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NOTE VERBALE DATED 2007/10/26 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF PERU ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
In so doing, Peru became the fifth country from Latin America and the Caribbean and the twenty-ninth State worldwide to ratify that instrument. In addition, measures undertaken at the domestic level to adapt Peruvian legislation to that Convention should be highlighted. (...) Resolution 2005/2 of the then Commission on Human Rights very clearly sets out the mandate of the Working Group, whose activities will focus on five principal goals: (a) To elaborate and present concrete proposals on possible new standards, general guidelines or basic principles encouraging the further protection of human rights, in particular the right of peoples to self-determination, while facing current and emergent threats posed by mercenaries or mercenary-related activities; (b) To seek opinions and contributions from Governments and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations on questions relating to its mandate; (c) To monitor mercenaries and mercenary-related activities in all their forms and manifestations in different parts of the world; A/HRC/7/G/1 page 4 (d) To study and identify emerging issues, manifestations and trends regarding mercenaries or mercenary-related activities and their impact on human rights, particularly on the right of peoples to self-determination; (e) To monitor and study the effects of the activities of private companies offering military assistance, consultancy and security services on the international market on the enjoyment of human rights, particularly the right of peoples to self-determination, and to prepare draft international basic principles that encourage respect for human rights on the part of those companies in their activities.
Langue:Français
Ponctuation: 1100741.3 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...get?open&DS=A/HRC/7/G/1&Lang=F
Source de données: ods
THE KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY AND INFORMATION, COMMUNICATION AND SPACE TECHNOLOGY POLICY : REGIONAL STRATEGY IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC ; COMMITTEE ON MANAGING GLOBALIZATION (4TH SESS.: PART II : 19-21 NOVEMBER 2007 : BANGKOK) ; NOTE BY THE SECRETARIAT
ID=1889sku=IN0603316AW 5 Ministère de l’industrie de l’information. 6 “Asia’s early adopters shape mobile market” http://www.vnunet.com/vnunet/news/2167285/japan-korea-pioneer- mobile-tech E/ESCAP/CMG(4/II)/4 Page 6 pour faire des appels ou envoyer des messages textuels, mais aussi pour regarder et consommer des produits multimédias (musique, vidéo, jeux), servant en même temps d’argent électronique et d’aide aux transactions mobiles et au commerce mobile. 23. (...) Le dernier rapport sur les brevets de l’Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle (OMPI), intitulé Statistics on Worldwide Patent Activity (2007)9, révèle l’émergence de nouveaux pôles d’innovation, en particulier en Asie du Nord-Est. (...) Le marché chinois des TIC 7 “Mobile Market and Trends in Japan, Korea and China” www.apvco.com/resources/public/Asia_Mobile_Markets_and_Outlook_200702.pdf. 8 “Internet Usage in Asia” internetworldstats.com/stats3.htm. 9 http://www.wipo.int/ipstats/en/statistics/patents/patent_report_2007.html.
Langue:Français
Ponctuation: 1099149.1 - HTTP://DACCESS-ODS.UN.ORG/ACCE...DS=E./ESCAP/CMG(4/II)/4&LANG=F
Source de données: ods
COMPETITION ISSUES IN THE DIGITAL ECONOMY
Tableau 1 Les 10 premières entreprises mondiales au 31 mars 2009 (En milliards de dollars) Rang Entreprise Secteur d’activité Capitalisation boursière 1 Exxon Mobil Pétrole et gaz 337 2 Petro China Pétrole et gaz 287 3 Walmart Distribution 204 4 Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Services financiers 188 5 Chine Mobile Télécommunications 175 6 Microsoft Technologie 163 7 AT&T Télécommunications 149 8 Johnson & Johnson Soins de santé 145 9 Royal Dutch Shell Pétrole et gaz 139 10 Procter & Gamble Biens de consommation 138 Source : PricewaterhouseCoopers (2018), Global Top 100 Companies by Market Capitalization : 31 March 2018 Update (Londres). (...) Ces cercles sans fin peuvent rendre la tâche extrêmement difficile à tout 3 Voir https://marketingland.com/amazon-owns-more-than-90-market-share-across-5-different-product- categories-report-241135, http://gs.statcounter.com/social-media-stats et https://www.statista.com/statistics/216573/worldwide-market-share-of-search-engines/. 4 Commission australienne de la concurrence de la consommation (2018), Digital Platforms Inquiry: Preliminary Report (Canberra). 5 Pour plus de détails sur l’étude, voir https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/public- consultation-regulatory-environment-platforms-online-intermediaries-data-and-cloud. 6 Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques (2016), Données massives : adapter la politique de la concurrence à l’ère du numérique, DAF/COMP(2016)14, Paris, 21 novembre. 7 Commission économique pour l’Amérique latine et les Caraïbes (2018), Data, Algorithms and Policies: Redefining the Digital World (publication des Nations Unies, Santiago). (...) r=US&IR=T. 13 Voir https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-09-19/amazon-increases-ad-market-share-at- expense-of-google-facebook. 14 A.
Langue:Français
Ponctuation: 1091328.9 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...open&DS=TD/B/C.I/CLP/54&Lang=F
Source de données: ods
APPLICATIONS AND IMPACT OF EUROPEAN CENSUS MICRODATA (IPUMS)
JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, 49(4), 767-796. Gentile, M., & Marcińczak, S. (2014). (...) Immigration Policy and Labour Market Disadvantage. UCD Geary Institute for Public Policy Discussion Paper Series (No. 201816). (...) Contrasting trajectories of labor market assimilation between migrant women in Western and Southern Europe.
Langue:Français
Ponctuation: 1088402.1 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...DS=ECE/CES/GE.41/2019/5&Lang=F
Source de données: ods
REPORT OF THE SEPTEMBER 2001 JOINT UNECE/EUROSTAT WORK SESSION ON METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES INVOLVING THE INTEGRATION OF STATISTICS AND GEOGRAPHY : NOTE / PREPARED BY THE SECRETARIAT
There appears to be sufficient market for specific geo-statistical applications. (...) The problem with technology driven applications is that they are often aimed at a mass market and do not respond (fully) to statistical needs. (...) It is also important to understand technology development, since the market leaders in technology have a significant influence on the development of standards. 46.
Langue:Français
Ponctuation: 1088402.1 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...get?open&DS=CES/2002/25&Lang=F
Source de données: ods
VISIT TO SPAIN : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON EXTREME POVERTY AND HUMAN RIGHTS
Both the Independent Authority for Fiscal Responsibility and Oxfam have made such a proposal.35 It should have at least the following characteristics: full portability between autonomous communities; compatibility with the existing labour market so that people do not lose support for accepting low-paid or temporary work; an adequate amount that tracks the cost of living to ensure that people are not living in poverty; an individualized and flexible approach to administration that minimizes burdensome paperwork; availability to people aged under 25; and a lack of excessive conditions linked to job searching that bureaucratize the system and depress uptake. 26. (...) The affordability of the private rental market is amongst the lowest in the OECD and more than 38 per cent of private tenants paying market rates are overburdened by the cost of rent.52 The Bank of Spain found that the price of rental housing increased by more than 50 per cent from 2013 to 2019,53 while salaries have lost 7.8 per cent of their purchasing power in the last decade. (...) Despite the clear need, low cost rental housing is almost non-existent: just 2.7 per cent of the population was renting below the market rate as of 2018.56 Housing Europe estimates that social housing in Spain comprises 2.5 per cent of the national occupied housing stock, compared with 30 per cent in the Netherlands, 24 per cent in Austria, 17.6 per cent in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and 16.8 per cent in France.57 In addition, new construction of public housing has plummeted from 63,900 new units in 2008 to 2,737 in 2018.58 Meanwhile, the most recent national housing census in 2011 found 3.4 million vacant homes, while Housing Europe estimates that there were 3.8 million in 2017.59 39.
Langue:Français
Ponctuation: 1077468.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/44/40/ADD.2&Lang=F
Source de données: ods
REPORT OF THE SEVENTY-SEVENTH SESSION OF THE ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE COMMITTEE ON FORESTS AND THE FOREST INDUSTRY AND THE FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION EUROPEAN FORESTRY COMMISSION
GE.19-21531 (F) 120520 130520  Rapport de la soixante-dix-septième session du Comité des forêts et de l’industrie forestière de la CEE et de la
Langue:Français
Ponctuation: 1077157.8 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...?open&DS=ECE/TIM/2019/2&Lang=F
Source de données: ods
CONSUMER PROTECTION AND COMPETITION POLICY : NOTE / BY THE UNCTAD SECRETARIAT
Londres, p. 31 et 32. 17 OFT (2008), Personal Current Accounts in the UK: An OFT Market Study. OFT1005. Royaume-Uni. TD/B/C.I/EM/2 10 GE.12-50853 consommateurs avaient changé de compte en banque au cours des douze mois précédents. (...) The functioning of retail electricity markets for consumers in the European Union. EAHC/FWC/2009 86 01. (...) Akerlof G. (1970), The market for lemons: Quality uncertainty and the market mechanism, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 84:488 à 500. 24 Une garantie est une promesse faite par le fabricant ou le vendeur au consommateur que le produit remplira son usage et ne comporte aucun défaut significatif.
Langue:Français
Ponctuation: 1075881.1 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...t?open&DS=TD/B/C.I/EM/2&Lang=F
Source de données: ods
BEST PRACTICE GUIDANCE FOR POLICYMAKERS AND STOCK EXCHANGES ON SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING INITIATIVES : NOTE / PREPARED BY THE UNCTAD SECRETARIAT
Établies en consultation avec des experts internationaux (annexe I), les présentes lignes directrices s’appuient sur des analyses figurant dans les publications ci-après: Corporate Governance Disclosure in Emerging Markets: Statistical Analysis of Legal Requirements and Company Practices (CNUCED, 2011a), Corporate Greenhouse Gas Emission Reporting: A Stocktaking of Government Schemes (Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques (OCDE), 2012), Sustainable stock exchanges: A report on progress (Initiative des bourses de valeurs pour un développement durable, 2012), et Carrots and Sticks: Sustainability Reporting Policies Worldwide − Today’s Best Practice, Tomorrow’s Trends (Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement (PNUE) et al., 2013) et d’autres études sur les meilleures pratiques actuelles dans le monde.
Langue:Français
Ponctuation: 1074313 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=TD/B/C.II/ISAR/67&Lang=F
Source de données: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND INTERNATIONAL SOLIDARITY, VIRGINIA DANDAN : ADDENDUM
Preambular Paragraphs Recalling the Preamble of the Charter of the United Nations, in particular the determination by States to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small; to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained; to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom; and to employ international machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples, Recognizing that there is an overwhelming collective manifestation of international solidarity by States as expressed in the multitude of commitments and promises relating to human rights and development that they have made most notably the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action in 1993, the Declaration on the Right to Development in 1986 and the Millennium Declaration in 2000, Recalling the recognition as set forth in the declaration adopted by the heads of State and Government at the Millennium Summit of the United Nations of the fundamental value of solidarity to international relations in the twenty-first century, stating that: global challenges must be managed in a way that distributes costs and burdens fairly, in accordance with basic principles of equity and social justice; those who benefit least, deserve help from those who benefit most; responsibility for managing worldwide economic and social development, as well as threats to international peace and security, must be shared among the nations of the world and should be exercised multilaterally;1 in addition to their separate responsibilities to their individual societies, they have a collective responsibility to uphold the principles of human dignity, equality and equity at the global level; 2as well as the resolve to create an environment – at the national and global levels alike – which is conducive to development and to the elimination of poverty,3 Recalling further that the World Conference on Human Rights where States adopted the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action in June 1993, contains various references to notions of international cooperation and solidarity; thus, in the preamble, respect for the principles of “peace, democracy, justice, equality, rule of law, pluralism, development, better standards of living, and solidarity” is cited and strengthened by the determination “to take new steps forward in the commitment of the international community with a view to 1 United Nations Millennium Declaration, UN Doc. (...) A/HRC/26/34/Add.1 GE.14-12784 5 Article 4 As such, the general objective of international solidarity is to create an enabling environment where all human rights including the right to development, can be progressively realized for all peoples and individuals, through effective multilateral preventive solidarity measures undertaken by States and international organizations, in active partnerships with each other and with peoples and individuals who constitute the international society with a view to: (a) Preventing and removing the root causes of the asymmetries and inequalities between developed and developing countries and populations, as well as the structural obstacles that generate poverty worldwide; and, (b) Fostering the equitable, just and fair distribution of benefits in a globalized world through the protection and promotion of all human rights. (...) A/HRC/26/34/Add.1 6 GE.14-12784 (j) The accountability of all States before international structures and mechanisms such as, inter alia, the Universal Periodic Review and the United Nations human rights treaty bodies, and the supporting national policies aiming to respect, protect, promote, and fulfil human rights, including respect for cultural diversity and the right to peace; (k) Good practices of collective action on the ground – whether among individuals, peoples or States – that give rise to desirable outcomes in advancing the respect for, protection and fulfilment of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion; (l) The achievement of gender equality in all sustainable development initiatives, including in areas related to climate change, water management, renewable energy generation, access to resources, services, social protection, education and markets; (i) The structural analysis and consequent dismantling of the root causes that perpetuate discrimination against women resulting in poverty and in the violation of women’s human rights; (j) Global partnerships aimed at achieving the United Nations Development Agenda before and beyond 2015.
Langue:Français
Ponctuation: 1073180.3 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/26/34/ADD.1&Lang=F
Source de données: ods