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DRAFT REPORT OF THE INTERNATIONAL LAW COMMISSION ON THE WORK OF ITS 46TH SESSION
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 - 44 16 (ii) The possible consequences of a determination of crime . . . . . . . . 45 - 65 17 (iii) The punitive implications of the concept of crime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 - 72 23 (iv) The role of the United Nations in determining the existence and the consequences of a crime . . . . . . . 73 - 91 25 (v) Possible exclusion of crimes from the scope of application of the provisions on circumstances precluding wrongfulness . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 - 93 30 (vi) The general obligation of non-recognition of the consequences of a crime . . . . 94 - 95 31 (vii) The general obligation not to aid a "criminal" State . . . . . . . . . . . 96 31 (c) The courses of action open to the Commission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 - 101 32 (d) Conclusions of the Special Rapporteur . . . 102 - 120 34 (e) Comments on the topic in general . . . . . 121 40 A/CN.4/L.497 page 3 CHAPTER IV STATE RESPONSIBILITY A. (...) Another approach which was advocated was to introduce the concept of jus cogens obligations into the draft and to distinguish a breach of a jus cogens obligation from other lesser international wrongful acts - an approach which would merely require (a) to follow closely the language of the jus cogens provision in article 53 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (without using any accompanying descriptive term and without introducing any illustrative list of examples for which there might not be adequate lex lata support) and (b) to indicate what remedies a breach of a jus cogens type of obligation would entail, in addition to those required for other wrongful acts. (...) According to the prevailing opinion, the distinction between delicts and crimes had a qualitative impact on the substantive consequences of the two categories of internationally wrongful acts inasmuch as the latter entailed a 17/ Emphasis was placed in this context on the need to get around the concept of self-defence through substantive, formal and procedural rules to be determined in the light of the resolutions of the United Nations, the Charter and the entire set of customary and conventional rules.
Language:English
Score: 887431.8 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...et?open&DS=A/CN.4/L.497&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
Mar METSA 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 LHD Reports Cairo / Riyadh Months Reporting Points Late Estimate No Estimate Wrong Route No Level Revision Level Bust Reduction Sep Min. (...) Sep PASIP 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 LHD Reports Amman / Cairo Months Reporting Points Late Estimate No Estimate Wrong Route No Level Revision Level Bust Reduction Sep Min. (...) Apr ULADA 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 LHD Reports Iran / UAE Months Reporting Points Late Estimate No Estimate Wrong Route No Level Revision Level Bust Reduction Sep Min.
Language:English
Score: 887111.6 - https://www.icao.int/MID/Docum...16/MIDRMA%20Board14/WP%208.pdf
Data Source: un
SUMMARY RECORD OF THE 1777TH MEETING, HELD ON WEDNESDAY, 8 JUNE 1983 : INTERNATIONAL LAW COMMISSION, 35TH SESSION, EXTRACT FROM THE YEARBOOK OF THE INTERNATIONAL LAW COMMISSION, 1983, VOL 1
His own view was that identification of certain aspects of the dispute-settlement procedure would indeed facilitate consideration of the more difficult concepts, such as those relating to international crimes, or other aspects involving injury to peoples or to the interests of the international community as a whole, but it should not be a pre-condition for developing those concepts and the legal consequences of wrongful acts connected therewith. (...) Indeed, the three main elements of the fourth report (A/CN.4/366 and Add.l) could be said to be the categorization of wrongful acts and identification of the injured State; the concept of objective regimes relating thereto; and the question of the legitimacy of reprisals. (...) The Special Rapporteur had categorized inter- nationally wrongful acts as "international crimes" or jus cogens violations; acts defined as internationally wrongful under objective regimes of a universal character—which might or might not be international crimes—or under objective regimes of a regional character; and inter- nationally wrongful acts of a purely bilateral nature. 4.
Language:English
Score: 886916.1 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...?open&DS=A/CN.4/SR.1777&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
NAT SPG Conclusion 51/01 – Additional targets to the list of safety key performance indicators for the ICAO NAT Region That the list of Key Performance Indicators (KPI) in the NAT SPG Handbook (NAT Doc 001) in the area of safety for the ICAO NAT Region be augmented with the following targets: Key Performance Indicator Target (i) number of hull loss events: 0 (ii) number of Airborne Collision Avoidance System (ACAS) Resolution Advisory (RA) events: 0 (v) number of minutes that data link equipped aircraft spend at the wrong flight level: a10% reduction in comparison with a rolling average of the previous 3 years; (vi) number of minutes that non data link equipped aircraft spend at the wrong flight level: a10% reduction in comparison with a rolling average of the previous 3 years; (viii) number of Gross Navigation Error (GNE) events involving data link equipped aircraft: 5; (ix) number of GNE events involving non data link equipped aircraft: a 10% reduction in comparison with a rolling average of the previous 3 years; (xi) number of losses of separation: a 10% reduction in comparison with a rolling average of the previous 3 years. (...) subcategory_id=143  RLatSM Concept of Operations  RLatSM Plan  RLatSM Task List Interdependencies  FANS Mandate  Introduction of RCP/RSP GANP ASBU modules B0-FRTO Improved Operations through Enhanced En-Route Trajectories B0-NOPS Improved Flow Performance through Planning based on a Network-Wide view 5 Service Development Roadmap - NAT Region 5 NAT Doc 009 – 1st Edition August 2013 FANS Mandate for the NAT Region ADS-C and CPDLC data link systems are widely used in the NAT region and NAT SPG has endorsed a major safety initiative to mandate the use of ADS-C/CPDLC in the NAT. (...) The Performance Based Navigation (PBN) concept has subsequently been developed to enable further reductions in separation standards and the NAT SPG has agreed that the NAT Region will transition to PBN airspace as described in the Performance Based Navigation (PBN) Manual (Doc 9613).
Language:English
Score: 886788.5 - https://www.icao.int/safety/Da...ment%20Roadmap%20%28NAT%29.pdf
Data Source: un
NAT SPG Conclusion 51/01 – Additional targets to the list of safety key performance indicators for the ICAO NAT Region That the list of Key Performance Indicators (KPI) in the NAT SPG Handbook (NAT Doc 001) in the area of safety for the ICAO NAT Region be augmented with the following targets: Key Performance Indicator Target (i) number of hull loss events: 0 (ii) number of Airborne Collision Avoidance System (ACAS) Resolution Advisory (RA) events: 0 (v) number of minutes that data link equipped aircraft spend at the wrong flight level: a10% reduction in comparison with a rolling average of the previous 3 years; (vi) number of minutes that non data link equipped aircraft spend at the wrong flight level: a10% reduction in comparison with a rolling average of the previous 3 years; (viii) number of Gross Navigation Error (GNE) events involving data link equipped aircraft: 5; (ix) number of GNE events involving non data link equipped aircraft: a 10% reduction in comparison with a rolling average of the previous 3 years; (xi) number of losses of separation: a 10% reduction in comparison with a rolling average of the previous 3 years. (...) subcategory_id=143  RLatSM Concept of Operations  RLatSM Plan  RLatSM Task List Interdependencies  FANS Mandate  Introduction of RCP/RSP GANP ASBU modules B0-FRTO Improved Operations through Enhanced En-Route Trajectories B0-NOPS Improved Flow Performance through Planning based on a Network-Wide view 5 Service Development Roadmap - NAT Region 5 NAT Doc 009 – 1st Edition August 2013 FANS Mandate for the NAT Region ADS-C and CPDLC data link systems are widely used in the NAT region and NAT SPG has endorsed a major safety initiative to mandate the use of ADS-C/CPDLC in the NAT. (...) The Performance Based Navigation (PBN) concept has subsequently been developed to enable further reductions in separation standards and the NAT SPG has agreed that the NAT Region will transition to PBN airspace as described in the Performance Based Navigation (PBN) Manual (Doc 9613).
Language:English
Score: 886788.5 - https://www.icao.int/safety/Da...elopment%20Roadmap%20(NAT).pdf
Data Source: un
STATE RESPONSIBILITY : COMMENTS AND OBSERVATIONS RECEIVED FROM GOVERNMENTS
Implication of a State in the internationally wrongful act of another State . . . . . . . . . . 11 Article 27. (...) Could one not conclude that with these circumstances in place, wrongfulness of conduct of a wrongdoing State would not exist in the first place, and thus these circumstances would not preclude wrongfulness but render it non-existent? (...) We detect some confusion in the language used here inasmuch as article 44 cites “compensation” as one of the means to make full reparation for State responsibility, which by definition presupposes the existence of an internationally “wrongful act”. Thus, in order to preserve the integrity of the draft articles concerning the basic concept of State responsibility and to avoid conceptual confusion, we suggest replacing the word “compensation” in article 35 with another term.
Language:English
Score: 886582.5 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce.../get?open&DS=A/CN.4/492&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
What are the results of the DDA? What’s Wrong With the DDA?Too much politics What’s Wrong With the DDA?Too much politics What’s Wrong With the DDA?Too little liberalization What’s Wrong With the DDA?Too little liberalisation What’s Wrong With the DDA?Too little liberalization What’s Wrong With the DDA?
Language:English
Score: 886501.8 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...da_e/symp04_paper9_quick_e.pdf
Data Source: un
REPORT OF THE INTERNATIONAL LAW COMMISSION ON THE WORK OF ITS 51ST SESSION (1999) : TOPICAL SUMMARY OF THE DISCUSSION HELD IN THE 6TH COMMITTEE OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY DURING ITS 54TH SESSION / PREPARED BY THE SECRETARIAT
Circumstances precluding wrongfulness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44–61 15 Article 29. (...) Cessation of wrongful conduct . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 19 Article 42. (...) Clarification and simplification of the concept of “complex acts” would be appreciated. Chapter IV Implication of a State in the internationally wrongful act of another State 34.
Language:English
Score: 886418.75 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce.../get?open&DS=A/CN.4/504&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
Learning from aviation safety With security culture now being adopted in civil aviation organisations far and wide, the opportunity to evolve the security culture concept and maximise its effectiveness has never been greater. (...) The key here is for organisations, particularly aviation security managers and supervisors, to understand and embrace the concept of human factors and know how to reduce their impact on staff as much as possible. (...) Human factors are often viewed with a reactive mentality – a response to something that has gone wrong or an incident, often only considered when learning from past incidents or introducing measures to prevent reoccurring incidents.
Language:English
Score: 886280.5 - https://www.icao.int/Security/...0and%20Human%20Performance.pdf
Data Source: un
SUMMARY RECORD OF THE 2547TH MEETING, HELD ON THURSDAY, 11 JUNE 1998 : INTERNATIONAL LAW COMMISSION, 50TH SESSION, EXTRACT FROM THE YEARBOOK OF THE INTERNATIONAL LAW COMMISSION, 1998, VOL 1
Lastly, with regard to the concept of “fault”, in English it was not always clear that fault (culpa) included an element of intention (dolus). (...) Some were in favour of the principle embodied in article 19, paragraph 2, without necessarily agreeing with its wording, interpreting that concept, rather, as an extremely serious wrongful act. (...) He did not rule out the possibility, however, that that concept of punishable crime might eventually prevail in future.
Language:English
Score: 886093.1 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...?open&DS=A/CN.4/SR.2547&Lang=E
Data Source: ods