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The report of the Secretary-General clearly shows the widespread application of the articles by international courts. (...) Subjecting the articles on State responsibility to negotiations at an intergovernmental conference (or at the General Assembly) after almost two decades of widespread application, would entail a risk of galvanizing still existing divergences and differences of views, as demonstrated e.g. in the Secretary General´s report of comments received by Governments or even already during this session of the Sixth Committee. This, as well as a risk of opening tough substantive discussions on their carefully drafted text would necessarily lead to jeopardizing their current level of acceptance and status as the relevant body of law in this field of international law. For these reasons, Slovakia does not favor elaborating a convention on the basis of the articles on State responsibility.
Language:English
Score: 1010884.6 - https://www.un.org/en/ga/sixth...ts/resp_of_states/slovakia.pdf
Data Source: un
With regard to jurisdiction ratione materiae, the Chamber has decided, for the reasons set out below, that there are reasonable grounds to believe that the crimes attributed to Mr Al Hassan constitute, in the first place, crimes against humanity under article 7 of the Statute (namely paragraphs 7(1)(h), 7(1)(g), 7(1)(f) and 7(1)(k)) on the ground that they were committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against the civilian population, and, in the second place, war crimes under article 8 of the Statute (and more precisely paragraphs 8(2)(c)(i), 8(2)(c)(ii), 8(2)(c)(iv), 8(2)(e)(iv) and 8(2)(e)(vi)) on the ground that they were committed in the context of the non-international armed conflict that began in Mali in January 2012. (...) The Chamber notes that article 7(1) of the Statute requires the attack to be either widespread or systematic. The term “widespread” means that an attack was large-scale, massive, frequent, carried out collectively, of considerable seriousness and directed against a large number of victims. (...) As to whether the attack was widespread, the material submitted by the Prosecutor shows that the attack took place on the scale of the local population of Timbuktu.
Language:English
Score: 1007082.8 - https://www.icc-cpi.int/sites/.../CourtRecords/CR2018_05010.PDF
Data Source: un
Mirko NORAC failed to take necessary and reasonable measures to prevent such acts, or to punish the perpetrators thereof. (...) The acts or omissions alleged against the accused in this indictment which constitute Crimes Against Humanity are crimes punishable under Article 5 of the Statute of the Tribunal, and were part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against a civilian population, specifically the Serb population of the Medak Pocket. (...) As a result of these widespread and systematic unlawful acts during the Croatian military operation, the Medak Pocket became uninhabitable.
Language:English
Score: 1006183.7 - https://www.icty.org/x/cases/ademi/ind/en/ade-ci040730e.htm
Data Source: un
There could be various reasons for a refusal, e.g. if there are widespread and serious violations of human rights in a proposed destination country, if there is a clear risk that the arms could be used by the recipient for internal repression, or more specifically to commit or facilitate a serious violation of international human rights law. 5.
Language:English
Score: 1005409 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...fLaw/ArmsTransfers/Sweden.docx
Data Source: un
Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro Chair of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic Arabic |  French | Tigrinya  | Spanish Geneva (8 June 2016) – Crimes against humanity have been committed in a widespread and systematic manner in Eritrean detention facilities, military training camps and other locations across the country over the past 25 years, according to a new report by the UN Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in Eritrea, released Wednesday. (...) Further media materials, including video, B-roll and witness testimony are available at: http://www.ohchr.org/COIEritreaMedia Crimes against humanity are acts committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack against any civilian population, even in the absence of an armed conflict. (...) The Commission of Inquiry was instructed by the UN’s Human Rights Council in July 2015 to further “investigate systematic, widespread and gross violations of human rights in Eritrea with a view to ensuring accountability, including where these violations may amount to crimes as against humanity.”
Language:English
Score: 1000463.6 - https://www.ohchr.org/en/press...rimes-against-humanity-eritrea
Data Source: un
Firstly, the Single Judge recalls that, under the Statute, a person cannot be charged with establishing, participating in or contributing to a policy but can only be charged with the crimes committed in the context of a widespread and systematic 9 Prosecutor's Request, para. 12. 10 Prosecutor's Request, para. 14. (...) Secondly, the arguments of the Prosecutor completely disregard the findings of the Chamber that there were reasonable grounds to believe that Muthaura and Ali were responsible for the crimes committed in the context of a widespread and systematic attack against the civilian population carried out pursuant to the organizational policy of the Mungiki. (...) Having reviewed the Prosecutor's Request together with the reasoning and the findings made by the Chamber in the 8 March 2011 Decision, the Single Judge is of the view that the Second Issue does not affect either the fairness and the expeditiousness of the proceedings or the outcome of the trial as alleged by the Prosecutor for the reasons elaborated below. 30.
Language:English
Score: 1000236.5 - https://www.icc-cpi.int/sites/.../CourtRecords/CR2011_03129.PDF
Data Source: un
The pre-trial judges “accepted that there exists a reasonable basis to believe widespread and/or systematic acts of violence may have been committed that could qualify as crimes against humanity of deportation across the Myanmar-Bangladesh border” the Court said in a  press statement , in addition to “persecution on grounds of ethnicity and/or religion against the Rohingya population.”  After a reported military-led crackdown, widespread killings, rape and village burnings, nearly three-quarters of a million Rohingya fled Myanmar's Rakhine state in August 2017 to settle in crowded refugee camps in neighboring Bangladesh.  (...) At that time, her Office’s preliminary examination found “a reasonable basis” to believe that at least 700,00 Rohingya were deported from Myanmar to Bangladesh “through a range of coercive acts causing suffering and serious injury.” 
Language:English
Score: 997306.5 - https://news.un.org/en/story/2019/11/1051451
Data Source: un
The pre-trial judges “accepted that there exists a reasonable basis to believe widespread and/or systematic acts of violence may have been committed that could qualify as crimes against humanity of deportation across the Myanmar-Bangladesh border” the Court said in a  press statement , in addition to “persecution on grounds of ethnicity and/or religion against the Rohingya population.”  After a reported military-led crackdown, widespread killings, rape and village burnings, nearly three-quarters of a million Rohingya fled Myanmar's Rakhine state in August 2017 to settle in crowded refugee camps in neighboring Bangladesh.  (...) At that time, her Office’s preliminary examination found “a reasonable basis” to believe that at least 700,00 Rohingya were deported from Myanmar to Bangladesh “through a range of coercive acts causing suffering and serious injury.” 
Language:English
Score: 997306.5 - https://news.un.org/story/2019/11/1051451
Data Source: un
Alleged crimes (non-exhaustive list) Pre-Trial Chamber I found that there are reasonable grounds to believe that:  Between April 2012 and January 2013, in furtherance of a policy designed by the armed groups Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (“AQIM”) and Ansar Eddine, a widespread and systematic attack within the meaning of article 7(1) of the Statue was carried out against the civilian population, including by torturing, raping and persecuting members of the civilian population of Timbuktu, in Mali.  A non-international armed conflict began in January 2012 and remained ongoing in Mali throughout the period of the alleged events. (...) Modes of liability The Chamber finds reasonable grounds to believe that Mr Al-Hassan bears criminal responsibility for: (i) the commission of the crimes individually, jointly with another or through another person (article 25(3)(a)); or (ii) ordering, soliciting or inducing the commission of the crimes (article 25(3)(b)) https://www.icc-cpi.int/CourtRecords/CR2018_02547.PDF Case Information Sheet The Prosecutor v. (...) After conducting a preliminary examination of the situation, the ICC Prosecutor concluded, on 16 March 2013, that there is reasonable basis to believe that crimes under the ICC’s jurisdiction have been committed in Mali, since January 2012, and decided to open an investigation in this situation.
Language:English
Score: 996994.7 - https://www.icc-cpi.int/sites/...rmationSheets/al-hassanEng.pdf
Data Source: un
The test which the Trial Chamber has applied in the present case is whether there is evidence (if accepted) upon which a reasonable tribunal of fact could convict – that is to say, evidence (if accepted) upon which a reasonable tribunal of fact could be satisfied beyond reasonable doubt of the guilt of the accused on the particular charge in question. (...) The Celebici Judgment held that plunder included unjustified appropriations both by individual soldiers for their private gain and by the organised seizures within the framework of a systematic exploitation of enemy property. 35 In Prosecutor v Blaskic , 36 the accused’s conviction for plunder was based upon the large-scale activities of his subordinates over a widespread geographical area. 37 Neither judgment therefore found it necessary to consider whether plunder requires the thefts to be widespread. 16. (...) The Trial Chamber is not satisfied that the totality of this evidence provides a sufficient basis upon which a reasonable tribunal of fact could be satisfied beyond reasonable doubt that it was the accused Vukovic who raped Witness FWS-48.
Language:English
Score: 992315.8 - https://www.icty.org/x/cases/k...arac/tdec/en/00703DC213246.htm
Data Source: un