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The Chamber is satisfied that the supporting evidence, which includes ICC and non-ICC statements, public reports emanating from the United Nations (“UN”) and its agencies, public reports of non-governmental organisations (“NGO”) and news reports, is sufficient to establish reasonable grounds to believe that a non-international armed conflict took place and a widespread and systematic attack against the civilian population occurred. 16. (...) ICC-01/14-02/18-2-Red 13-12-2018 12/39 EC PTICC-01/14-01/18-89-Red 21-02-2019 12/39 NM PT Pursuant to Pre-Trial Chamber II's Decision ICC-01/14-02/18-34 and ICC-01/14-01/18-87, dated 20 February 2019, this document is transferred into the record of the case ICC-01/14-01/18 No: ICC-01/14-02/18 13/39 13 December 2018 In the light of the foregoing, the Chamber finds reasonable grounds to believe that the acts described above amount to crimes against humanity, committed as part of a widespread and systematic attack against the civilian population, namely persecution (article 7(1)(h) of the Statute); and war crimes, committed in the context of and associated with an armed conflict not of an international character, namely intentionally directing an attack against buildings dedicated to religion (article 8(2)(e)(iv) of the Statute) 70 and destroying or seizing the property of an adversary (article 8(2)(e)(xii) of the Statute). 71 The Chamber is satisfied that the supporting evidence, mainly ICC witness statements, is sufficient to establish reasonable grounds to believe that the above-mentioned crimes were committed. c. (...) At the beginning of January 2014, Yekatom led his subordinates into Bimbo, where he established a new base for his group situated on the Mbaiki side of the PK9 Bridge. 83 He also set up a checkpoint at this bridge for the purposes of, inter alia, exacting illegal “tolls”. 84 In the light of the foregoing, the Chamber finds that the evidence presented by the Prosecutor at this stage of the proceedings does not clearly establish reasonable grounds to believe that the acts described above amount to crimes against humanity, committed as part of a widespread and systematic attack against the civilian population, namely persecution (article 7(1)(h) of the Statute); and war crimes, committed in the context of and associated with an armed conflict not of an international character, namely pillaging (article 8(2)(e)(v) of the Statute).
Language:English
Score: 1056761.7 - https://www.icc-cpi.int/sites/.../CourtRecords/CR2019_00986.PDF
Data Source: un
These persecutions were perpetrated through the following: Attacks on Towns and Villages: 2.1 Persecutions were perpetrated by the widespread or systematic attack on towns and villages, inhabited by Bosnian Muslims, in the municipalities of Vitez and Busovaca. (...) Forcible Transfer of Civilians: 2.6 Persecutions were perpetrated when Bosnian Muslim civilians were expelled from their homes and forcibly transferred by the HVO Military Police and other members of the HVO from the municipalities of Vitez and Busovaca to other parts of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. 2.7 The persecutions of Bosnian Muslim civilians, as alleged above, were committed on such a widespread basis, and implemented in such a systematic fashion, that it significantly reduced the Muslim civilian population from those areas of the municipalities of Vitez and Busovaca where the HVO and the Bosnian Croat administration had seized control. (...) This criminal responsibility involves the responsibility of a superior officer for the acts of his subordinate if the superior knew or had reason to know that his subordinate was about to commit such acts or had done so and the superior failed to take necessary and reasonable measures to prevent such further acts or to punish the perpetrators thereof. 8.5 The general allegations contained in paragraphs 8.0 through 8.4 of this indictment are re-alleged and incorporated into each of the related counts of the indictment.
Language:English
Score: 1054687.2 - https://www.icty.org/x/cases/l...bicic/ind/en/lju-ii011030e.htm
Data Source: un
The inquiry procedure: Allows investigation of substantial abuses of women's human rights by an international body of experts; Is useful where individual communications fail to reflect the systemic nature of widespread violations of women's rights; Allows widespread violations to be investigated where individuals or groups may be unable to make communications (for practical reasons or because of fear of reprisals); Gives the Committee an opportunity to make recommendations regarding the structural causes of violations; Allows the Committee to address a broad range of issues in a particular country.  
Language:English
Score: 1052671 - https://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/protocol/whatis.htm
Data Source: un
Mirko NORAC failed to take necessary and reasonable measures to prevent such acts, or to punish the perpetrators thereof. (...) The acts or omissions alleged against the accused in this indictment which constitute Crimes Against Humanity are crimes punishable under Article 5 of the Statute of the Tribunal, and were part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against a civilian population, specifically the Serb population of the Medak Pocket. (...) As a result of these widespread and systematic unlawful acts during the Croatian military operation, the Medak Pocket became uninhabitable.
Language:English
Score: 1038523.2 - https://www.icty.org/x/cases/norac/ind/en/nor-ii040520e.htm
Data Source: un
Europeans are no slouches in the realm of high technology and were years ahead of the United States in many areas, such as the development of high-speed trains and the widespread use of smart banking cards. In fact, France was the first country in the world to have an on-line information service, the Minitel, over 15 years ago, long before the use of the Web became widespread. (...) High prices charged by Internet service providers have been another reason cited for lower rates of Internet connection in Europe, but that is starting to change as telecommunications competition heats up, prices come down and a variety of providers begin to offer free Internet access. According to the Telecommunications Regulation Authority, the French telecommunications watchdog, after rate reductions in August, France now offers the fourth-lowest (of 14 European countries) cost for 20 hours of monthly Net connection, after Italy, Portugal and Ireland, bringing it up from second to last on the list (last place is now held by Austria). Another reason for the time lag is that technologies and services developed in the United States are U.S.
Language:English
Score: 1037741.6 - https://www.itu.int/newsarchive/wtd/1999/iht10/tho-09.html
Data Source: un
Offenses related to the preparation, production, acquisition, storage, transportation, transfer of drugs, psychotropic substances or their precursors are also widespread. Crimes against public moral (involving to prostitution, maintenance of prostitution house) and causing of harm to health are part of this. The reasons of committing such crimes are different. The greediness, family conflicts, social problems are main reasons for committing such crimes. (...) Earlier in the country, cases of abduction of young girls in order to get married were widespread. After defining by the criminal law of such acts as kidnapping, abduction of girls decreased.
Language:English
Score: 1037741.6 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...Liberty/States/Azerbaijan.docx
Data Source: un
Offenses related to the preparation, production, acquisition, storage, transportation, transfer of drugs, psychotropic substances or their precursors are also widespread. Crimes against public moral (involving to prostitution, maintenance of prostitution house) and causing of harm to health are part of this. The reasons of committing such crimes are different. The greediness, family conflicts, social problems are main reasons for committing such crimes. (...) Earlier in the country, cases of abduction of young girls in order to get married were widespread. After defining by the criminal law of such acts as kidnapping, abduction of girls decreased.
Language:English
Score: 1037741.6 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/default/files/Azerbaijan.docx
Data Source: un
Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes Debet (AM-GE) • Agriculture the biggest water use • Heavy metal concentrations: naturally elevated (AM: widespread and severe); improvements in ore processing has decreased but tailings are still a concern • Municipal and industrial wastewater discharges (AM: severe, local – industrial, municipal – widespread) • Deforestation (AM: moderate, local) • Other pressures: freight transport, air deposition, solid waste (moderate, local) Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes Debet: checks needed/gaps • Reported population density in AM does not match with calculated • AM water resources per capita: population correct? (...) Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes Agstev: AM, AZ • Domestic and municipal wastewaters (AM: severe, widespread) • Diffuse pollution from agriculture (severe, widespread) • Effluent from landfills (AM: severe, widespread) • Naturally elevated metal concentrations (AM: severe, widespread) Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes Agstev • Reduction of pollution load observed from the first Assessment, at least when the amount of solids is looked at • Climate: increase of T, decrease in rainfall and runoff predicted. (...) • Time-frame of predicted climate change in AM Arpa (AM, AZ) • Untreated wastewater discharges: AM (severe and widespread) • Nutrient pollution from agriculture: AM (moderate but widespread) • Inappropriate handling of trash: AM (moderate) • Naturally elevated concentrations of metals • Status: assessed to be very clean; with almost no human impact, but some increase of nitrate compounds observed from 2009 (AM) Arpa: gaps/clarification needed • Population data: AZ • Installed hydropower capacity • Herher, Malishkin and Jermuk aquifers form one aquifer system or should all of them be assessed separately as individual aquifers?
Language:English
Score: 1037134.6 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA..._CaucasusAssessment_edited.pdf
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This Report is important for a number of reasons. Firstly, the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) recognized the need for monitoring and evaluation of WSIS follow-up to determine whether the Summit succeeded in what it set out to do. (...) Secondly, this Report shows that there has been a steady expansion in digital opportunity, both in terms of more widespread access to basic Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and the growth in high-speed access to ICTs, on both fixed line and mobile networks. (...) For it is only by drawing upon the resources of a range of different stakeholders that we can build an inclusive, people-centred and development-oriented Information Society, that can accommodate the needs of all participants. For these reasons, ITU and UNCTAD are proud to publish this second edition of the World Information Society Report and we look forward to a continued and successful collaboration in monitoring WSIS follow-up in the implementation of the WSIS goals by 2015.
Language:English
Score: 1036830.1 - https://www.itu.int/osg/spu/pu...ciety/2007/WISR07-foreword.pdf
Data Source: un
Alleged unlawful killings by security forces and paramilitary groups : OISL says there are reasonable grounds to believe that the Sri Lankan security forces and paramilitary groups linked to them were implicated in the unlawful killing of civilians, conducted “in a widespread manner”. (...) OISL says there are reasonable grounds to believe that these killings were carried out by members of the Sri Lankan security forces. (...) Journalists The report says that attacks against journalists were widespread and appeared systematic, repeatedly targeting media known for being critical of the Government.
Language:English
Score: 1030759.4 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...ncil/OISL/UnlawfulKillings.doc
Data Source: un