VISIT TO SWEDEN : REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND INTERNATIONAL SOLIDARITY
Although Sweden is a role model for women’s and girls’ rights
worldwide, in the country itself gender equality has not yet been fully achieved.
13. (...) For this purpose, the
Ministry for Foreign Affairs regularly monitors the situation of democracy, human rights
and the rule of law worldwide. It published 135 country reports on these issues in 2017. (...) It is a global
partnership and the first social dialogue initiative to promote good relations in the labour
market with the aim to ensure that everyone can benefit from globalization.
VISIT TO THE NETHERLANDS : REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND INTERNATIONAL SOLIDARITY
The Netherlands will continue to improve the position of women and girls
worldwide and to attain gender equality. Gender equality contributes to the achievement of
a number of Sustainable Development Goals. (...) Certain groups, however, may need support in finding their place
in the labour market. These include elderly persons, those with a disability, families on low
income, ethnic and other minorities, homeless persons and those with addiction problems.
55. (...) A number of areas of concern were
mentioned, such as greenhouse gas emissions, the gender pay gap and the alignment
between education and the labour market.
64. In addition to the 2030 Agenda, the Dutch Government vowed to contribute actively
to support and promote the implementation of the Paris Agreement and the Addis Ababa
Action Agenda of the Third International Conference on Financing for Development.
NOTE VERBALE DATED 24 OCTOBER 2012 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF THE PLURINATIONAL STATE OF BOLIVIA TO THE UNITED NATIONS ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARIAT
In 2008 the production of these two
countries represented 92% of worldwide quinoa production. Following them are: United States, Ecuador,
Argentina and Canada, totaling about 8% of global production volumes. (...) A/67/553
Vision and Aims
Quinoa is recognized and accepted worldwide as a natural food resource of Andean origin with high
nutritional value, constituting a quality food for the health and food security of present and future
(...) The private sector is involved with many research activities and the development of new products
and market niches.
Academia and research is one of the most extensive networks of cooperation for the promotion of global
culture, as it has the technical knowledge of the latest developments, including cutting-edge research and
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE EFFECTS OF FOREIGN DEBT AND OTHER RELATED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS OF STATES ON THE FULL ENJOYMENT OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, PARTICULARLY ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS ON HIS MISSION TO PANAMA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
They are not accidental or
a by-product of the market; rather they often appear to be the result of State-sanctioned
practices and high levels of impunity, insufficient regulations, and the misuse of complex
financial vehicles to avoid accountability and traceability. (...) Similarly, significant public expenditures are required to ensure
12 A/HRC/28/60 and Corr.1.
13 Trade misinvoicing and tax loss due to misinvoicing are important components of illicit financial
flows worldwide and contribute to inequality around the world, especially in developing countries.
(...) The overall involvement of financial institutions in abusive tax planning strategies
for transnational corporations worldwide is confirmed by the increasing number of cases in
which individual financial institutions have been investigated or have received penalties for
a host of infractions, the most widespread of which was helping wealthy clients and
corporations engage in tax fraud.42 Many of the cases revealed by the “Panama Papers”
point in that direction.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT, MILOON KOTHARI
include: land and property speculation and the unwillingness of States to intervene in
the market to ensure that low-income persons can access rental and owner-occupied
housing; land occupation/grabbing; land confiscation and expropriation; destruction
and deterioration of land; inequality in land ownership; agrarian reform; housing and
property restitution in the context of the return of refugees, evicted persons, and
internally displaced persons; and the inability of States to control the growth and
power of land mafias and cartels;
• Natural disasters and humanitarian emergencies. (...) The Special Rapporteur has continuously pointed
out the worldwide failure to finance and ensure adequate housing for the poor who
comprise the bottom 20 per cent of national populations. (...) They offer several new
prescriptions, based on experiences gathered worldwide since 1997, which render more clear the
obligations of States within this context.
LETTER DATED 3 APRIL 2020 FROM THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF QATAR TO THE UNITED NATIONS ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
• Inclusive education should be geared towards belonging and active citizenship
and not just active labour market participation.
• The principle and need for ‘universal design’ applies to learning systems as well
school buildings (...) Economic Empowerment
The Need for more inclusive Labour Market Policies and Laws.
o More can be done to ensure labour markets are accommodating and welcoming
to employees with disabilities.
o The current trend toward supported employment in the open labour market,
where needed, is broadly welcomed.
o More needs to be done to support entrepreneurship and the formation of small
businesses by persons with disabilities as well as to encourage social enterprise.
VISIT TO SPAIN : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON EXTREME POVERTY AND HUMAN RIGHTS
Independent Authority for Fiscal Responsibility and Oxfam have made such a proposal.35 It
should have at least the following characteristics: full portability between autonomous
communities; compatibility with the existing labour market so that people do not lose
support for accepting low-paid or temporary work; an adequate amount that tracks the cost
of living to ensure that people are not living in poverty; an individualized and flexible
approach to administration that minimizes burdensome paperwork; availability to people
aged under 25; and a lack of excessive conditions linked to job searching that bureaucratize
the system and depress uptake.
26. (...) The
affordability of the private rental market is amongst the lowest in the OECD and more than
38 per cent of private tenants paying market rates are overburdened by the cost of rent.52
The Bank of Spain found that the price of rental housing increased by more than 50 per cent
from 2013 to 2019,53 while salaries have lost 7.8 per cent of their purchasing power in the
last decade. (...) Despite the clear need, low cost rental housing is almost non-existent: just 2.7 per
cent of the population was renting below the market rate as of 2018.56 Housing Europe
estimates that social housing in Spain comprises 2.5 per cent of the national occupied
housing stock, compared with 30 per cent in the Netherlands, 24 per cent in Austria, 17.6
per cent in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and 16.8 per cent in
France.57 In addition, new construction of public housing has plummeted from 63,900 new
units in 2008 to 2,737 in 2018.58 Meanwhile, the most recent national housing census in
2011 found 3.4 million vacant homes, while Housing Europe estimates that there were 3.8
million in 2017.59
REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON ON THE USE OF MERCENARIES AS A MEANS OF VIOLATING HUMAN RIGHTS AND IMPEDING THE EXERCISE OF THE RIGHT OF PEOPLES TO SELF-DETERMINATION : ADDENDUM
Part of the mandate of the Working Group is to examine the situation regarding the
activities of private military and private security companies (PMSCs) on the international market
and its effects on the enjoyment of human rights. (...) The example of the arms trade, where the FCO and embassies and special agencies
of the United Kingdom worldwide are overseeing the legality of the license, could be a good
starting point for putting in place such a mechanism. The BERR compliance inspectorate,
centrally, and British embassies and High Commissions worldwide could monitor the
compliance of the implementation of licensed contracts, in a similar way to what they are
mandated to do under the Export Control Act (2002).
VISIT TO ITALY :REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT TO FOOD
The Policy also provides a number of market
measures and other elements to facilitate organic production and better labelling.
27. (...) It should be noted, however, that statistics usually refer to products that are sold on the market and not
specifically pesticides used in agriculture.
(...) Illegality is economically motivated, thus inevitably linked with attempts to reduce
costs, increase prices, destroy environment and social practices, and discourage
smallholders from entering the market. In this context, the Government and the local
authorities have achieved significant success and seized valuable assets and goods.37 The
continued efforts by the competent Italian authorities (the Central Inspectorate for Fraud
Prevention and others) to move towards having a worldwide-acknowledged national control
system in the agrifood sector are commendable.
PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, CIVIL, POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, INCLUDING THE RIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT : INFORMATION / PRESENTED BY THE WORKING GROUP ON BUSINESS AND HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE INTERNATIONAL COORDINATING COMMITTEE OF NATIONAL INSTITUTIONS FOR THE PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS (ICC) ; NOTE BY THE SECRETARIAT
The right to food is acknowledged and affirmed in a range of international human
rights instruments, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,9 the International
5 For examples, see Survey on National Human Rights Institutions, Report on the findings and
recommendations of a questionnaire addressed to NHRIs worldwide, July 2009, Geneva,
6 Protect, Respect and Remedy: a Framework for Business and Human Rights, Report of the Special
Representative of the Secretary-General on the issue of human rights and transnational
corporations and other business enterprises, John Ruggie, http://www.reports-and-
7 Id., p. 6, paragraph No. 17.
8 For further information and materials regarding the ICC Working Group on Business and Human
Rights, see, www.nhri.net .
9 Under UDHR art. 25 (1), everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for her or his
health and well-being, including food, http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/index.shtml
Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,10 other international human rights
treaties,11 the Rome Declaration on World Food Security,12 the Universal Declaration on
the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition, and the United Nations Millennium
Declaration.13 The World Food Summit Plan of Action and the Declaration of the World
Food Summit14 affirmed that the problems of hunger and food insecurity have a global
dimension, that there has been insufficient progress made on reducing hunger, which is
likely to increase dramatically in certain regions unless urgent and concerted action is taken,
given anticipated increase in the world population, related stress on natural resources and
climate change. (...) As the
Special Rapporteur has recognised, a human rights based approach to the right to food
should, “…consider the full range of societal processes and systems that are necessary for
protecting and fulfilling the right to food”, in line with the holistic framework of the FAO
Voluntary Guidelines to Support the Progressive Realization of the Right to Adequate Food,
which acknowledge as conditions of effectiveness of the right to food, the rule of law,
transparency, accountability, public participation, legal framework, education, land reform,
market systems, resources, food safety, nutrition etc.
(...) It is to be hoped that this new policy framework will provide the impetus to greater public
debate and discussion around issues of agribusiness and the right to food, and also to more
effective regulation to protect enjoyment of the right to food that, as the Special Rapporteur
has repeatedly observed, is urgently needed worldwide.