technological array. 3) Discussion of the relevant ITU-D Study Groups. 7 Target audience for the output a) Developed countries Developing countries LDCs Telecom Policy makers Y Y Y Telecom Regulators Y Y Y Service Providers Y Y Y Manufacturers Y Y Y b) Target audience - Who specifically will use the output? Users of the output to be middle and upper-level managers among operators and service providers world-wide. Manufacturers will also gain information for designing their solutions with Developing countries and LDCs in mind. 8 Proposed method of handling this question/issue It is proposed that this Question be handled within a Study Group. 9 Coordination requirements of the study The ITU-D Rapporteur 's Group dealing with this question should coordinate closely with: • the relevant Study Groups in ITU-T; • other International and Regional Organizations, as appropriate.
Language:English
Score: 1235019 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/stud...QuestionDefinition/Q12.2-E.doc
Data Source: un
Participatory process | General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean - GFCM | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations | General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO.org english General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean - GFCM About Activities Decisions Data & information Meetings Reports Publications Info centre Contact Background A participatory process Adopting the strategy GFCM 2030 Strategy Building a new vision To define the 10-year strategy for Mediterranean and Black Sea fisheries and aquaculture, the GFCM is conducting consultations with a wide array of stakeholders and partners to gather their input and priorities. Brainstorming on how to ensure the sustainability of fisheries and aquaculture in the region On 3 November 2020, more than 20 ministers met under the umbrella of the GFCM to discuss pressing priorities, marking the first step of the participatory process to build together a new strategy for sustainable fisheries and aquaculture in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.   Consultation with a wide array of stakeholders and partners On the basis of the views expressed by the member countries, the GFCM prepared and submitted a zero draft of the strategy proposal .
Language:English
Score: 1229055.4 - https://www.fao.org/gfcm/2seas1vision/participatory-process
Data Source: un
Nowell / Cisco 80 85 90 95 00 05 10 15 0.01 0.1 1 10 100 1000 Network and Router I/F Speeds (Gbit/s) Year Introduced D at a R at e (G bi t/s ) 140M 565M OC48 OC192 OTU4 OC768 TDM OC3 OC12 OC48 OC192 OC768 POS 100GE 10GE 1GE 40GE Ethernet Telecom optics growing 4x every 5+ years Datacomm optics growing 10x every 4-5 years by leveraging telecom optics Geneva, 28 May 2010 4 Core networking bandwidth demand is outpacing optical interface speed Computing & Networking Bandwidth Growth Source: IEEE 802.3 HSSG_Tutorial_1107, Nov. 2007 100 1,000 10,000 100,000 1,000,000 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 Date R at e M b/ s Core Networking Doubling ≈18 mos Server I/O Doubling ≈24 mos Gigabit Ethernet 10 Gigabit Ethernet 100 Gigabit Ethernet 40 Gigabit Ethernet Geneva, 28 May 2010 5 100GE LAN Interface 1st Gen 4x25G L-WDM Optics 10:4 4:10 Gearbox 100GBASE-LR4 1st Gen - CFP SMF 4x25G100GE MAC/ PCS Host Elec I/F Optical Transceiver Module CAUI 10x10.3G SiGe Geneva, 28 May 2010 6 100GE LAN Interface Future Gen 4x25G L-WDM Optics 10:4 4:10 Gearbox 100GBASE-LR4 1st Gen - CFP SMF 4x25G100GE MAC/ PCS Host Elec I/F Optical Transceiver Module CAUI 10x10.3G 4x25G L-WDM Optics Quad CDR 100GBASE-LR4 Future Gen – X2-like FF SMF 4x25G 100G PHY CEI 28G-VSR 4x25G CMOS SiGe 144 mm 77 mm 14 mm Geneva, 28 May 2010 7 100GBASE-LR4 Optical Transceiver 1st Generation Technology & Architecture TOSA: semi-cooled EA-DFB ・High output power (OMA=6.3dBm) ・Wide bandwidth (f_3dB > 30GHz) 25.8Gb/s Optical waveform@60℃ ROSA-PKG FPC ROSA: TIA/PIN PD/Package ・High-speed/Reliable PIN photo diode ・High-speed (24GHz) FPC/CAN-type PKG ROSA PKG 25G received waveform [-12dBm(OMA)] CFP MSA Gearbox ICs CAUI 10 x 10.3G LDs Optical Mux/Demux Ref: R. (...) Geneva, 28 May 2010 10 Lens Integrated PIN PD High optical coupling efficiency and wide tolerance with high speed PD ⇨ Small beam spot: ~4um dia. < ~14 um dia. (...) Future Gen 100GBASE-LR4 Optical Transceiver 4ch L-WDM 25G DM-LISELs, lens integrated PIN- PD integrated with PLC mux, demux: Compact 100GE-LR4 TOSA/ROSA devices & transceiver Low power consumption: DM-DFB array w/drivers (4.4W) + TIA/PIN-PD array (0.8W) + quad CDR (2.0W) + DC/DC (0.5) < 8W 4x25G W-LAN LISELs 4λ PLC Mux 4x25G TIA/PIN PD Array 4λ PLC Demux 4x25G DM-DFB Drivers Quad CDR CEI 28G-VSR 4 x 25G 100GBASE- LR4 Geneva, 28 May 2010 12 4x25G TOSA 4x25G ROSA X2-like form factor transceiver Geneva, 28 May 2010 13 Future Ethernet Optical Client Interface Drivers: Core Networking bandwidth demand scaling: • Core Transport Rate >> 100G; 1TB in 2015??
Language:English
Score: 1221471.3 - https://www.itu.int/dms_pub/it.../06/38/T06380000060001PDFE.pdf
Data Source: un
It's your world UN Audiovisual Library All All Audio Video Search Categories B Roll & Compilations B ROLL COMPILATION Meetings and Conferences CONFERENCE ECOSOC MEETING GENERAL ASSEMBLY MEETING MEETING PANEL DISCUSSION SECURITY COUNCIL MEETING SPEECH News & Productions DOCUMENTARY INTERVIEW NEWS RADIO PROGRAMME SHORT DOCUMENTARY Press Conferences & Briefings PRESS CONFERENCE SECURITY COUNCIL STAKEOUT STAKEOUT DAILY PRESS BRIEFING Secretary General SG MESSAGE Special Events & Concerts CONCERT SPECIAL EVENT Series Audio UN Calling Asia UN Radio Classics United Nations Headquarters Women World in Review The Great Involvement UN and Africa The Child Sex Trade Afaqon Alamiya Indigenous Peoples Series Antar Rashtriya Patrika Bain Ul Aqwami Manzarnama Bangla Magazine Burnamaj Al-Marah Caribbean Echo Chinese Perspective Despacho Semanal Easy as ABC Fokus Fokus Kita Habitat Series Headquarters Report Human Development Series Jati Shongher Protidhony Scope L'Afrique a l'ONU Les Voix Nouvelles Mujeres en el Mundo Mwangaza wa Umoja wa Mataifa Nacoes Unidas em Acao Nieuwe Connecties Nouveaux Contacts Perspective Perspective Internationale Puntos Cardinales Regard sur le Monde Video UN in Action Making a Difference Into the Vault Agenda for a Small Planet 21st Century CNN World Report Dateline UN International Zone League of Nations Man Builds, Man Destroys UN Review UN Stories UN Story Unifeed Vignette World Chronicle Year in Review Home DR Congo: How to Beat Ebola DR Congo: How to Beat Ebola Preview Language:   English 05-Dec-2019 00:04:48 In the struggle against the Ebola virus in North Kivu, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, a wide array of specialists and volunteers ensure that Ebola patients get the care and information they need as well as the vaccine if they are eligible. Available Language: English Acquire Media Type Language Format Acquire / English Other Formats Request Description In the struggle against the Ebola virus in North Kivu, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, a wide array of specialists and volunteers ensure that Ebola patients get the care and information they need as well as the vaccine if they are eligible.
Language:English
Score: 1196756.4 - https://www.unmultimedia.org/a...ary/asset/B611/B6113386134001/
Data Source: un
The Nordic countries note that between February 2010 and January 2013 there has been a further 56 cases in which the State responsibility articles were referred to by a wide array of international courts, tribunals and other bodies - both in terms of subject matter and in terms geographical scope. (...) Mister Chairman, Regarding the draft articles on State Responsibility let me just very briefly recap our view: The Nordic Countries continue to support the contents of the draft articles, which have been widely accepted since their adoption. We still hold the view that the articles are in the strongest possible position as an annex to a resolution. (...) Despite the fact that there are different views on specific details, the articles reflect a widely shared consensus. A diplomatic conference aimed at producing a convention might jeopardize the delicate balance established in the articles.
Language:English
Score: 1159238.3 - https://www.un.org/en/ga/sixth...ents/resp_of_states/nordic.pdf
Data Source: un
UNV-2022-02-03T15:17:43+0100.pdf General enquires Email: unv.media@unv.org Tel: +49-228-815 2000 Fax: +49-228-815 2001 Partnership enquires Email: partnershipsupport@unv.org Tel: +49-228-815 2000 Fax: +49-228-815 2001 1 26 February 2020 Volunteering for Events - resources UNV has a wide array of experience in managing volunteers for events.
Language:English
Score: 1145505.5 - https://www.unv.org/node/10476/pdf
Data Source: un
The unique collection includes coverage of historic UN meetings and events at the UN Headquarters in New York, the UN Secretary-Generals and senior officials, as well as a wide array of field missions and assignments from its earliest days. (...) It also licenses United Nations photos for a wide range of commercial or non-commercial uses.
Language:English
Score: 1131336.9 - https://dam.media.un.org/ContactUs
Data Source: un
Additional Studies arising from this Question will be in the form of proposals for demonstrations and pilot projects in developing countries, for which the specific needs and operational requirements of the PSBs will be identified. 4 Required timing of the expected output The course of the next ITU-D Study Period. 5 "Proposers/Sponsors" - Those who requested study of the Question or issue This technological array was originally adopted for study by Working Party A/2 during its meeting in May 1995. 6 Input required, in carrying out the study 1) Collection of related contributions and data from ITU-D Member States and Sector Members, and those organizations and groups listed below in Part 9 of this document. 2) Examination of ITU-T and ITU-R Study Group Questions related to this technological array. 3) Discussion in the relevant ITU-D Study Group. 7 Target audience for the output a) Developed Countries Developing Countries LDCs Telecom policy makers * * * Telecom regulators * * * Broadcasting regulators * * * Broadcasting operators * * * Manufacturers * * * Service Providers * * * * The Question outputs are generally targeted to broadcasters, policy makers and regulators world-wide, and more specifically to those in developing and least developed countries. b) Target audience - Who specifically will use the output Users of the output are expected to be middle and upper level Managers among Operators and Regulators world-wide. 8 Proposed method of handling this Question/issue It is proposed that this Question be handled within a Study Group. 9 Coordination requirements of the study The ITU-D Rapporteur's Group dealing with this Question should coordinate closely with: – Other ITU-D Rapporteur's Groups dealing with similar issues, in particular the successor Groups to Questions 3/1, 2/2 and 8/2. – The relevant Focal Points in the BDT. – The ITU-D's SPACECOM Project. – The Regional Broadcasting Unions and Associations. – UNESCO and other International and Regional Organizations, as appropriate.
Language:English
Score: 1120153.6 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/stud...QuestionDefinition/Q11.2-E.doc
Data Source: un
As noted by the Special Rapporteur in his Eighth report, there exists a "considerable body of international legal instruments, international jurisprudence from a wide variety of sources, an abundance of national legislation and jurisprudence, and well-developed doctrine" governing the expulsion of aliens. Canada notes that while certain principles such as non-refou/ement are well-developed and widely-accepted, the draft articles also contain standards drawn from this wide array of international and regional instruments, which do not enjoy universal adherence, as well as from domestic legislation and regional jurisprudence.
Language:English
Score: 1111150.3 - https://www.un.org/en/ga/sixth...pdfs/statements/ilc/canada.pdf
Data Source: un
Background During the last decades, soil organic carbon (SOC) attracted the attention of a much wider array of specialists beyond agriculture and soil science, as it has proven to be one of the most cost-effective nature-based solutions to reduce and mitigate the effects of climate change. (...) Technical Manual This technical manual is the first attempt to gather, in a standardized format, the existing data on the impacts of the main soil management practices on SOC content in a wide array of environments, including the advantages, drawbacks and constraints.
Language:English
Score: 1107384.9 - https://www.fao.org/global-soi...soil-organic-carbon-manual/en/
Data Source: un